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SubjectRe: [PATCH 14/14] mm, oom, compaction: prevent from should_compact_retry looping for ever for costly orders
On Wed, Apr 20, 2016 at 03:47:27PM -0400, Michal Hocko wrote:
> From: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
>
> "mm: consider compaction feedback also for costly allocation" has
> removed the upper bound for the reclaim/compaction retries based on the
> number of reclaimed pages for costly orders. While this is desirable
> the patch did miss a mis interaction between reclaim, compaction and the
> retry logic. The direct reclaim tries to get zones over min watermark
> while compaction backs off and returns COMPACT_SKIPPED when all zones
> are below low watermark + 1<<order gap. If we are getting really close
> to OOM then __compaction_suitable can keep returning COMPACT_SKIPPED a
> high order request (e.g. hugetlb order-9) while the reclaim is not able
> to release enough pages to get us over low watermark. The reclaim is
> still able to make some progress (usually trashing over few remaining
> pages) so we are not able to break out from the loop.
>
> I have seen this happening with the same test described in "mm: consider
> compaction feedback also for costly allocation" on a swapless system.
> The original problem got resolved by "vmscan: consider classzone_idx in
> compaction_ready" but it shows how things might go wrong when we
> approach the oom event horizont.
>
> The reason why compaction requires being over low rather than min
> watermark is not clear to me. This check was there essentially since
> 56de7263fcf3 ("mm: compaction: direct compact when a high-order
> allocation fails"). It is clearly an implementation detail though and we
> shouldn't pull it into the generic retry logic while we should be able
> to cope with such eventuality. The only place in should_compact_retry
> where we retry without any upper bound is for compaction_withdrawn()
> case.
>
> Introduce compaction_zonelist_suitable function which checks the given
> zonelist and returns true only if there is at least one zone which would
> would unblock __compaction_suitable if more memory got reclaimed. In
> this implementation it checks __compaction_suitable with NR_FREE_PAGES
> plus part of the reclaimable memory as the target for the watermark check.
> The reclaimable memory is reduced linearly by the allocation order. The
> idea is that we do not want to reclaim all the remaining memory for a
> single allocation request just unblock __compaction_suitable which
> doesn't guarantee we will make a further progress.
>
> The new helper is then used if compaction_withdrawn() feedback was
> provided so we do not retry if there is no outlook for a further
> progress. !costly requests shouldn't be affected much - e.g. order-2
> pages would require to have at least 64kB on the reclaimable LRUs while
> order-9 would need at least 32M which should be enough to not lock up.
>
> [vbabka@suse.cz: fix classzone_idx vs. high_zoneidx usage in
> compaction_zonelist_suitable]
> Signed-off-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
> ---
> include/linux/compaction.h | 4 ++++
> include/linux/mmzone.h | 3 +++
> mm/compaction.c | 42 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++---
> mm/page_alloc.c | 18 +++++++++++-------
> 4 files changed, 57 insertions(+), 10 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/include/linux/compaction.h b/include/linux/compaction.h
> index a002ca55c513..7bbdbf729757 100644
> --- a/include/linux/compaction.h
> +++ b/include/linux/compaction.h
> @@ -142,6 +142,10 @@ static inline bool compaction_withdrawn(enum compact_result result)
> return false;
> }
>
> +
> +bool compaction_zonelist_suitable(struct alloc_context *ac, int order,
> + int alloc_flags);
> +
> extern int kcompactd_run(int nid);
> extern void kcompactd_stop(int nid);
> extern void wakeup_kcompactd(pg_data_t *pgdat, int order, int classzone_idx);
> diff --git a/include/linux/mmzone.h b/include/linux/mmzone.h
> index 150c6049f961..0bf13c7cd8cd 100644
> --- a/include/linux/mmzone.h
> +++ b/include/linux/mmzone.h
> @@ -746,6 +746,9 @@ static inline bool is_dev_zone(const struct zone *zone)
> extern struct mutex zonelists_mutex;
> void build_all_zonelists(pg_data_t *pgdat, struct zone *zone);
> void wakeup_kswapd(struct zone *zone, int order, enum zone_type classzone_idx);
> +bool __zone_watermark_ok(struct zone *z, unsigned int order,
> + unsigned long mark, int classzone_idx, int alloc_flags,
> + long free_pages);
> bool zone_watermark_ok(struct zone *z, unsigned int order,
> unsigned long mark, int classzone_idx, int alloc_flags);
> bool zone_watermark_ok_safe(struct zone *z, unsigned int order,
> diff --git a/mm/compaction.c b/mm/compaction.c
> index e2e487cea5ea..0a7ca578af97 100644
> --- a/mm/compaction.c
> +++ b/mm/compaction.c
> @@ -1369,7 +1369,8 @@ static enum compact_result compact_finished(struct zone *zone,
> * COMPACT_CONTINUE - If compaction should run now
> */
> static enum compact_result __compaction_suitable(struct zone *zone, int order,
> - int alloc_flags, int classzone_idx)
> + int alloc_flags, int classzone_idx,
> + unsigned long wmark_target)
> {
> int fragindex;
> unsigned long watermark;
> @@ -1392,7 +1393,8 @@ static enum compact_result __compaction_suitable(struct zone *zone, int order,
> * allocated and for a short time, the footprint is higher
> */
> watermark += (2UL << order);
> - if (!zone_watermark_ok(zone, 0, watermark, classzone_idx, alloc_flags))
> + if (!__zone_watermark_ok(zone, 0, watermark, classzone_idx,
> + alloc_flags, wmark_target))
> return COMPACT_SKIPPED;
>
> /*
> @@ -1418,7 +1420,8 @@ enum compact_result compaction_suitable(struct zone *zone, int order,
> {
> enum compact_result ret;
>
> - ret = __compaction_suitable(zone, order, alloc_flags, classzone_idx);
> + ret = __compaction_suitable(zone, order, alloc_flags, classzone_idx,
> + zone_page_state(zone, NR_FREE_PAGES));
> trace_mm_compaction_suitable(zone, order, ret);
> if (ret == COMPACT_NOT_SUITABLE_ZONE)
> ret = COMPACT_SKIPPED;
> @@ -1426,6 +1429,39 @@ enum compact_result compaction_suitable(struct zone *zone, int order,
> return ret;
> }
>
> +bool compaction_zonelist_suitable(struct alloc_context *ac, int order,
> + int alloc_flags)
> +{
> + struct zone *zone;
> + struct zoneref *z;
> +
> + /*
> + * Make sure at least one zone would pass __compaction_suitable if we continue
> + * retrying the reclaim.
> + */
> + for_each_zone_zonelist_nodemask(zone, z, ac->zonelist, ac->high_zoneidx,
> + ac->nodemask) {
> + unsigned long available;
> + enum compact_result compact_result;
> +
> + /*
> + * Do not consider all the reclaimable memory because we do not
> + * want to trash just for a single high order allocation which
> + * is even not guaranteed to appear even if __compaction_suitable
> + * is happy about the watermark check.
> + */
> + available = zone_reclaimable_pages(zone) / order;

I can't understand why '/ order' is needed here. Think about specific
example.

zone_reclaimable_pages = 100 MB
NR_FREE_PAGES = 20 MB
watermark = 40 MB
order = 10

I think that compaction should run in this situation and your logic
doesn't. We should be conservative when guessing not to do something
prematurely.

> + available += zone_page_state_snapshot(zone, NR_FREE_PAGES);
> + compact_result = __compaction_suitable(zone, order, alloc_flags,
> + ac->classzone_idx, available);

It misses tracepoint in compaction_suitable().

> + if (compact_result != COMPACT_SKIPPED &&
> + compact_result != COMPACT_NOT_SUITABLE_ZONE)

It's undesirable to use COMPACT_NOT_SUITABLE_ZONE here. It is just for
detailed tracepoint output.

> + return true;
> + }
> +
> + return false;
> +}
> +
> static enum compact_result compact_zone(struct zone *zone, struct compact_control *cc)
> {
> enum compact_result ret;
> diff --git a/mm/page_alloc.c b/mm/page_alloc.c
> index d5a938f12554..6757d6df2160 100644
> --- a/mm/page_alloc.c
> +++ b/mm/page_alloc.c
> @@ -2526,7 +2526,7 @@ static inline bool should_fail_alloc_page(gfp_t gfp_mask, unsigned int order)
> * one free page of a suitable size. Checking now avoids taking the zone lock
> * to check in the allocation paths if no pages are free.
> */
> -static bool __zone_watermark_ok(struct zone *z, unsigned int order,
> +bool __zone_watermark_ok(struct zone *z, unsigned int order,
> unsigned long mark, int classzone_idx, int alloc_flags,
> long free_pages)
> {
> @@ -3015,8 +3015,8 @@ __alloc_pages_direct_compact(gfp_t gfp_mask, unsigned int order,
> }
>
> static inline bool
> -should_compact_retry(unsigned int order, enum compact_result compact_result,
> - enum migrate_mode *migrate_mode,
> +should_compact_retry(struct alloc_context *ac, int order, int alloc_flags,
> + enum compact_result compact_result, enum migrate_mode *migrate_mode,
> int compaction_retries)
> {
> int max_retries = MAX_COMPACT_RETRIES;
> @@ -3040,9 +3040,11 @@ should_compact_retry(unsigned int order, enum compact_result compact_result,
> /*
> * make sure the compaction wasn't deferred or didn't bail out early
> * due to locks contention before we declare that we should give up.
> + * But do not retry if the given zonelist is not suitable for
> + * compaction.
> */
> if (compaction_withdrawn(compact_result))
> - return true;
> + return compaction_zonelist_suitable(ac, order, alloc_flags);

I think that compaction_zonelist_suitable() should be checked first.
If compaction_zonelist_suitable() returns false, it's useless to
retry since it means that compaction cannot run if all reclaimable
pages are reclaimed. Logic should be as following.

if (!compaction_zonelist_suitable())
return false;

if (compaction_withdrawn())
return true;

....

Thanks.

>
> /*
> * !costly requests are much more important than __GFP_REPEAT
> @@ -3069,7 +3071,8 @@ __alloc_pages_direct_compact(gfp_t gfp_mask, unsigned int order,
> }
>
> static inline bool
> -should_compact_retry(unsigned int order, enum compact_result compact_result,
> +should_compact_retry(struct alloc_context *ac, unsigned int order, int alloc_flags,
> + enum compact_result compact_result,
> enum migrate_mode *migrate_mode,
> int compaction_retries)
> {
> @@ -3464,8 +3467,9 @@ __alloc_pages_slowpath(gfp_t gfp_mask, unsigned int order,
> * of free memory (see __compaction_suitable)
> */
> if (did_some_progress > 0 &&
> - should_compact_retry(order, compact_result,
> - &migration_mode, compaction_retries))
> + should_compact_retry(ac, order, alloc_flags,
> + compact_result, &migration_mode,
> + compaction_retries))
> goto retry;
>
> /* Reclaim has failed us, start killing things */
> --
> 2.8.0.rc3
>
> --
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