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SubjectRe: [PATCH 2/2] zram: user per-cpu compression streams
Hello Sergey,

Sorry for the late reply.

On Fri, Apr 29, 2016 at 01:17:10AM +0900, Sergey Senozhatsky wrote:
> Remove idle streams list and keep compression streams in per-cpu
> data. This removes two contented spin_lock()/spin_unlock() calls
> from write path and also prevent write OP from being preempted
> while holding the compression stream, which can cause slow downs.
>
> For instance, let's assume that we have N cpus and N-2
> max_comp_streams.TASK1 owns the last idle stream, TASK2-TASK3 come
> in with the write requests:
>
> TASK1 TASK2 TASK3
> zram_bvec_write()
> spin_lock
> find stream
> spin_unlock
>
> compress
>
> <<preempted>> zram_bvec_write()
> spin_lock
> find stream
> spin_unlock
> no_stream
> schedule
> zram_bvec_write()
> spin_lock
> find_stream
> spin_unlock
> no_stream
> schedule
> spin_lock
> release stream
> spin_unlock
> wake up TASK2
>
> not only TASK2 and TASK3 will not get the stream, TASK1 will be
> preempted in the middle of its operation; while we would prefer
> it to finish compression and release the stream.
>
> Test environment: x86_64, 4 CPU box, 3G zram, lzo
>
> The following fio tests were executed:
> read, randread, write, randwrite, rw, randrw
> with the increasing number of jobs from 1 to 10.
>
> 4 streams 8 streams per-cpu
> ===========================================================
> jobs1
> READ: 2520.1MB/s 2566.5MB/s 2491.5MB/s
> READ: 2102.7MB/s 2104.2MB/s 2091.3MB/s
> WRITE: 1355.1MB/s 1320.2MB/s 1378.9MB/s
> WRITE: 1103.5MB/s 1097.2MB/s 1122.5MB/s
> READ: 434013KB/s 435153KB/s 439961KB/s
> WRITE: 433969KB/s 435109KB/s 439917KB/s
> READ: 403166KB/s 405139KB/s 403373KB/s
> WRITE: 403223KB/s 405197KB/s 403430KB/s
> jobs2
> READ: 7958.6MB/s 8105.6MB/s 8073.7MB/s
> READ: 6864.9MB/s 6989.8MB/s 7021.8MB/s
> WRITE: 2438.1MB/s 2346.9MB/s 3400.2MB/s
> WRITE: 1994.2MB/s 1990.3MB/s 2941.2MB/s
> READ: 981504KB/s 973906KB/s 1018.8MB/s
> WRITE: 981659KB/s 974060KB/s 1018.1MB/s
> READ: 937021KB/s 938976KB/s 987250KB/s
> WRITE: 934878KB/s 936830KB/s 984993KB/s
> jobs3
> READ: 13280MB/s 13553MB/s 13553MB/s
> READ: 11534MB/s 11785MB/s 11755MB/s
> WRITE: 3456.9MB/s 3469.9MB/s 4810.3MB/s
> WRITE: 3029.6MB/s 3031.6MB/s 4264.8MB/s
> READ: 1363.8MB/s 1362.6MB/s 1448.9MB/s
> WRITE: 1361.9MB/s 1360.7MB/s 1446.9MB/s
> READ: 1309.4MB/s 1310.6MB/s 1397.5MB/s
> WRITE: 1307.4MB/s 1308.5MB/s 1395.3MB/s
> jobs4
> READ: 20244MB/s 20177MB/s 20344MB/s
> READ: 17886MB/s 17913MB/s 17835MB/s
> WRITE: 4071.6MB/s 4046.1MB/s 6370.2MB/s
> WRITE: 3608.9MB/s 3576.3MB/s 5785.4MB/s
> READ: 1824.3MB/s 1821.6MB/s 1997.5MB/s
> WRITE: 1819.8MB/s 1817.4MB/s 1992.5MB/s
> READ: 1765.7MB/s 1768.3MB/s 1937.3MB/s
> WRITE: 1767.5MB/s 1769.1MB/s 1939.2MB/s
> jobs5
> READ: 18663MB/s 18986MB/s 18823MB/s
> READ: 16659MB/s 16605MB/s 16954MB/s
> WRITE: 3912.4MB/s 3888.7MB/s 6126.9MB/s
> WRITE: 3506.4MB/s 3442.5MB/s 5519.3MB/s
> READ: 1798.2MB/s 1746.5MB/s 1935.8MB/s
> WRITE: 1792.7MB/s 1740.7MB/s 1929.1MB/s
> READ: 1727.6MB/s 1658.2MB/s 1917.3MB/s
> WRITE: 1726.5MB/s 1657.2MB/s 1916.6MB/s
> jobs6
> READ: 21017MB/s 20922MB/s 21162MB/s
> READ: 19022MB/s 19140MB/s 18770MB/s
> WRITE: 3968.2MB/s 4037.7MB/s 6620.8MB/s
> WRITE: 3643.5MB/s 3590.2MB/s 6027.5MB/s
> READ: 1871.8MB/s 1880.5MB/s 2049.9MB/s
> WRITE: 1867.8MB/s 1877.2MB/s 2046.2MB/s
> READ: 1755.8MB/s 1710.3MB/s 1964.7MB/s
> WRITE: 1750.5MB/s 1705.9MB/s 1958.8MB/s
> jobs7
> READ: 21103MB/s 20677MB/s 21482MB/s
> READ: 18522MB/s 18379MB/s 19443MB/s
> WRITE: 4022.5MB/s 4067.4MB/s 6755.9MB/s
> WRITE: 3691.7MB/s 3695.5MB/s 5925.6MB/s
> READ: 1841.5MB/s 1933.9MB/s 2090.5MB/s
> WRITE: 1842.7MB/s 1935.3MB/s 2091.9MB/s
> READ: 1832.4MB/s 1856.4MB/s 1971.5MB/s
> WRITE: 1822.3MB/s 1846.2MB/s 1960.6MB/s
> jobs8
> READ: 20463MB/s 20194MB/s 20862MB/s
> READ: 18178MB/s 17978MB/s 18299MB/s
> WRITE: 4085.9MB/s 4060.2MB/s 7023.8MB/s
> WRITE: 3776.3MB/s 3737.9MB/s 6278.2MB/s
> READ: 1957.6MB/s 1944.4MB/s 2109.5MB/s
> WRITE: 1959.2MB/s 1946.2MB/s 2111.4MB/s
> READ: 1900.6MB/s 1885.7MB/s 2082.1MB/s
> WRITE: 1896.2MB/s 1881.4MB/s 2078.3MB/s
> jobs9
> READ: 19692MB/s 19734MB/s 19334MB/s
> READ: 17678MB/s 18249MB/s 17666MB/s
> WRITE: 4004.7MB/s 4064.8MB/s 6990.7MB/s
> WRITE: 3724.7MB/s 3772.1MB/s 6193.6MB/s
> READ: 1953.7MB/s 1967.3MB/s 2105.6MB/s
> WRITE: 1953.4MB/s 1966.7MB/s 2104.1MB/s
> READ: 1860.4MB/s 1897.4MB/s 2068.5MB/s
> WRITE: 1858.9MB/s 1895.9MB/s 2066.8MB/s
> jobs10
> READ: 19730MB/s 19579MB/s 19492MB/s
> READ: 18028MB/s 18018MB/s 18221MB/s
> WRITE: 4027.3MB/s 4090.6MB/s 7020.1MB/s
> WRITE: 3810.5MB/s 3846.8MB/s 6426.8MB/s
> READ: 1956.1MB/s 1994.6MB/s 2145.2MB/s
> WRITE: 1955.9MB/s 1993.5MB/s 2144.8MB/s
> READ: 1852.8MB/s 1911.6MB/s 2075.8MB/s
> WRITE: 1855.7MB/s 1914.6MB/s 2078.1MB/s
>
> perf stat
>
> 4 streams 8 streams per-cpu
> ====================================================================================================================
> jobs1
> stalled-cycles-frontend 23,174,811,209 ( 38.21%) 23,220,254,188 ( 38.25%) 23,061,406,918 ( 38.34%)
> stalled-cycles-backend 11,514,174,638 ( 18.98%) 11,696,722,657 ( 19.27%) 11,370,852,810 ( 18.90%)
> instructions 73,925,005,782 ( 1.22) 73,903,177,632 ( 1.22) 73,507,201,037 ( 1.22)
> branches 14,455,124,835 ( 756.063) 14,455,184,779 ( 755.281) 14,378,599,509 ( 758.546)
> branch-misses 69,801,336 ( 0.48%) 80,225,529 ( 0.55%) 72,044,726 ( 0.50%)
> jobs2
> stalled-cycles-frontend 49,912,741,782 ( 46.11%) 50,101,189,290 ( 45.95%) 32,874,195,633 ( 35.11%)
> stalled-cycles-backend 27,080,366,230 ( 25.02%) 27,949,970,232 ( 25.63%) 16,461,222,706 ( 17.58%)
> instructions 122,831,629,690 ( 1.13) 122,919,846,419 ( 1.13) 121,924,786,775 ( 1.30)
> branches 23,725,889,239 ( 692.663) 23,733,547,140 ( 688.062) 23,553,950,311 ( 794.794)
> branch-misses 90,733,041 ( 0.38%) 96,320,895 ( 0.41%) 84,561,092 ( 0.36%)
> jobs3
> stalled-cycles-frontend 66,437,834,608 ( 45.58%) 63,534,923,344 ( 43.69%) 42,101,478,505 ( 33.19%)
> stalled-cycles-backend 34,940,799,661 ( 23.97%) 34,774,043,148 ( 23.91%) 21,163,324,388 ( 16.68%)
> instructions 171,692,121,862 ( 1.18) 171,775,373,044 ( 1.18) 170,353,542,261 ( 1.34)
> branches 32,968,962,622 ( 628.723) 32,987,739,894 ( 630.512) 32,729,463,918 ( 717.027)
> branch-misses 111,522,732 ( 0.34%) 110,472,894 ( 0.33%) 99,791,291 ( 0.30%)
> jobs4
> stalled-cycles-frontend 98,741,701,675 ( 49.72%) 94,797,349,965 ( 47.59%) 54,535,655,381 ( 33.53%)
> stalled-cycles-backend 54,642,609,615 ( 27.51%) 55,233,554,408 ( 27.73%) 27,882,323,541 ( 17.14%)
> instructions 220,884,807,851 ( 1.11) 220,930,887,273 ( 1.11) 218,926,845,851 ( 1.35)
> branches 42,354,518,180 ( 592.105) 42,362,770,587 ( 590.452) 41,955,552,870 ( 716.154)
> branch-misses 138,093,449 ( 0.33%) 131,295,286 ( 0.31%) 121,794,771 ( 0.29%)
> jobs5
> stalled-cycles-frontend 116,219,747,212 ( 48.14%) 110,310,397,012 ( 46.29%) 66,373,082,723 ( 33.70%)
> stalled-cycles-backend 66,325,434,776 ( 27.48%) 64,157,087,914 ( 26.92%) 32,999,097,299 ( 16.76%)
> instructions 270,615,008,466 ( 1.12) 270,546,409,525 ( 1.14) 268,439,910,948 ( 1.36)
> branches 51,834,046,557 ( 599.108) 51,811,867,722 ( 608.883) 51,412,576,077 ( 729.213)
> branch-misses 158,197,086 ( 0.31%) 142,639,805 ( 0.28%) 133,425,455 ( 0.26%)
> jobs6
> stalled-cycles-frontend 138,009,414,492 ( 48.23%) 139,063,571,254 ( 48.80%) 75,278,568,278 ( 32.80%)
> stalled-cycles-backend 79,211,949,650 ( 27.68%) 79,077,241,028 ( 27.75%) 37,735,797,899 ( 16.44%)
> instructions 319,763,993,731 ( 1.12) 319,937,782,834 ( 1.12) 316,663,600,784 ( 1.38)
> branches 61,219,433,294 ( 595.056) 61,250,355,540 ( 598.215) 60,523,446,617 ( 733.706)
> branch-misses 169,257,123 ( 0.28%) 154,898,028 ( 0.25%) 141,180,587 ( 0.23%)
> jobs7
> stalled-cycles-frontend 162,974,812,119 ( 49.20%) 159,290,061,987 ( 48.43%) 88,046,641,169 ( 33.21%)
> stalled-cycles-backend 92,223,151,661 ( 27.84%) 91,667,904,406 ( 27.87%) 44,068,454,971 ( 16.62%)
> instructions 369,516,432,430 ( 1.12) 369,361,799,063 ( 1.12) 365,290,380,661 ( 1.38)
> branches 70,795,673,950 ( 594.220) 70,743,136,124 ( 597.876) 69,803,996,038 ( 732.822)
> branch-misses 181,708,327 ( 0.26%) 165,767,821 ( 0.23%) 150,109,797 ( 0.22%)
> jobs8
> stalled-cycles-frontend 185,000,017,027 ( 49.30%) 182,334,345,473 ( 48.37%) 99,980,147,041 ( 33.26%)
> stalled-cycles-backend 105,753,516,186 ( 28.18%) 107,937,830,322 ( 28.63%) 51,404,177,181 ( 17.10%)
> instructions 418,153,161,055 ( 1.11) 418,308,565,828 ( 1.11) 413,653,475,581 ( 1.38)
> branches 80,035,882,398 ( 592.296) 80,063,204,510 ( 589.843) 79,024,105,589 ( 730.530)
> branch-misses 199,764,528 ( 0.25%) 177,936,926 ( 0.22%) 160,525,449 ( 0.20%)
> jobs9
> stalled-cycles-frontend 210,941,799,094 ( 49.63%) 204,714,679,254 ( 48.55%) 114,251,113,756 ( 33.96%)
> stalled-cycles-backend 122,640,849,067 ( 28.85%) 122,188,553,256 ( 28.98%) 58,360,041,127 ( 17.35%)
> instructions 468,151,025,415 ( 1.10) 467,354,869,323 ( 1.11) 462,665,165,216 ( 1.38)
> branches 89,657,067,510 ( 585.628) 89,411,550,407 ( 588.990) 88,360,523,943 ( 730.151)
> branch-misses 218,292,301 ( 0.24%) 191,701,247 ( 0.21%) 178,535,678 ( 0.20%)
> jobs10
> stalled-cycles-frontend 233,595,958,008 ( 49.81%) 227,540,615,689 ( 49.11%) 160,341,979,938 ( 43.07%)
> stalled-cycles-backend 136,153,676,021 ( 29.03%) 133,635,240,742 ( 28.84%) 65,909,135,465 ( 17.70%)
> instructions 517,001,168,497 ( 1.10) 516,210,976,158 ( 1.11) 511,374,038,613 ( 1.37)
> branches 98,911,641,329 ( 585.796) 98,700,069,712 ( 591.583) 97,646,761,028 ( 728.712)
> branch-misses 232,341,823 ( 0.23%) 199,256,308 ( 0.20%) 183,135,268 ( 0.19%)
>
> per-cpu streams tend to cause significantly less stalled cycles;
> execute less branches and hit less branch-misses.
>
> perf stat reported execution time
>
> 4 streams 8 streams per-cpu
> ====================================================================
> jobs1
> seconds elapsed 20.909073870 20.875670495 20.817838540
> jobs2
> seconds elapsed 18.529488399 18.720566469 16.356103108
> jobs3
> seconds elapsed 18.991159531 18.991340812 16.766216066
> jobs4
> seconds elapsed 19.560643828 19.551323547 16.246621715
> jobs5
> seconds elapsed 24.746498464 25.221646740 20.696112444
> jobs6
> seconds elapsed 28.258181828 28.289765505 22.885688857
> jobs7
> seconds elapsed 32.632490241 31.909125381 26.272753738
> jobs8
> seconds elapsed 35.651403851 36.027596308 29.108024711
> jobs9
> seconds elapsed 40.569362365 40.024227989 32.898204012
> jobs10
> seconds elapsed 44.673112304 43.874898137 35.632952191
>
> Please see
> Link: http://marc.info/?l=linux-kernel&m=146166970727530
> Link: http://marc.info/?l=linux-kernel&m=146174716719650
> for more test results (under low memory conditions).

Thanks for the your great test.
Today, I tried making heavy memory pressure to make dobule compression
but it was not easy so I guess it's really hard to get in real practice
I hope it doesn't make any regression. ;-)

>
> Signed-off-by: Sergey Senozhatsky <sergey.senozhatsky@gmail.com>
> Suggested-by: Minchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org>
> ---
> drivers/block/zram/zcomp.c | 293 ++++++++++++------------------------------
> drivers/block/zram/zcomp.h | 12 +-
> drivers/block/zram/zram_drv.c | 34 ++++-
> 3 files changed, 112 insertions(+), 227 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/drivers/block/zram/zcomp.c b/drivers/block/zram/zcomp.c
> index 3ef42e5..d4159e4 100644
> --- a/drivers/block/zram/zcomp.c
> +++ b/drivers/block/zram/zcomp.c
> @@ -13,6 +13,7 @@
> #include <linux/slab.h>
> #include <linux/wait.h>
> #include <linux/sched.h>
> +#include <linux/cpu.h>
>
> #include "zcomp.h"
> #include "zcomp_lzo.h"
> @@ -20,29 +21,6 @@
> #include "zcomp_lz4.h"
> #endif
>
> -/*
> - * single zcomp_strm backend
> - */
> -struct zcomp_strm_single {
> - struct mutex strm_lock;
> - struct zcomp_strm *zstrm;
> -};
> -
> -/*
> - * multi zcomp_strm backend
> - */
> -struct zcomp_strm_multi {
> - /* protect strm list */
> - spinlock_t strm_lock;
> - /* max possible number of zstrm streams */
> - int max_strm;
> - /* number of available zstrm streams */
> - int avail_strm;
> - /* list of available strms */
> - struct list_head idle_strm;
> - wait_queue_head_t strm_wait;
> -};
> -
> static struct zcomp_backend *backends[] = {
> &zcomp_lzo,
> #ifdef CONFIG_ZRAM_LZ4_COMPRESS
> @@ -93,188 +71,6 @@ static struct zcomp_strm *zcomp_strm_alloc(struct zcomp *comp, gfp_t flags)
> return zstrm;
> }
>
> -/*
> - * get idle zcomp_strm or wait until other process release
> - * (zcomp_strm_release()) one for us
> - */
> -static struct zcomp_strm *zcomp_strm_multi_find(struct zcomp *comp)
> -{
> - struct zcomp_strm_multi *zs = comp->stream;
> - struct zcomp_strm *zstrm;
> -
> - while (1) {
> - spin_lock(&zs->strm_lock);
> - if (!list_empty(&zs->idle_strm)) {
> - zstrm = list_entry(zs->idle_strm.next,
> - struct zcomp_strm, list);
> - list_del(&zstrm->list);
> - spin_unlock(&zs->strm_lock);
> - return zstrm;
> - }
> - /* zstrm streams limit reached, wait for idle stream */
> - if (zs->avail_strm >= zs->max_strm) {
> - spin_unlock(&zs->strm_lock);
> - wait_event(zs->strm_wait, !list_empty(&zs->idle_strm));
> - continue;
> - }
> - /* allocate new zstrm stream */
> - zs->avail_strm++;
> - spin_unlock(&zs->strm_lock);
> - /*
> - * This function can be called in swapout/fs write path
> - * so we can't use GFP_FS|IO. And it assumes we already
> - * have at least one stream in zram initialization so we
> - * don't do best effort to allocate more stream in here.
> - * A default stream will work well without further multiple
> - * streams. That's why we use NORETRY | NOWARN.
> - */
> - zstrm = zcomp_strm_alloc(comp, GFP_NOIO | __GFP_NORETRY |
> - __GFP_NOWARN);
> - if (!zstrm) {
> - spin_lock(&zs->strm_lock);
> - zs->avail_strm--;
> - spin_unlock(&zs->strm_lock);
> - wait_event(zs->strm_wait, !list_empty(&zs->idle_strm));
> - continue;
> - }
> - break;
> - }
> - return zstrm;
> -}
> -
> -/* add stream back to idle list and wake up waiter or free the stream */
> -static void zcomp_strm_multi_release(struct zcomp *comp, struct zcomp_strm *zstrm)
> -{
> - struct zcomp_strm_multi *zs = comp->stream;
> -
> - spin_lock(&zs->strm_lock);
> - if (zs->avail_strm <= zs->max_strm) {
> - list_add(&zstrm->list, &zs->idle_strm);
> - spin_unlock(&zs->strm_lock);
> - wake_up(&zs->strm_wait);
> - return;
> - }
> -
> - zs->avail_strm--;
> - spin_unlock(&zs->strm_lock);
> - zcomp_strm_free(comp, zstrm);
> -}
> -
> -/* change max_strm limit */
> -static bool zcomp_strm_multi_set_max_streams(struct zcomp *comp, int num_strm)
> -{
> - struct zcomp_strm_multi *zs = comp->stream;
> - struct zcomp_strm *zstrm;
> -
> - spin_lock(&zs->strm_lock);
> - zs->max_strm = num_strm;
> - /*
> - * if user has lowered the limit and there are idle streams,
> - * immediately free as much streams (and memory) as we can.
> - */
> - while (zs->avail_strm > num_strm && !list_empty(&zs->idle_strm)) {
> - zstrm = list_entry(zs->idle_strm.next,
> - struct zcomp_strm, list);
> - list_del(&zstrm->list);
> - zcomp_strm_free(comp, zstrm);
> - zs->avail_strm--;
> - }
> - spin_unlock(&zs->strm_lock);
> - return true;
> -}
> -
> -static void zcomp_strm_multi_destroy(struct zcomp *comp)
> -{
> - struct zcomp_strm_multi *zs = comp->stream;
> - struct zcomp_strm *zstrm;
> -
> - while (!list_empty(&zs->idle_strm)) {
> - zstrm = list_entry(zs->idle_strm.next,
> - struct zcomp_strm, list);
> - list_del(&zstrm->list);
> - zcomp_strm_free(comp, zstrm);
> - }
> - kfree(zs);
> -}
> -
> -static int zcomp_strm_multi_create(struct zcomp *comp, int max_strm)
> -{
> - struct zcomp_strm *zstrm;
> - struct zcomp_strm_multi *zs;
> -
> - comp->destroy = zcomp_strm_multi_destroy;
> - comp->strm_find = zcomp_strm_multi_find;
> - comp->strm_release = zcomp_strm_multi_release;
> - comp->set_max_streams = zcomp_strm_multi_set_max_streams;
> - zs = kmalloc(sizeof(struct zcomp_strm_multi), GFP_KERNEL);
> - if (!zs)
> - return -ENOMEM;
> -
> - comp->stream = zs;
> - spin_lock_init(&zs->strm_lock);
> - INIT_LIST_HEAD(&zs->idle_strm);
> - init_waitqueue_head(&zs->strm_wait);
> - zs->max_strm = max_strm;
> - zs->avail_strm = 1;
> -
> - zstrm = zcomp_strm_alloc(comp, GFP_KERNEL);
> - if (!zstrm) {
> - kfree(zs);
> - return -ENOMEM;
> - }
> - list_add(&zstrm->list, &zs->idle_strm);
> - return 0;
> -}
> -
> -static struct zcomp_strm *zcomp_strm_single_find(struct zcomp *comp)
> -{
> - struct zcomp_strm_single *zs = comp->stream;
> - mutex_lock(&zs->strm_lock);
> - return zs->zstrm;
> -}
> -
> -static void zcomp_strm_single_release(struct zcomp *comp,
> - struct zcomp_strm *zstrm)
> -{
> - struct zcomp_strm_single *zs = comp->stream;
> - mutex_unlock(&zs->strm_lock);
> -}
> -
> -static bool zcomp_strm_single_set_max_streams(struct zcomp *comp, int num_strm)
> -{
> - /* zcomp_strm_single support only max_comp_streams == 1 */
> - return false;
> -}
> -
> -static void zcomp_strm_single_destroy(struct zcomp *comp)
> -{
> - struct zcomp_strm_single *zs = comp->stream;
> - zcomp_strm_free(comp, zs->zstrm);
> - kfree(zs);
> -}
> -
> -static int zcomp_strm_single_create(struct zcomp *comp)
> -{
> - struct zcomp_strm_single *zs;
> -
> - comp->destroy = zcomp_strm_single_destroy;
> - comp->strm_find = zcomp_strm_single_find;
> - comp->strm_release = zcomp_strm_single_release;
> - comp->set_max_streams = zcomp_strm_single_set_max_streams;
> - zs = kmalloc(sizeof(struct zcomp_strm_single), GFP_KERNEL);
> - if (!zs)
> - return -ENOMEM;
> -
> - comp->stream = zs;
> - mutex_init(&zs->strm_lock);
> - zs->zstrm = zcomp_strm_alloc(comp, GFP_KERNEL);
> - if (!zs->zstrm) {
> - kfree(zs);
> - return -ENOMEM;
> - }
> - return 0;
> -}
> -
> /* show available compressors */
> ssize_t zcomp_available_show(const char *comp, char *buf)
> {
> @@ -301,17 +97,17 @@ bool zcomp_available_algorithm(const char *comp)
>
> bool zcomp_set_max_streams(struct zcomp *comp, int num_strm)
> {
> - return comp->set_max_streams(comp, num_strm);
> + return true;
> }

I like this part. We don't need to remove set_max_stream interface
right now. Because percpu might make regression if double comp raio
is high. If so, we should roll back so let's wait for two year and
if anyting is not wrong, then we could deprecate multi stream
interfaces. I hope you are on same page.

>
> struct zcomp_strm *zcomp_strm_find(struct zcomp *comp)
> {
> - return comp->strm_find(comp);
> + return *get_cpu_ptr(comp->stream);
> }
>
> void zcomp_strm_release(struct zcomp *comp, struct zcomp_strm *zstrm)
> {
> - comp->strm_release(comp, zstrm);
> + put_cpu_ptr(comp->stream);
> }
>
> int zcomp_compress(struct zcomp *comp, struct zcomp_strm *zstrm,
> @@ -327,9 +123,83 @@ int zcomp_decompress(struct zcomp *comp, const unsigned char *src,
> return comp->backend->decompress(src, src_len, dst);
> }
>
> +static int __zcomp_cpu_notifier(struct zcomp *comp,
> + unsigned long action, unsigned long cpu)
> +{
> + struct zcomp_strm *zstrm;
> +
> + switch (action) {
> + case CPU_UP_PREPARE:
> + if (WARN_ON(*per_cpu_ptr(comp->stream, cpu)))
> + break;
> + zstrm = zcomp_strm_alloc(comp, GFP_KERNEL);
> + if (IS_ERR_OR_NULL(zstrm)) {
> + pr_err("Can't allocate a compression stream\n");
> + return NOTIFY_BAD;
> + }
> + *per_cpu_ptr(comp->stream, cpu) = zstrm;
> + break;
> + case CPU_DEAD:
> + case CPU_UP_CANCELED:
> + zstrm = *per_cpu_ptr(comp->stream, cpu);
> + if (!IS_ERR_OR_NULL(zstrm))
> + zcomp_strm_free(comp, zstrm);
> + *per_cpu_ptr(comp->stream, cpu) = NULL;
> + break;
> + default:
> + break;
> + }
> + return NOTIFY_OK;
> +}
> +
> +static int zcomp_cpu_notifier(struct notifier_block *nb,
> + unsigned long action, void *pcpu)
> +{
> + unsigned long cpu = (unsigned long)pcpu;
> + struct zcomp *comp = container_of(nb, typeof(*comp), notifier);
> +
> + return __zcomp_cpu_notifier(comp, action, cpu);
> +}
> +
> +static int zcomp_init(struct zcomp *comp)
> +{
> + unsigned long cpu;
> + int ret;
> +
> + comp->notifier.notifier_call = zcomp_cpu_notifier;
> +
> + comp->stream = alloc_percpu(struct zcomp_strm *);
> + if (!comp->stream)
> + return -ENOMEM;
> +
> + cpu_notifier_register_begin();
> + for_each_online_cpu(cpu) {
> + ret = __zcomp_cpu_notifier(comp, CPU_UP_PREPARE, cpu);
> + if (ret == NOTIFY_BAD)
> + goto cleanup;
> + }
> + __register_cpu_notifier(&comp->notifier);
> + cpu_notifier_register_done();
> + return 0;
> +
> +cleanup:
> + for_each_online_cpu(cpu)
> + __zcomp_cpu_notifier(comp, CPU_UP_CANCELED, cpu);
> + cpu_notifier_register_done();
> + return -ENOMEM;
> +}
> +
> void zcomp_destroy(struct zcomp *comp)
> {
> - comp->destroy(comp);
> + unsigned long cpu;
> +
> + cpu_notifier_register_begin();
> + for_each_online_cpu(cpu)
> + __zcomp_cpu_notifier(comp, CPU_UP_CANCELED, cpu);
> + __unregister_cpu_notifier(&comp->notifier);
> + cpu_notifier_register_done();
> +
> + free_percpu(comp->stream);
> kfree(comp);
> }
>
> @@ -356,10 +226,7 @@ struct zcomp *zcomp_create(const char *compress, int max_strm)

Trivial:
We could remove max_strm now and change description.


> return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
>
> comp->backend = backend;
> - if (max_strm > 1)
> - error = zcomp_strm_multi_create(comp, max_strm);
> - else
> - error = zcomp_strm_single_create(comp);
> + error = zcomp_init(comp);
> if (error) {
> kfree(comp);
> return ERR_PTR(error);
> diff --git a/drivers/block/zram/zcomp.h b/drivers/block/zram/zcomp.h
> index b7d2a4b..aba8c21 100644
> --- a/drivers/block/zram/zcomp.h
> +++ b/drivers/block/zram/zcomp.h
> @@ -10,8 +10,6 @@
> #ifndef _ZCOMP_H_
> #define _ZCOMP_H_
>
> -#include <linux/mutex.h>
> -
> struct zcomp_strm {
> /* compression/decompression buffer */
> void *buffer;
> @@ -21,8 +19,6 @@ struct zcomp_strm {
> * working memory)
> */
> void *private;
> - /* used in multi stream backend, protected by backend strm_lock */
> - struct list_head list;
> };
>
> /* static compression backend */
> @@ -41,13 +37,9 @@ struct zcomp_backend {
>
> /* dynamic per-device compression frontend */
> struct zcomp {
> - void *stream;
> + struct zcomp_strm * __percpu *stream;
> struct zcomp_backend *backend;
> -
> - struct zcomp_strm *(*strm_find)(struct zcomp *comp);
> - void (*strm_release)(struct zcomp *comp, struct zcomp_strm *zstrm);
> - bool (*set_max_streams)(struct zcomp *comp, int num_strm);
> - void (*destroy)(struct zcomp *comp);
> + struct notifier_block notifier;
> };
>
> ssize_t zcomp_available_show(const char *comp, char *buf);
> diff --git a/drivers/block/zram/zram_drv.c b/drivers/block/zram/zram_drv.c
> index 9030992..cad1751 100644
> --- a/drivers/block/zram/zram_drv.c
> +++ b/drivers/block/zram/zram_drv.c
> @@ -650,7 +650,7 @@ static int zram_bvec_write(struct zram *zram, struct bio_vec *bvec, u32 index,
> {
> int ret = 0;
> size_t clen;
> - unsigned long handle;
> + unsigned long handle = 0;
> struct page *page;
> unsigned char *user_mem, *cmem, *src, *uncmem = NULL;
> struct zram_meta *meta = zram->meta;
> @@ -673,9 +673,8 @@ static int zram_bvec_write(struct zram *zram, struct bio_vec *bvec, u32 index,
> goto out;
> }
>
> - zstrm = zcomp_strm_find(zram->comp);
> +compress_again:
> user_mem = kmap_atomic(page);
> -
> if (is_partial_io(bvec)) {
> memcpy(uncmem + offset, user_mem + bvec->bv_offset,
> bvec->bv_len);
> @@ -699,6 +698,7 @@ static int zram_bvec_write(struct zram *zram, struct bio_vec *bvec, u32 index,
> goto out;
> }
>
> + zstrm = zcomp_strm_find(zram->comp);
> ret = zcomp_compress(zram->comp, zstrm, uncmem, &clen);
> if (!is_partial_io(bvec)) {
> kunmap_atomic(user_mem);
> @@ -710,6 +710,7 @@ static int zram_bvec_write(struct zram *zram, struct bio_vec *bvec, u32 index,
> pr_err("Compression failed! err=%d\n", ret);
> goto out;
> }
> +
> src = zstrm->buffer;
> if (unlikely(clen > max_zpage_size)) {
> clen = PAGE_SIZE;
> @@ -717,8 +718,33 @@ static int zram_bvec_write(struct zram *zram, struct bio_vec *bvec, u32 index,
> src = uncmem;
> }
>
> - handle = zs_malloc(meta->mem_pool, clen, GFP_NOIO | __GFP_HIGHMEM);
> + /*
> + * handle allocation has 2 paths:
> + * a) fast path is executed with preemption disabled (for
> + * per-cpu streams) and has __GFP_DIRECT_RECLAIM bit clear,
> + * since we can't sleep;
> + * b) slow path enables preemption and attempts to allocate
> + * the page with __GFP_DIRECT_RECLAIM bit set. we have to
> + * put per-cpu compression stream and, thus, to re-do
> + * the compression once handle is allocated.
> + *
> + * if we have a 'non-null' handle here then we are coming
> + * from the slow path and handle has already been allocated.
> + */
> + if (!handle)
> + handle = zs_malloc(meta->mem_pool, clen,
> + __GFP_KSWAPD_RECLAIM |
> + __GFP_NOWARN |
> + __GFP_HIGHMEM);
> if (!handle) {
> + zcomp_strm_release(zram->comp, zstrm);
> + zstrm = NULL;
> +
> + handle = zs_malloc(meta->mem_pool, clen,
> + GFP_NOIO | __GFP_HIGHMEM);
> + if (handle)
> + goto compress_again;

We can avoid page_zero_filled in second trial but not sure it is worth
to do because in my experiment, not easy to make double compression.
If I did, the ratio is really small compared total_write so it doesn't
need to add new branch to detect it in normal path.

Acutally, I asked adding dobule compression stat to you. It seems you
forgot but okay. Because I want to change stat code and contents so
I will send a patch after I send rework about stat. :)

Thanks for the great work, Sergey!

Acked-by: Minchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org>

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