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SubjectRe: [PATCH V4 6/6] cpufreq: governor: Create and traverse list of policy_dbs to fix lockdep
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On Tuesday, February 09, 2016 09:01:36 AM Viresh Kumar wrote:
> An instance of 'struct dbs_data' can support multiple 'struct
> policy_dbs_info' instances. To traverse all policy_dbs supported by a
> dbs_data, create a list of policy_dbs within dbs_data.
>
> We can traverse this list now, instead of traversing the loop for all
> online CPUs in update_sampling_rate(), to solve the circular dependency
> lockdep reported by Juri (and verified by Shilpa) earlier:
>
> ======================================================
> [ INFO: possible circular locking dependency detected ]
> 4.4.0+ #445 Not tainted
> -------------------------------------------------------
> trace.sh/1723 is trying to acquire lock:
> (s_active#48){++++.+}, at: [<c01f78c8>] kernfs_remove_by_name_ns+0x4c/0x94
>
> but task is already holding lock:
> (od_dbs_cdata.mutex){+.+.+.}, at: [<c05824a0>] cpufreq_governor_dbs+0x34/0x5d4
>
> which lock already depends on the new lock.
>
> the existing dependency chain (in reverse order) is:
>
> -> #2 (od_dbs_cdata.mutex){+.+.+.}:
> [<c075b040>] mutex_lock_nested+0x7c/0x434
> [<c05824a0>] cpufreq_governor_dbs+0x34/0x5d4
> [<c0017c10>] return_to_handler+0x0/0x18
>
> -> #1 (&policy->rwsem){+++++.}:
> [<c075ca8c>] down_read+0x58/0x94
> [<c057c244>] show+0x30/0x60
> [<c01f934c>] sysfs_kf_seq_show+0x90/0xfc
> [<c01f7ad8>] kernfs_seq_show+0x34/0x38
> [<c01a22ec>] seq_read+0x1e4/0x4e4
> [<c01f8694>] kernfs_fop_read+0x120/0x1a0
> [<c01794b4>] __vfs_read+0x3c/0xe0
> [<c017a378>] vfs_read+0x98/0x104
> [<c017a434>] SyS_read+0x50/0x90
> [<c000fd40>] ret_fast_syscall+0x0/0x1c
>
> -> #0 (s_active#48){++++.+}:
> [<c008238c>] lock_acquire+0xd4/0x20c
> [<c01f6ae4>] __kernfs_remove+0x288/0x328
> [<c01f78c8>] kernfs_remove_by_name_ns+0x4c/0x94
> [<c01fa024>] remove_files+0x44/0x88
> [<c01fa5a4>] sysfs_remove_group+0x50/0xa4
> [<c058285c>] cpufreq_governor_dbs+0x3f0/0x5d4
> [<c0017c10>] return_to_handler+0x0/0x18
>
> other info that might help us debug this:
>
> Chain exists of:
> s_active#48 --> &policy->rwsem --> od_dbs_cdata.mutex
>
> Possible unsafe locking scenario:
>
> CPU0 CPU1
> ---- ----
> lock(od_dbs_cdata.mutex);
> lock(&policy->rwsem);
> lock(od_dbs_cdata.mutex);
> lock(s_active#48);
>
> *** DEADLOCK ***
>
> 5 locks held by trace.sh/1723:
> #0: (sb_writers#6){.+.+.+}, at: [<c017beb8>] __sb_start_write+0xb4/0xc0
> #1: (&of->mutex){+.+.+.}, at: [<c01f8418>] kernfs_fop_write+0x6c/0x1c8
> #2: (s_active#35){.+.+.+}, at: [<c01f8420>] kernfs_fop_write+0x74/0x1c8
> #3: (cpu_hotplug.lock){++++++}, at: [<c0029e6c>] get_online_cpus+0x48/0xb8
> #4: (od_dbs_cdata.mutex){+.+.+.}, at: [<c05824a0>] cpufreq_governor_dbs+0x34/0x5d4
>
> stack backtrace:
> CPU: 2 PID: 1723 Comm: trace.sh Not tainted 4.4.0+ #445
> Hardware name: ARM-Versatile Express
> [<c001883c>] (unwind_backtrace) from [<c0013f50>] (show_stack+0x20/0x24)
> [<c0013f50>] (show_stack) from [<c044ad90>] (dump_stack+0x80/0xb4)
> [<c044ad90>] (dump_stack) from [<c0128edc>] (print_circular_bug+0x29c/0x2f0)
> [<c0128edc>] (print_circular_bug) from [<c0081708>] (__lock_acquire+0x163c/0x1d74)
> [<c0081708>] (__lock_acquire) from [<c008238c>] (lock_acquire+0xd4/0x20c)
> [<c008238c>] (lock_acquire) from [<c01f6ae4>] (__kernfs_remove+0x288/0x328)
> [<c01f6ae4>] (__kernfs_remove) from [<c01f78c8>] (kernfs_remove_by_name_ns+0x4c/0x94)
> [<c01f78c8>] (kernfs_remove_by_name_ns) from [<c01fa024>] (remove_files+0x44/0x88)
> [<c01fa024>] (remove_files) from [<c01fa5a4>] (sysfs_remove_group+0x50/0xa4)
> [<c01fa5a4>] (sysfs_remove_group) from [<c058285c>] (cpufreq_governor_dbs+0x3f0/0x5d4)
> [<c058285c>] (cpufreq_governor_dbs) from [<c0017c10>] (return_to_handler+0x0/0x18)
>
> This also updates the comment above update_sampling_rate() to make it
> more relevant to the current state of code.
>
> Signed-off-by: Viresh Kumar <viresh.kumar@linaro.org>
> Reported-by: Juri Lelli <juri.lelli@arm.com>
> Tested-by: Juri Lelli <juri.lelli@arm.com>
> Tested-by: Shilpasri G Bhat <shilpa.bhat@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
> ---
> drivers/cpufreq/cpufreq_governor.c | 22 ++++++++--
> drivers/cpufreq/cpufreq_governor.h | 7 ++-
> drivers/cpufreq/cpufreq_ondemand.c | 89 +++++++++++++-------------------------
> 3 files changed, 54 insertions(+), 64 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/drivers/cpufreq/cpufreq_governor.c b/drivers/cpufreq/cpufreq_governor.c
> index bba9d3fb8103..8e53f804a5af 100644
> --- a/drivers/cpufreq/cpufreq_governor.c
> +++ b/drivers/cpufreq/cpufreq_governor.c
> @@ -384,9 +384,14 @@ static int cpufreq_governor_init(struct cpufreq_policy *policy)
> ret = -EINVAL;
> goto free_policy_dbs_info;
> }
> - dbs_data->usage_count++;
> policy_dbs->dbs_data = dbs_data;
> policy->governor_data = policy_dbs;
> +
> + mutex_lock(&dbs_data->mutex);
> + dbs_data->usage_count++;
> + list_add(&policy_dbs->list, &dbs_data->policy_dbs_list);
> + mutex_unlock(&dbs_data->mutex);
> +
> return 0;
> }
>
> @@ -396,7 +401,7 @@ static int cpufreq_governor_init(struct cpufreq_policy *policy)
> goto free_policy_dbs_info;
> }
>
> - dbs_data->usage_count = 1;
> + INIT_LIST_HEAD(&dbs_data->policy_dbs_list);
> mutex_init(&dbs_data->mutex);
>
> ret = gov->init(dbs_data, !policy->governor->initialized);
> @@ -417,9 +422,12 @@ static int cpufreq_governor_init(struct cpufreq_policy *policy)
> if (!have_governor_per_policy())
> gov->gdbs_data = dbs_data;
>
> - policy_dbs->dbs_data = dbs_data;
> policy->governor_data = policy_dbs;
>
> + policy_dbs->dbs_data = dbs_data;
> + dbs_data->usage_count = 1;
> + list_add(&policy_dbs->list, &dbs_data->policy_dbs_list);
> +
> gov->kobj_type.sysfs_ops = &governor_sysfs_ops;
> ret = kobject_init_and_add(&dbs_data->kobj, &gov->kobj_type,
> get_governor_parent_kobj(policy),
> @@ -450,12 +458,18 @@ static int cpufreq_governor_exit(struct cpufreq_policy *policy)
> struct dbs_governor *gov = dbs_governor_of(policy);
> struct policy_dbs_info *policy_dbs = policy->governor_data;
> struct dbs_data *dbs_data = policy_dbs->dbs_data;
> + int count;
>
> /* State should be equivalent to INIT */
> if (policy_dbs->policy)
> return -EBUSY;
>
> - if (!--dbs_data->usage_count) {
> + mutex_lock(&dbs_data->mutex);
> + list_del(&policy_dbs->list);
> + count = dbs_data->usage_count--;

This appears to be planting a bug.

The way you wrote it the decrementation will take place after the assignment, so
count will contain the old value.

> + mutex_unlock(&dbs_data->mutex);
> +
> + if (!count) {
> kobject_put(&dbs_data->kobj);
>
> policy->governor_data = NULL;

Thanks,
Rafael

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