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Subject[PATCH] intel_pstate: Fix intel_pstate_get()
From: Rafael J. Wysocki <>

After commit 8fa520af5081 "intel_pstate: Remove freq calculation from
intel_pstate_calc_busy()" intel_pstate_get() calls get_avg_frequency()
to compute the average frequency, which is problematic for two reasons.

First, intel_pstate_get() may be invoked before the driver reads the
CPU feedback registers for the first time and if that happens,
get_avg_frequency() will attempt to divide by zero.

Second, the get_avg_frequency() call in intel_pstate_get() is racy
with respect to intel_pstate_sample() and it may end up returning
completely meaningless values for this reason.

Moreover, after commit 7349ec0470b6 "intel_pstate: Move
intel_pstate_calc_busy() into get_target_pstate_use_performance()"
sample.core_pct_busy is never computed on Atom, but it is used in
intel_pstate_adjust_busy_pstate() in that case too.

To address those problems notice that if sample.core_pct_busy
was used in the average frequency computation carried out by
get_avg_frequency(), both the divide by zero problem and the
race with respect to intel_pstate_sample() would be avoided.

Accordingly, move the invocation of intel_pstate_calc_busy() from
get_target_pstate_use_performance() to intel_pstate_update_util(),
which also will take care of the uninitialized sample.core_pct_busy
on Atom, and modify get_avg_frequency() to use sample.core_pct_busy
as per the above.

Reported-by: kernel test robot <>
Fixes: 8fa520af5081 "intel_pstate: Remove freq calculation from intel_pstate_calc_busy()"
Fixes: 7349ec0470b6 "intel_pstate: Move intel_pstate_calc_busy() into get_target_pstate_use_performance()"
Signed-off-by: Rafael J. Wysocki <>
drivers/cpufreq/intel_pstate.c | 14 ++++++++------
1 file changed, 8 insertions(+), 6 deletions(-)

Index: linux-pm/drivers/cpufreq/intel_pstate.c
--- linux-pm.orig/drivers/cpufreq/intel_pstate.c
+++ linux-pm/drivers/cpufreq/intel_pstate.c
@@ -928,8 +928,9 @@ static inline bool intel_pstate_sample(s

static inline int32_t get_avg_frequency(struct cpudata *cpu)
- return div64_u64(cpu->pstate.max_pstate_physical * cpu->sample.aperf *
- cpu->pstate.scaling, cpu->sample.mperf);
+ return fp_toint(mul_fp(cpu->sample.core_pct_busy,
+ int_tofp(cpu->pstate.max_pstate_physical *
+ cpu->pstate.scaling / 100)));

static inline int32_t get_target_pstate_use_cpu_load(struct cpudata *cpu)
@@ -972,8 +973,6 @@ static inline int32_t get_target_pstate_
int32_t core_busy, max_pstate, current_pstate, sample_ratio;
u64 duration_ns;

- intel_pstate_calc_busy(cpu);
* core_busy is the ratio of actual performance to max
* max_pstate is the max non turbo pstate available
@@ -1056,8 +1055,11 @@ static void intel_pstate_update_util(str
if ((s64)delta_ns >= pid_params.sample_rate_ns) {
bool sample_taken = intel_pstate_sample(cpu, time);

- if (sample_taken && !hwp_active)
- intel_pstate_adjust_busy_pstate(cpu);
+ if (sample_taken) {
+ intel_pstate_calc_busy(cpu);
+ if (!hwp_active)
+ intel_pstate_adjust_busy_pstate(cpu);
+ }

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