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SubjectRE: [RFC PATCH v3 3/3] PCI/ACPI: hisi: Add ACPI support for HiSilicon SoCs Host Controllers
Date
Hi Lorenzo, many thanks for replying

> -----Original Message-----
> From: Lorenzo Pieralisi [mailto:lorenzo.pieralisi@arm.com]
> Sent: 29 February 2016 11:38
> To: Gabriele Paoloni
> Cc: Bjorn Helgaas; 'Mark Rutland'; Guohanjun (Hanjun Guo); Wangzhou
> (B); liudongdong (C); Linuxarm; qiujiang; 'bhelgaas@google.com';
> 'arnd@arndb.de'; 'tn@semihalf.com'; 'linux-pci@vger.kernel.org';
> 'linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org'; xuwei (O); 'linux-
> acpi@vger.kernel.org'; 'jcm@redhat.com'; zhangjukuo; Liguozhu
> (Kenneth); 'linux-arm-kernel@lists.infradead.org'
> Subject: Re: [RFC PATCH v3 3/3] PCI/ACPI: hisi: Add ACPI support for
> HiSilicon SoCs Host Controllers
>
> > > > > > I think the relevant spec is the PCI Firmware Spec, r3.0, sec
> > > 4.1.2.
> > > > > > Note 2 in that section says the address range of an MMCFG
> region
> > > > > > must be reserved by declaring a motherboard resource, i.e.,
> > > included
> > > > > > in the _CRS of a PNP0C02 or similar device.
> > > > >
> > > > > I had a look a this. So yes the specs says that we should use
> the
> > > > > PNP0C02 device if MCFG is not supported.
> > > >
> > > > AFAIK, PNP0C02 is a resource reservation mechanism, the spec says
> > > that
> > > > MCFG regions must be reserved using PNP0C02, even though its
> > > > current usage on x86 is a bit unfathomable to me, in particular
> > > > in relation to MCFG resources retrieved for hotpluggable bridges
> (ie
> > > > through _CBA, which I think consider the MCFG region as reserved
> > > > by default, regardless of PNP0c02):
> > > >
> > > > see pci_mmcfg_check_reserved() arch/x86/pci/mmconfig-shared.c
> >
> > Yes I checked this and it seems to check if an area of memory from
> > MCFG is overlapping with any area of memory specified by PNP0C02
> > _CRS...
> >
> > However (maybe I am wrong) it looks to me that this part works
> > independently of the PNP0c02 driver. It seems that goes directly
> > to walk the ACPI namespace and look for PNP0C02 HID; as it finds it,
> > it checks the range of memory specified in the _CRS method and see
> > if it overlaps with the MCFG resource...am I missing something?
>
> Well, if I understand the code correctly, the x86 MCFG code, for static
> MCFG tables, check that the MCFG regions are part of motherboard
> resources (by walking the ACPI namespace as you said). If that's the
> case,
> it does not insert resources into the resource tree till a
> late_initcall,
> (pci_mmcfg_late_insert_resources()) that should run after the PNP0C02
> driver
> was initialized (?) (I guess, that's a nightmare to understand these
> initcall
> ordering unwritten rules dependencies, if they exist). If the MCFG
> region is
> not part of motherboard resources it is discarded (ie
> pci_mmconfig_insert()
> in arch/x86/pci/mmconfig-shared.c)

Yes it looks like at boot time it parses the ACPI namespace, if a
cfg region is marked as reserved, then it is mapped (cfg->virt is
assigned) and is added to pci_mmcfg_list so that later on this list
can be used by pci_mmcfg_late_insert_resources() to insert the cfg->res
in the iomem_resource resource tree.

However there are some things that are not clear to me:
- if an MCFG region is not marked as reserved, is it just discarded by
the x86 framework?
I see that in the Nowicki generic "pci_mmconfig_map_resource" we just
map the mcfg config regions with no need for them to be reserved...?
- I do not understand the role of the PNP system driver. It looks like
this also inserts resources under iomem_resource resource tree (in
Case of memory resources)...

Thanks

Gab

>
> I really do not know why x86 code has been implemented like that
> and whatever I say it is just speculation, honestly it is not easy
> to understand.
>
> > If my interpretation is correct, couldn't we just modify
> > pci_mmconfig_map_resource() in the latest Nowicki patchset and add
> > a similar check before insert_resource_conflict() is called?
>
> Yes, but I am not sure that would help much. We can prevent adding
> MCFG resources to the resource tree if they are not declared as
> motherboard
> resources, but if they do it is totally unclear to me what we should
> do.
>
> Should we insert the MCFG region resources into the resource tree
> before
> PNP0C02 driver has a chance to be probed ? Or do what x86 does (ie it
> does
> not insert resources into the resource tree till late_initcall
> pci_mmcfg_late_insert_resources()) ? I do not know. If the PNP0C02
> driver stays as it is, whatever we do with PNP0C02 regions does not
> make
> much sense to me, that's the gist of what I am saying, I don't know why
> x86 code was implemented like that, I will go through the commits
> history
> to find some light here.
>
> Lorenzo
>
> >
> > On the other side HiSilicon host bridge quirks could use the address
> > retrieved by the _CRS method of PNP0C02 for our root complex config
> > rd/wr...?
> >
> > >
> > > I don't know how _CBA-related resources would be reserved. I
> haven't
> > > personally worked with any host bridges that supply _CBA, so I
> don't
> > > know whether or how they handled it.
> > >
> > > I think the spec intent was that the Consumer/Producer bit
> (Extended
> > > Address Space Descriptor, General Flags Bit[0], see ACPI spec sec
> > > 6.4.3.5.4) would be used. Resources such as ECAM areas would be
> > > marked "Consumer", meaning the bridge consumed that space itself,
> and
> > > windows passed down to the PCI bus would be marked "Producer".
> > >
> > > But BIOSes didn't use that bit consistently, so we couldn't rely on
> > > it. I verified experimentally that Windows didn't pay attention to
> > > that bit either, at least for DWord descriptors:
> > > https://bugzilla.kernel.org/show_bug.cgi?id=15701
> > >
> > > It's conceivable that we could still use that bit in Extended
> Address
> > > Space descriptors, or maybe some hack like pay attention if the
> bridge
> > > has _CBA, or some such. Or maybe a BIOS could add a PNP0C02 device
> > > along with the PNP0A03 device that uses _CBA, with the PNP0C02 _CRS
> > > describing the ECAM area referenced by _CBA. Seeems hacky no
> matter
> > > how we slice it.
> >
> > Well about this I don't know much but, having looked at the bugzilla
> > and considering the current mechanism used by
> pci_mmcfg_check_reserved()
> > I have the feeling that this last one is easier to implement and it
> seems
> > the one currently used (in mmconfig-shared.c )
> >
> > Cheers
> >
> > Gab
> >
> > >
> > > > Have a look at drivers/pnp/system.c for PNP0c02
> > > >
> > > > > So probably I can use acpi_get_devices("PNP0C02",...) to
> retrieve
> > > it
> > > > > from the quirk match function, I will look into this...
> > > > >
> > > > > >
> > > > > > > On the other side, since this is an exception only for the
> > > config
> > > > > > > space address of our host controller (as said before all
> the
> > > buses
> > > > > > > below the root one support ECAM), I think that it is right
> to
> > > put
> > > > > > > this address as a device specific data (in fact the rest of
> the
> > > > > > > config space addresses will be parsed from MCFG).
> > > > > >
> > > > > > A kernel with no support for your host controller (and thus
> no
> > > > > > knowledge of its _DSD) should still be able to operate the
> rest
> > > of the
> > > > > > system correctly. That means we must have a generic way to
> learn
> > > what
> > > > > > address space is consumed by the host controller so we don't
> try
> > > to
> > > > > > assign it to other devices.
> > > > >
> > > > > This is something I don't understand much...
> > > > > Are you talking about a scenario where we have a Kernel image
> > > compiled
> > > > > without our host controller support and running on our
> platform?
> > > >
> > > > I *think* the point here is that your host controller config
> space
> > > should be
> > > > reserved through PNP0c02 so that the kernel will reserve it
> through
> > > the
> > > > generic PNP0c02 driver even if your host controller driver (and
> > > related
> > > > _DSD) is not supported in the kernel.
> > >
> > > Right. Assume you have two top-level devices:
> > >
> > > PNP0A03 PCI host bridge
> > > _CRS describes windows
> > > ???? describes ECAM space consumed
> > > PNPxxxx another ACPI device, currently disabled
> > > _PRS specifies possible resource settings, may specify no
> > > restrictions
> > > _SRS assign resources and enable device
> > > _CRS empty until device enabled
> > >
> > > When the OS enables PNPxxxx, it must first assign resources to it
> > > using _PRS and _SRS. We evaluate _PRS to find out what the
> addresses
> > > PNPxxxx can support. This tells us things like how wide the
> address
> > > decoder is, the size of the region required, and any alignment
> > > restrictions -- basically the same information we get by sizing a
> PCI
> > > BAR.
> > >
> > > Now, how do we assign space for PNPxxxx? In a few cases, _PRS has
> > > only a few specific possibilities, e.g., an x86 legacy serial port
> > > that can be at 0x3f8 or 0x2f8. But in general, _PRS need not
> impose
> > > any restrictions.
> > >
> > > So in general the OS can use any space that can be routed to
> PNPxxxx.
> > > If there's an upstream bridge, it may define windows that restrict
> the
> > > possibilities. But in this case, there *is* no upstream bridge, so
> > > the possible choices are the entire physical address space of the
> > > platform, except for other things that are already allocated: RAM,
> the
> > > _CRS settings for other ACPI devices, things reserved by the E820
> > > table (at least on x86), etc.
> > >
> > > If PNP0A03 consumes address space for ECAM, that space must be
> > > reported *somewhere* so the OS knows not to place PNPxxxx there.
> This
> > > reporting must be generic (not device-specific like _DSD). The
> ACPI
> > > core (not drivers) is responsible for managing this address space
> > > because:
> > >
> > > a) the OS is not guaranteed to have drivers for all devices, and
> > >
> > > b) even it *did* have drivers for all devices, the PNPxxxx space
> may
> > > be assigned before drivers are initialized.
> > >
> > > > I do not understand how PNP0c02 works, currently, by the way.
> > > >
> > > > If I read x86 code correctly, the unassigned PCI bus resources
> are
> > > > assigned in arch/x86/pci/i386.c (?)
> > > fs_initcall(pcibios_assign_resources),
> > > > with a comment:
> > > >
> > > > /**
> > > > * called in fs_initcall (one below subsys_initcall),
> > > > * give a chance for motherboard reserve resources
> > > > */
> > > >
> > > > Problem is, motherboard resources are requested through (?):
> > > >
> > > > drivers/pnp/system.c
> > > >
> > > > which is also initialized at fs_initcall, so it might be called
> after
> > > > core x86 code reassign resources, defeating the purpose PNP0c02
> was
> > > > designed for, namely, request motherboard regions before
> resources
> > > > are assigned, am I wrong ?
> > >
> > > I think you're right. This is a long-standing screwup in Linux.
> > > IMHO, ACPI resources should be parsed and reserved by the ACPI
> core,
> > > before any PCI resource management (since PCI host bridges are
> > > represented in ACPI). But historically PCI devices have enumerated
> > > before ACPI got involved. And the ACPI core doesn't really pay
> > > attention to _CRS for most devices (with the exception of PNP0C02).
> > >
> > > IMO the PNP0C02 code in drivers/pnp/system.c should really be done
> in
> > > the ACPI core for all ACPI devices, similar to the way the PCI core
> > > reserves BAR space for all PCI devices, even if we don't have
> drivers
> > > for them. I've tried to fix this in the past, but it is really a
> > > nightmare to unravel everything.
> > >
> > > Because the ACPI core doesn't reserve resources for the _CRS of all
> > > ACPI devices, we're already vulnerable to the problem of placing a
> > > device on top of another ACPI device. We don't see problems
> because
> > > on x86, at least, most ACPI devices are already configured by the
> BIOS
> > > to be enabled and non-overlapping. But x86 has the advantage of
> > > having extensive test coverage courtesy of Windows, and as long as
> > > _CRS has the right stuff in it, we at least have the potential of
> > > fixing problems in Linux.
> > >
> > > If the platform doesn't report resource usage correctly on ARM, we
> may
> > > not find problems (because we don't have the Windows test suite)
> and
> > > if we have resource assignment problems because _CRS is lacking,
> we'll
> > > have no way to fix them.
> > >
> > > > As per last Tomasz's patchset, we claim and assign unassigned PCI
> > > > resources upon ACPI PCI host bridge probing (which happens at
> > > > subsys_initcall time, courtesy of ACPI current code); at that
> time
> > > the
> > > > kernel did not even register the PNP0c02 driver
> > > (drivers/pnp/system.c)
> > > > (it does that at fs_initcall). On the other hand, we insert MCFG
> > > > regions into the resource tree upon MCFG parsing, so I do not
> > > > see why we need to rely on PNP0c02 to do that for us (granted,
> the
> > > > mechanism is part of the PCI fw specs, which are x86 centric
> anyway
> > > > ie we can't certainly rely on Int15 e820 to detect reserved
> memory
> > > > on ARM :D)
> > > >
> > > > There is lots of legacy x86 here and Bjorn definitely has more
> > > > visibility into that than I have, the ARM world must understand
> > > > how this works to make sure we have an agreement.
> > >
> > > As you say, there is lots of unpleasant x86 legacy here. Possibly
> ARM
> > > has a chance to clean this up and do it more sanely; I'm not sure
> > > whether it's feasible to reverse the ACPI/PCI init order there or
> not.
> > >
> > > Rafael, any thoughts on this whole thing?
> > >
> > > Bjorn
> > > --
> > > To unsubscribe from this list: send the line "unsubscribe linux-
> pci" in
> > > the body of a message to majordomo@vger.kernel.org
> > > More majordomo info at http://vger.kernel.org/majordomo-info.html
> >

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