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Subject[PATCH v7 20/24] iio: imu: inv_mpu6050: change the i2c gate to be mux-locked
Date
The root i2c adapter lock is then no longer held by the i2c mux during
accesses behind the i2c gate, and such accesses need to take that lock
just like any other ordinary i2c accesses do.

So, declare the i2c gate mux-locked, and zap the code that makes the
unlocked i2c accesses and just use ordinary regmap_write accesses.

This also happens to fix the deadlock described in
http://patchwork.ozlabs.org/patch/584776/ authored by
Adriana Reus <adriana.reus@intel.com> and submitted by
Daniel Baluta <daniel.baluta@intel.com>

----------8<----------
iio: imu: inv_mpu6050: Fix deadlock between i2c adapter lock and mpu lock

This deadlock occurs if the accel/gyro and the sensor on the auxiliary
I2C (in my setup it's an ak8975) are working at the same time.

Scenario:

T1 T2
==== ====
inv_mpu6050_read_fifo aux sensor op (eg. ak8975_read_raw)
| |
mutex_lock(&indio_dev->mlock) i2c_transfer
| |
i2c transaction i2c adapter lock
| |
i2c adapter lock i2c_mux_master_xfer
|
inv_mpu6050_select_bypass
|
mutex_lock(&indio_dev->mlock)

When we operate on an mpu sensor the order of locking is mpu lock
followed by the i2c adapter lock. However, when we operate the auxiliary
sensor the order of locking is the other way around.

...
----------8<----------

The reason this patch fixes the deadlock is that T2 does not grab the
i2c adapter lock until the very end (and grabs the newfangled i2c mux
lock where it previously grabbed the i2c adapter lock).

Acked-by: Jonathan Cameron <jic23@kernel.org>
Acked-by: Daniel Baluta <daniel.baluta@intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Peter Rosin <peda@axentia.se>
---
Documentation/i2c/i2c-topology | 2 +-
drivers/iio/imu/inv_mpu6050/inv_mpu_i2c.c | 52 ++++++-------------------------
2 files changed, 11 insertions(+), 43 deletions(-)

diff --git a/Documentation/i2c/i2c-topology b/Documentation/i2c/i2c-topology
index 27bfd682808d..69b008518454 100644
--- a/Documentation/i2c/i2c-topology
+++ b/Documentation/i2c/i2c-topology
@@ -50,7 +50,7 @@ i2c-mux-pinctrl Normally parent-locked, mux-locked iff
i2c-mux-reg Parent-locked

In drivers/iio/
-imu/inv_mpu6050/ Parent-locked
+imu/inv_mpu6050/ Mux-locked

In drivers/media/
dvb-frontends/m88ds3103 Parent-locked
diff --git a/drivers/iio/imu/inv_mpu6050/inv_mpu_i2c.c b/drivers/iio/imu/inv_mpu6050/inv_mpu_i2c.c
index 664a45082d39..2c4188db8634 100644
--- a/drivers/iio/imu/inv_mpu6050/inv_mpu_i2c.c
+++ b/drivers/iio/imu/inv_mpu6050/inv_mpu_i2c.c
@@ -24,45 +24,16 @@ static const struct regmap_config inv_mpu_regmap_config = {
.val_bits = 8,
};

-/*
- * The i2c read/write needs to happen in unlocked mode. As the parent
- * adapter is common. If we use locked versions, it will fail as
- * the mux adapter will lock the parent i2c adapter, while calling
- * select/deselect functions.
- */
-static int inv_mpu6050_write_reg_unlocked(struct i2c_client *client,
- u8 reg, u8 d)
-{
- int ret;
- u8 buf[2] = {reg, d};
- struct i2c_msg msg[1] = {
- {
- .addr = client->addr,
- .flags = 0,
- .len = sizeof(buf),
- .buf = buf,
- }
- };
-
- ret = __i2c_transfer(client->adapter, msg, 1);
- if (ret != 1)
- return ret;
-
- return 0;
-}
-
static int inv_mpu6050_select_bypass(struct i2c_mux_core *muxc, u32 chan_id)
{
- struct i2c_client *client = i2c_mux_priv(muxc);
- struct iio_dev *indio_dev = dev_get_drvdata(&client->dev);
+ struct iio_dev *indio_dev = i2c_mux_priv(muxc);
struct inv_mpu6050_state *st = iio_priv(indio_dev);
int ret = 0;

/* Use the same mutex which was used everywhere to protect power-op */
mutex_lock(&indio_dev->mlock);
if (!st->powerup_count) {
- ret = inv_mpu6050_write_reg_unlocked(client,
- st->reg->pwr_mgmt_1, 0);
+ ret = regmap_write(st->map, st->reg->pwr_mgmt_1, 0);
if (ret)
goto write_error;

@@ -71,10 +42,9 @@ static int inv_mpu6050_select_bypass(struct i2c_mux_core *muxc, u32 chan_id)
}
if (!ret) {
st->powerup_count++;
- ret = inv_mpu6050_write_reg_unlocked(client,
- st->reg->int_pin_cfg,
- INV_MPU6050_INT_PIN_CFG |
- INV_MPU6050_BIT_BYPASS_EN);
+ ret = regmap_write(st->map, st->reg->int_pin_cfg,
+ INV_MPU6050_INT_PIN_CFG |
+ INV_MPU6050_BIT_BYPASS_EN);
}
write_error:
mutex_unlock(&indio_dev->mlock);
@@ -84,18 +54,16 @@ write_error:

static int inv_mpu6050_deselect_bypass(struct i2c_mux_core *muxc, u32 chan_id)
{
- struct i2c_client *client = i2c_mux_priv(muxc);
- struct iio_dev *indio_dev = dev_get_drvdata(&client->dev);
+ struct iio_dev *indio_dev = i2c_mux_priv(muxc);
struct inv_mpu6050_state *st = iio_priv(indio_dev);

mutex_lock(&indio_dev->mlock);
/* It doesn't really mattter, if any of the calls fails */
- inv_mpu6050_write_reg_unlocked(client, st->reg->int_pin_cfg,
- INV_MPU6050_INT_PIN_CFG);
+ regmap_write(st->map, st->reg->int_pin_cfg, INV_MPU6050_INT_PIN_CFG);
st->powerup_count--;
if (!st->powerup_count)
- inv_mpu6050_write_reg_unlocked(client, st->reg->pwr_mgmt_1,
- INV_MPU6050_BIT_SLEEP);
+ regmap_write(st->map, st->reg->pwr_mgmt_1,
+ INV_MPU6050_BIT_SLEEP);
mutex_unlock(&indio_dev->mlock);

return 0;
@@ -134,7 +102,7 @@ static int inv_mpu_probe(struct i2c_client *client,

st = iio_priv(dev_get_drvdata(&client->dev));
st->muxc = i2c_mux_alloc(client->adapter, &client->dev,
- 1, 0, 0,
+ 1, 0, I2C_MUX_LOCKED,
inv_mpu6050_select_bypass,
inv_mpu6050_deselect_bypass);
if (!st->muxc) {
--
2.1.4
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