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Subject[GIT PULL] x86/microcode changes for v4.6
Linus,

Please pull the latest x86-microcode-for-linus git tree from:

git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/tip.git x86-microcode-for-linus

# HEAD: 4ace2e7a48ab426eaa9745ace4c50c6a7adb3992 x86/microcode/intel: Drop orig_sum from ext signature checksum

The biggest change in this cycle was the separation of the microcode loading
mechanism from the initrd code plus the support of built-in microcode images.
There were also lots cleanups and general restructuring. (by Borislav Petkov)

Thanks,

Ingo

------------------>
Andrzej Hajda (1):
x86/microcode: Use kmemdup() rather than duplicating its implementation

Boris Ostrovsky (1):
x86/microcode: Remove unnecessary paravirt_enabled check

Borislav Petkov (20):
x86/microcode: Untangle from BLK_DEV_INITRD
x86/microcode/intel: Make early loader look for builtin microcode too
x86/microcode: Remove redundant __setup() param parsing
x86/microcode: Issue update message only once
x86/microcode/AMD: Drop redundant printk prefix
x86/microcode/intel: Rename local variables of type struct mc_saved_data
x86/microcode/intel: Rename mc_saved_count to num_saved
x86/microcode/intel: Rename mc_intel variable to mc
x86/microcode/intel: Move the BUG_ON up and turn it into WARN_ON
x86/microcode/intel: Cleanup apply_microcode_intel()
x86/microcode/intel: Use *wrmsrl variants
x86/microcode/intel: Rename mc_saved_in_initrd
x86/microcode/intel: Remove unused arg of get_matching_model_microcode()
x86/microcode/intel: Cleanup get_matching_model_microcode()
x86/microcode/AMD: Issue microcode updated message later
x86/microcode: Document builtin microcode loading method
x86/microcode/intel: Get rid of DWSIZE
x86/microcode/intel: Merge two consecutive if-statements
x86/microcode/intel: Improve microcode sanity-checking error messages
x86/microcode/intel: Drop orig_sum from ext signature checksum

Chris Bainbridge (1):
x86/microcode/intel: Change checksum variables to u32

Dan Carpenter (1):
x86/microcode: Remove an unneeded NULL check


Documentation/x86/early-microcode.txt | 25 +++
arch/x86/Kconfig | 27 +--
arch/x86/include/asm/microcode.h | 26 +++
arch/x86/include/asm/microcode_intel.h | 1 -
arch/x86/kernel/cpu/microcode/amd.c | 15 +-
arch/x86/kernel/cpu/microcode/core.c | 19 +-
arch/x86/kernel/cpu/microcode/intel.c | 285 +++++++++++++++---------------
arch/x86/kernel/cpu/microcode/intel_lib.c | 58 +++---
8 files changed, 253 insertions(+), 203 deletions(-)

diff --git a/Documentation/x86/early-microcode.txt b/Documentation/x86/early-microcode.txt
index d62bea6796da..c956d99cf1de 100644
--- a/Documentation/x86/early-microcode.txt
+++ b/Documentation/x86/early-microcode.txt
@@ -40,3 +40,28 @@ cp ../microcode.bin kernel/x86/microcode/GenuineIntel.bin (or AuthenticAMD.bin)
find . | cpio -o -H newc >../ucode.cpio
cd ..
cat ucode.cpio /boot/initrd-3.5.0.img >/boot/initrd-3.5.0.ucode.img
+
+Builtin microcode
+=================
+
+We can also load builtin microcode supplied through the regular firmware
+builtin method CONFIG_FIRMWARE_IN_KERNEL. Here's an example:
+
+CONFIG_FIRMWARE_IN_KERNEL=y
+CONFIG_EXTRA_FIRMWARE="intel-ucode/06-3a-09 amd-ucode/microcode_amd_fam15h.bin"
+CONFIG_EXTRA_FIRMWARE_DIR="/lib/firmware"
+
+This basically means, you have the following tree structure locally:
+
+/lib/firmware/
+|-- amd-ucode
+...
+| |-- microcode_amd_fam15h.bin
+...
+|-- intel-ucode
+...
+| |-- 06-3a-09
+...
+
+so that the build system can find those files and integrate them into
+the final kernel image. The early loader finds them and applies them.
diff --git a/arch/x86/Kconfig b/arch/x86/Kconfig
index 9af2e6338400..405b1858134b 100644
--- a/arch/x86/Kconfig
+++ b/arch/x86/Kconfig
@@ -1159,22 +1159,23 @@ config MICROCODE
bool "CPU microcode loading support"
default y
depends on CPU_SUP_AMD || CPU_SUP_INTEL
- depends on BLK_DEV_INITRD
select FW_LOADER
---help---
-
If you say Y here, you will be able to update the microcode on
- certain Intel and AMD processors. The Intel support is for the
- IA32 family, e.g. Pentium Pro, Pentium II, Pentium III, Pentium 4,
- Xeon etc. The AMD support is for families 0x10 and later. You will
- obviously need the actual microcode binary data itself which is not
- shipped with the Linux kernel.
-
- This option selects the general module only, you need to select
- at least one vendor specific module as well.
-
- To compile this driver as a module, choose M here: the module
- will be called microcode.
+ Intel and AMD processors. The Intel support is for the IA32 family,
+ e.g. Pentium Pro, Pentium II, Pentium III, Pentium 4, Xeon etc. The
+ AMD support is for families 0x10 and later. You will obviously need
+ the actual microcode binary data itself which is not shipped with
+ the Linux kernel.
+
+ The preferred method to load microcode from a detached initrd is described
+ in Documentation/x86/early-microcode.txt. For that you need to enable
+ CONFIG_BLK_DEV_INITRD in order for the loader to be able to scan the
+ initrd for microcode blobs.
+
+ In addition, you can build-in the microcode into the kernel. For that you
+ need to enable FIRMWARE_IN_KERNEL and add the vendor-supplied microcode
+ to the CONFIG_EXTRA_FIRMWARE config option.

config MICROCODE_INTEL
bool "Intel microcode loading support"
diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/microcode.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/microcode.h
index 1e1b07a5a738..9d3a96c4da78 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/microcode.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/microcode.h
@@ -3,6 +3,7 @@

#include <asm/cpu.h>
#include <linux/earlycpio.h>
+#include <linux/initrd.h>

#define native_rdmsr(msr, val1, val2) \
do { \
@@ -143,4 +144,29 @@ static inline void reload_early_microcode(void) { }
static inline bool
get_builtin_firmware(struct cpio_data *cd, const char *name) { return false; }
#endif
+
+static inline unsigned long get_initrd_start(void)
+{
+#ifdef CONFIG_BLK_DEV_INITRD
+ return initrd_start;
+#else
+ return 0;
+#endif
+}
+
+static inline unsigned long get_initrd_start_addr(void)
+{
+#ifdef CONFIG_BLK_DEV_INITRD
+#ifdef CONFIG_X86_32
+ unsigned long *initrd_start_p = (unsigned long *)__pa_nodebug(&initrd_start);
+
+ return (unsigned long)__pa_nodebug(*initrd_start_p);
+#else
+ return get_initrd_start();
+#endif
+#else /* CONFIG_BLK_DEV_INITRD */
+ return 0;
+#endif
+}
+
#endif /* _ASM_X86_MICROCODE_H */
diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/microcode_intel.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/microcode_intel.h
index 8559b0102ea1..603417f8dd6c 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/microcode_intel.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/microcode_intel.h
@@ -40,7 +40,6 @@ struct extended_sigtable {
#define DEFAULT_UCODE_TOTALSIZE (DEFAULT_UCODE_DATASIZE + MC_HEADER_SIZE)
#define EXT_HEADER_SIZE (sizeof(struct extended_sigtable))
#define EXT_SIGNATURE_SIZE (sizeof(struct extended_signature))
-#define DWSIZE (sizeof(u32))

#define get_totalsize(mc) \
(((struct microcode_intel *)mc)->hdr.datasize ? \
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/microcode/amd.c b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/microcode/amd.c
index 2233f8a76615..e397fc160b05 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/microcode/amd.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/microcode/amd.c
@@ -431,10 +431,6 @@ int __init save_microcode_in_initrd_amd(void)
else
container = cont_va;

- if (ucode_new_rev)
- pr_info("microcode: updated early to new patch_level=0x%08x\n",
- ucode_new_rev);
-
eax = cpuid_eax(0x00000001);
eax = ((eax >> 8) & 0xf) + ((eax >> 20) & 0xff);

@@ -469,8 +465,7 @@ void reload_ucode_amd(void)
if (mc && rev < mc->hdr.patch_id) {
if (!__apply_microcode_amd(mc)) {
ucode_new_rev = mc->hdr.patch_id;
- pr_info("microcode: reload patch_level=0x%08x\n",
- ucode_new_rev);
+ pr_info("reload patch_level=0x%08x\n", ucode_new_rev);
}
}
}
@@ -793,15 +788,13 @@ static int verify_and_add_patch(u8 family, u8 *fw, unsigned int leftover)
return -EINVAL;
}

- patch->data = kzalloc(patch_size, GFP_KERNEL);
+ patch->data = kmemdup(fw + SECTION_HDR_SIZE, patch_size, GFP_KERNEL);
if (!patch->data) {
pr_err("Patch data allocation failure.\n");
kfree(patch);
return -EINVAL;
}

- /* All looks ok, copy patch... */
- memcpy(patch->data, fw + SECTION_HDR_SIZE, patch_size);
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&patch->plist);
patch->patch_id = mc_hdr->patch_id;
patch->equiv_cpu = proc_id;
@@ -957,6 +950,10 @@ struct microcode_ops * __init init_amd_microcode(void)
return NULL;
}

+ if (ucode_new_rev)
+ pr_info_once("microcode updated early to new patch_level=0x%08x\n",
+ ucode_new_rev);
+
return &microcode_amd_ops;
}

diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/microcode/core.c b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/microcode/core.c
index faec7120c508..ac360bfbbdb6 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/microcode/core.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/microcode/core.c
@@ -43,16 +43,8 @@
#define MICROCODE_VERSION "2.01"

static struct microcode_ops *microcode_ops;
-
static bool dis_ucode_ldr;

-static int __init disable_loader(char *str)
-{
- dis_ucode_ldr = true;
- return 1;
-}
-__setup("dis_ucode_ldr", disable_loader);
-
/*
* Synchronization.
*
@@ -81,15 +73,16 @@ struct cpu_info_ctx {

static bool __init check_loader_disabled_bsp(void)
{
+ static const char *__dis_opt_str = "dis_ucode_ldr";
+
#ifdef CONFIG_X86_32
const char *cmdline = (const char *)__pa_nodebug(boot_command_line);
- const char *opt = "dis_ucode_ldr";
- const char *option = (const char *)__pa_nodebug(opt);
+ const char *option = (const char *)__pa_nodebug(__dis_opt_str);
bool *res = (bool *)__pa_nodebug(&dis_ucode_ldr);

#else /* CONFIG_X86_64 */
const char *cmdline = boot_command_line;
- const char *option = "dis_ucode_ldr";
+ const char *option = __dis_opt_str;
bool *res = &dis_ucode_ldr;
#endif

@@ -479,7 +472,7 @@ static enum ucode_state microcode_init_cpu(int cpu, bool refresh_fw)
enum ucode_state ustate;
struct ucode_cpu_info *uci = ucode_cpu_info + cpu;

- if (uci && uci->valid)
+ if (uci->valid)
return UCODE_OK;

if (collect_cpu_info(cpu))
@@ -630,7 +623,7 @@ int __init microcode_init(void)
struct cpuinfo_x86 *c = &boot_cpu_data;
int error;

- if (paravirt_enabled() || dis_ucode_ldr)
+ if (dis_ucode_ldr)
return -EINVAL;

if (c->x86_vendor == X86_VENDOR_INTEL)
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/microcode/intel.c b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/microcode/intel.c
index ee81c544ee0d..cbb3cf09b065 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/microcode/intel.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/microcode/intel.c
@@ -39,9 +39,15 @@
#include <asm/setup.h>
#include <asm/msr.h>

-static unsigned long mc_saved_in_initrd[MAX_UCODE_COUNT];
+/*
+ * Temporary microcode blobs pointers storage. We note here the pointers to
+ * microcode blobs we've got from whatever storage (detached initrd, builtin).
+ * Later on, we put those into final storage mc_saved_data.mc_saved.
+ */
+static unsigned long mc_tmp_ptrs[MAX_UCODE_COUNT];
+
static struct mc_saved_data {
- unsigned int mc_saved_count;
+ unsigned int num_saved;
struct microcode_intel **mc_saved;
} mc_saved_data;

@@ -78,53 +84,50 @@ load_microcode_early(struct microcode_intel **saved,
}

static inline void
-copy_initrd_ptrs(struct microcode_intel **mc_saved, unsigned long *initrd,
- unsigned long off, int num_saved)
+copy_ptrs(struct microcode_intel **mc_saved, unsigned long *mc_ptrs,
+ unsigned long off, int num_saved)
{
int i;

for (i = 0; i < num_saved; i++)
- mc_saved[i] = (struct microcode_intel *)(initrd[i] + off);
+ mc_saved[i] = (struct microcode_intel *)(mc_ptrs[i] + off);
}

#ifdef CONFIG_X86_32
static void
-microcode_phys(struct microcode_intel **mc_saved_tmp,
- struct mc_saved_data *mc_saved_data)
+microcode_phys(struct microcode_intel **mc_saved_tmp, struct mc_saved_data *mcs)
{
int i;
struct microcode_intel ***mc_saved;

- mc_saved = (struct microcode_intel ***)
- __pa_nodebug(&mc_saved_data->mc_saved);
- for (i = 0; i < mc_saved_data->mc_saved_count; i++) {
+ mc_saved = (struct microcode_intel ***)__pa_nodebug(&mcs->mc_saved);
+
+ for (i = 0; i < mcs->num_saved; i++) {
struct microcode_intel *p;

- p = *(struct microcode_intel **)
- __pa_nodebug(mc_saved_data->mc_saved + i);
+ p = *(struct microcode_intel **)__pa_nodebug(mcs->mc_saved + i);
mc_saved_tmp[i] = (struct microcode_intel *)__pa_nodebug(p);
}
}
#endif

static enum ucode_state
-load_microcode(struct mc_saved_data *mc_saved_data, unsigned long *initrd,
- unsigned long initrd_start, struct ucode_cpu_info *uci)
+load_microcode(struct mc_saved_data *mcs, unsigned long *mc_ptrs,
+ unsigned long offset, struct ucode_cpu_info *uci)
{
struct microcode_intel *mc_saved_tmp[MAX_UCODE_COUNT];
- unsigned int count = mc_saved_data->mc_saved_count;
+ unsigned int count = mcs->num_saved;

- if (!mc_saved_data->mc_saved) {
- copy_initrd_ptrs(mc_saved_tmp, initrd, initrd_start, count);
+ if (!mcs->mc_saved) {
+ copy_ptrs(mc_saved_tmp, mc_ptrs, offset, count);

return load_microcode_early(mc_saved_tmp, count, uci);
} else {
#ifdef CONFIG_X86_32
- microcode_phys(mc_saved_tmp, mc_saved_data);
+ microcode_phys(mc_saved_tmp, mcs);
return load_microcode_early(mc_saved_tmp, count, uci);
#else
- return load_microcode_early(mc_saved_data->mc_saved,
- count, uci);
+ return load_microcode_early(mcs->mc_saved, count, uci);
#endif
}
}
@@ -175,25 +178,25 @@ matching_model_microcode(struct microcode_header_intel *mc_header,
}

static int
-save_microcode(struct mc_saved_data *mc_saved_data,
+save_microcode(struct mc_saved_data *mcs,
struct microcode_intel **mc_saved_src,
- unsigned int mc_saved_count)
+ unsigned int num_saved)
{
int i, j;
struct microcode_intel **saved_ptr;
int ret;

- if (!mc_saved_count)
+ if (!num_saved)
return -EINVAL;

/*
* Copy new microcode data.
*/
- saved_ptr = kcalloc(mc_saved_count, sizeof(struct microcode_intel *), GFP_KERNEL);
+ saved_ptr = kcalloc(num_saved, sizeof(struct microcode_intel *), GFP_KERNEL);
if (!saved_ptr)
return -ENOMEM;

- for (i = 0; i < mc_saved_count; i++) {
+ for (i = 0; i < num_saved; i++) {
struct microcode_header_intel *mc_hdr;
struct microcode_intel *mc;
unsigned long size;
@@ -207,20 +210,18 @@ save_microcode(struct mc_saved_data *mc_saved_data,
mc_hdr = &mc->hdr;
size = get_totalsize(mc_hdr);

- saved_ptr[i] = kmalloc(size, GFP_KERNEL);
+ saved_ptr[i] = kmemdup(mc, size, GFP_KERNEL);
if (!saved_ptr[i]) {
ret = -ENOMEM;
goto err;
}
-
- memcpy(saved_ptr[i], mc, size);
}

/*
* Point to newly saved microcode.
*/
- mc_saved_data->mc_saved = saved_ptr;
- mc_saved_data->mc_saved_count = mc_saved_count;
+ mcs->mc_saved = saved_ptr;
+ mcs->num_saved = num_saved;

return 0;

@@ -284,22 +285,20 @@ static unsigned int _save_mc(struct microcode_intel **mc_saved,
* BSP can stay in the platform.
*/
static enum ucode_state __init
-get_matching_model_microcode(int cpu, unsigned long start,
- void *data, size_t size,
- struct mc_saved_data *mc_saved_data,
- unsigned long *mc_saved_in_initrd,
+get_matching_model_microcode(unsigned long start, void *data, size_t size,
+ struct mc_saved_data *mcs, unsigned long *mc_ptrs,
struct ucode_cpu_info *uci)
{
- u8 *ucode_ptr = data;
- unsigned int leftover = size;
+ struct microcode_intel *mc_saved_tmp[MAX_UCODE_COUNT];
+ struct microcode_header_intel *mc_header;
+ unsigned int num_saved = mcs->num_saved;
enum ucode_state state = UCODE_OK;
+ unsigned int leftover = size;
+ u8 *ucode_ptr = data;
unsigned int mc_size;
- struct microcode_header_intel *mc_header;
- struct microcode_intel *mc_saved_tmp[MAX_UCODE_COUNT];
- unsigned int mc_saved_count = mc_saved_data->mc_saved_count;
int i;

- while (leftover && mc_saved_count < ARRAY_SIZE(mc_saved_tmp)) {
+ while (leftover && num_saved < ARRAY_SIZE(mc_saved_tmp)) {

if (leftover < sizeof(mc_header))
break;
@@ -318,32 +317,31 @@ get_matching_model_microcode(int cpu, unsigned long start,
* the platform, we need to find and save microcode patches
* with the same family and model as the BSP.
*/
- if (matching_model_microcode(mc_header, uci->cpu_sig.sig) !=
- UCODE_OK) {
+ if (matching_model_microcode(mc_header, uci->cpu_sig.sig) != UCODE_OK) {
ucode_ptr += mc_size;
continue;
}

- mc_saved_count = _save_mc(mc_saved_tmp, ucode_ptr, mc_saved_count);
+ num_saved = _save_mc(mc_saved_tmp, ucode_ptr, num_saved);

ucode_ptr += mc_size;
}

if (leftover) {
state = UCODE_ERROR;
- goto out;
+ return state;
}

- if (mc_saved_count == 0) {
+ if (!num_saved) {
state = UCODE_NFOUND;
- goto out;
+ return state;
}

- for (i = 0; i < mc_saved_count; i++)
- mc_saved_in_initrd[i] = (unsigned long)mc_saved_tmp[i] - start;
+ for (i = 0; i < num_saved; i++)
+ mc_ptrs[i] = (unsigned long)mc_saved_tmp[i] - start;
+
+ mcs->num_saved = num_saved;

- mc_saved_data->mc_saved_count = mc_saved_count;
-out:
return state;
}

@@ -373,7 +371,7 @@ static int collect_cpu_info_early(struct ucode_cpu_info *uci)
native_rdmsr(MSR_IA32_PLATFORM_ID, val[0], val[1]);
csig.pf = 1 << ((val[1] >> 18) & 7);
}
- native_wrmsr(MSR_IA32_UCODE_REV, 0, 0);
+ native_wrmsrl(MSR_IA32_UCODE_REV, 0);

/* As documented in the SDM: Do a CPUID 1 here */
sync_core();
@@ -396,11 +394,11 @@ static void show_saved_mc(void)
unsigned int sig, pf, rev, total_size, data_size, date;
struct ucode_cpu_info uci;

- if (mc_saved_data.mc_saved_count == 0) {
+ if (!mc_saved_data.num_saved) {
pr_debug("no microcode data saved.\n");
return;
}
- pr_debug("Total microcode saved: %d\n", mc_saved_data.mc_saved_count);
+ pr_debug("Total microcode saved: %d\n", mc_saved_data.num_saved);

collect_cpu_info_early(&uci);

@@ -409,7 +407,7 @@ static void show_saved_mc(void)
rev = uci.cpu_sig.rev;
pr_debug("CPU: sig=0x%x, pf=0x%x, rev=0x%x\n", sig, pf, rev);

- for (i = 0; i < mc_saved_data.mc_saved_count; i++) {
+ for (i = 0; i < mc_saved_data.num_saved; i++) {
struct microcode_header_intel *mc_saved_header;
struct extended_sigtable *ext_header;
int ext_sigcount;
@@ -465,7 +463,7 @@ int save_mc_for_early(u8 *mc)
{
struct microcode_intel *mc_saved_tmp[MAX_UCODE_COUNT];
unsigned int mc_saved_count_init;
- unsigned int mc_saved_count;
+ unsigned int num_saved;
struct microcode_intel **mc_saved;
int ret = 0;
int i;
@@ -476,23 +474,23 @@ int save_mc_for_early(u8 *mc)
*/
mutex_lock(&x86_cpu_microcode_mutex);

- mc_saved_count_init = mc_saved_data.mc_saved_count;
- mc_saved_count = mc_saved_data.mc_saved_count;
+ mc_saved_count_init = mc_saved_data.num_saved;
+ num_saved = mc_saved_data.num_saved;
mc_saved = mc_saved_data.mc_saved;

- if (mc_saved && mc_saved_count)
+ if (mc_saved && num_saved)
memcpy(mc_saved_tmp, mc_saved,
- mc_saved_count * sizeof(struct microcode_intel *));
+ num_saved * sizeof(struct microcode_intel *));
/*
* Save the microcode patch mc in mc_save_tmp structure if it's a newer
* version.
*/
- mc_saved_count = _save_mc(mc_saved_tmp, mc, mc_saved_count);
+ num_saved = _save_mc(mc_saved_tmp, mc, num_saved);

/*
* Save the mc_save_tmp in global mc_saved_data.
*/
- ret = save_microcode(&mc_saved_data, mc_saved_tmp, mc_saved_count);
+ ret = save_microcode(&mc_saved_data, mc_saved_tmp, num_saved);
if (ret) {
pr_err("Cannot save microcode patch.\n");
goto out;
@@ -536,7 +534,7 @@ static bool __init load_builtin_intel_microcode(struct cpio_data *cp)

static __initdata char ucode_name[] = "kernel/x86/microcode/GenuineIntel.bin";
static __init enum ucode_state
-scan_microcode(struct mc_saved_data *mc_saved_data, unsigned long *initrd,
+scan_microcode(struct mc_saved_data *mcs, unsigned long *mc_ptrs,
unsigned long start, unsigned long size,
struct ucode_cpu_info *uci)
{
@@ -551,14 +549,18 @@ scan_microcode(struct mc_saved_data *mc_saved_data, unsigned long *initrd,
cd.data = NULL;
cd.size = 0;

- cd = find_cpio_data(p, (void *)start, size, &offset);
- if (!cd.data) {
+ /* try built-in microcode if no initrd */
+ if (!size) {
if (!load_builtin_intel_microcode(&cd))
return UCODE_ERROR;
+ } else {
+ cd = find_cpio_data(p, (void *)start, size, &offset);
+ if (!cd.data)
+ return UCODE_ERROR;
}

- return get_matching_model_microcode(0, start, cd.data, cd.size,
- mc_saved_data, initrd, uci);
+ return get_matching_model_microcode(start, cd.data, cd.size,
+ mcs, mc_ptrs, uci);
}

/*
@@ -567,14 +569,11 @@ scan_microcode(struct mc_saved_data *mc_saved_data, unsigned long *initrd,
static void
print_ucode_info(struct ucode_cpu_info *uci, unsigned int date)
{
- int cpu = smp_processor_id();
-
- pr_info("CPU%d microcode updated early to revision 0x%x, date = %04x-%02x-%02x\n",
- cpu,
- uci->cpu_sig.rev,
- date & 0xffff,
- date >> 24,
- (date >> 16) & 0xff);
+ pr_info_once("microcode updated early to revision 0x%x, date = %04x-%02x-%02x\n",
+ uci->cpu_sig.rev,
+ date & 0xffff,
+ date >> 24,
+ (date >> 16) & 0xff);
}

#ifdef CONFIG_X86_32
@@ -603,19 +602,19 @@ void show_ucode_info_early(void)
*/
static void print_ucode(struct ucode_cpu_info *uci)
{
- struct microcode_intel *mc_intel;
+ struct microcode_intel *mc;
int *delay_ucode_info_p;
int *current_mc_date_p;

- mc_intel = uci->mc;
- if (mc_intel == NULL)
+ mc = uci->mc;
+ if (!mc)
return;

delay_ucode_info_p = (int *)__pa_nodebug(&delay_ucode_info);
current_mc_date_p = (int *)__pa_nodebug(&current_mc_date);

*delay_ucode_info_p = 1;
- *current_mc_date_p = mc_intel->hdr.date;
+ *current_mc_date_p = mc->hdr.date;
}
#else

@@ -630,37 +629,35 @@ static inline void flush_tlb_early(void)

static inline void print_ucode(struct ucode_cpu_info *uci)
{
- struct microcode_intel *mc_intel;
+ struct microcode_intel *mc;

- mc_intel = uci->mc;
- if (mc_intel == NULL)
+ mc = uci->mc;
+ if (!mc)
return;

- print_ucode_info(uci, mc_intel->hdr.date);
+ print_ucode_info(uci, mc->hdr.date);
}
#endif

static int apply_microcode_early(struct ucode_cpu_info *uci, bool early)
{
- struct microcode_intel *mc_intel;
+ struct microcode_intel *mc;
unsigned int val[2];

- mc_intel = uci->mc;
- if (mc_intel == NULL)
+ mc = uci->mc;
+ if (!mc)
return 0;

/* write microcode via MSR 0x79 */
- native_wrmsr(MSR_IA32_UCODE_WRITE,
- (unsigned long) mc_intel->bits,
- (unsigned long) mc_intel->bits >> 16 >> 16);
- native_wrmsr(MSR_IA32_UCODE_REV, 0, 0);
+ native_wrmsrl(MSR_IA32_UCODE_WRITE, (unsigned long)mc->bits);
+ native_wrmsrl(MSR_IA32_UCODE_REV, 0);

/* As documented in the SDM: Do a CPUID 1 here */
sync_core();

/* get the current revision from MSR 0x8B */
native_rdmsr(MSR_IA32_UCODE_REV, val[0], val[1]);
- if (val[1] != mc_intel->hdr.rev)
+ if (val[1] != mc->hdr.rev)
return -1;

#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
@@ -672,25 +669,26 @@ static int apply_microcode_early(struct ucode_cpu_info *uci, bool early)
if (early)
print_ucode(uci);
else
- print_ucode_info(uci, mc_intel->hdr.date);
+ print_ucode_info(uci, mc->hdr.date);

return 0;
}

/*
* This function converts microcode patch offsets previously stored in
- * mc_saved_in_initrd to pointers and stores the pointers in mc_saved_data.
+ * mc_tmp_ptrs to pointers and stores the pointers in mc_saved_data.
*/
int __init save_microcode_in_initrd_intel(void)
{
- unsigned int count = mc_saved_data.mc_saved_count;
+ unsigned int count = mc_saved_data.num_saved;
struct microcode_intel *mc_saved[MAX_UCODE_COUNT];
int ret = 0;

- if (count == 0)
+ if (!count)
return ret;

- copy_initrd_ptrs(mc_saved, mc_saved_in_initrd, initrd_start, count);
+ copy_ptrs(mc_saved, mc_tmp_ptrs, get_initrd_start(), count);
+
ret = save_microcode(&mc_saved_data, mc_saved, count);
if (ret)
pr_err("Cannot save microcode patches from initrd.\n");
@@ -701,8 +699,7 @@ int __init save_microcode_in_initrd_intel(void)
}

static void __init
-_load_ucode_intel_bsp(struct mc_saved_data *mc_saved_data,
- unsigned long *initrd,
+_load_ucode_intel_bsp(struct mc_saved_data *mcs, unsigned long *mc_ptrs,
unsigned long start, unsigned long size)
{
struct ucode_cpu_info uci;
@@ -710,11 +707,11 @@ _load_ucode_intel_bsp(struct mc_saved_data *mc_saved_data,

collect_cpu_info_early(&uci);

- ret = scan_microcode(mc_saved_data, initrd, start, size, &uci);
+ ret = scan_microcode(mcs, mc_ptrs, start, size, &uci);
if (ret != UCODE_OK)
return;

- ret = load_microcode(mc_saved_data, initrd, start, &uci);
+ ret = load_microcode(mcs, mc_ptrs, start, &uci);
if (ret != UCODE_OK)
return;

@@ -728,53 +725,49 @@ void __init load_ucode_intel_bsp(void)
struct boot_params *p;

p = (struct boot_params *)__pa_nodebug(&boot_params);
- start = p->hdr.ramdisk_image;
size = p->hdr.ramdisk_size;

- _load_ucode_intel_bsp(
- (struct mc_saved_data *)__pa_nodebug(&mc_saved_data),
- (unsigned long *)__pa_nodebug(&mc_saved_in_initrd),
- start, size);
+ /*
+ * Set start only if we have an initrd image. We cannot use initrd_start
+ * because it is not set that early yet.
+ */
+ start = (size ? p->hdr.ramdisk_image : 0);
+
+ _load_ucode_intel_bsp((struct mc_saved_data *)__pa_nodebug(&mc_saved_data),
+ (unsigned long *)__pa_nodebug(&mc_tmp_ptrs),
+ start, size);
#else
- start = boot_params.hdr.ramdisk_image + PAGE_OFFSET;
size = boot_params.hdr.ramdisk_size;
+ start = (size ? boot_params.hdr.ramdisk_image + PAGE_OFFSET : 0);

- _load_ucode_intel_bsp(&mc_saved_data, mc_saved_in_initrd, start, size);
+ _load_ucode_intel_bsp(&mc_saved_data, mc_tmp_ptrs, start, size);
#endif
}

void load_ucode_intel_ap(void)
{
- struct mc_saved_data *mc_saved_data_p;
+ unsigned long *mcs_tmp_p;
+ struct mc_saved_data *mcs_p;
struct ucode_cpu_info uci;
- unsigned long *mc_saved_in_initrd_p;
- unsigned long initrd_start_addr;
enum ucode_state ret;
#ifdef CONFIG_X86_32
- unsigned long *initrd_start_p;

- mc_saved_in_initrd_p =
- (unsigned long *)__pa_nodebug(mc_saved_in_initrd);
- mc_saved_data_p = (struct mc_saved_data *)__pa_nodebug(&mc_saved_data);
- initrd_start_p = (unsigned long *)__pa_nodebug(&initrd_start);
- initrd_start_addr = (unsigned long)__pa_nodebug(*initrd_start_p);
+ mcs_tmp_p = (unsigned long *)__pa_nodebug(mc_tmp_ptrs);
+ mcs_p = (struct mc_saved_data *)__pa_nodebug(&mc_saved_data);
#else
- mc_saved_data_p = &mc_saved_data;
- mc_saved_in_initrd_p = mc_saved_in_initrd;
- initrd_start_addr = initrd_start;
+ mcs_tmp_p = mc_tmp_ptrs;
+ mcs_p = &mc_saved_data;
#endif

/*
* If there is no valid ucode previously saved in memory, no need to
* update ucode on this AP.
*/
- if (mc_saved_data_p->mc_saved_count == 0)
+ if (!mcs_p->num_saved)
return;

collect_cpu_info_early(&uci);
- ret = load_microcode(mc_saved_data_p, mc_saved_in_initrd_p,
- initrd_start_addr, &uci);
-
+ ret = load_microcode(mcs_p, mcs_tmp_p, get_initrd_start_addr(), &uci);
if (ret != UCODE_OK)
return;

@@ -786,13 +779,13 @@ void reload_ucode_intel(void)
struct ucode_cpu_info uci;
enum ucode_state ret;

- if (!mc_saved_data.mc_saved_count)
+ if (!mc_saved_data.num_saved)
return;

collect_cpu_info_early(&uci);

ret = load_microcode_early(mc_saved_data.mc_saved,
- mc_saved_data.mc_saved_count, &uci);
+ mc_saved_data.num_saved, &uci);
if (ret != UCODE_OK)
return;

@@ -825,7 +818,7 @@ static int collect_cpu_info(int cpu_num, struct cpu_signature *csig)
* return 0 - no update found
* return 1 - found update
*/
-static int get_matching_mc(struct microcode_intel *mc_intel, int cpu)
+static int get_matching_mc(struct microcode_intel *mc, int cpu)
{
struct cpu_signature cpu_sig;
unsigned int csig, cpf, crev;
@@ -836,39 +829,36 @@ static int get_matching_mc(struct microcode_intel *mc_intel, int cpu)
cpf = cpu_sig.pf;
crev = cpu_sig.rev;

- return has_newer_microcode(mc_intel, csig, cpf, crev);
+ return has_newer_microcode(mc, csig, cpf, crev);
}

static int apply_microcode_intel(int cpu)
{
- struct microcode_intel *mc_intel;
+ struct microcode_intel *mc;
struct ucode_cpu_info *uci;
+ struct cpuinfo_x86 *c;
unsigned int val[2];
- int cpu_num = raw_smp_processor_id();
- struct cpuinfo_x86 *c = &cpu_data(cpu_num);
-
- uci = ucode_cpu_info + cpu;
- mc_intel = uci->mc;

/* We should bind the task to the CPU */
- BUG_ON(cpu_num != cpu);
+ if (WARN_ON(raw_smp_processor_id() != cpu))
+ return -1;

- if (mc_intel == NULL)
+ uci = ucode_cpu_info + cpu;
+ mc = uci->mc;
+ if (!mc)
return 0;

/*
* Microcode on this CPU could be updated earlier. Only apply the
- * microcode patch in mc_intel when it is newer than the one on this
+ * microcode patch in mc when it is newer than the one on this
* CPU.
*/
- if (get_matching_mc(mc_intel, cpu) == 0)
+ if (!get_matching_mc(mc, cpu))
return 0;

/* write microcode via MSR 0x79 */
- wrmsr(MSR_IA32_UCODE_WRITE,
- (unsigned long) mc_intel->bits,
- (unsigned long) mc_intel->bits >> 16 >> 16);
- wrmsr(MSR_IA32_UCODE_REV, 0, 0);
+ wrmsrl(MSR_IA32_UCODE_WRITE, (unsigned long)mc->bits);
+ wrmsrl(MSR_IA32_UCODE_REV, 0);

/* As documented in the SDM: Do a CPUID 1 here */
sync_core();
@@ -876,16 +866,19 @@ static int apply_microcode_intel(int cpu)
/* get the current revision from MSR 0x8B */
rdmsr(MSR_IA32_UCODE_REV, val[0], val[1]);

- if (val[1] != mc_intel->hdr.rev) {
+ if (val[1] != mc->hdr.rev) {
pr_err("CPU%d update to revision 0x%x failed\n",
- cpu_num, mc_intel->hdr.rev);
+ cpu, mc->hdr.rev);
return -1;
}
+
pr_info("CPU%d updated to revision 0x%x, date = %04x-%02x-%02x\n",
- cpu_num, val[1],
- mc_intel->hdr.date & 0xffff,
- mc_intel->hdr.date >> 24,
- (mc_intel->hdr.date >> 16) & 0xff);
+ cpu, val[1],
+ mc->hdr.date & 0xffff,
+ mc->hdr.date >> 24,
+ (mc->hdr.date >> 16) & 0xff);
+
+ c = &cpu_data(cpu);

uci->cpu_sig.rev = val[1];
c->microcode = val[1];
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/microcode/intel_lib.c b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/microcode/intel_lib.c
index b96896bcbdaf..2ce1a7dc45b7 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/microcode/intel_lib.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/microcode/intel_lib.c
@@ -49,7 +49,7 @@ int microcode_sanity_check(void *mc, int print_err)
unsigned long total_size, data_size, ext_table_size;
struct microcode_header_intel *mc_header = mc;
struct extended_sigtable *ext_header = NULL;
- int sum, orig_sum, ext_sigcount = 0, i;
+ u32 sum, orig_sum, ext_sigcount = 0, i;
struct extended_signature *ext_sig;

total_size = get_totalsize(mc_header);
@@ -57,69 +57,85 @@ int microcode_sanity_check(void *mc, int print_err)

if (data_size + MC_HEADER_SIZE > total_size) {
if (print_err)
- pr_err("error! Bad data size in microcode data file\n");
+ pr_err("Error: bad microcode data file size.\n");
return -EINVAL;
}

if (mc_header->ldrver != 1 || mc_header->hdrver != 1) {
if (print_err)
- pr_err("error! Unknown microcode update format\n");
+ pr_err("Error: invalid/unknown microcode update format.\n");
return -EINVAL;
}
+
ext_table_size = total_size - (MC_HEADER_SIZE + data_size);
if (ext_table_size) {
+ u32 ext_table_sum = 0;
+ u32 *ext_tablep;
+
if ((ext_table_size < EXT_HEADER_SIZE)
|| ((ext_table_size - EXT_HEADER_SIZE) % EXT_SIGNATURE_SIZE)) {
if (print_err)
- pr_err("error! Small exttable size in microcode data file\n");
+ pr_err("Error: truncated extended signature table.\n");
return -EINVAL;
}
+
ext_header = mc + MC_HEADER_SIZE + data_size;
if (ext_table_size != exttable_size(ext_header)) {
if (print_err)
- pr_err("error! Bad exttable size in microcode data file\n");
+ pr_err("Error: extended signature table size mismatch.\n");
return -EFAULT;
}
+
ext_sigcount = ext_header->count;
- }

- /* check extended table checksum */
- if (ext_table_size) {
- int ext_table_sum = 0;
- int *ext_tablep = (int *)ext_header;
+ /*
+ * Check extended table checksum: the sum of all dwords that
+ * comprise a valid table must be 0.
+ */
+ ext_tablep = (u32 *)ext_header;

- i = ext_table_size / DWSIZE;
+ i = ext_table_size / sizeof(u32);
while (i--)
ext_table_sum += ext_tablep[i];
+
if (ext_table_sum) {
if (print_err)
- pr_warn("aborting, bad extended signature table checksum\n");
+ pr_warn("Bad extended signature table checksum, aborting.\n");
return -EINVAL;
}
}

- /* calculate the checksum */
+ /*
+ * Calculate the checksum of update data and header. The checksum of
+ * valid update data and header including the extended signature table
+ * must be 0.
+ */
orig_sum = 0;
- i = (MC_HEADER_SIZE + data_size) / DWSIZE;
+ i = (MC_HEADER_SIZE + data_size) / sizeof(u32);
while (i--)
- orig_sum += ((int *)mc)[i];
+ orig_sum += ((u32 *)mc)[i];
+
if (orig_sum) {
if (print_err)
- pr_err("aborting, bad checksum\n");
+ pr_err("Bad microcode data checksum, aborting.\n");
return -EINVAL;
}
+
if (!ext_table_size)
return 0;
- /* check extended signature checksum */
+
+ /*
+ * Check extended signature checksum: 0 => valid.
+ */
for (i = 0; i < ext_sigcount; i++) {
ext_sig = (void *)ext_header + EXT_HEADER_SIZE +
EXT_SIGNATURE_SIZE * i;
- sum = orig_sum
- - (mc_header->sig + mc_header->pf + mc_header->cksum)
- + (ext_sig->sig + ext_sig->pf + ext_sig->cksum);
+
+ sum = (mc_header->sig + mc_header->pf + mc_header->cksum) -
+ (ext_sig->sig + ext_sig->pf + ext_sig->cksum);
if (sum) {
if (print_err)
- pr_err("aborting, bad checksum\n");
+ pr_err("Bad extended signature checksum, aborting.\n");
return -EINVAL;
}
}
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