lkml.org 
[lkml]   [2016]   [Mar]   [9]   [last100]   RSS Feed
Views: [wrap][no wrap]   [headers]  [forward] 
 
Messages in this thread
/
From
SubjectRE: [RFC PATCH v3 3/3] PCI/ACPI: hisi: Add ACPI support for HiSilicon SoCs Host Controllers
Date
Hi Bjorn, Lorenzo

> -----Original Message-----
> From: Bjorn Helgaas [mailto:helgaas@kernel.org]
> Sent: 02 March 2016 15:51
> To: Lorenzo Pieralisi
> Cc: Gabriele Paoloni; 'Mark Rutland'; Guohanjun (Hanjun Guo); Wangzhou
> (B); liudongdong (C); Linuxarm; qiujiang; 'bhelgaas@google.com';
> 'arnd@arndb.de'; 'tn@semihalf.com'; 'linux-pci@vger.kernel.org';
> 'linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org'; xuwei (O); 'linux-
> acpi@vger.kernel.org'; 'jcm@redhat.com'; zhangjukuo; Liguozhu
> (Kenneth); 'linux-arm-kernel@lists.infradead.org'
> Subject: Re: [RFC PATCH v3 3/3] PCI/ACPI: hisi: Add ACPI support for
> HiSilicon SoCs Host Controllers
>
> On Tue, Mar 01, 2016 at 07:22:47PM +0000, Lorenzo Pieralisi wrote:
> > Hi Bjorn,
> >
> > On Thu, Feb 25, 2016 at 01:59:12PM -0600, Bjorn Helgaas wrote:
> > > On Thu, Feb 25, 2016 at 12:07:50PM +0000, Lorenzo Pieralisi wrote:
> > > > On Thu, Feb 25, 2016 at 03:01:19AM +0000, Gabriele Paoloni wrote:
> >
> > [...]
> >
> > > > I do not understand how PNP0c02 works, currently, by the way.
> > > >
> > > > If I read x86 code correctly, the unassigned PCI bus resources
> are
> > > > assigned in arch/x86/pci/i386.c (?)
> fs_initcall(pcibios_assign_resources),
> > > > with a comment:
> > > >
> > > > /**
> > > > * called in fs_initcall (one below subsys_initcall),
> > > > * give a chance for motherboard reserve resources
> > > > */
> > > >
> > > > Problem is, motherboard resources are requested through (?):
> > > >
> > > > drivers/pnp/system.c
> > > >
> > > > which is also initialized at fs_initcall, so it might be called
> after
> > > > core x86 code reassign resources, defeating the purpose PNP0c02
> was
> > > > designed for, namely, request motherboard regions before
> resources
> > > > are assigned, am I wrong ?
> > >
> > > I think you're right. This is a long-standing screwup in Linux.
> > > IMHO, ACPI resources should be parsed and reserved by the ACPI
> core,
> > > before any PCI resource management (since PCI host bridges are
> > > represented in ACPI). But historically PCI devices have enumerated
> > > before ACPI got involved. And the ACPI core doesn't really pay
> > > attention to _CRS for most devices (with the exception of PNP0C02).
> > >
> > > IMO the PNP0C02 code in drivers/pnp/system.c should really be done
> in
> > > the ACPI core for all ACPI devices, similar to the way the PCI core
> > > reserves BAR space for all PCI devices, even if we don't have
> drivers
> > > for them. I've tried to fix this in the past, but it is really a
> > > nightmare to unravel everything.
> > >
> > > Because the ACPI core doesn't reserve resources for the _CRS of all
> > > ACPI devices, we're already vulnerable to the problem of placing a
> > > device on top of another ACPI device. We don't see problems
> because
> > > on x86, at least, most ACPI devices are already configured by the
> BIOS
> > > to be enabled and non-overlapping. But x86 has the advantage of
> > > having extensive test coverage courtesy of Windows, and as long as
> > > _CRS has the right stuff in it, we at least have the potential of
> > > fixing problems in Linux.
> >
> > ...
> > By "fixing problems in Linux" above, you mean that, given that we
> > do have a validated _CRS space, we can request/reserve the region the
> _CRS
> > reports to prevent assigning those resources to other devices,
> correct ?
>
> Yes.
>
> I think part of what makes this difficult in Linux is that the
> resource tree is too strict about overlapping resources. We get
> address space information from E820 (on x86), static ACPI tables like
> MCFG, and dynamic things like ACPI _CRS. There's no real requirement
> that the BIOS should make all these consistent, but yet we try to jam
> it all into the same resource tree.
>
> For example, E820 might tell us that range A is reserved and
> unavailable to Linux. We stick it in the resource tree. Then we
> might have a _CRS that tells us about range B. We *want* to put range
> B in the resource tree, but if B overlaps part of A, the insert will
> fail.
>
> All we really need from E820 is the information that "you can't put
> devices in A". We don't need to enforce any relationship between A
> and B, but the current resource tree imposes unnecessary hierarchical
> requirements.
>
> I think issues like this are the biggest reason why the ACPI core
> doesn't reserve all _CRS space early on (Rafael may correct me here).
>
> > > If the platform doesn't report resource usage correctly on ARM, we
> may
> > > not find problems (because we don't have the Windows test suite)
> and
> > > if we have resource assignment problems because _CRS is lacking,
> we'll
> > > have no way to fix them.
> >
> > And I think here you mean we can't prevent assigning resource space
> to
> > devices that do not necessarily own it because since some devices
> _CRS
> > are borked/missing we have no way to detect the address space
> allocated
> > to them and we may end up with resources conflicts.
>
> The ACPI core currently doesn't reserve the space consumed by ACPI
> devices. Some drivers, e.g., for PNP0C02 (motherboard) and PNP0A03
> (PCI host bridge), do reserve their space, but the core itself does
> not.
>
> If we have drivers for all the ACPI devices, those drivers will
> probably use _CRS and reserve the space, and we'll probably notice any
> _CRS errors. But if we don't have drivers, e.g., for performance
> monitors or other non-essential things, nothing will use _CRS, and
> nothing will reserve the space used by the device, and it's hard to
> find errors.
>
> If we ever assign top-level resources, there's nothing to prevent us
> from creating a conflict. The only reason we don't trip over this is
> that we usually don't assign top-level resources because firmware does
> it for us.

It seems that in this thread we have touched quite few issues.

First is how to describe a PCI host controller config space resource:
as you highlighted before mentioning the specs, these resources should
be marked as "PNP0C02"; therefore I guess the current Nowicki patchset
must be reworked to check the resources to be motherboard reserved when
parsing the MCFG table.

Also with respect to the ACPI table for my specific PCIe controller I
would use the following approach:

// PCIe Root bus
Device (PCI1)
{
Name (_HID, "HISI0080") // PCI Express Root Bridge
Name (_CID, "PNP0A03") // Compatible PCI Root Bridge
Name(_SEG, 1) // Segment of this Root complex
Name(_BBN, 0) // Base Bus Number
Name(_CCA, 1)
Method (_CRS, 0, Serialized) { // Root complex resources
Name (RBUF, ResourceTemplate () {
WordBusNumber ( // Bus numbers assigned to this root
ResourceProducer, MinFixed, MaxFixed, PosDecode,
0, // AddressGranularity
0, // AddressMinimum - Minimum Bus Number
63, // AddressMaximum - Maximum Bus Number
0, // AddressTranslation - Set to 0
64 // RangeLength - Number of Busses
)
QWordMemory ( // 64-bit BAR Windows
ResourceProducer,
PosDecode,
MinFixed,
MaxFixed,
Cacheable,
ReadWrite,
0x0000000000000000, // Granularity
0x00000000b0000000, // Min Base Address pci address
0x00000000bbfeffff, // Max Base Address
0x0000021f54000000, // Translate
0x000000000bff0000 // Length
)
QWordIO (
ResourceProducer,
MinFixed,
MaxFixed,
PosDecode,
EntireRange,
0x0000000000000000, // Granularity
0x0000000000000000, // Min Base Address
0x000000000000ffff, // Max Base Address
0x000002200fff0000, // Translate
0x0000000000010000 // Length
)
}) // Name(RBUF)
Return (RBUF)
} // Method(_CRS)
Device (RES0)
{
Name (_HID, "HISI0081") // HiSi PCIe RC config base address
Name (_CID, "PNP0C02") // Motherboard reserved resource
Name (_CRS, ResourceTemplate (){
Memory32Fixed (ReadWrite, 0xb0080000 , 0x10000)
})

}

So in the table above I have a sub-device under the RC to pass the address
for the RC config space (the rest of the config space addresses for bus 1
to 63 are passed in the MCFG). As you can see the device _CID is PNP0C02
As per ACPI specs.
Do you see anything wrong with this approach?

The second issue is when and how to reserve HW resources. As per
conversation above this seems quite a tricky issue and probably needs to
consider different aspects...

I was wondering if we can take a gradual approach; maybe for the time being
we can just rework Nowicki patchset to check the MCFG resources to be
motherboard reserved and later on we can make an effort to fix the resource
insertion mechanism making sure that it works right on both x86 and ARM.

What do you think about?

Many Thanks

Gab

>
> > > > As per last Tomasz's patchset, we claim and assign unassigned PCI
> > > > resources upon ACPI PCI host bridge probing (which happens at
> > > > subsys_initcall time, courtesy of ACPI current code); at that
> time the
> > > > kernel did not even register the PNP0c02 driver
> (drivers/pnp/system.c)
> > > > (it does that at fs_initcall). On the other hand, we insert MCFG
> > > > regions into the resource tree upon MCFG parsing, so I do not
> > > > see why we need to rely on PNP0c02 to do that for us (granted,
> the
> > > > mechanism is part of the PCI fw specs, which are x86 centric
> anyway
> > > > ie we can't certainly rely on Int15 e820 to detect reserved
> memory
> > > > on ARM :D)
> > > >
> > > > There is lots of legacy x86 here and Bjorn definitely has more
> > > > visibility into that than I have, the ARM world must understand
> > > > how this works to make sure we have an agreement.
> > >
> > > As you say, there is lots of unpleasant x86 legacy here. Possibly
> ARM
> > > has a chance to clean this up and do it more sanely; I'm not sure
> > > whether it's feasible to reverse the ACPI/PCI init order there or
> not.
> > >
> > > Rafael, any thoughts on this whole thing?
> > >
> > > Bjorn
> > >
> > --
> > To unsubscribe from this list: send the line "unsubscribe linux-acpi"
> in
> > the body of a message to majordomo@vger.kernel.org
> > More majordomo info at http://vger.kernel.org/majordomo-info.html

\
 
 \ /
  Last update: 2016-03-09 09:21    [W:0.076 / U:2.880 seconds]
©2003-2018 Jasper Spaans|hosted at Digital Ocean and TransIP|Read the blog|Advertise on this site