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SubjectRe: [PATCH 03/10] iio: adc: stm32: add optional dma support
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On 25/10/16 17:25, Fabrice Gasnier wrote:
> Add optional DMA support to STM32 ADC.
> Use dma cyclic mode with at least two periods.
>
> Signed-off-by: Fabrice Gasnier <fabrice.gasnier@st.com>
Few little bits inline, but looks superficially good (my dma knowledge isn't
really up to reviewing this.) Lars can you take a look (perhaps at the next
version)?

Also, you 'could' potentially use the dma buffer stuff to give a lower overhead
route for the data to userspace if the device goes quick enough to warrant
it.

Jonathan
> ---
> drivers/iio/adc/stm32/Kconfig | 2 +
> drivers/iio/adc/stm32/stm32-adc.c | 222 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++----
> drivers/iio/adc/stm32/stm32-adc.h | 15 +++
> drivers/iio/adc/stm32/stm32f4-adc.c | 20 +++-
> 4 files changed, 235 insertions(+), 24 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/drivers/iio/adc/stm32/Kconfig b/drivers/iio/adc/stm32/Kconfig
> index 245d037..5554ac8 100644
> --- a/drivers/iio/adc/stm32/Kconfig
> +++ b/drivers/iio/adc/stm32/Kconfig
> @@ -8,6 +8,7 @@ config STM32_ADC
> select REGULATOR_FIXED_VOLTAGE
> select IIO_BUFFER
> select IIO_TRIGGERED_BUFFER
> + select IRQ_WORK
> help
> Say yes here to build the driver for the STMicroelectronics
> STM32 analog-to-digital converter (ADC).
> @@ -18,6 +19,7 @@ config STM32_ADC
> config STM32F4_ADC
> tristate "STMicroelectronics STM32F4 adc"
> depends on ARCH_STM32 || COMPILE_TEST
> + depends on HAS_DMA
> depends on OF
> select STM32_ADC
> help
> diff --git a/drivers/iio/adc/stm32/stm32-adc.c b/drivers/iio/adc/stm32/stm32-adc.c
> index 1e0850d..25d0307 100644
> --- a/drivers/iio/adc/stm32/stm32-adc.c
> +++ b/drivers/iio/adc/stm32/stm32-adc.c
> @@ -21,6 +21,7 @@
>
> #include <linux/clk.h>
> #include <linux/debugfs.h>
> +#include <linux/dma-mapping.h>
> #include <linux/iio/iio.h>
> #include <linux/iio/buffer.h>
> #include <linux/iio/events.h>
> @@ -371,6 +372,34 @@ static int stm32_adc_read_raw(struct iio_dev *indio_dev,
> return ret;
> }
>
> +static int stm32_adc_residue(struct stm32_adc *adc)
> +{
> + struct dma_tx_state state;
> + enum dma_status status;
> +
> + if (!adc->rx_buf)
> + return 0;
> +
> + status = dmaengine_tx_status(adc->dma_chan,
> + adc->dma_chan->cookie,
> + &state);
> + if (status == DMA_IN_PROGRESS) {
> + /* Residue is size in bytes from end of buffer */
> + int i = adc->rx_buf_sz - state.residue;
> + int size;
> +
> + /* Return available bytes */
> + if (i >= adc->bufi)
> + size = i - adc->bufi;
> + else
> + size = adc->rx_buf_sz - adc->bufi + i;
> +
> + return size;
> + }
> +
> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> /**
> * stm32_adc_isr() - Treat interrupt for one ADC instance within ADC block
> */
> @@ -394,8 +423,8 @@ static irqreturn_t stm32_adc_isr(struct stm32_adc *adc)
> stm32_adc_writel(adc, reginfo->isr, status & ~clr_mask);
> status &= mask;
>
> - /* Regular data */
> - if (status & reginfo->eoc) {
> + /* Regular data (when dma isn't used) */
> + if ((status & reginfo->eoc) && (!adc->rx_buf)) {
> adc->buffer[adc->bufi] = stm32_adc_readl(adc, reginfo->dr);
> if (iio_buffer_enabled(indio_dev)) {
> adc->bufi++;
> @@ -553,29 +582,154 @@ static int stm32_adc_validate_device(struct iio_trigger *trig,
> return indio != indio_dev ? -EINVAL : 0;
> }
>
> -static int stm32_adc_set_trigger_state(struct iio_trigger *trig,
> - bool state)
> +static void stm32_adc_dma_irq_work(struct irq_work *work)
> {
> - struct iio_dev *indio_dev = iio_trigger_get_drvdata(trig);
> + struct stm32_adc *adc = container_of(work, struct stm32_adc, work);
> + struct iio_dev *indio_dev = iio_priv_to_dev(adc);
> +
> + /**
> + * iio_trigger_poll calls generic_handle_irq(). So, it requires hard
> + * irq context, and cannot be called directly from dma callback,
> + * dma cb has to schedule this work instead.
> + */
> + iio_trigger_poll(indio_dev->trig);
> +}
> +
> +static void stm32_adc_dma_buffer_done(void *data)
> +{
> + struct iio_dev *indio_dev = data;
> struct stm32_adc *adc = iio_priv(indio_dev);
> - int ret;
>
> - if (state) {
> - /* Reset adc buffer index */
> - adc->bufi = 0;
> + /* invoques iio_trigger_poll() from hard irq context */
invokes.
> + irq_work_queue(&adc->work);
> +}
> +
> +static int stm32_adc_buffer_alloc_dma_start(struct iio_dev *indio_dev)
> +{
> + struct stm32_adc *adc = iio_priv(indio_dev);
> + const struct stm32_adc_reginfo *reginfo =
> + adc->common->data->adc_reginfo;
> + struct dma_async_tx_descriptor *desc;
> + struct dma_slave_config config;
> + dma_cookie_t cookie;
> + int ret, size, watermark;
>
> + /* Reset adc buffer index */
> + adc->bufi = 0;
> +
> + if (!adc->dma_chan) {
> /* Allocate adc buffer */
> adc->buffer = kzalloc(indio_dev->scan_bytes, GFP_KERNEL);
> if (!adc->buffer)
> return -ENOMEM;
>
> + return 0;
> + }
> +
> + /*
> + * Allocate at least twice the buffer size for dma cyclic transfers, so
> + * we can work with at least two dma periods. There should be :
> + * - always one buffer (period) dma is working on
> + * - one buffer (period) driver can push with iio_trigger_poll().
> + */
> + size = indio_dev->buffer->bytes_per_datum * indio_dev->buffer->length;
> + size = max(indio_dev->scan_bytes * 2, size);
> +
> + adc->rx_buf = dma_alloc_coherent(adc->common->dev, PAGE_ALIGN(size),
> + &adc->rx_dma_buf,
> + GFP_KERNEL);
> + if (!adc->rx_buf)
> + return -ENOMEM;
> + adc->rx_buf_sz = size;
> + watermark = indio_dev->buffer->bytes_per_datum
> + * indio_dev->buffer->watermark;
> + watermark = max(indio_dev->scan_bytes, watermark);
> + watermark = rounddown(watermark, indio_dev->scan_bytes);
> +
> + dev_dbg(&indio_dev->dev, "%s size=%d watermark=%d\n", __func__, size,
> + watermark);
> +
> + /* Configure DMA channel to read data register */
> + memset(&config, 0, sizeof(config));
> + config.src_addr = (dma_addr_t)adc->common->phys_base;
> + config.src_addr += adc->offset + reginfo->dr;
> + config.src_addr_width = DMA_SLAVE_BUSWIDTH_2_BYTES;
> +
> + ret = dmaengine_slave_config(adc->dma_chan, &config);
> + if (ret)
> + goto config_err;
> +
> + /* Prepare a DMA cyclic transaction */
> + desc = dmaengine_prep_dma_cyclic(adc->dma_chan,
> + adc->rx_dma_buf,
> + size, watermark,
> + DMA_DEV_TO_MEM,
> + DMA_PREP_INTERRUPT);
> + if (!desc) {
> + ret = -ENODEV;
> + goto config_err;
> + }
> +
> + desc->callback = stm32_adc_dma_buffer_done;
> + desc->callback_param = indio_dev;
> +
> + cookie = dmaengine_submit(desc);
> + if (dma_submit_error(cookie)) {
> + ret = dma_submit_error(cookie);
> + goto config_err;
> + }
> +
> + /* Issue pending DMA requests */
> + dma_async_issue_pending(adc->dma_chan);
> +
> + return 0;
> +
> +config_err:
> + dma_free_coherent(adc->common->dev, PAGE_ALIGN(size), adc->rx_buf,
> + adc->rx_dma_buf);
> +
> + return ret;
> +}
> +
> +static void stm32_adc_dma_stop_buffer_free(struct iio_dev *indio_dev)
> +{
> + struct stm32_adc *adc = iio_priv(indio_dev);
> +
> + if (!adc->dma_chan) {
> + kfree(adc->buffer);
> + } else {
> + dmaengine_terminate_all(adc->dma_chan);
> + irq_work_sync(&adc->work);
> + dma_free_coherent(adc->common->dev, PAGE_ALIGN(adc->rx_buf_sz),
> + adc->rx_buf, adc->rx_dma_buf);
> + adc->rx_buf = NULL;
> + }
> +
> + adc->buffer = NULL;
> +}
> +
> +static int stm32_adc_set_trigger_state(struct iio_trigger *trig,
> + bool state)
> +{
> + struct iio_dev *indio_dev = iio_trigger_get_drvdata(trig);
> + struct stm32_adc *adc = iio_priv(indio_dev);
> + int ret;
> +
> + if (state) {
> + ret = stm32_adc_buffer_alloc_dma_start(indio_dev);
> + if (ret) {
> + dev_err(&indio_dev->dev, "alloc failed\n");
> + return ret;
> + }
> +
> ret = stm32_adc_set_trig(indio_dev, trig);
> if (ret) {
> dev_err(&indio_dev->dev, "Can't set trigger\n");
> goto err_buffer_free;
> }
>
> - stm32_adc_conv_irq_enable(adc);
> + if (!adc->dma_chan)
> + stm32_adc_conv_irq_enable(adc);
>
> ret = stm32_adc_start_conv(adc);
> if (ret) {
> @@ -589,25 +743,25 @@ static int stm32_adc_set_trigger_state(struct iio_trigger *trig,
> return ret;
> }
>
> - stm32_adc_conv_irq_disable(adc);
> + if (!adc->dma_chan)
> + stm32_adc_conv_irq_disable(adc);
>
> ret = stm32_adc_set_trig(indio_dev, NULL);
> if (ret)
> dev_warn(&indio_dev->dev, "Can't clear trigger\n");
>
> - kfree(adc->buffer);
> - adc->buffer = NULL;
> + stm32_adc_dma_stop_buffer_free(indio_dev);
> }
>
> return 0;
>
> err_irq_trig_disable:
> - stm32_adc_conv_irq_disable(adc);
> + if (!adc->dma_chan)
> + stm32_adc_conv_irq_disable(adc);
> stm32_adc_set_trig(indio_dev, NULL);
>
> err_buffer_free:
> - kfree(adc->buffer);
> - adc->buffer = NULL;
> + stm32_adc_dma_stop_buffer_free(indio_dev);
>
> return ret;
> }
> @@ -624,17 +778,30 @@ static irqreturn_t stm32_adc_trigger_handler(int irq, void *p)
> struct iio_dev *indio_dev = pf->indio_dev;
> struct stm32_adc *adc = iio_priv(indio_dev);
>
> - dev_dbg(&indio_dev->dev, "%s bufi=%d\n", __func__, adc->bufi);
> -
> - /* reset buffer index */
> - adc->bufi = 0;
> - iio_push_to_buffers_with_timestamp(indio_dev, adc->buffer,
> - pf->timestamp);
> + if (!adc->dma_chan) {
> + adc->bufi = 0;
> + iio_push_to_buffers_with_timestamp(indio_dev, adc->buffer,
> + pf->timestamp);
> + } else {
> + int residue = stm32_adc_residue(adc);
> +
This bit wants some explanatory comments I think.
> + while (residue >= indio_dev->scan_bytes) {
> + adc->buffer = (u16 *)&adc->rx_buf[adc->bufi];
> + iio_push_to_buffers_with_timestamp(indio_dev,
> + adc->buffer,
> + pf->timestamp);
> + residue -= indio_dev->scan_bytes;
> + adc->bufi += indio_dev->scan_bytes;
> + if (adc->bufi >= adc->rx_buf_sz)
> + adc->bufi = 0;
> + }
> + }
>
> iio_trigger_notify_done(indio_dev->trig);
>
> /* re-enable eoc irq */
> - stm32_adc_conv_irq_enable(adc);
> + if (!adc->dma_chan)
> + stm32_adc_conv_irq_enable(adc);
>
> return IRQ_HANDLED;
> }
> @@ -827,6 +994,10 @@ static int stm32_adc_register(struct stm32_adc_common *common,
> if (ret)
> goto err_clk_disable;
>
> + adc->dma_chan = dma_request_slave_channel(&indio_dev->dev, "rx");
> + if (adc->dma_chan)
> + init_irq_work(&adc->work, stm32_adc_dma_irq_work);
> +
> ret = iio_triggered_buffer_setup(indio_dev,
> &iio_pollfunc_store_time,
> &stm32_adc_trigger_handler,
> @@ -850,6 +1021,8 @@ static int stm32_adc_register(struct stm32_adc_common *common,
> iio_triggered_buffer_cleanup(indio_dev);
>
> err_trig_unregister:
> + if (adc->dma_chan)
> + dma_release_channel(adc->dma_chan);
> stm32_adc_trig_unregister(indio_dev);
>
> err_clk_disable:
> @@ -870,6 +1043,8 @@ static void stm32_adc_unregister(struct stm32_adc *adc)
> iio_device_unregister(indio_dev);
> iio_triggered_buffer_cleanup(indio_dev);
> stm32_adc_trig_unregister(indio_dev);
> + if (adc->dma_chan)
> + dma_release_channel(adc->dma_chan);
> if (adc->clk) {
> clk_disable_unprepare(adc->clk);
> clk_put(adc->clk);
> @@ -900,6 +1075,7 @@ int stm32_adc_probe(struct platform_device *pdev)
> common->base = devm_ioremap_resource(&pdev->dev, res);
> if (IS_ERR(common->base))
> return PTR_ERR(common->base);
> + common->phys_base = res->start;
>
> common->data = match->data;
> common->dev = &pdev->dev;
> diff --git a/drivers/iio/adc/stm32/stm32-adc.h b/drivers/iio/adc/stm32/stm32-adc.h
> index 0be603c..01a0dda 100644
> --- a/drivers/iio/adc/stm32/stm32-adc.h
> +++ b/drivers/iio/adc/stm32/stm32-adc.h
> @@ -22,6 +22,9 @@
> #ifndef __STM32_ADC_H
> #define __STM32_ADC_H
>
> +#include <linux/dmaengine.h>
> +#include <linux/irq_work.h>
> +
> /*
> * STM32 - ADC global register map
> * ________________________________________________________
> @@ -276,6 +279,11 @@ struct stm32_adc_ops {
> * @num_conv: expected number of scan conversions
> * @injected: use injected channels on this adc
> * @lock: spinlock
> + * @work: irq work used to call trigger poll routine
> + * @dma_chan: dma channel
> + * @rx_buf: dma rx buffer cpu address
> + * @rx_dma_buf: dma rx buffer bus address
> + * @rx_buf_sz: dma rx buffer size
> * @clk: optional adc clock, for this adc instance
> * @calib: optional calibration data
> * @en: emulates enabled state on some stm32 adc
> @@ -293,6 +301,11 @@ struct stm32_adc {
> int num_conv;
> bool injected;
> spinlock_t lock; /* interrupt lock */
> + struct irq_work work;
> + struct dma_chan *dma_chan;
> + u8 *rx_buf;
> + dma_addr_t rx_dma_buf;
> + int rx_buf_sz;
> struct clk *clk;
> void *calib;
> bool en;
> @@ -302,6 +315,7 @@ struct stm32_adc {
> * struct stm32_adc_common - private data of ADC driver, common to all
> * ADC instances (ADC block)
> * @dev: device for this controller
> + * @phys_base: control registers base physical addr
> * @base: control registers base cpu addr
> * @irq: Common irq line for all adc instances
> * @data: STM32 dependent data from compatible
> @@ -313,6 +327,7 @@ struct stm32_adc {
> */
> struct stm32_adc_common {
> struct device *dev;
> + phys_addr_t phys_base;
> void __iomem *base;
> int irq;
> const struct stm32_adc_ops *data;
> diff --git a/drivers/iio/adc/stm32/stm32f4-adc.c b/drivers/iio/adc/stm32/stm32f4-adc.c
> index 147fe9c..4d7a2a8 100644
> --- a/drivers/iio/adc/stm32/stm32f4-adc.c
> +++ b/drivers/iio/adc/stm32/stm32f4-adc.c
> @@ -437,16 +437,30 @@ static bool stm32f4_adc_injected_started(struct stm32_adc *adc)
> * @adc: stm32 adc instance
> *
> * Start single conversions for regular or injected channels.
> + * Also take care of normal or DMA mode. DMA is used in circular mode for
> + * regular conversions, in IIO buffer modes. Rely on rx_buf as raw
> + * read doesn't use dma, but direct DR read.
> */
> static int stm32f4_adc_start_conv(struct stm32_adc *adc)
> {
> - u32 trig_msk, start_msk;
> + u32 val, trig_msk, start_msk;
> + unsigned long flags;
>
> dev_dbg(adc->common->dev, "%s %s\n", __func__,
> adc->injected ? "injected" : "regular");
>
> stm32_adc_set_bits(adc, STM32F4_ADCX_CR1, STM32F4_SCAN);
>
> + if (!adc->injected) {
> + spin_lock_irqsave(&adc->lock, flags);
> + val = stm32_adc_readl(adc, STM32F4_ADCX_CR2);
> + val &= ~(STM32F4_DMA | STM32F4_DDS);
> + if (adc->rx_buf)
> + val |= STM32F4_DMA | STM32F4_DDS;
> + stm32_adc_writel(adc, STM32F4_ADCX_CR2, val);
> + spin_unlock_irqrestore(&adc->lock, flags);
> + }
> +
> if (!stm32f4_adc_is_started(adc)) {
> stm32_adc_set_bits(adc, STM32F4_ADCX_CR2,
> STM32F4_EOCS | STM32F4_ADON);
> @@ -494,6 +508,10 @@ static int stm32f4_adc_stop_conv(struct stm32_adc *adc)
> stm32_adc_clr_bits(adc, STM32F4_ADCX_CR2, STM32F4_ADON);
> }
>
> + if (!adc->injected)
> + stm32_adc_clr_bits(adc, STM32F4_ADCX_CR2,
> + STM32F4_DMA | STM32F4_DDS);
> +
> return 0;
> }
>
>

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