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SubjectRe: [PATCH v9 4/7] vfio: allow reserved msi iova registration
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Hi Chalamarla,
On 05/05/2016 09:22 PM, Chalamarla, Tirumalesh wrote:
>
>
>
>
>
> On 5/4/16, 4:54 AM, "linux-arm-kernel on behalf of Eric Auger" <linux-arm-kernel-bounces@lists.infradead.org on behalf of eric.auger@linaro.org> wrote:
>
>> The user is allowed to register a reserved MSI IOVA range by using the
>> DMA MAP API and setting the new flag: VFIO_DMA_MAP_FLAG_MSI_RESERVED_IOVA.
>> This region is stored in the vfio_dma rb tree. At that point the iova
>> range is not mapped to any target address yet. The host kernel will use
>> those iova when needed, typically when MSIs are allocated.
>>
>> Signed-off-by: Eric Auger <eric.auger@linaro.org>
>> Signed-off-by: Bharat Bhushan <Bharat.Bhushan@freescale.com>
>>
>> ---
>> v7 -> v8:
>> - use iommu_msi_set_aperture function. There is no notion of
>> unregistration anymore since the reserved msi slot remains
>> until the container gets closed.
>>
>> v6 -> v7:
>> - use iommu_free_reserved_iova_domain
>> - convey prot attributes downto dma-reserved-iommu iova domain creation
>> - reserved bindings teardown now performed on iommu domain destruction
>> - rename VFIO_DMA_MAP_FLAG_MSI_RESERVED_IOVA into
>> VFIO_DMA_MAP_FLAG_RESERVED_MSI_IOVA
>> - change title
>> - pass the protection attribute to dma-reserved-iommu API
>>
>> v3 -> v4:
>> - use iommu_alloc/free_reserved_iova_domain exported by dma-reserved-iommu
>> - protect vfio_register_reserved_iova_range implementation with
>> CONFIG_IOMMU_DMA_RESERVED
>> - handle unregistration by user-space and on vfio_iommu_type1 release
>>
>> v1 -> v2:
>> - set returned value according to alloc_reserved_iova_domain result
>> - free the iova domains in case any error occurs
>>
>> RFC v1 -> v1:
>> - takes into account Alex comments, based on
>> [RFC PATCH 1/6] vfio: Add interface for add/del reserved iova region:
>> - use the existing dma map/unmap ioctl interface with a flag to register
>> a reserved IOVA range. A single reserved iova region is allowed.
>> ---
>> drivers/vfio/vfio_iommu_type1.c | 78 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-
>> include/uapi/linux/vfio.h | 10 +++++-
>> 2 files changed, 86 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)
>>
>> diff --git a/drivers/vfio/vfio_iommu_type1.c b/drivers/vfio/vfio_iommu_type1.c
>> index 94a9916..4d3a6f1 100644
>> --- a/drivers/vfio/vfio_iommu_type1.c
>> +++ b/drivers/vfio/vfio_iommu_type1.c
>> @@ -36,6 +36,7 @@
>> #include <linux/uaccess.h>
>> #include <linux/vfio.h>
>> #include <linux/workqueue.h>
>> +#include <linux/msi-iommu.h>
>>
>> #define DRIVER_VERSION "0.2"
>> #define DRIVER_AUTHOR "Alex Williamson <alex.williamson@redhat.com>"
>> @@ -445,6 +446,20 @@ static void vfio_unmap_unpin(struct vfio_iommu *iommu, struct vfio_dma *dma)
>> vfio_lock_acct(-unlocked);
>> }
>>
>> +static int vfio_set_msi_aperture(struct vfio_iommu *iommu,
>> + dma_addr_t iova, size_t size)
>> +{
>> + struct vfio_domain *d;
>> + int ret = 0;
>> +
>> + list_for_each_entry(d, &iommu->domain_list, next) {
>> + ret = iommu_msi_set_aperture(d->domain, iova, iova + size - 1);
>> + if (ret)
>> + break;
>> + }
>> + return ret;
>> +}
>> +
>> static void vfio_remove_dma(struct vfio_iommu *iommu, struct vfio_dma *dma)
>> {
>> vfio_unmap_unpin(iommu, dma);
>> @@ -693,6 +708,63 @@ static int vfio_dma_do_map(struct vfio_iommu *iommu,
>> return ret;
>> }
>>
>> +static int vfio_register_msi_range(struct vfio_iommu *iommu,
>> + struct vfio_iommu_type1_dma_map *map)
>> +{
>> + dma_addr_t iova = map->iova;
>> + size_t size = map->size;
>> + int ret = 0;
>> + struct vfio_dma *dma;
>> + unsigned long order;
>> + uint64_t mask;
>> +
>> + /* Verify that none of our __u64 fields overflow */
>> + if (map->size != size || map->iova != iova)
>> + return -EINVAL;
>> +
>> + order = __ffs(vfio_pgsize_bitmap(iommu));
>> + mask = ((uint64_t)1 << order) - 1;
>> +
>> + WARN_ON(mask & PAGE_MASK);
>> +
>> + if (!size || (size | iova) & mask)
>> + return -EINVAL;
>> +
>> + /* Don't allow IOVA address wrap */
>> + if (iova + size - 1 < iova)
>> + return -EINVAL;
>> +
>> + mutex_lock(&iommu->lock);
>> +
>> + if (vfio_find_dma(iommu, iova, size, VFIO_IOVA_ANY)) {
>> + ret = -EEXIST;
>> + goto unlock;
>> + }
>> +
>> + dma = kzalloc(sizeof(*dma), GFP_KERNEL);
>> + if (!dma) {
>> + ret = -ENOMEM;
>> + goto unlock;
>> + }
>> +
>> + dma->iova = iova;
>> + dma->size = size;
>> + dma->type = VFIO_IOVA_RESERVED;
>> +
>> + ret = vfio_set_msi_aperture(iommu, iova, size);
>> + if (ret)
>> + goto free_unlock;
>> +
>> + vfio_link_dma(iommu, dma);
>> + goto unlock;
>> +
>> +free_unlock:
>> + kfree(dma);
>> +unlock:
>> + mutex_unlock(&iommu->lock);
>> + return ret;
>> +}
>> +
>> static int vfio_bus_type(struct device *dev, void *data)
>> {
>> struct bus_type **bus = data;
>> @@ -1062,7 +1134,8 @@ static long vfio_iommu_type1_ioctl(void *iommu_data,
>> } else if (cmd == VFIO_IOMMU_MAP_DMA) {
>> struct vfio_iommu_type1_dma_map map;
>> uint32_t mask = VFIO_DMA_MAP_FLAG_READ |
>> - VFIO_DMA_MAP_FLAG_WRITE;
>> + VFIO_DMA_MAP_FLAG_WRITE |
>> + VFIO_DMA_MAP_FLAG_RESERVED_MSI_IOVA;
>>
>> minsz = offsetofend(struct vfio_iommu_type1_dma_map, size);
>>
>> @@ -1072,6 +1145,9 @@ static long vfio_iommu_type1_ioctl(void *iommu_data,
>> if (map.argsz < minsz || map.flags & ~mask)
>> return -EINVAL;
>>
>> + if (map.flags & VFIO_DMA_MAP_FLAG_RESERVED_MSI_IOVA)
>> + return vfio_register_msi_range(iommu, &map);
>> +
>
> How are we getting the PA and any validation needed?
Sorry I am not sure I get your question? The principle is the userspace
registers a spare Guest PA range that can be safely used by the kernel
to map host MSI frames. In QEMU integration we use platform bus unmapped
GPA to make things transparent for the virt machine.

Any validation: we currently make sure the registered GPA was not
already registered as RAM regions. The kernel also checks it is properly
aligned according to the IOMMU page size.

Please let me know if I answered your question.

Best Regards

Eric

>> return vfio_dma_do_map(iommu, &map);
>>
>> } else if (cmd == VFIO_IOMMU_UNMAP_DMA) {
>> diff --git a/include/uapi/linux/vfio.h b/include/uapi/linux/vfio.h
>> index 255a211..4a9dbc2 100644
>> --- a/include/uapi/linux/vfio.h
>> +++ b/include/uapi/linux/vfio.h
>> @@ -498,12 +498,19 @@ struct vfio_iommu_type1_info {
>> *
>> * Map process virtual addresses to IO virtual addresses using the
>> * provided struct vfio_dma_map. Caller sets argsz. READ &/ WRITE required.
>> + *
>> + * In case RESERVED_MSI_IOVA flag is set, the API only aims at registering an
>> + * IOVA region that will be used on some platforms to map the host MSI frames.
>> + * In that specific case, vaddr is ignored. Once registered, an MSI reserved
>> + * IOVA region stays until the container is closed.
>> */
>> struct vfio_iommu_type1_dma_map {
>> __u32 argsz;
>> __u32 flags;
>> #define VFIO_DMA_MAP_FLAG_READ (1 << 0) /* readable from device */
>> #define VFIO_DMA_MAP_FLAG_WRITE (1 << 1) /* writable from device */
>> +/* reserved iova for MSI vectors*/
>> +#define VFIO_DMA_MAP_FLAG_RESERVED_MSI_IOVA (1 << 2)
>> __u64 vaddr; /* Process virtual address */
>> __u64 iova; /* IO virtual address */
>> __u64 size; /* Size of mapping (bytes) */
>> @@ -519,7 +526,8 @@ struct vfio_iommu_type1_dma_map {
>> * Caller sets argsz. The actual unmapped size is returned in the size
>> * field. No guarantee is made to the user that arbitrary unmaps of iova
>> * or size different from those used in the original mapping call will
>> - * succeed.
>> + * succeed. Once registered, an MSI region cannot be unmapped and stays
>> + * until the container is closed.
>> */
>> struct vfio_iommu_type1_dma_unmap {
>> __u32 argsz;
>> --
>> 1.9.1
>>
>>
>> _______________________________________________
>> linux-arm-kernel mailing list
>> linux-arm-kernel@lists.infradead.org
>> http://lists.infradead.org/mailman/listinfo/linux-arm-kernel

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