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SubjectRe: [PATCH v8 6/8] iommu/msi-iommu: iommu_msi_domain
Hi Eric,

On Mon, 2 May 2016 17:48:13 +0200
Eric Auger <eric.auger@linaro.org> wrote:

> Hi Alex,
> On 04/29/2016 12:27 AM, Alex Williamson wrote:
> > On Thu, 28 Apr 2016 08:15:21 +0000
> > Eric Auger <eric.auger@linaro.org> wrote:
> >
> >> This function checks whether
> >> - the device belongs to a non default iommu domain
> >> - this iommu domain requires the MSI address to be mapped.
> >>
> >> If those conditions are met, the function returns the iommu domain
> >> to be used for mapping the MSI doorbell; else it returns NULL.
> >>
> >> Signed-off-by: Eric Auger <eric.auger@linaro.org>
> >>
> >> ---
> >>
> >> v7 -> v8:
> >> - renamed iommu_msi_mapping_desc_to_domain to iommu_msi_domain
> >> - the function now takes a struct device *
> >> - use DOMAIN_ATTR_MSI_GEOMETRY attribute
> >> ---
> >> drivers/iommu/msi-iommu.c | 17 +++++++++++++++++
> >> include/linux/msi-iommu.h | 14 ++++++++++++++
> >> 2 files changed, 31 insertions(+)
> >>
> >> diff --git a/drivers/iommu/msi-iommu.c b/drivers/iommu/msi-iommu.c
> >> index 203e86e..023ff17 100644
> >> --- a/drivers/iommu/msi-iommu.c
> >> +++ b/drivers/iommu/msi-iommu.c
> >> @@ -243,3 +243,20 @@ unlock:
> >> }
> >> }
> >> EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(iommu_msi_put_doorbell_iova);
> >> +
> >> +struct iommu_domain *iommu_msi_domain(struct device *dev)
> >> +{
> >> + struct iommu_domain *d = iommu_get_domain_for_dev(dev);
> >> + struct iommu_domain_msi_geometry msi_geometry;
> >> +
> >> + if (!d || (d->type == IOMMU_DOMAIN_DMA))
> >> + return NULL;
> >> +
> >> + iommu_domain_get_attr(d, DOMAIN_ATTR_MSI_GEOMETRY, &msi_geometry);
> >> + if (!msi_geometry.programmable)
> >
> > It feels like we're conflating ideas with using the "programmable" flag
> > in this way. AIUI the IOMMU API consumer is supposed to see the
> > invalid MSI geometry with the programmable feature set and know to call
> > iommu_msi_set_aperture(). Looking for the msi_cookie would tell us if
> > that had been done, but that doesn't tell us if it should have been
> > done. iommu_msi_msg_pa_to_va() handles this later, if we return
> > NULL here that function returns success otherwise it goes on to fail if
> > the iova or msi cookie is not set. So really what we're trying to flag
> > is that the MSI geometry participates in the IOMMU-MSI API you've
> > created and we should pick a feature name that says that rather than
> > something as vague a "programmable". Perhaps simply iommu_msi_api
> > rather than programmable.
> Yes I had the same questioning too when I wrote this code. So if my
> understanding is correct we would have
> - programmable: tells whether the MSI range is fixed or pogrammable and,
> - mapping_required (new boolean field): indicating whether MSIs need to
> be mapped in the IOMMU

Let's say we had a flag "iommu_msi_supported", doesn't that already
tell us whether the MSI range is programmable and the API to use to do
it? Can't we figure out if mapping is required based on whether
iommu_msi_supported is set and aperture_start and aperture_end indicate
a valid range? It seems like what we want on this code path is to
simply know whether the IOMMU domain is relevant to the IOMMU MSI API,
which would be abundantly clear with such a flag.

> >
> > BTW, I don't see that you ever set aperture_start/end once
> > iommu_msi_set_aperture() has been called. It seems like doing so would
> > add some consistency to that MSI geometry attribute.
> Indeed currently I mentionned:
> /* In case the aperture is programmable, start/end are set to 0 */

Which is confusing, if a user sets an aperture, I would think they'd
like to see the MSI geometry updated to reflect that.

> If I set start/end in iommu_msi_set_aperture then I think I should also
> return the actual values in iommu_domain_get_attr. I thought the extra
> care to handle the possible race between the set_aperture (msi_iommu)
> and the get_attr (iommu) was maybe not worth the benefits:
> is_aperture_set is not visible to get_attr so I would be forced to
> introduce a mutex at iommu_domain level or call an msi-iommu function
> from iommu implementation. So I preferred to keep start/end as read-only
> info initialized by the iommu driver.

Seems like a race between iommu_msi_set_aperture() and
iommu_domain_get_attr() is the caller's problem. We can always define
that start >= end is invalid and set them in the right order that
iommu_domain_get_attr() may get different versions of invalid, but it
will always be invalid or valid. A helper function could tell us if we
have a valid range rather than using is_aperture_set. Thanks,

Alex

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