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Subject[RFC] regmap: Add regmap_pipe_read API
Date
The regmap API usually assumes that bulk read operations will read a
range of registers but some I2C/SPI devices have certain registers for
which a such a read operation will return data from an internal FIFO
instead. Add an explicit API to support bulk read with pipe rather than
range semantics.

Some linux drivers use regmap_bulk_read or regmap_raw_read for such
registers, for example mpu6050 or bmi150 from IIO. This only happens to
work because when caching is disabled a single regmap read op will map
to a single bus read op (as desired). This breaks if caching is enabled and
reg+1 happens to be a cacheable register.

Without regmap support refactoring a driver to enable regmap caching
requires separate I2C and SPI paths. This is exactly what regmap is
supposed to help avoid.

Suggested-by: Jonathan Cameron <jic23@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Crestez Dan Leonard <leonard.crestez@intel.com>
---

This works as expected for mpu6050 i2c/spi. Unfortunately looking through the
regmap_bus implementations it looks that at least regmap_spmi_base_read assumes
range semantics at the regmap_hw_read level. If any SPMI devices exist that
have registers with this kind of pipe semantics the correct way to handle them
would be reading from the same register in a loop.

I'd say the correct way to handle this would be to add a regmap_hw_pipe_read
bus operation which is almost always implemented identically to regmap_hw_read.
If that operation is missing regmap_pipe_read should attempt to read_reg in a
loop.

I'm also not absolutely certain that a separate API is required. The
regmap_raw_read currently doesn't work because it check for a
"regmap_volatile_range" which returns true only if the entire range is
volatile. It's not clear if this is intentional?

drivers/base/regmap/regmap.c | 62 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
include/linux/regmap.h | 9 +++++++
2 files changed, 71 insertions(+)

diff --git a/drivers/base/regmap/regmap.c b/drivers/base/regmap/regmap.c
index df2d2ef..342f326 100644
--- a/drivers/base/regmap/regmap.c
+++ b/drivers/base/regmap/regmap.c
@@ -2408,6 +2408,68 @@ int regmap_raw_read(struct regmap *map, unsigned int reg, void *val,
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(regmap_raw_read);

/**
+ * regmap_pipe_read(): Read data from a register with pipe semantics
+ *
+ * @map: Register map to read from
+ * @reg: Register to read from
+ * @val: Pointer to data buffer
+ * @val_len: Length of output buffer in bytes.
+ *
+ * The regmap API usually assumes that bulk bus read operations will read a
+ * range of registers. Some devices have certain registers for which a read
+ * operation read will read from an internal FIFO.
+ *
+ * The target register must be volatile but registers after it can be
+ * completely unrelated cacheable registers.
+ *
+ * This will attempt multiple reads as required to read val_len bytes.
+ *
+ * A value of zero will be returned on success, a negative errno will be
+ * returned in error cases.
+ */
+int regmap_pipe_read(struct regmap *map, unsigned int reg,
+ void *val, size_t val_len)
+{
+ size_t read_len;
+ int ret;
+
+ if (!map->bus)
+ return -EINVAL;
+ if (!map->bus->read)
+ return -ENOTSUPP;
+ if (val_len % map->format.val_bytes)
+ return -EINVAL;
+ if (!IS_ALIGNED(reg, map->reg_stride))
+ return -EINVAL;
+ if (val_len == 0)
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ map->lock(map->lock_arg);
+
+ if (!regmap_volatile(map, reg)) {
+ ret = -EINVAL;
+ goto out_unlock;
+ }
+
+ while (val_len) {
+ if (map->max_raw_read && map->max_raw_read < val_len)
+ read_len = map->max_raw_read;
+ else
+ read_len = val_len;
+ ret = _regmap_raw_read(map, reg, val, read_len);
+ if (ret)
+ goto out_unlock;
+ val = ((u8*)val) + read_len;
+ val_len -= read_len;
+ }
+
+out_unlock:
+ map->unlock(map->lock_arg);
+ return ret;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(regmap_pipe_read);
+
+/**
* regmap_field_read(): Read a value to a single register field
*
* @field: Register field to read from
diff --git a/include/linux/regmap.h b/include/linux/regmap.h
index 3dc08ce..18ee90e 100644
--- a/include/linux/regmap.h
+++ b/include/linux/regmap.h
@@ -719,6 +719,8 @@ int regmap_raw_write_async(struct regmap *map, unsigned int reg,
int regmap_read(struct regmap *map, unsigned int reg, unsigned int *val);
int regmap_raw_read(struct regmap *map, unsigned int reg,
void *val, size_t val_len);
+int regmap_pipe_read(struct regmap *map, unsigned int reg,
+ void *val, size_t val_len);
int regmap_bulk_read(struct regmap *map, unsigned int reg, void *val,
size_t val_count);
int regmap_update_bits_base(struct regmap *map, unsigned int reg,
@@ -955,6 +957,13 @@ static inline int regmap_raw_read(struct regmap *map, unsigned int reg,
return -EINVAL;
}

+static inline int regmap_pipe_read(struct regmap *map, unsigned int reg,
+ void *val, size_t val_len)
+{
+ WARN_ONCE(1, "regmap API is disabled");
+ return -EINVAL;
+}
+
static inline int regmap_bulk_read(struct regmap *map, unsigned int reg,
void *val, size_t val_count)
{
--
2.5.5
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