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SubjectRe: [RFC PATCH V2 1/2] vhost: convert pre sorted vhost memory array to interval tree
On Fri, Mar 25, 2016 at 10:34:33AM +0800, Jason Wang wrote:
> Current pre-sorted memory region array has some limitations for future
> device IOTLB conversion:
>
> 1) need extra work for adding and removing a single region, and it's
> expected to be slow because of sorting or memory re-allocation.
> 2) need extra work of removing a large range which may intersect
> several regions with different size.
> 3) need trick for a replacement policy like LRU
>
> To overcome the above shortcomings, this patch convert it to interval
> tree which can easily address the above issue with almost no extra
> work.
>
> The patch could be used for:
>
> - Extend the current API and only let the userspace to send diffs of
> memory table.
> - Simplify Device IOTLB implementation.

Does this affect performance at all?

>
> Signed-off-by: Jason Wang <jasowang@redhat.com>
> ---
> drivers/vhost/net.c | 8 +--
> drivers/vhost/vhost.c | 182 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++----------------------
> drivers/vhost/vhost.h | 27 ++++++--
> 3 files changed, 128 insertions(+), 89 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/drivers/vhost/net.c b/drivers/vhost/net.c
> index 9eda69e..481db96 100644
> --- a/drivers/vhost/net.c
> +++ b/drivers/vhost/net.c
> @@ -968,20 +968,20 @@ static long vhost_net_reset_owner(struct vhost_net *n)
> struct socket *tx_sock = NULL;
> struct socket *rx_sock = NULL;
> long err;
> - struct vhost_memory *memory;
> + struct vhost_umem *umem;
>
> mutex_lock(&n->dev.mutex);
> err = vhost_dev_check_owner(&n->dev);
> if (err)
> goto done;
> - memory = vhost_dev_reset_owner_prepare();
> - if (!memory) {
> + umem = vhost_dev_reset_owner_prepare();
> + if (!umem) {
> err = -ENOMEM;
> goto done;
> }
> vhost_net_stop(n, &tx_sock, &rx_sock);
> vhost_net_flush(n);
> - vhost_dev_reset_owner(&n->dev, memory);
> + vhost_dev_reset_owner(&n->dev, umem);
> vhost_net_vq_reset(n);
> done:
> mutex_unlock(&n->dev.mutex);
> diff --git a/drivers/vhost/vhost.c b/drivers/vhost/vhost.c
> index ad2146a..32c35a9 100644
> --- a/drivers/vhost/vhost.c
> +++ b/drivers/vhost/vhost.c
> @@ -27,6 +27,7 @@
> #include <linux/cgroup.h>
> #include <linux/module.h>
> #include <linux/sort.h>
> +#include <linux/interval_tree_generic.h>
>
> #include "vhost.h"
>
> @@ -42,6 +43,10 @@ enum {
> #define vhost_used_event(vq) ((__virtio16 __user *)&vq->avail->ring[vq->num])
> #define vhost_avail_event(vq) ((__virtio16 __user *)&vq->used->ring[vq->num])
>
> +INTERVAL_TREE_DEFINE(struct vhost_umem_node,
> + rb, __u64, __subtree_last,
> + START, LAST, , vhost_umem_interval_tree);
> +
> #ifdef CONFIG_VHOST_CROSS_ENDIAN_LEGACY
> static void vhost_vq_reset_user_be(struct vhost_virtqueue *vq)
> {
> @@ -275,7 +280,7 @@ static void vhost_vq_reset(struct vhost_dev *dev,
> vq->call_ctx = NULL;
> vq->call = NULL;
> vq->log_ctx = NULL;
> - vq->memory = NULL;
> + vq->umem = NULL;
> vq->is_le = virtio_legacy_is_little_endian();
> vhost_vq_reset_user_be(vq);
> }
> @@ -381,7 +386,7 @@ void vhost_dev_init(struct vhost_dev *dev,
> mutex_init(&dev->mutex);
> dev->log_ctx = NULL;
> dev->log_file = NULL;
> - dev->memory = NULL;
> + dev->umem = NULL;
> dev->mm = NULL;
> spin_lock_init(&dev->work_lock);
> INIT_LIST_HEAD(&dev->work_list);
> @@ -486,27 +491,36 @@ err_mm:
> }
> EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(vhost_dev_set_owner);
>
> -struct vhost_memory *vhost_dev_reset_owner_prepare(void)
> +static void *vhost_kvzalloc(unsigned long size)
> +{
> + void *n = kzalloc(size, GFP_KERNEL | __GFP_NOWARN | __GFP_REPEAT);
> +
> + if (!n)
> + n = vzalloc(size);
> + return n;
> +}
> +
> +struct vhost_umem *vhost_dev_reset_owner_prepare(void)
> {
> - return kmalloc(offsetof(struct vhost_memory, regions), GFP_KERNEL);
> + return vhost_kvzalloc(sizeof(struct vhost_umem));
> }
> EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(vhost_dev_reset_owner_prepare);
>
> /* Caller should have device mutex */
> -void vhost_dev_reset_owner(struct vhost_dev *dev, struct vhost_memory *memory)
> +void vhost_dev_reset_owner(struct vhost_dev *dev, struct vhost_umem *umem)
> {
> int i;
>
> vhost_dev_cleanup(dev, true);
>
> /* Restore memory to default empty mapping. */
> - memory->nregions = 0;
> - dev->memory = memory;
> + INIT_LIST_HEAD(&umem->umem_list);
> + dev->umem = umem;
> /* We don't need VQ locks below since vhost_dev_cleanup makes sure
> * VQs aren't running.
> */
> for (i = 0; i < dev->nvqs; ++i)
> - dev->vqs[i]->memory = memory;
> + dev->vqs[i]->umem = umem;
> }
> EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(vhost_dev_reset_owner);
>
> @@ -523,6 +537,21 @@ void vhost_dev_stop(struct vhost_dev *dev)
> }
> EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(vhost_dev_stop);
>
> +static void vhost_umem_clean(struct vhost_umem *umem)
> +{
> + struct vhost_umem_node *node, *tmp;
> +
> + if (!umem)
> + return;
> +
> + list_for_each_entry_safe(node, tmp, &umem->umem_list, link) {
> + vhost_umem_interval_tree_remove(node, &umem->umem_tree);
> + list_del(&node->link);
> + kvfree(node);
> + }
> + kvfree(umem);
> +}
> +
> /* Caller should have device mutex if and only if locked is set */
> void vhost_dev_cleanup(struct vhost_dev *dev, bool locked)
> {
> @@ -549,8 +578,8 @@ void vhost_dev_cleanup(struct vhost_dev *dev, bool locked)
> fput(dev->log_file);
> dev->log_file = NULL;
> /* No one will access memory at this point */
> - kvfree(dev->memory);
> - dev->memory = NULL;
> + vhost_umem_clean(dev->umem);
> + dev->umem = NULL;
> WARN_ON(!list_empty(&dev->work_list));
> if (dev->worker) {
> kthread_stop(dev->worker);
> @@ -576,25 +605,25 @@ static int log_access_ok(void __user *log_base, u64 addr, unsigned long sz)
> }
>
> /* Caller should have vq mutex and device mutex. */
> -static int vq_memory_access_ok(void __user *log_base, struct vhost_memory *mem,
> +static int vq_memory_access_ok(void __user *log_base, struct vhost_umem *umem,
> int log_all)
> {
> - int i;
> + struct vhost_umem_node *node;
>
> - if (!mem)
> + if (!umem)
> return 0;
>
> - for (i = 0; i < mem->nregions; ++i) {
> - struct vhost_memory_region *m = mem->regions + i;
> - unsigned long a = m->userspace_addr;
> - if (m->memory_size > ULONG_MAX)
> + list_for_each_entry(node, &umem->umem_list, link) {
> + unsigned long a = node->userspace_addr;
> +
> + if (node->size > ULONG_MAX)
> return 0;
> else if (!access_ok(VERIFY_WRITE, (void __user *)a,
> - m->memory_size))
> + node->size))
> return 0;
> else if (log_all && !log_access_ok(log_base,
> - m->guest_phys_addr,
> - m->memory_size))
> + node->start,
> + node->size))
> return 0;
> }
> return 1;
> @@ -602,7 +631,7 @@ static int vq_memory_access_ok(void __user *log_base, struct vhost_memory *mem,
>
> /* Can we switch to this memory table? */
> /* Caller should have device mutex but not vq mutex */
> -static int memory_access_ok(struct vhost_dev *d, struct vhost_memory *mem,
> +static int memory_access_ok(struct vhost_dev *d, struct vhost_umem *umem,
> int log_all)
> {
> int i;
> @@ -615,7 +644,8 @@ static int memory_access_ok(struct vhost_dev *d, struct vhost_memory *mem,
> log = log_all || vhost_has_feature(d->vqs[i], VHOST_F_LOG_ALL);
> /* If ring is inactive, will check when it's enabled. */
> if (d->vqs[i]->private_data)
> - ok = vq_memory_access_ok(d->vqs[i]->log_base, mem, log);
> + ok = vq_memory_access_ok(d->vqs[i]->log_base,
> + umem, log);
> else
> ok = 1;
> mutex_unlock(&d->vqs[i]->mutex);
> @@ -642,7 +672,7 @@ static int vq_access_ok(struct vhost_virtqueue *vq, unsigned int num,
> /* Caller should have device mutex but not vq mutex */
> int vhost_log_access_ok(struct vhost_dev *dev)
> {
> - return memory_access_ok(dev, dev->memory, 1);
> + return memory_access_ok(dev, dev->umem, 1);
> }
> EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(vhost_log_access_ok);
>
> @@ -653,7 +683,7 @@ static int vq_log_access_ok(struct vhost_virtqueue *vq,
> {
> size_t s = vhost_has_feature(vq, VIRTIO_RING_F_EVENT_IDX) ? 2 : 0;
>
> - return vq_memory_access_ok(log_base, vq->memory,
> + return vq_memory_access_ok(log_base, vq->umem,
> vhost_has_feature(vq, VHOST_F_LOG_ALL)) &&
> (!vq->log_used || log_access_ok(log_base, vq->log_addr,
> sizeof *vq->used +
> @@ -669,28 +699,12 @@ int vhost_vq_access_ok(struct vhost_virtqueue *vq)
> }
> EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(vhost_vq_access_ok);
>
> -static int vhost_memory_reg_sort_cmp(const void *p1, const void *p2)
> -{
> - const struct vhost_memory_region *r1 = p1, *r2 = p2;
> - if (r1->guest_phys_addr < r2->guest_phys_addr)
> - return 1;
> - if (r1->guest_phys_addr > r2->guest_phys_addr)
> - return -1;
> - return 0;
> -}
> -
> -static void *vhost_kvzalloc(unsigned long size)
> -{
> - void *n = kzalloc(size, GFP_KERNEL | __GFP_NOWARN | __GFP_REPEAT);
> -
> - if (!n)
> - n = vzalloc(size);
> - return n;
> -}
> -
> static long vhost_set_memory(struct vhost_dev *d, struct vhost_memory __user *m)
> {
> - struct vhost_memory mem, *newmem, *oldmem;
> + struct vhost_memory mem, *newmem;
> + struct vhost_memory_region *region;
> + struct vhost_umem_node *node;
> + struct vhost_umem *newumem, *oldumem;
> unsigned long size = offsetof(struct vhost_memory, regions);
> int i;
>
> @@ -710,24 +724,52 @@ static long vhost_set_memory(struct vhost_dev *d, struct vhost_memory __user *m)
> kvfree(newmem);
> return -EFAULT;
> }
> - sort(newmem->regions, newmem->nregions, sizeof(*newmem->regions),
> - vhost_memory_reg_sort_cmp, NULL);
>
> - if (!memory_access_ok(d, newmem, 0)) {
> + newumem = vhost_kvzalloc(sizeof(*newumem));
> + if (!newumem) {
> kvfree(newmem);
> - return -EFAULT;
> + return -ENOMEM;
> + }
> +
> + newumem->umem_tree = RB_ROOT;
> + INIT_LIST_HEAD(&newumem->umem_list);
> +
> + for (region = newmem->regions;
> + region < newmem->regions + mem.nregions;
> + region++) {
> + node = vhost_kvzalloc(sizeof(*node));
> + if (!node)
> + goto err;
> + node->start = region->guest_phys_addr;
> + node->size = region->memory_size;
> + node->last = node->start + node->size - 1;
> + node->userspace_addr = region->userspace_addr;
> + INIT_LIST_HEAD(&node->link);
> + list_add_tail(&node->link, &newumem->umem_list);
> + vhost_umem_interval_tree_insert(node, &newumem->umem_tree);
> }
> - oldmem = d->memory;
> - d->memory = newmem;
> +
> + if (!memory_access_ok(d, newumem, 0))
> + goto err;
> +
> + oldumem = d->umem;
> + d->umem = newumem;
>
> /* All memory accesses are done under some VQ mutex. */
> for (i = 0; i < d->nvqs; ++i) {
> mutex_lock(&d->vqs[i]->mutex);
> - d->vqs[i]->memory = newmem;
> + d->vqs[i]->umem = newumem;
> mutex_unlock(&d->vqs[i]->mutex);
> }
> - kvfree(oldmem);
> +
> + kvfree(newmem);
> + vhost_umem_clean(oldumem);
> return 0;
> +
> +err:
> + vhost_umem_clean(newumem);
> + kvfree(newmem);
> + return -EFAULT;
> }
>
> long vhost_vring_ioctl(struct vhost_dev *d, int ioctl, void __user *argp)
> @@ -1017,28 +1059,6 @@ done:
> }
> EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(vhost_dev_ioctl);
>
> -static const struct vhost_memory_region *find_region(struct vhost_memory *mem,
> - __u64 addr, __u32 len)
> -{
> - const struct vhost_memory_region *reg;
> - int start = 0, end = mem->nregions;
> -
> - while (start < end) {
> - int slot = start + (end - start) / 2;
> - reg = mem->regions + slot;
> - if (addr >= reg->guest_phys_addr)
> - end = slot;
> - else
> - start = slot + 1;
> - }
> -
> - reg = mem->regions + start;
> - if (addr >= reg->guest_phys_addr &&
> - reg->guest_phys_addr + reg->memory_size > addr)
> - return reg;
> - return NULL;
> -}
> -
> /* TODO: This is really inefficient. We need something like get_user()
> * (instruction directly accesses the data, with an exception table entry
> * returning -EFAULT). See Documentation/x86/exception-tables.txt.
> @@ -1180,29 +1200,29 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(vhost_init_used);
> static int translate_desc(struct vhost_virtqueue *vq, u64 addr, u32 len,
> struct iovec iov[], int iov_size)
> {
> - const struct vhost_memory_region *reg;
> - struct vhost_memory *mem;
> + const struct vhost_umem_node *node;
> + struct vhost_umem *umem = vq->umem;
> struct iovec *_iov;
> u64 s = 0;
> int ret = 0;
>
> - mem = vq->memory;
> while ((u64)len > s) {
> u64 size;
> if (unlikely(ret >= iov_size)) {
> ret = -ENOBUFS;
> break;
> }
> - reg = find_region(mem, addr, len);
> - if (unlikely(!reg)) {
> + node = vhost_umem_interval_tree_iter_first(&umem->umem_tree,
> + addr, addr + len - 1);
> + if (node == NULL || node->start > addr) {
> ret = -EFAULT;
> break;
> }
> _iov = iov + ret;
> - size = reg->memory_size - addr + reg->guest_phys_addr;
> + size = node->size - addr + node->start;
> _iov->iov_len = min((u64)len - s, size);
> _iov->iov_base = (void __user *)(unsigned long)
> - (reg->userspace_addr + addr - reg->guest_phys_addr);
> + (node->userspace_addr + addr - node->start);
> s += size;
> addr += size;
> ++ret;
> diff --git a/drivers/vhost/vhost.h b/drivers/vhost/vhost.h
> index d3f7674..5d64393 100644
> --- a/drivers/vhost/vhost.h
> +++ b/drivers/vhost/vhost.h
> @@ -52,6 +52,25 @@ struct vhost_log {
> u64 len;
> };
>
> +#define START(node) ((node)->start)
> +#define LAST(node) ((node)->last)
> +
> +struct vhost_umem_node {
> + struct rb_node rb;
> + struct list_head link;
> + __u64 start;
> + __u64 last;
> + __u64 size;
> + __u64 userspace_addr;
> + __u64 flags_padding;
> + __u64 __subtree_last;
> +};
> +
> +struct vhost_umem {
> + struct rb_root umem_tree;
> + struct list_head umem_list;
> +};
> +
> /* The virtqueue structure describes a queue attached to a device. */
> struct vhost_virtqueue {
> struct vhost_dev *dev;
> @@ -100,7 +119,7 @@ struct vhost_virtqueue {
> struct iovec *indirect;
> struct vring_used_elem *heads;
> /* Protected by virtqueue mutex. */
> - struct vhost_memory *memory;
> + struct vhost_umem *umem;
> void *private_data;
> u64 acked_features;
> /* Log write descriptors */
> @@ -117,7 +136,6 @@ struct vhost_virtqueue {
> };
>
> struct vhost_dev {
> - struct vhost_memory *memory;
> struct mm_struct *mm;
> struct mutex mutex;
> struct vhost_virtqueue **vqs;
> @@ -127,14 +145,15 @@ struct vhost_dev {
> spinlock_t work_lock;
> struct list_head work_list;
> struct task_struct *worker;
> + struct vhost_umem *umem;
> };
>
> void vhost_dev_init(struct vhost_dev *, struct vhost_virtqueue **vqs, int nvqs);
> long vhost_dev_set_owner(struct vhost_dev *dev);
> bool vhost_dev_has_owner(struct vhost_dev *dev);
> long vhost_dev_check_owner(struct vhost_dev *);
> -struct vhost_memory *vhost_dev_reset_owner_prepare(void);
> -void vhost_dev_reset_owner(struct vhost_dev *, struct vhost_memory *);
> +struct vhost_umem *vhost_dev_reset_owner_prepare(void);
> +void vhost_dev_reset_owner(struct vhost_dev *, struct vhost_umem *);
> void vhost_dev_cleanup(struct vhost_dev *, bool locked);
> void vhost_dev_stop(struct vhost_dev *);
> long vhost_dev_ioctl(struct vhost_dev *, unsigned int ioctl, void __user *argp);
> --
> 2.5.0

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