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SubjectRe: zram: per-cpu compression streams
On Mon, Apr 18, 2016 at 04:57:58PM +0900, Sergey Senozhatsky wrote:
> Hello Minchan,
> sorry, it took me so long to return back to testing.
>
> I collected extended stats (perf), just like you requested.
> - 3G zram, lzo; 4 CPU x86_64 box.
> - fio with perf stat
>
> 4 streams 8 streams per-cpu
> ===========================================================
> #jobs1
> READ: 2520.1MB/s 2566.5MB/s 2491.5MB/s
> READ: 2102.7MB/s 2104.2MB/s 2091.3MB/s
> WRITE: 1355.1MB/s 1320.2MB/s 1378.9MB/s
> WRITE: 1103.5MB/s 1097.2MB/s 1122.5MB/s
> READ: 434013KB/s 435153KB/s 439961KB/s
> WRITE: 433969KB/s 435109KB/s 439917KB/s
> READ: 403166KB/s 405139KB/s 403373KB/s
> WRITE: 403223KB/s 405197KB/s 403430KB/s
> #jobs2
> READ: 7958.6MB/s 8105.6MB/s 8073.7MB/s
> READ: 6864.9MB/s 6989.8MB/s 7021.8MB/s
> WRITE: 2438.1MB/s 2346.9MB/s 3400.2MB/s
> WRITE: 1994.2MB/s 1990.3MB/s 2941.2MB/s
> READ: 981504KB/s 973906KB/s 1018.8MB/s
> WRITE: 981659KB/s 974060KB/s 1018.1MB/s
> READ: 937021KB/s 938976KB/s 987250KB/s
> WRITE: 934878KB/s 936830KB/s 984993KB/s
> #jobs3
> READ: 13280MB/s 13553MB/s 13553MB/s
> READ: 11534MB/s 11785MB/s 11755MB/s
> WRITE: 3456.9MB/s 3469.9MB/s 4810.3MB/s
> WRITE: 3029.6MB/s 3031.6MB/s 4264.8MB/s
> READ: 1363.8MB/s 1362.6MB/s 1448.9MB/s
> WRITE: 1361.9MB/s 1360.7MB/s 1446.9MB/s
> READ: 1309.4MB/s 1310.6MB/s 1397.5MB/s
> WRITE: 1307.4MB/s 1308.5MB/s 1395.3MB/s
> #jobs4
> READ: 20244MB/s 20177MB/s 20344MB/s
> READ: 17886MB/s 17913MB/s 17835MB/s
> WRITE: 4071.6MB/s 4046.1MB/s 6370.2MB/s
> WRITE: 3608.9MB/s 3576.3MB/s 5785.4MB/s
> READ: 1824.3MB/s 1821.6MB/s 1997.5MB/s
> WRITE: 1819.8MB/s 1817.4MB/s 1992.5MB/s
> READ: 1765.7MB/s 1768.3MB/s 1937.3MB/s
> WRITE: 1767.5MB/s 1769.1MB/s 1939.2MB/s
> #jobs5
> READ: 18663MB/s 18986MB/s 18823MB/s
> READ: 16659MB/s 16605MB/s 16954MB/s
> WRITE: 3912.4MB/s 3888.7MB/s 6126.9MB/s
> WRITE: 3506.4MB/s 3442.5MB/s 5519.3MB/s
> READ: 1798.2MB/s 1746.5MB/s 1935.8MB/s
> WRITE: 1792.7MB/s 1740.7MB/s 1929.1MB/s
> READ: 1727.6MB/s 1658.2MB/s 1917.3MB/s
> WRITE: 1726.5MB/s 1657.2MB/s 1916.6MB/s
> #jobs6
> READ: 21017MB/s 20922MB/s 21162MB/s
> READ: 19022MB/s 19140MB/s 18770MB/s
> WRITE: 3968.2MB/s 4037.7MB/s 6620.8MB/s
> WRITE: 3643.5MB/s 3590.2MB/s 6027.5MB/s
> READ: 1871.8MB/s 1880.5MB/s 2049.9MB/s
> WRITE: 1867.8MB/s 1877.2MB/s 2046.2MB/s
> READ: 1755.8MB/s 1710.3MB/s 1964.7MB/s
> WRITE: 1750.5MB/s 1705.9MB/s 1958.8MB/s
> #jobs7
> READ: 21103MB/s 20677MB/s 21482MB/s
> READ: 18522MB/s 18379MB/s 19443MB/s
> WRITE: 4022.5MB/s 4067.4MB/s 6755.9MB/s
> WRITE: 3691.7MB/s 3695.5MB/s 5925.6MB/s
> READ: 1841.5MB/s 1933.9MB/s 2090.5MB/s
> WRITE: 1842.7MB/s 1935.3MB/s 2091.9MB/s
> READ: 1832.4MB/s 1856.4MB/s 1971.5MB/s
> WRITE: 1822.3MB/s 1846.2MB/s 1960.6MB/s
> #jobs8
> READ: 20463MB/s 20194MB/s 20862MB/s
> READ: 18178MB/s 17978MB/s 18299MB/s
> WRITE: 4085.9MB/s 4060.2MB/s 7023.8MB/s
> WRITE: 3776.3MB/s 3737.9MB/s 6278.2MB/s
> READ: 1957.6MB/s 1944.4MB/s 2109.5MB/s
> WRITE: 1959.2MB/s 1946.2MB/s 2111.4MB/s
> READ: 1900.6MB/s 1885.7MB/s 2082.1MB/s
> WRITE: 1896.2MB/s 1881.4MB/s 2078.3MB/s
> #jobs9
> READ: 19692MB/s 19734MB/s 19334MB/s
> READ: 17678MB/s 18249MB/s 17666MB/s
> WRITE: 4004.7MB/s 4064.8MB/s 6990.7MB/s
> WRITE: 3724.7MB/s 3772.1MB/s 6193.6MB/s
> READ: 1953.7MB/s 1967.3MB/s 2105.6MB/s
> WRITE: 1953.4MB/s 1966.7MB/s 2104.1MB/s
> READ: 1860.4MB/s 1897.4MB/s 2068.5MB/s
> WRITE: 1858.9MB/s 1895.9MB/s 2066.8MB/s
> #jobs10
> READ: 19730MB/s 19579MB/s 19492MB/s
> READ: 18028MB/s 18018MB/s 18221MB/s
> WRITE: 4027.3MB/s 4090.6MB/s 7020.1MB/s
> WRITE: 3810.5MB/s 3846.8MB/s 6426.8MB/s
> READ: 1956.1MB/s 1994.6MB/s 2145.2MB/s
> WRITE: 1955.9MB/s 1993.5MB/s 2144.8MB/s
> READ: 1852.8MB/s 1911.6MB/s 2075.8MB/s
> WRITE: 1855.7MB/s 1914.6MB/s 2078.1MB/s
>
>
> perf stat
>
> 4 streams 8 streams per-cpu
> ====================================================================================================================
> jobs1 ( ) ( ) ( )
> stalled-cycles-frontend 23,174,811,209 ( 38.21%) 23,220,254,188 ( 38.25%) 23,061,406,918 ( 38.34%)
> stalled-cycles-backend 11,514,174,638 ( 18.98%) 11,696,722,657 ( 19.27%) 11,370,852,810 ( 18.90%)
> instructions 73,925,005,782 ( 1.22) 73,903,177,632 ( 1.22) 73,507,201,037 ( 1.22)
> branches 14,455,124,835 ( 756.063) 14,455,184,779 ( 755.281) 14,378,599,509 ( 758.546)
> branch-misses 69,801,336 ( 0.48%) 80,225,529 ( 0.55%) 72,044,726 ( 0.50%)
> jobs2 ( ) ( ) ( )
> stalled-cycles-frontend 49,912,741,782 ( 46.11%) 50,101,189,290 ( 45.95%) 32,874,195,633 ( 35.11%)
> stalled-cycles-backend 27,080,366,230 ( 25.02%) 27,949,970,232 ( 25.63%) 16,461,222,706 ( 17.58%)
> instructions 122,831,629,690 ( 1.13) 122,919,846,419 ( 1.13) 121,924,786,775 ( 1.30)
> branches 23,725,889,239 ( 692.663) 23,733,547,140 ( 688.062) 23,553,950,311 ( 794.794)
> branch-misses 90,733,041 ( 0.38%) 96,320,895 ( 0.41%) 84,561,092 ( 0.36%)
> jobs3 ( ) ( ) ( )
> stalled-cycles-frontend 66,437,834,608 ( 45.58%) 63,534,923,344 ( 43.69%) 42,101,478,505 ( 33.19%)
> stalled-cycles-backend 34,940,799,661 ( 23.97%) 34,774,043,148 ( 23.91%) 21,163,324,388 ( 16.68%)
> instructions 171,692,121,862 ( 1.18) 171,775,373,044 ( 1.18) 170,353,542,261 ( 1.34)
> branches 32,968,962,622 ( 628.723) 32,987,739,894 ( 630.512) 32,729,463,918 ( 717.027)
> branch-misses 111,522,732 ( 0.34%) 110,472,894 ( 0.33%) 99,791,291 ( 0.30%)
> jobs4 ( ) ( ) ( )
> stalled-cycles-frontend 98,741,701,675 ( 49.72%) 94,797,349,965 ( 47.59%) 54,535,655,381 ( 33.53%)
> stalled-cycles-backend 54,642,609,615 ( 27.51%) 55,233,554,408 ( 27.73%) 27,882,323,541 ( 17.14%)
> instructions 220,884,807,851 ( 1.11) 220,930,887,273 ( 1.11) 218,926,845,851 ( 1.35)
> branches 42,354,518,180 ( 592.105) 42,362,770,587 ( 590.452) 41,955,552,870 ( 716.154)
> branch-misses 138,093,449 ( 0.33%) 131,295,286 ( 0.31%) 121,794,771 ( 0.29%)
> jobs5 ( ) ( ) ( )
> stalled-cycles-frontend 116,219,747,212 ( 48.14%) 110,310,397,012 ( 46.29%) 66,373,082,723 ( 33.70%)
> stalled-cycles-backend 66,325,434,776 ( 27.48%) 64,157,087,914 ( 26.92%) 32,999,097,299 ( 16.76%)
> instructions 270,615,008,466 ( 1.12) 270,546,409,525 ( 1.14) 268,439,910,948 ( 1.36)
> branches 51,834,046,557 ( 599.108) 51,811,867,722 ( 608.883) 51,412,576,077 ( 729.213)
> branch-misses 158,197,086 ( 0.31%) 142,639,805 ( 0.28%) 133,425,455 ( 0.26%)
> jobs6 ( ) ( ) ( )
> stalled-cycles-frontend 138,009,414,492 ( 48.23%) 139,063,571,254 ( 48.80%) 75,278,568,278 ( 32.80%)
> stalled-cycles-backend 79,211,949,650 ( 27.68%) 79,077,241,028 ( 27.75%) 37,735,797,899 ( 16.44%)
> instructions 319,763,993,731 ( 1.12) 319,937,782,834 ( 1.12) 316,663,600,784 ( 1.38)
> branches 61,219,433,294 ( 595.056) 61,250,355,540 ( 598.215) 60,523,446,617 ( 733.706)
> branch-misses 169,257,123 ( 0.28%) 154,898,028 ( 0.25%) 141,180,587 ( 0.23%)
> jobs7 ( ) ( ) ( )
> stalled-cycles-frontend 162,974,812,119 ( 49.20%) 159,290,061,987 ( 48.43%) 88,046,641,169 ( 33.21%)
> stalled-cycles-backend 92,223,151,661 ( 27.84%) 91,667,904,406 ( 27.87%) 44,068,454,971 ( 16.62%)
> instructions 369,516,432,430 ( 1.12) 369,361,799,063 ( 1.12) 365,290,380,661 ( 1.38)
> branches 70,795,673,950 ( 594.220) 70,743,136,124 ( 597.876) 69,803,996,038 ( 732.822)
> branch-misses 181,708,327 ( 0.26%) 165,767,821 ( 0.23%) 150,109,797 ( 0.22%)
> jobs8 ( ) ( ) ( )
> stalled-cycles-frontend 185,000,017,027 ( 49.30%) 182,334,345,473 ( 48.37%) 99,980,147,041 ( 33.26%)
> stalled-cycles-backend 105,753,516,186 ( 28.18%) 107,937,830,322 ( 28.63%) 51,404,177,181 ( 17.10%)
> instructions 418,153,161,055 ( 1.11) 418,308,565,828 ( 1.11) 413,653,475,581 ( 1.38)
> branches 80,035,882,398 ( 592.296) 80,063,204,510 ( 589.843) 79,024,105,589 ( 730.530)
> branch-misses 199,764,528 ( 0.25%) 177,936,926 ( 0.22%) 160,525,449 ( 0.20%)
> jobs9 ( ) ( ) ( )
> stalled-cycles-frontend 210,941,799,094 ( 49.63%) 204,714,679,254 ( 48.55%) 114,251,113,756 ( 33.96%)
> stalled-cycles-backend 122,640,849,067 ( 28.85%) 122,188,553,256 ( 28.98%) 58,360,041,127 ( 17.35%)
> instructions 468,151,025,415 ( 1.10) 467,354,869,323 ( 1.11) 462,665,165,216 ( 1.38)
> branches 89,657,067,510 ( 585.628) 89,411,550,407 ( 588.990) 88,360,523,943 ( 730.151)
> branch-misses 218,292,301 ( 0.24%) 191,701,247 ( 0.21%) 178,535,678 ( 0.20%)
> jobs10 ( ) ( ) ( )
> stalled-cycles-frontend 233,595,958,008 ( 49.81%) 227,540,615,689 ( 49.11%) 160,341,979,938 ( 43.07%)
> stalled-cycles-backend 136,153,676,021 ( 29.03%) 133,635,240,742 ( 28.84%) 65,909,135,465 ( 17.70%)
> instructions 517,001,168,497 ( 1.10) 516,210,976,158 ( 1.11) 511,374,038,613 ( 1.37)
> branches 98,911,641,329 ( 585.796) 98,700,069,712 ( 591.583) 97,646,761,028 ( 728.712)
> branch-misses 232,341,823 ( 0.23%) 199,256,308 ( 0.20%) 183,135,268 ( 0.19%)
>
>
> per-cpu streams tend to cause significantly less stalled cycles.

Great!

So, based on your experiment, the reason I couldn't see such huge win
in my mahcine is cache size difference(i.e., yours is twice than mine,
IIRC.) and my perf stat didn't show such big difference.
If I have a time, I will test it in bigger machine.
>
>
> perf stat reported execution time
>
> 4 streams 8 streams per-cpu
> ====================================================================
> jobs1
> seconds elapsed 20.909073870 20.875670495 20.817838540
> jobs2
> seconds elapsed 18.529488399 18.720566469 16.356103108
> jobs3
> seconds elapsed 18.991159531 18.991340812 16.766216066
> jobs4
> seconds elapsed 19.560643828 19.551323547 16.246621715
> jobs5
> seconds elapsed 24.746498464 25.221646740 20.696112444
> jobs6
> seconds elapsed 28.258181828 28.289765505 22.885688857
> jobs7
> seconds elapsed 32.632490241 31.909125381 26.272753738
> jobs8
> seconds elapsed 35.651403851 36.027596308 29.108024711
> jobs9
> seconds elapsed 40.569362365 40.024227989 32.898204012
> jobs10
> seconds elapsed 44.673112304 43.874898137 35.632952191
>
>
> quite interesting numbers.
>
>
>
>
> NOTE:
> -- fio seems does not attempt to write to device more than disk size, so
> the test don't include 're-compresion path'.

I'm convinced now with your data. Super thanks!
However, as you know, we need data how bad it is in heavy memory pressure.
Maybe, you can test it with fio and backgound memory hogger,

Thanks for the test, Sergey!

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