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Subject[PATCHv7 6/8] printk: use printk_safe buffers in printk
Date
Use printk_safe per-CPU buffers in printk recursion-prone blocks:
-- around logbuf_lock protected sections in vprintk_emit() and
console_unlock()
-- around down_trylock_console_sem() and up_console_sem()

Note that this solution addresses deadlocks caused by printk()
recursive calls only. That is vprintk_emit() and console_unlock().
The rest will be converted in a followup patch.

Another thing to note is that we now keep lockdep enabled in printk,
because we are protected against the printk recursion caused by
lockdep in vprintk_emit() by the printk-safe mechanism - we first
switch to per-CPU buffers and only then access the deadlock-prone
locks.

Examples:

1) printk() from logbuf_lock spin_lock section

Assume the following code:
printk()
raw_spin_lock(&logbuf_lock);
WARN_ON(1);
raw_spin_unlock(&logbuf_lock);

which now produces:

------------[ cut here ]------------
WARNING: CPU: 0 PID: 366 at kernel/printk/printk.c:1811 vprintk_emit
CPU: 0 PID: 366 Comm: bash
Call Trace:
warn_slowpath_null+0x1d/0x1f
vprintk_emit+0x1cd/0x438
vprintk_default+0x1d/0x1f
printk+0x48/0x50
[..]

2) printk() from semaphore sem->lock spin_lock section

Assume the following code

printk()
console_trylock()
down_trylock()
raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&sem->lock, flags);
WARN_ON(1);
raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&sem->lock, flags);

which now produces:

------------[ cut here ]------------
WARNING: CPU: 1 PID: 363 at kernel/locking/semaphore.c:141 down_trylock
CPU: 1 PID: 363 Comm: bash
Call Trace:
warn_slowpath_null+0x1d/0x1f
down_trylock+0x3d/0x62
? vprintk_emit+0x3f9/0x414
console_trylock+0x31/0xeb
vprintk_emit+0x3f9/0x414
vprintk_default+0x1d/0x1f
printk+0x48/0x50
[..]

3) printk() from console_unlock()

Assume the following code:

printk()
console_unlock()
raw_spin_lock(&logbuf_lock);
WARN_ON(1);
raw_spin_unlock(&logbuf_lock);

which now produces:

------------[ cut here ]------------
WARNING: CPU: 1 PID: 329 at kernel/printk/printk.c:2384 console_unlock
CPU: 1 PID: 329 Comm: bash
Call Trace:
warn_slowpath_null+0x18/0x1a
console_unlock+0x12d/0x559
? trace_hardirqs_on_caller+0x16d/0x189
? trace_hardirqs_on+0xd/0xf
vprintk_emit+0x363/0x374
vprintk_default+0x18/0x1a
printk+0x43/0x4b
[..]

4) printk() from try_to_wake_up()

Assume the following code:

printk()
console_unlock()
up()
try_to_wake_up()
raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&p->pi_lock, flags);
WARN_ON(1);
raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&p->pi_lock, flags);

which now produces:

------------[ cut here ]------------
WARNING: CPU: 3 PID: 363 at kernel/sched/core.c:2028 try_to_wake_up
CPU: 3 PID: 363 Comm: bash
Call Trace:
warn_slowpath_null+0x1d/0x1f
try_to_wake_up+0x7f/0x4f7
wake_up_process+0x15/0x17
__up.isra.0+0x56/0x63
up+0x32/0x42
__up_console_sem+0x37/0x55
console_unlock+0x21e/0x4c2
vprintk_emit+0x41c/0x462
vprintk_default+0x1d/0x1f
printk+0x48/0x50
[..]

5) printk() from call_console_drivers()

Assume the following code:
printk()
console_unlock()
call_console_drivers()
...
WARN_ON(1);

which now produces:

------------[ cut here ]------------
WARNING: CPU: 2 PID: 305 at kernel/printk/printk.c:1604 call_console_drivers
CPU: 2 PID: 305 Comm: bash
Call Trace:
warn_slowpath_null+0x18/0x1a
call_console_drivers.isra.6.constprop.16+0x3a/0xb0
console_unlock+0x471/0x48e
vprintk_emit+0x1f4/0x206
vprintk_default+0x18/0x1a
vprintk_func+0x6e/0x70
printk+0x3e/0x46
[..]

6) unsupported placeholder in printk() format now prints an actual
warning from vscnprintf(), instead of
'BUG: recent printk recursion!'.

------------[ cut here ]------------
WARNING: CPU: 5 PID: 337 at lib/vsprintf.c:1900 format_decode
Please remove unsupported %
in format string
CPU: 5 PID: 337 Comm: bash
Call Trace:
dump_stack+0x4f/0x65
__warn+0xc2/0xdd
warn_slowpath_fmt+0x4b/0x53
format_decode+0x22c/0x308
vsnprintf+0x89/0x3b7
vscnprintf+0xd/0x26
vprintk_emit+0xb4/0x238
vprintk_default+0x1d/0x1f
vprintk_func+0x6c/0x73
printk+0x43/0x4b
[..]

Signed-off-by: Sergey Senozhatsky <sergey.senozhatsky@gmail.com>
Reviewed-by: Petr Mladek <pmladek@suse.com>
---
kernel/printk/printk.c | 47 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++---------------
1 file changed, 32 insertions(+), 15 deletions(-)

diff --git a/kernel/printk/printk.c b/kernel/printk/printk.c
index 86f3f03faf6f..2dd43ae94c64 100644
--- a/kernel/printk/printk.c
+++ b/kernel/printk/printk.c
@@ -213,17 +213,36 @@ static int nr_ext_console_drivers;

static int __down_trylock_console_sem(unsigned long ip)
{
- if (down_trylock(&console_sem))
+ int lock_failed;
+ unsigned long flags;
+
+ /*
+ * Here and in __up_console_sem() we need to be in safe mode,
+ * because spindump/WARN/etc from under console ->lock will
+ * deadlock in printk()->down_trylock_console_sem() otherwise.
+ */
+ printk_safe_enter_irqsave(flags);
+ lock_failed = down_trylock(&console_sem);
+ printk_safe_exit_irqrestore(flags);
+
+ if (lock_failed)
return 1;
mutex_acquire(&console_lock_dep_map, 0, 1, ip);
return 0;
}
#define down_trylock_console_sem() __down_trylock_console_sem(_RET_IP_)

-#define up_console_sem() do { \
- mutex_release(&console_lock_dep_map, 1, _RET_IP_);\
- up(&console_sem);\
-} while (0)
+static void __up_console_sem(unsigned long ip)
+{
+ unsigned long flags;
+
+ mutex_release(&console_lock_dep_map, 1, ip);
+
+ printk_safe_enter_irqsave(flags);
+ up(&console_sem);
+ printk_safe_exit_irqrestore(flags);
+}
+#define up_console_sem() __up_console_sem(_RET_IP_)

/*
* This is used for debugging the mess that is the VT code by
@@ -1688,7 +1707,7 @@ asmlinkage int vprintk_emit(int facility, int level,
boot_delay_msec(level);
printk_delay();

- local_irq_save(flags);
+ printk_safe_enter_irqsave(flags);
this_cpu = smp_processor_id();

/*
@@ -1704,13 +1723,12 @@ asmlinkage int vprintk_emit(int facility, int level,
*/
if (!oops_in_progress && !lockdep_recursing(current)) {
recursion_bug = true;
- local_irq_restore(flags);
+ printk_safe_exit_irqrestore(flags);
return 0;
}
zap_locks();
}

- lockdep_off();
/* This stops the holder of console_sem just where we want him */
raw_spin_lock(&logbuf_lock);
logbuf_cpu = this_cpu;
@@ -1770,12 +1788,10 @@ asmlinkage int vprintk_emit(int facility, int level,

logbuf_cpu = UINT_MAX;
raw_spin_unlock(&logbuf_lock);
- lockdep_on();
- local_irq_restore(flags);
+ printk_safe_exit_irqrestore(flags);

/* If called from the scheduler, we can not call up(). */
if (!in_sched) {
- lockdep_off();
/*
* Try to acquire and then immediately release the console
* semaphore. The release will print out buffers and wake up
@@ -1783,7 +1799,6 @@ asmlinkage int vprintk_emit(int facility, int level,
*/
if (console_trylock())
console_unlock();
- lockdep_on();
}

return printed_len;
@@ -2207,7 +2222,8 @@ void console_unlock(void)
size_t len;
bool report_dropped_msg = false;

- raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&logbuf_lock, flags);
+ printk_safe_enter_irqsave(flags);
+ raw_spin_lock(&logbuf_lock);
if (seen_seq != log_next_seq) {
wake_klogd = true;
seen_seq = log_next_seq;
@@ -2258,7 +2274,7 @@ void console_unlock(void)
stop_critical_timings(); /* don't trace print latency */
call_console_drivers(ext_text, ext_len, text, len);
start_critical_timings();
- local_irq_restore(flags);
+ printk_safe_exit_irqrestore(flags);

if (do_cond_resched)
cond_resched();
@@ -2281,7 +2297,8 @@ void console_unlock(void)
*/
raw_spin_lock(&logbuf_lock);
retry = console_seq != log_next_seq;
- raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&logbuf_lock, flags);
+ raw_spin_unlock(&logbuf_lock);
+ printk_safe_exit_irqrestore(flags);

if (retry && console_trylock())
goto again;
--
2.11.0
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