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SubjectRe: [PATCH v2] modversions: treat symbol CRCs as 32 bit quantities on 64 bit archs
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Ard Biesheuvel <ard.biesheuvel@linaro.org> writes:
> The symbol CRCs are emitted as ELF symbols, which allows us to easily
> populate the kcrctab sections by relying on the linker to associate
> each kcrctab slot with the correct value.
>
> This has two downsides:
> - given that the CRCs are treated as pointers, we waste 4 bytes for
> each CRC on 64 bit architectures,
> - on architectures that support runtime relocation, a relocation entry is
> emitted for each CRC value, which may take up 24 bytes of __init space
> (on ELF64 systems)
>
> This comes down to a x8 overhead in [uncompressed] kernel size. In addition,
> each relocation has to be reverted before the CRC value can be used.
>
> Switching to explicit 32 bit values on 64 bit architectures fixes both
> issues, since 32 bit values are not treated as relocatable quantities on
> ELF64 systems, even if the value ultimately resolves to a linker supplied
> value.
>
> So redefine all CRC fields and variables as u32, and redefine the
> __CRC_SYMBOL() macro for 64 bit builds to emit the CRC reference using
> inline assembler (which is necessary since 64-bit C code cannot use
> 32-bit types to hold memory addresses, even if they are ultimately
> resolved using values that do no exceed 0xffffffff).
>
> Also remove the special handling for PPC64, this should no longer be
> required.
>
> Signed-off-by: Ard Biesheuvel <ard.biesheuvel@linaro.org>

This looks good! Thanks for this, it fixes a nasty wart with the
relocation of crcs.

If the ppc and arm maintainers are happy, I'm happy for Jessica to take
it into her module tree.

Acked-by: Rusty Russell <rusty@rustcorp.com.au>

Thanks,
Rusty.

> ---
> v2: drop the change to struct modversion_info: it affects the layout of the
> __versions section, which is consumed by userland tools as well, so it is
> effectively ABI
>
> On an arm64 defconfig build with CONFIG_RELOCATABLE=y, this patch reduces
> the CRC footprint by 24 KB for .rodata, and by 217 KB for .init
>
> Before:
> [ 9] __kcrctab PROGBITS ffff000008b992a8 00b292a8
> 0000000000009440 0000000000000000 A 0 0 8
> [10] __kcrctab_gpl PROGBITS ffff000008ba26e8 00b326e8
> 0000000000008d40 0000000000000000 A 0 0 8
> ...
> [22] .rela RELA ffff000008c96e20 00c26e20
> 00000000001cc758 0000000000000018 A 0 0 8
>
> After:
> [ 9] __kcrctab PROGBITS ffff000008b728a8 00b028a8
> 0000000000004a20 0000000000000000 A 0 0 1
> [10] __kcrctab_gpl PROGBITS ffff000008b772c8 00b072c8
> 00000000000046a0 0000000000000000 A 0 0 1
> ...
> [22] .rela RELA ffff000008c66e20 00bf6e20
> 00000000001962d8 0000000000000018 A 0 0 8
>
> arch/powerpc/include/asm/module.h | 4 --
> arch/powerpc/kernel/module_64.c | 8 ----
> include/linux/export.h | 8 ++++
> include/linux/module.h | 14 +++----
> kernel/module.c | 39 +++++++-------------
> 5 files changed, 29 insertions(+), 44 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/arch/powerpc/include/asm/module.h b/arch/powerpc/include/asm/module.h
> index cd4ffd86765f..94a7f7aa3ae8 100644
> --- a/arch/powerpc/include/asm/module.h
> +++ b/arch/powerpc/include/asm/module.h
> @@ -94,9 +94,5 @@ struct exception_table_entry;
> void sort_ex_table(struct exception_table_entry *start,
> struct exception_table_entry *finish);
>
> -#if defined(CONFIG_MODVERSIONS) && defined(CONFIG_PPC64)
> -#define ARCH_RELOCATES_KCRCTAB
> -#define reloc_start PHYSICAL_START
> -#endif
> #endif /* __KERNEL__ */
> #endif /* _ASM_POWERPC_MODULE_H */
> diff --git a/arch/powerpc/kernel/module_64.c b/arch/powerpc/kernel/module_64.c
> index 183368e008cf..be9b2d5ff846 100644
> --- a/arch/powerpc/kernel/module_64.c
> +++ b/arch/powerpc/kernel/module_64.c
> @@ -286,14 +286,6 @@ static void dedotify_versions(struct modversion_info *vers,
> for (end = (void *)vers + size; vers < end; vers++)
> if (vers->name[0] == '.') {
> memmove(vers->name, vers->name+1, strlen(vers->name));
> -#ifdef ARCH_RELOCATES_KCRCTAB
> - /* The TOC symbol has no CRC computed. To avoid CRC
> - * check failing, we must force it to the expected
> - * value (see CRC check in module.c).
> - */
> - if (!strcmp(vers->name, "TOC."))
> - vers->crc = -(unsigned long)reloc_start;
> -#endif
> }
> }
>
> diff --git a/include/linux/export.h b/include/linux/export.h
> index 2a0f61fbc731..fa51ab2ad190 100644
> --- a/include/linux/export.h
> +++ b/include/linux/export.h
> @@ -41,6 +41,7 @@ extern struct module __this_module;
>
> #if defined(__KERNEL__) && !defined(__GENKSYMS__)
> #ifdef CONFIG_MODVERSIONS
> +#ifndef CONFIG_64BIT
> /* Mark the CRC weak since genksyms apparently decides not to
> * generate a checksums for some symbols */
> #define __CRC_SYMBOL(sym, sec) \
> @@ -50,6 +51,13 @@ extern struct module __this_module;
> __attribute__((section("___kcrctab" sec "+" #sym), used)) \
> = (unsigned long) &__crc_##sym;
> #else
> +#define __CRC_SYMBOL(sym, sec) \
> + asm(" .section \"___kcrctab" sec "+" #sym "\", \"a\" \n" \
> + " .weak " VMLINUX_SYMBOL_STR(__crc_##sym) " \n" \
> + " .word " VMLINUX_SYMBOL_STR(__crc_##sym) " \n" \
> + " .previous \n");
> +#endif
> +#else
> #define __CRC_SYMBOL(sym, sec)
> #endif
>
> diff --git a/include/linux/module.h b/include/linux/module.h
> index 0c3207d26ac0..e0067673f5e5 100644
> --- a/include/linux/module.h
> +++ b/include/linux/module.h
> @@ -346,7 +346,7 @@ struct module {
>
> /* Exported symbols */
> const struct kernel_symbol *syms;
> - const unsigned long *crcs;
> + const u32 *crcs;
> unsigned int num_syms;
>
> /* Kernel parameters. */
> @@ -359,18 +359,18 @@ struct module {
> /* GPL-only exported symbols. */
> unsigned int num_gpl_syms;
> const struct kernel_symbol *gpl_syms;
> - const unsigned long *gpl_crcs;
> + const u32 *gpl_crcs;
>
> #ifdef CONFIG_UNUSED_SYMBOLS
> /* unused exported symbols. */
> const struct kernel_symbol *unused_syms;
> - const unsigned long *unused_crcs;
> + const u32 *unused_crcs;
> unsigned int num_unused_syms;
>
> /* GPL-only, unused exported symbols. */
> unsigned int num_unused_gpl_syms;
> const struct kernel_symbol *unused_gpl_syms;
> - const unsigned long *unused_gpl_crcs;
> + const u32 *unused_gpl_crcs;
> #endif
>
> #ifdef CONFIG_MODULE_SIG
> @@ -382,7 +382,7 @@ struct module {
>
> /* symbols that will be GPL-only in the near future. */
> const struct kernel_symbol *gpl_future_syms;
> - const unsigned long *gpl_future_crcs;
> + const u32 *gpl_future_crcs;
> unsigned int num_gpl_future_syms;
>
> /* Exception table */
> @@ -523,7 +523,7 @@ struct module *find_module(const char *name);
>
> struct symsearch {
> const struct kernel_symbol *start, *stop;
> - const unsigned long *crcs;
> + const u32 *crcs;
> enum {
> NOT_GPL_ONLY,
> GPL_ONLY,
> @@ -539,7 +539,7 @@ struct symsearch {
> */
> const struct kernel_symbol *find_symbol(const char *name,
> struct module **owner,
> - const unsigned long **crc,
> + const u32 **crc,
> bool gplok,
> bool warn);
>
> diff --git a/kernel/module.c b/kernel/module.c
> index f57dd63186e6..90ecdad07e1a 100644
> --- a/kernel/module.c
> +++ b/kernel/module.c
> @@ -386,16 +386,16 @@ extern const struct kernel_symbol __start___ksymtab_gpl[];
> extern const struct kernel_symbol __stop___ksymtab_gpl[];
> extern const struct kernel_symbol __start___ksymtab_gpl_future[];
> extern const struct kernel_symbol __stop___ksymtab_gpl_future[];
> -extern const unsigned long __start___kcrctab[];
> -extern const unsigned long __start___kcrctab_gpl[];
> -extern const unsigned long __start___kcrctab_gpl_future[];
> +extern const u32 __start___kcrctab[];
> +extern const u32 __start___kcrctab_gpl[];
> +extern const u32 __start___kcrctab_gpl_future[];
> #ifdef CONFIG_UNUSED_SYMBOLS
> extern const struct kernel_symbol __start___ksymtab_unused[];
> extern const struct kernel_symbol __stop___ksymtab_unused[];
> extern const struct kernel_symbol __start___ksymtab_unused_gpl[];
> extern const struct kernel_symbol __stop___ksymtab_unused_gpl[];
> -extern const unsigned long __start___kcrctab_unused[];
> -extern const unsigned long __start___kcrctab_unused_gpl[];
> +extern const u32 __start___kcrctab_unused[];
> +extern const u32 __start___kcrctab_unused_gpl[];
> #endif
>
> #ifndef CONFIG_MODVERSIONS
> @@ -494,7 +494,7 @@ struct find_symbol_arg {
>
> /* Output */
> struct module *owner;
> - const unsigned long *crc;
> + const u32 *crc;
> const struct kernel_symbol *sym;
> };
>
> @@ -560,7 +560,7 @@ static bool find_symbol_in_section(const struct symsearch *syms,
> * (optional) module which owns it. Needs preempt disabled or module_mutex. */
> const struct kernel_symbol *find_symbol(const char *name,
> struct module **owner,
> - const unsigned long **crc,
> + const u32 **crc,
> bool gplok,
> bool warn)
> {
> @@ -1257,22 +1257,11 @@ static int try_to_force_load(struct module *mod, const char *reason)
> }
>
> #ifdef CONFIG_MODVERSIONS
> -/* If the arch applies (non-zero) relocations to kernel kcrctab, unapply it. */
> -static unsigned long maybe_relocated(unsigned long crc,
> - const struct module *crc_owner)
> -{
> -#ifdef ARCH_RELOCATES_KCRCTAB
> - if (crc_owner == NULL)
> - return crc - (unsigned long)reloc_start;
> -#endif
> - return crc;
> -}
> -
> static int check_version(Elf_Shdr *sechdrs,
> unsigned int versindex,
> const char *symname,
> struct module *mod,
> - const unsigned long *crc,
> + const u32 *crc,
> const struct module *crc_owner)
> {
> unsigned int i, num_versions;
> @@ -1294,10 +1283,10 @@ static int check_version(Elf_Shdr *sechdrs,
> if (strcmp(versions[i].name, symname) != 0)
> continue;
>
> - if (versions[i].crc == maybe_relocated(*crc, crc_owner))
> + if (versions[i].crc == *crc)
> return 1;
> - pr_debug("Found checksum %lX vs module %lX\n",
> - maybe_relocated(*crc, crc_owner), versions[i].crc);
> + pr_debug("Found checksum %X vs module %lX\n",
> + *crc, versions[i].crc);
> goto bad_version;
> }
>
> @@ -1314,7 +1303,7 @@ static inline int check_modstruct_version(Elf_Shdr *sechdrs,
> unsigned int versindex,
> struct module *mod)
> {
> - const unsigned long *crc;
> + const u32 *crc;
>
> /*
> * Since this should be found in kernel (which can't be removed), no
> @@ -1347,7 +1336,7 @@ static inline int check_version(Elf_Shdr *sechdrs,
> unsigned int versindex,
> const char *symname,
> struct module *mod,
> - const unsigned long *crc,
> + const u32 *crc,
> const struct module *crc_owner)
> {
> return 1;
> @@ -1375,7 +1364,7 @@ static const struct kernel_symbol *resolve_symbol(struct module *mod,
> {
> struct module *owner;
> const struct kernel_symbol *sym;
> - const unsigned long *crc;
> + const u32 *crc;
> int err;
>
> /*
> --
> 2.7.4

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