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SubjectRe: [PATCH] exynos-drm: Fix display manager failing to start without IOMMU problem
On 10/25/2016 11:57 AM, Tobias Jakobi wrote:
> Hello Shuah,
> Shuah Khan wrote:
>> On 10/19/2016 04:27 PM, Shuah Khan wrote:
>>> On 10/19/2016 08:16 AM, Inki Dae wrote:
>>>> Hi Shuah,
>>>> 2016-10-13 8:11 GMT+09:00 Shuah Khan <>:
>>>>> Hi Inki,
>>>>> On 08/15/2016 10:40 PM, Inki Dae wrote:
>>>>>>> okay the very first commit that added IOMMU support
>>>>>>> introduced the code that rejects non-contig gem memory
>>>>>>> type without IOMMU.
>>>>>>> commit 0519f9a12d0113caab78980c48a7902d2bd40c2c
>>>>>>> Author: Inki Dae <>
>>>>>>> Date: Sat Oct 20 07:53:42 2012 -0700
>>>>>>> drm/exynos: add iommu support for exynos drm framework
>>>>> I haven't given up on this yet. I am still seeing the following failure:
>>>>> Additional debug messages I added:
>>>>> [ 15.287403] exynos_drm_gem_create_ioctl() 1
>>>>> [ 15.287419] exynos_drm_gem_create() flags 1
>>>>> [ 15.311511] [drm:exynos_drm_framebuffer_init] *ERROR* Non-contiguous GEM memory is not supported.
>>>>> Additional debug message I added:
>>>>> [ 15.318981] [drm:exynos_user_fb_create] *ERROR* failed to initialize framebuffer
>>>>> This is what happens:
>>>>> 1. exynos_drm_gem_create_ioctl() gets called with EXYNOS_BO_NONCONTIG request
>>>>> 2. exynos_drm_gem_create(0 goes ahead and creates the GEM buffers
>>>>> 3. exynos_user_fb_create() tries to associate GEM to fb and fails during
>>>>> check_fb_gem_memory_type()
>>>>> At this point, there is no recovery and lightdm fails
>>>>> xf86-video-armsoc/src/drmmode_exynos/drmmode_exynos.c assumes contiguous
>>>>> allocations are not supported in some exynos drm versions: The following
>>>>> commit introduced this change:
>>>>> excerpts from the diff:- if (create_gem->buf_type == ARMSOC_BO_SCANOUT)
>>>>> - create_exynos.flags = EXYNOS_BO_CONTIG;
>>>>> - else
>>>>> - create_exynos.flags = EXYNOS_BO_NONCONTIG;
>>>>> +
>>>>> + /* Contiguous allocations are not supported in some exynos drm versions.
>>>>> + * When they are supported all allocations are effectively contiguous
>>>>> + * anyway, so for simplicity we always request non contiguous buffers.
>>>>> + */
>>>>> + create_exynos.flags = EXYNOS_BO_NONCONTIG;
>>>> Above comment, "Contiguous allocations are not supported in some
>>>> exynos drm versions.", seems wrong assumption.
>>>> The root cause, contiguous allocation is not supported, would be that
>>>> they used Linux kernel which didn't have CMA region enough - as
>>>> default 16MB, or didn't declare CMA region enough for the DMA device.
>>>> So I think they should not force to flag EXYNOS_BO_NONCONTIG and they
>>>> should manage the error case if the allocation failed.
>>> This assumption doesn't sound correct and forcing NONCONTIG isn't right
>>> either.
>>>>> There might have been logic on exynos_drm that forced Contig when it coudn't
>>>>> support NONCONTIG. At least, that is what this comment suggests. This assumption
>>>>> doesn't appear to be a good one and not sure if this change was made to fix a bug.
>>>>> After the IOMMU support, this assumption is no longer true. Hence, with IOMMU
>>>>> support, latest kernels have a mismatch with the installed xf86-video-armsoc
>>>>> This is what I am running into. This leads to the following question:
>>>>> 1. How do we ensure exynos_drm kernel changes don't break user-space
>>>>> specifically xf86-video-armsoc
>>>>> 2. This seems to have gone undetected for a while. I see a change in
>>>>> exynos_drm_gem_dumb_create() that is probably addressing this type
>>>>> of breakage. Commit 122beea84bb90236b1ae545f08267af58591c21b adds
>>>>> handling for IOMMU NONCONTIG case.
>>>> Seems this patch has a problem. This patch forces to flag NONCONTIG if
>>>> iommu is enabled. The flag should be depend on the argument from
>>>> user-space.
>>>> I.e., if user-space requested a gem allocation with CONTIG flag, then
>>>> Exynos drm driver should allocate contiguous memory even though iommu
>>>> is enabled.
>>>>> Anyway, I am interested in getting the exynos_drm kernel side code
>>>>> and xf86-video-armsoc in sync to resolve the issue.
>>>>> Could you recommend a going forward plan?
>>>> My opinion are,
>>>> 1. Do not force to flag EXYNOS_BO_NONCONTIG at xf86-video-armsoc
>> Okay more on this. I fixed xf86-video-armso to ask for EXYNOS_BO_CONTIG
>> for ARMSOC_BO_SCANOUT and EXYNOS_BO_NONCONTIG in all other cases.
>> Revert of the commit: 3be1f6273441fe95dd442f44064387322e16b7e9
>> With this change, now display manager starts just fine. However, it turns
>> out xf86-video-armsoc is obsoleted in favor of xf86-video-modesetting. The
>> last update to xf86-video-armsoc git was 3 years ago.
> IIRC xf86-video-armsoc was created to facilitate integration with the
> proprietary Mali userspace blob. I don't think that can be done with the
> modesetting DDX.
>> I am not sure where to send the fix and doesn't look like it is being
>> maintained actively. I can pursue it further and try to get this into
>> xf86-video-armsoc provided I can find the maintainer for this seemingly
>> inactive project.
> I was wondering if anyone has actually complained about this issue?

I sent email to the last person that modified the xf86-video-armsoc.
I will pursue fix to this.

>> I brought in the latest xf86-video-modesetting bits from
>> I removed xf86-video-armsoc and installed xf86-video-modesetting and that
>> worked just fine. xf86-video-modesetting uses dumb_create interface instead
>> dumb_create interface eliminates the need for DRM_IOCTL_EXYNOS_GEM_CREATE
>> in userspace. libdrm-2.4.71 does call DRM_IOCTL_EXYNOS_GEM_CREATE.
>> The question is do we still need to continue to support the custom gem
>> create interface DRM_IOCTL_EXYNOS_GEM_CREATE?
> I'd say yes. With just the dumb_create interface it is not possible to
> change the type of buffer you get. And if you want to support any kind
> of hw acceleration in the DDX, you probably want to control at least the
> caching behaviour of the buffer.

Right. Okay that makes sense.

>> Some drm drivers seem to support it and some don't.
> Not sure I understand this. I don't think any other DRM driver except
> for exynos supports this ioctl. But all drivers have their own ioctls to
>> Unfortunately, if userspace requests noncontig
>> for scanout, we will continue to see problems with display manager when
>> iommu is disabled. dumb create hides all of that, are there good reasons
>> to continue to support it in exynos drm?
> In addition to the stuff I said above, you can use it for render nodes.
> That doesn't work for dumb_create.
>> Exposing CONTIG and NONCONTIG to userspace appears to be causing problems
>> when exynos drm determines it can't support non-contig GEM buffers in fb
>> init after userspace allocates them.
> Might be missing something here, but this whole thing just looks like a
> bug in xf86-video-armsoc. No matter from which perspective you look, the
> commit that changed all allocations to noncontig was plain wrong.
> My guess: This was done to paper over some bug in some vendor kernel for
> a product using an Exynos SoC.

Yeah. The right fix in this case is fixing xf86-video-armsoc as you explained
dump_create is too generic for some use-cases.

-- Shuah

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