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Subject[PATCH v7 02/10] ppc64le FTRACE_WITH_REGS implementation
Implement FTRACE_WITH_REGS for powerpc64, on ELF ABI v2.
Initial work started by Vojtech Pavlik, used with permission.

* arch/powerpc/kernel/entry_64.S:
- Implement an effective ftrace_caller that works from
within the kernel binary as well as from modules.
* arch/powerpc/kernel/ftrace.c:
- be prepared to deal with ppc64 ELF ABI v2, especially
calls to _mcount that result from gcc -mprofile-kernel
- a little more error verbosity
* arch/powerpc/kernel/module_64.c:
- do not save the TOC pointer on the trampoline when the
destination is ftrace_caller. This trampoline jump happens from
a function prologue before a new stack frame is set up, so bad
things may happen otherwise...
- relax is_module_trampoline() to recognise the modified
trampoline.

Signed-off-by: Torsten Duwe <duwe@suse.de>
---
arch/powerpc/include/asm/ftrace.h | 5 +++
arch/powerpc/kernel/entry_64.S | 78 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
arch/powerpc/kernel/ftrace.c | 64 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++---
arch/powerpc/kernel/module_64.c | 25 ++++++++++++-
4 files changed, 165 insertions(+), 7 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/powerpc/include/asm/ftrace.h b/arch/powerpc/include/asm/ftrace.h
index ef89b14..50ca758 100644
--- a/arch/powerpc/include/asm/ftrace.h
+++ b/arch/powerpc/include/asm/ftrace.h
@@ -46,6 +46,8 @@
extern void _mcount(void);

#ifdef CONFIG_DYNAMIC_FTRACE
+# define FTRACE_ADDR ((unsigned long)ftrace_caller)
+# define FTRACE_REGS_ADDR FTRACE_ADDR
static inline unsigned long ftrace_call_adjust(unsigned long addr)
{
/* reloction of mcount call site is the same as the address */
@@ -58,6 +60,9 @@ struct dyn_arch_ftrace {
#endif /* CONFIG_DYNAMIC_FTRACE */
#endif /* __ASSEMBLY__ */

+#ifdef CONFIG_DYNAMIC_FTRACE_WITH_REGS
+#define ARCH_SUPPORTS_FTRACE_OPS 1
+#endif
#endif

#if defined(CONFIG_FTRACE_SYSCALLS) && defined(CONFIG_PPC64) && !defined(__ASSEMBLY__)
diff --git a/arch/powerpc/kernel/entry_64.S b/arch/powerpc/kernel/entry_64.S
index 2a7313c..c063564 100644
--- a/arch/powerpc/kernel/entry_64.S
+++ b/arch/powerpc/kernel/entry_64.S
@@ -1148,6 +1148,7 @@ _GLOBAL(_mcount)
mtlr r0
bctr

+#ifndef CC_USING_MPROFILE_KERNEL
_GLOBAL_TOC(ftrace_caller)
/* Taken from output of objdump from lib64/glibc */
mflr r3
@@ -1169,6 +1170,83 @@ _GLOBAL(ftrace_graph_stub)
ld r0, 128(r1)
mtlr r0
addi r1, r1, 112
+#else
+_GLOBAL(ftrace_caller)
+ std r0,LRSAVE(r1)
+#if defined(_CALL_ELF) && _CALL_ELF == 2
+ mflr r0
+ bl 2f
+2: mflr r12
+ mtlr r0
+ mr r0,r2 /* save callee's TOC */
+ addis r2,r12,(.TOC.-ftrace_caller-12)@ha
+ addi r2,r2,(.TOC.-ftrace_caller-12)@l
+#else
+ mr r0,r2
+#endif
+ ld r12,LRSAVE(r1) /* get caller's address */
+
+ stdu r1,-SWITCH_FRAME_SIZE(r1)
+
+ std r12, _LINK(r1)
+ SAVE_8GPRS(0,r1)
+ std r0, 24(r1) /* save TOC */
+ SAVE_8GPRS(8,r1)
+ SAVE_8GPRS(16,r1)
+ SAVE_8GPRS(24,r1)
+
+ addis r3,r2,function_trace_op@toc@ha
+ addi r3,r3,function_trace_op@toc@l
+ ld r5,0(r3)
+
+ mflr r3
+ std r3, _NIP(r1)
+ std r3, 16(r1)
+ subi r3, r3, MCOUNT_INSN_SIZE
+ mfmsr r4
+ std r4, _MSR(r1)
+ mfctr r4
+ std r4, _CTR(r1)
+ mfxer r4
+ std r4, _XER(r1)
+ mr r4, r12
+ addi r6, r1 ,STACK_FRAME_OVERHEAD
+
+.globl ftrace_call
+ftrace_call:
+ bl ftrace_stub
+ nop
+
+ ld r3, _NIP(r1)
+ mtlr r3
+
+ REST_8GPRS(0,r1)
+ REST_8GPRS(8,r1)
+ REST_8GPRS(16,r1)
+ REST_8GPRS(24,r1)
+
+ addi r1, r1, SWITCH_FRAME_SIZE
+
+ ld r12, LRSAVE(r1) /* get caller's address */
+ mtlr r12
+ mr r2,r0 /* restore callee's TOC */
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_FUNCTION_GRAPH_TRACER
+ stdu r1, -112(r1)
+.globl ftrace_graph_call
+ftrace_graph_call:
+ b ftrace_graph_stub
+_GLOBAL(ftrace_graph_stub)
+ addi r1, r1, 112
+#endif
+
+ mflr r0 /* move this LR to CTR */
+ mtctr r0
+
+ ld r0,LRSAVE(r1) /* restore callee's lr at _mcount site */
+ mtlr r0
+ bctr /* jump after _mcount site */
+#endif /* CC_USING_MPROFILE_KERNEL */
_GLOBAL(ftrace_stub)
blr
#else
diff --git a/arch/powerpc/kernel/ftrace.c b/arch/powerpc/kernel/ftrace.c
index 861af90..1fad1b3 100644
--- a/arch/powerpc/kernel/ftrace.c
+++ b/arch/powerpc/kernel/ftrace.c
@@ -61,8 +61,11 @@ ftrace_modify_code(unsigned long ip, unsigned int old, unsigned int new)
return -EFAULT;

/* Make sure it is what we expect it to be */
- if (replaced != old)
+ if (replaced != old) {
+ pr_err("%p: replaced (%#x) != old (%#x)",
+ (void *)ip, replaced, old);
return -EINVAL;
+ }

/* replace the text with the new text */
if (patch_instruction((unsigned int *)ip, new))
@@ -106,14 +109,16 @@ static int
__ftrace_make_nop(struct module *mod,
struct dyn_ftrace *rec, unsigned long addr)
{
- unsigned int op;
+ unsigned int op, op0, op1, pop;
unsigned long entry, ptr;
unsigned long ip = rec->ip;
void *tramp;

/* read where this goes */
- if (probe_kernel_read(&op, (void *)ip, sizeof(int)))
+ if (probe_kernel_read(&op, (void *)ip, sizeof(int))) {
+ pr_err("Fetching opcode failed.\n");
return -EFAULT;
+ }

/* Make sure that that this is still a 24bit jump */
if (!is_bl_op(op)) {
@@ -158,10 +163,49 @@ __ftrace_make_nop(struct module *mod,
*
* Use a b +8 to jump over the load.
*/
- op = 0x48000008; /* b +8 */

- if (patch_instruction((unsigned int *)ip, op))
+ pop = PPC_INST_BRANCH | 8; /* b +8 */
+
+ /*
+ * Check what is in the next instruction. We can see ld r2,40(r1), but
+ * on first pass after boot we will see mflr r0.
+ */
+ if (probe_kernel_read(&op, (void *)(ip+4), MCOUNT_INSN_SIZE)) {
+ pr_err("Fetching op failed.\n");
+ return -EFAULT;
+ }
+
+ if (op != PPC_INST_LD_TOC)
+ {
+ if (probe_kernel_read(&op0, (void *)(ip-8), MCOUNT_INSN_SIZE)) {
+ pr_err("Fetching op0 failed.\n");
+ return -EFAULT;
+ }
+
+ if (probe_kernel_read(&op1, (void *)(ip-4), MCOUNT_INSN_SIZE)) {
+ pr_err("Fetching op1 failed.\n");
+ return -EFAULT;
+ }
+
+ /* mflr r0 ; [ std r0,LRSAVE(r1) ]? */
+ if ( (op0 != PPC_INST_MFLR ||
+ op1 != PPC_INST_STD_LR)
+ && op1 != PPC_INST_MFLR )
+ {
+ pr_err("Unexpected instructions around bl _mcount\n"
+ "when enabling dynamic ftrace!\t"
+ "(%08x,%08x,bl,%08x)\n", op0, op1, op);
+ return -EINVAL;
+ }
+
+ /* When using -mkernel_profile there is no load to jump over */
+ pop = PPC_INST_NOP;
+ }
+
+ if (patch_instruction((unsigned int *)ip, pop)) {
+ pr_err("Patching NOP failed.\n");
return -EPERM;
+ }

return 0;
}
@@ -287,6 +331,14 @@ int ftrace_make_nop(struct module *mod,

#ifdef CONFIG_MODULES
#ifdef CONFIG_PPC64
+#ifdef CONFIG_DYNAMIC_FTRACE_WITH_REGS
+int ftrace_modify_call(struct dyn_ftrace *rec, unsigned long old_addr,
+ unsigned long addr)
+{
+ return ftrace_make_call(rec, addr);
+}
+#endif
+
/* Examine the existing instructions for __ftrace_make_call.
* They should effectively be a NOP, and follow formal constraints,
* depending on the ABI. Return false if they don't.
@@ -354,7 +406,7 @@ __ftrace_make_call(struct dyn_ftrace *rec, unsigned long addr)

return 0;
}
-#else
+#else /* !CONFIG_PPC64: */
static int
__ftrace_make_call(struct dyn_ftrace *rec, unsigned long addr)
{
diff --git a/arch/powerpc/kernel/module_64.c b/arch/powerpc/kernel/module_64.c
index d75a25f..5bd8399 100644
--- a/arch/powerpc/kernel/module_64.c
+++ b/arch/powerpc/kernel/module_64.c
@@ -136,12 +136,25 @@ static u32 ppc64_stub_insns[] = {
0x4e800420 /* bctr */
};

+#ifdef CC_USING_MPROFILE_KERNEL
+/* In case of _mcount calls or dynamic ftracing, Do not save the
+ * current callee's TOC (in R2) again into the original caller's stack
+ * frame during this trampoline hop. The stack frame already holds
+ * that of the original caller. _mcount and ftrace_caller will take
+ * care of this TOC value themselves.
+ */
+#define SQUASH_TOC_SAVE_INSN(trampoline_addr) \
+ (((struct ppc64_stub_entry *)(trampoline_addr))->jump[2] = PPC_INST_NOP)
+#else
+#define SQUASH_TOC_SAVE_INSN(trampoline_addr)
+#endif
+
#ifdef CONFIG_DYNAMIC_FTRACE

static u32 ppc64_stub_mask[] = {
0xffff0000,
0xffff0000,
- 0xffffffff,
+ 0x00000000,
0xffffffff,
#if !defined(_CALL_ELF) || _CALL_ELF != 2
0xffffffff,
@@ -168,6 +181,9 @@ bool is_module_trampoline(u32 *p)
if ((insna & mask) != (insnb & mask))
return false;
}
+ if (insns[2] != ppc64_stub_insns[2] &&
+ insns[2] != PPC_INST_NOP)
+ return false;

return true;
}
@@ -630,6 +646,9 @@ int apply_relocate_add(Elf64_Shdr *sechdrs,
return -ENOENT;
if (!restore_r2((u32 *)location + 1, me))
return -ENOEXEC;
+ /* Squash the TOC saver for profiler calls */
+ if (!strcmp("_mcount", strtab+sym->st_name))
+ SQUASH_TOC_SAVE_INSN(value);
} else
value += local_entry_offset(sym);

@@ -717,6 +736,10 @@ int apply_relocate_add(Elf64_Shdr *sechdrs,
me->arch.tramp = stub_for_addr(sechdrs,
(unsigned long)ftrace_caller,
me);
+ /* ftrace_caller will take care of the TOC;
+ * do not clobber original caller's value.
+ */
+ SQUASH_TOC_SAVE_INSN(me->arch.tramp);
#endif

return 0;
--
1.8.5.6
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