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SubjectRe: [PATCH 2/2] workqueue:Fix affinity of an unbound worker of a node with 1 online CPU
On Thu, Jun 16, 2016 at 10:11:24PM +1000, Michael Ellerman wrote:
> Peterz do you want to send a SOB'ed patch, or can we take what you posted and
> add your SOB?

So I took Ego's first patch, so as to not steal his credits take that
one and then see below.

Subject: workqueue: Fix setting affinity of unbound worker threads
From: Peter Zijlstra <>
Date: Thu Jun 16 14:38:42 CEST 2016

With commit e9d867a67fd03ccc ("sched: Allow per-cpu kernel threads to
run on online && !active"), __set_cpus_allowed_ptr() expects that only
strict per-cpu kernel threads can have affinity to an online CPU which
is not yet active.

This assumption is currently broken in the CPU_ONLINE notification
handler for the workqueues where restore_unbound_workers_cpumask()
calls set_cpus_allowed_ptr() when the first cpu in the unbound
worker's pool->attr->cpumask comes online. Since
set_cpus_allowed_ptr() is called with pool->attr->cpumask in which
only one CPU is online which is not yet active, we get the following
WARN_ON during an CPU online operation.

------------[ cut here ]------------
WARNING: CPU: 40 PID: 248 at kernel/sched/core.c:1166
Modules linked in:
CPU: 40 PID: 248 Comm: cpuhp/40 Not tainted 4.6.0-autotest+ #4
Call Trace:
[c000000f273ff920] [c00000000010493c] __set_cpus_allowed_ptr+0x2cc/0x2e0 (unreliable)
[c000000f273ffac0] [c0000000000ed4b0] workqueue_cpu_up_callback+0x2c0/0x470
[c000000f273ffb70] [c0000000000f5c58] notifier_call_chain+0x98/0x100
[c000000f273ffbc0] [c0000000000c5ed0] __cpu_notify+0x70/0xe0
[c000000f273ffc00] [c0000000000c6028] notify_online+0x38/0x50
[c000000f273ffc30] [c0000000000c5214] cpuhp_invoke_callback+0x84/0x250
[c000000f273ffc90] [c0000000000c562c] cpuhp_up_callbacks+0x5c/0x120
[c000000f273ffce0] [c0000000000c64d4] cpuhp_thread_fun+0x184/0x1c0
[c000000f273ffd20] [c0000000000fa050] smpboot_thread_fn+0x290/0x2a0
[c000000f273ffd80] [c0000000000f45b0] kthread+0x110/0x130
[c000000f273ffe30] [c000000000009570] ret_from_kernel_thread+0x5c/0x6c
---[ end trace 00f1456578b2a3b2 ]---

This patch fixes this by limiting the mask to the intersection of
the pool affinity and online CPUs.

Changelog-cribbed-from: Gautham R. Shenoy <>
Reported-by: Abdul Haleem <>
Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra (Intel) <>
kernel/workqueue.c | 6 +-----
1 file changed, 1 insertion(+), 5 deletions(-)

--- a/kernel/workqueue.c
+++ b/kernel/workqueue.c
@@ -4600,15 +4600,11 @@ static void restore_unbound_workers_cpum
if (!cpumask_test_cpu(cpu, pool->attrs->cpumask))

- /* is @cpu the only online CPU? */
cpumask_and(&cpumask, pool->attrs->cpumask, cpu_online_mask);
- if (cpumask_weight(&cpumask) != 1)
- return;

/* as we're called from CPU_ONLINE, the following shouldn't fail */
for_each_pool_worker(worker, pool)
- WARN_ON_ONCE(set_cpus_allowed_ptr(worker->task,
- pool->attrs->cpumask) < 0);
+ WARN_ON_ONCE(set_cpus_allowed_ptr(worker->task, &cpumask) < 0);

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