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SubjectRe: [PATCH 2/2] dax: move writeback calls into the filesystems
On Mon, Feb 08, 2016 at 11:48:50AM +0100, Jan Kara wrote:
> On Sun 07-02-16 00:19:13, Ross Zwisler wrote:
> > Previously calls to dax_writeback_mapping_range() for all DAX filesystems
> > (ext2, ext4 & xfs) were centralized in filemap_write_and_wait_range().
> > dax_writeback_mapping_range() needs a struct block_device, and it used to
> > get that from inode->i_sb->s_bdev. This is correct for normal inodes
> > mounted on ext2, ext4 and XFS filesystems, but is incorrect for DAX raw
> > block devices and for XFS real-time files.
> >
> > Instead, call dax_writeback_mapping_range() directly from the filesystem or
> > raw block device fsync/msync code so that they can supply us with a valid
> > block device.
> >
> > It should be noted that this will reduce the number of calls to
> > dax_writeback_mapping_range() because filemap_write_and_wait_range() is
> > called in the various filesystems for operations other than just
> > fsync/msync. Both ext4 & XFS call filemap_write_and_wait_range() outside
> > of ->fsync for hole punch, truncate, and block relocation
> > (xfs_shift_file_space() && ext4_collapse_range()/ext4_insert_range()).
> >
> > I don't believe that these extra flushes are necessary in the DAX case. In
> > the page cache case when we have dirty data in the page cache, that data
> > will be actively lost if we evict a dirty page cache page without flushing
> > it to media first. For DAX, though, the data will remain consistent with
> > the physical address to which it was written regardless of whether it's in
> > the processor cache or not - really the only reason I see to flush is in
> > response to a fsync or msync so that our data is durable on media in case
> > of a power loss. The case where we could throw dirty data out of the page
> > cache and essentially lose writes simply doesn't exist.
>
> You should at least note that sync(2) won't make data durable with this
> patch in the changelog. Dave and Christoph have told you that Linux users
> depend on sync(2) to make data durable and I fully agree with them. Given
> current options, I think we can live with this for 4.5 but long term this
> is IMO unacceptable.
>
> Honza

I agree. I'll add a note to the changelog and will work on adding support for
sync(2).

> >
> > Signed-off-by: Ross Zwisler <ross.zwisler@linux.intel.com>
> > ---
> > fs/block_dev.c | 7 +++++++
> > fs/dax.c | 5 ++---
> > fs/ext2/file.c | 10 ++++++++++
> > fs/ext4/fsync.c | 10 +++++++++-
> > fs/xfs/xfs_file.c | 12 ++++++++++--
> > include/linux/dax.h | 4 ++--
> > mm/filemap.c | 6 ------
> > 7 files changed, 40 insertions(+), 14 deletions(-)
> >
> > diff --git a/fs/block_dev.c b/fs/block_dev.c
> > index fa0507a..312ad44 100644
> > --- a/fs/block_dev.c
> > +++ b/fs/block_dev.c
> > @@ -356,8 +356,15 @@ int blkdev_fsync(struct file *filp, loff_t start, loff_t end, int datasync)
> > {
> > struct inode *bd_inode = bdev_file_inode(filp);
> > struct block_device *bdev = I_BDEV(bd_inode);
> > + struct address_space *mapping = bd_inode->i_mapping;
> > int error;
> >
> > + if (dax_mapping(mapping) && mapping->nrexceptional) {
> > + error = dax_writeback_mapping_range(mapping, bdev, start, end);
> > + if (error)
> > + return error;
> > + }
> > +
> > error = filemap_write_and_wait_range(filp->f_mapping, start, end);
> > if (error)
> > return error;
> > diff --git a/fs/dax.c b/fs/dax.c
> > index 4592241..4b5006a 100644
> > --- a/fs/dax.c
> > +++ b/fs/dax.c
> > @@ -484,11 +484,10 @@ static int dax_writeback_one(struct block_device *bdev,
> > * end]. This is required by data integrity operations to ensure file data is
> > * on persistent storage prior to completion of the operation.
> > */
> > -int dax_writeback_mapping_range(struct address_space *mapping, loff_t start,
> > - loff_t end)
> > +int dax_writeback_mapping_range(struct address_space *mapping,
> > + struct block_device *bdev, loff_t start, loff_t end)
> > {
> > struct inode *inode = mapping->host;
> > - struct block_device *bdev = inode->i_sb->s_bdev;
> > pgoff_t start_index, end_index, pmd_index;
> > pgoff_t indices[PAGEVEC_SIZE];
> > struct pagevec pvec;
> > diff --git a/fs/ext2/file.c b/fs/ext2/file.c
> > index 2c88d68..d1abf53 100644
> > --- a/fs/ext2/file.c
> > +++ b/fs/ext2/file.c
> > @@ -162,6 +162,16 @@ int ext2_fsync(struct file *file, loff_t start, loff_t end, int datasync)
> > int ret;
> > struct super_block *sb = file->f_mapping->host->i_sb;
> > struct address_space *mapping = sb->s_bdev->bd_inode->i_mapping;
> > +#ifdef CONFIG_FS_DAX
> > + struct address_space *inode_mapping = file->f_inode->i_mapping;
> > +
> > + if (dax_mapping(inode_mapping) && inode_mapping->nrexceptional) {
> > + ret = dax_writeback_mapping_range(inode_mapping, sb->s_bdev,
> > + start, end);
> > + if (ret)
> > + return ret;
> > + }
> > +#endif
> >
> > ret = generic_file_fsync(file, start, end, datasync);
> > if (ret == -EIO || test_and_clear_bit(AS_EIO, &mapping->flags)) {
> > diff --git a/fs/ext4/fsync.c b/fs/ext4/fsync.c
> > index 8850254..e9cf53b 100644
> > --- a/fs/ext4/fsync.c
> > +++ b/fs/ext4/fsync.c
> > @@ -27,6 +27,7 @@
> > #include <linux/sched.h>
> > #include <linux/writeback.h>
> > #include <linux/blkdev.h>
> > +#include <linux/dax.h>
> >
> > #include "ext4.h"
> > #include "ext4_jbd2.h"
> > @@ -83,10 +84,10 @@ static int ext4_sync_parent(struct inode *inode)
> > * What we do is just kick off a commit and wait on it. This will snapshot the
> > * inode to disk.
> > */
> > -
> > int ext4_sync_file(struct file *file, loff_t start, loff_t end, int datasync)
> > {
> > struct inode *inode = file->f_mapping->host;
> > + struct address_space *mapping = inode->i_mapping;
> > struct ext4_inode_info *ei = EXT4_I(inode);
> > journal_t *journal = EXT4_SB(inode->i_sb)->s_journal;
> > int ret = 0, err;
> > @@ -97,6 +98,13 @@ int ext4_sync_file(struct file *file, loff_t start, loff_t end, int datasync)
> >
> > trace_ext4_sync_file_enter(file, datasync);
> >
> > + if (dax_mapping(mapping) && mapping->nrexceptional) {
> > + err = dax_writeback_mapping_range(mapping, inode->i_sb->s_bdev,
> > + start, end);
> > + if (err)
> > + goto out;
> > + }
> > +
> > if (inode->i_sb->s_flags & MS_RDONLY) {
> > /* Make sure that we read updated s_mount_flags value */
> > smp_rmb();
> > diff --git a/fs/xfs/xfs_file.c b/fs/xfs/xfs_file.c
> > index 52883ac..84e95cc 100644
> > --- a/fs/xfs/xfs_file.c
> > +++ b/fs/xfs/xfs_file.c
> > @@ -209,7 +209,8 @@ xfs_file_fsync(
> > loff_t end,
> > int datasync)
> > {
> > - struct inode *inode = file->f_mapping->host;
> > + struct address_space *mapping = file->f_mapping;
> > + struct inode *inode = mapping->host;
> > struct xfs_inode *ip = XFS_I(inode);
> > struct xfs_mount *mp = ip->i_mount;
> > int error = 0;
> > @@ -218,7 +219,14 @@ xfs_file_fsync(
> >
> > trace_xfs_file_fsync(ip);
> >
> > - error = filemap_write_and_wait_range(inode->i_mapping, start, end);
> > + if (dax_mapping(mapping) && mapping->nrexceptional) {
> > + error = dax_writeback_mapping_range(mapping,
> > + xfs_find_bdev_for_inode(inode), start, end);
> > + if (error)
> > + return error;
> > + }
> > +
> > + error = filemap_write_and_wait_range(mapping, start, end);
> > if (error)
> > return error;
> >
> > diff --git a/include/linux/dax.h b/include/linux/dax.h
> > index bad27b0..8e9f114 100644
> > --- a/include/linux/dax.h
> > +++ b/include/linux/dax.h
> > @@ -42,6 +42,6 @@ static inline bool dax_mapping(struct address_space *mapping)
> > {
> > return mapping->host && IS_DAX(mapping->host);
> > }
> > -int dax_writeback_mapping_range(struct address_space *mapping, loff_t start,
> > - loff_t end);
> > +int dax_writeback_mapping_range(struct address_space *mapping,
> > + struct block_device *bdev, loff_t start, loff_t end);
> > #endif
> > diff --git a/mm/filemap.c b/mm/filemap.c
> > index bc94386..c4286eb 100644
> > --- a/mm/filemap.c
> > +++ b/mm/filemap.c
> > @@ -482,12 +482,6 @@ int filemap_write_and_wait_range(struct address_space *mapping,
> > {
> > int err = 0;
> >
> > - if (dax_mapping(mapping) && mapping->nrexceptional) {
> > - err = dax_writeback_mapping_range(mapping, lstart, lend);
> > - if (err)
> > - return err;
> > - }
> > -
> > if (mapping->nrpages) {
> > err = __filemap_fdatawrite_range(mapping, lstart, lend,
> > WB_SYNC_ALL);
> > --
> > 2.5.0
> >
> >
> --
> Jan Kara <jack@suse.com>
> SUSE Labs, CR

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