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    Subject[PATCH v4 0/4] SROP Mitigation: Sigreturn Cookies
    Sigreturn-oriented programming is a new attack vector in userland
    where an attacker crafts a fake signal frame on the stack and calls
    sigreturn. The kernel will extract the fake signal frame, which
    contains attacker controlled "saved" registers. The kernel will then
    transfer control to the attacker controlled userland instruction pointer.

    To prevent SROP attacks the kernel needs to know or be able to dervive
    whether a sigreturn it is processing is in response to a legitimate
    signal the kernel previously delivered.

    Further information and test code can be found in Documentation/security
    and this excellent article:

    These patches implement the necessary changes to generate a cookie
    which will be placed above signal frame upon signal delivery to userland.
    The cookie is generated using a per-process random value xor'd with
    the address where the cookie will be stored on the stack.

    Upon a sigreturn the kernel will extract the cookie from userland,
    recalculate what the original cookie should be and verify that the two
    do not differ. If the two differ the kernel will terminate the process
    with a SIGSEGV.

    This prevents SROP by adding a value that the attacker cannot guess,
    but the kernel can verify. Therefore an attacker cannot use sigreturn as
    a method to control the flow of a process.

    Version changes:

    Removed ambiguous __user annotation, added Documentation
    and test code.

    Changed cookie calculation from using restored regs->sp to
    using frame pointer from before restoration.

    Miscellaneous nits and code cleanup.

    Scott Bauer (4):
    SROP Mitigation: Architecture independent code for signal cookies
    x86: SROP Mitigation: Implement Signal Cookies
    Sysctl: SROP Mitigation: Add Sysctl argument to disable SROP.
    Documentation: SROP Mitigation: Add documentation for SROP cookies

    Documentation/security/srop-cookies.txt | 203 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
    arch/x86/ia32/ia32_signal.c | 65 +++++++++-
    arch/x86/include/asm/fpu/signal.h | 2 +
    arch/x86/kernel/fpu/signal.c | 10 ++
    arch/x86/kernel/signal.c | 83 +++++++++++--
    fs/exec.c | 3 +
    include/linux/sched.h | 7 ++
    include/linux/signal.h | 3 +
    kernel/signal.c | 49 ++++++++
    kernel/sysctl.c | 8 ++
    10 files changed, 418 insertions(+), 15 deletions(-)

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