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Subject[PATCH 3.2 104/115] net: validate variable length ll headers
3.2.80-rc1 review patch.  If anyone has any objections, please let me know.


From: Willem de Bruijn <>

[ Upstream commit 2793a23aacbd754dbbb5cb75093deb7e4103bace ]

Netdevice parameter hard_header_len is variously interpreted both as
an upper and lower bound on link layer header length. The field is
used as upper bound when reserving room at allocation, as lower bound
when validating user input in PF_PACKET.

Clarify the definition to be maximum header length. For validation
of untrusted headers, add an optional validate member to header_ops.

Allow bypassing of validation by passing CAP_SYS_RAWIO, for instance
for deliberate testing of corrupt input. In this case, pad trailing
bytes, as some device drivers expect completely initialized headers.

See also

Signed-off-by: Willem de Bruijn <>
Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <>
[bwh: Backported to 3.2: net_device has inline comments instead of kernel-doc]
Signed-off-by: Ben Hutchings <>
--- a/include/linux/netdevice.h
+++ b/include/linux/netdevice.h
@@ -293,6 +293,7 @@ struct header_ops {
void (*cache_update)(struct hh_cache *hh,
const struct net_device *dev,
const unsigned char *haddr);
+ bool (*validate)(const char *ll_header, unsigned int len);

/* These flag bits are private to the generic network queueing
@@ -1119,7 +1120,7 @@ struct net_device {

unsigned int mtu; /* interface MTU value */
unsigned short type; /* interface hardware type */
- unsigned short hard_header_len; /* hardware hdr length */
+ unsigned short hard_header_len; /* maximum hardware hdr length */

/* extra head- and tailroom the hardware may need, but not in all cases
* can this be guaranteed, especially tailroom. Some cases also use
@@ -1728,6 +1729,24 @@ static inline int dev_rebuild_header(str
return dev->header_ops->rebuild(skb);

+/* ll_header must have at least hard_header_len allocated */
+static inline bool dev_validate_header(const struct net_device *dev,
+ char *ll_header, int len)
+ if (likely(len >= dev->hard_header_len))
+ return true;
+ if (capable(CAP_SYS_RAWIO)) {
+ memset(ll_header + len, 0, dev->hard_header_len - len);
+ return true;
+ }
+ if (dev->header_ops && dev->header_ops->validate)
+ return dev->header_ops->validate(ll_header, len);
+ return false;
typedef int gifconf_func_t(struct net_device * dev, char __user * bufptr, int len);
extern int register_gifconf(unsigned int family, gifconf_func_t * gifconf);
static inline int unregister_gifconf(unsigned int family)
 \ /
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