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Subject[PATCH 03/10] iio: adc: stm32: add optional dma support
Date
Add optional DMA support to STM32 ADC.
Use dma cyclic mode with at least two periods.

Signed-off-by: Fabrice Gasnier <fabrice.gasnier@st.com>
---
drivers/iio/adc/stm32/Kconfig | 2 +
drivers/iio/adc/stm32/stm32-adc.c | 222 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++----
drivers/iio/adc/stm32/stm32-adc.h | 15 +++
drivers/iio/adc/stm32/stm32f4-adc.c | 20 +++-
4 files changed, 235 insertions(+), 24 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/iio/adc/stm32/Kconfig b/drivers/iio/adc/stm32/Kconfig
index 245d037..5554ac8 100644
--- a/drivers/iio/adc/stm32/Kconfig
+++ b/drivers/iio/adc/stm32/Kconfig
@@ -8,6 +8,7 @@ config STM32_ADC
select REGULATOR_FIXED_VOLTAGE
select IIO_BUFFER
select IIO_TRIGGERED_BUFFER
+ select IRQ_WORK
help
Say yes here to build the driver for the STMicroelectronics
STM32 analog-to-digital converter (ADC).
@@ -18,6 +19,7 @@ config STM32_ADC
config STM32F4_ADC
tristate "STMicroelectronics STM32F4 adc"
depends on ARCH_STM32 || COMPILE_TEST
+ depends on HAS_DMA
depends on OF
select STM32_ADC
help
diff --git a/drivers/iio/adc/stm32/stm32-adc.c b/drivers/iio/adc/stm32/stm32-adc.c
index 1e0850d..25d0307 100644
--- a/drivers/iio/adc/stm32/stm32-adc.c
+++ b/drivers/iio/adc/stm32/stm32-adc.c
@@ -21,6 +21,7 @@

#include <linux/clk.h>
#include <linux/debugfs.h>
+#include <linux/dma-mapping.h>
#include <linux/iio/iio.h>
#include <linux/iio/buffer.h>
#include <linux/iio/events.h>
@@ -371,6 +372,34 @@ static int stm32_adc_read_raw(struct iio_dev *indio_dev,
return ret;
}

+static int stm32_adc_residue(struct stm32_adc *adc)
+{
+ struct dma_tx_state state;
+ enum dma_status status;
+
+ if (!adc->rx_buf)
+ return 0;
+
+ status = dmaengine_tx_status(adc->dma_chan,
+ adc->dma_chan->cookie,
+ &state);
+ if (status == DMA_IN_PROGRESS) {
+ /* Residue is size in bytes from end of buffer */
+ int i = adc->rx_buf_sz - state.residue;
+ int size;
+
+ /* Return available bytes */
+ if (i >= adc->bufi)
+ size = i - adc->bufi;
+ else
+ size = adc->rx_buf_sz - adc->bufi + i;
+
+ return size;
+ }
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
/**
* stm32_adc_isr() - Treat interrupt for one ADC instance within ADC block
*/
@@ -394,8 +423,8 @@ static irqreturn_t stm32_adc_isr(struct stm32_adc *adc)
stm32_adc_writel(adc, reginfo->isr, status & ~clr_mask);
status &= mask;

- /* Regular data */
- if (status & reginfo->eoc) {
+ /* Regular data (when dma isn't used) */
+ if ((status & reginfo->eoc) && (!adc->rx_buf)) {
adc->buffer[adc->bufi] = stm32_adc_readl(adc, reginfo->dr);
if (iio_buffer_enabled(indio_dev)) {
adc->bufi++;
@@ -553,29 +582,154 @@ static int stm32_adc_validate_device(struct iio_trigger *trig,
return indio != indio_dev ? -EINVAL : 0;
}

-static int stm32_adc_set_trigger_state(struct iio_trigger *trig,
- bool state)
+static void stm32_adc_dma_irq_work(struct irq_work *work)
{
- struct iio_dev *indio_dev = iio_trigger_get_drvdata(trig);
+ struct stm32_adc *adc = container_of(work, struct stm32_adc, work);
+ struct iio_dev *indio_dev = iio_priv_to_dev(adc);
+
+ /**
+ * iio_trigger_poll calls generic_handle_irq(). So, it requires hard
+ * irq context, and cannot be called directly from dma callback,
+ * dma cb has to schedule this work instead.
+ */
+ iio_trigger_poll(indio_dev->trig);
+}
+
+static void stm32_adc_dma_buffer_done(void *data)
+{
+ struct iio_dev *indio_dev = data;
struct stm32_adc *adc = iio_priv(indio_dev);
- int ret;

- if (state) {
- /* Reset adc buffer index */
- adc->bufi = 0;
+ /* invoques iio_trigger_poll() from hard irq context */
+ irq_work_queue(&adc->work);
+}
+
+static int stm32_adc_buffer_alloc_dma_start(struct iio_dev *indio_dev)
+{
+ struct stm32_adc *adc = iio_priv(indio_dev);
+ const struct stm32_adc_reginfo *reginfo =
+ adc->common->data->adc_reginfo;
+ struct dma_async_tx_descriptor *desc;
+ struct dma_slave_config config;
+ dma_cookie_t cookie;
+ int ret, size, watermark;

+ /* Reset adc buffer index */
+ adc->bufi = 0;
+
+ if (!adc->dma_chan) {
/* Allocate adc buffer */
adc->buffer = kzalloc(indio_dev->scan_bytes, GFP_KERNEL);
if (!adc->buffer)
return -ENOMEM;

+ return 0;
+ }
+
+ /*
+ * Allocate at least twice the buffer size for dma cyclic transfers, so
+ * we can work with at least two dma periods. There should be :
+ * - always one buffer (period) dma is working on
+ * - one buffer (period) driver can push with iio_trigger_poll().
+ */
+ size = indio_dev->buffer->bytes_per_datum * indio_dev->buffer->length;
+ size = max(indio_dev->scan_bytes * 2, size);
+
+ adc->rx_buf = dma_alloc_coherent(adc->common->dev, PAGE_ALIGN(size),
+ &adc->rx_dma_buf,
+ GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!adc->rx_buf)
+ return -ENOMEM;
+ adc->rx_buf_sz = size;
+ watermark = indio_dev->buffer->bytes_per_datum
+ * indio_dev->buffer->watermark;
+ watermark = max(indio_dev->scan_bytes, watermark);
+ watermark = rounddown(watermark, indio_dev->scan_bytes);
+
+ dev_dbg(&indio_dev->dev, "%s size=%d watermark=%d\n", __func__, size,
+ watermark);
+
+ /* Configure DMA channel to read data register */
+ memset(&config, 0, sizeof(config));
+ config.src_addr = (dma_addr_t)adc->common->phys_base;
+ config.src_addr += adc->offset + reginfo->dr;
+ config.src_addr_width = DMA_SLAVE_BUSWIDTH_2_BYTES;
+
+ ret = dmaengine_slave_config(adc->dma_chan, &config);
+ if (ret)
+ goto config_err;
+
+ /* Prepare a DMA cyclic transaction */
+ desc = dmaengine_prep_dma_cyclic(adc->dma_chan,
+ adc->rx_dma_buf,
+ size, watermark,
+ DMA_DEV_TO_MEM,
+ DMA_PREP_INTERRUPT);
+ if (!desc) {
+ ret = -ENODEV;
+ goto config_err;
+ }
+
+ desc->callback = stm32_adc_dma_buffer_done;
+ desc->callback_param = indio_dev;
+
+ cookie = dmaengine_submit(desc);
+ if (dma_submit_error(cookie)) {
+ ret = dma_submit_error(cookie);
+ goto config_err;
+ }
+
+ /* Issue pending DMA requests */
+ dma_async_issue_pending(adc->dma_chan);
+
+ return 0;
+
+config_err:
+ dma_free_coherent(adc->common->dev, PAGE_ALIGN(size), adc->rx_buf,
+ adc->rx_dma_buf);
+
+ return ret;
+}
+
+static void stm32_adc_dma_stop_buffer_free(struct iio_dev *indio_dev)
+{
+ struct stm32_adc *adc = iio_priv(indio_dev);
+
+ if (!adc->dma_chan) {
+ kfree(adc->buffer);
+ } else {
+ dmaengine_terminate_all(adc->dma_chan);
+ irq_work_sync(&adc->work);
+ dma_free_coherent(adc->common->dev, PAGE_ALIGN(adc->rx_buf_sz),
+ adc->rx_buf, adc->rx_dma_buf);
+ adc->rx_buf = NULL;
+ }
+
+ adc->buffer = NULL;
+}
+
+static int stm32_adc_set_trigger_state(struct iio_trigger *trig,
+ bool state)
+{
+ struct iio_dev *indio_dev = iio_trigger_get_drvdata(trig);
+ struct stm32_adc *adc = iio_priv(indio_dev);
+ int ret;
+
+ if (state) {
+ ret = stm32_adc_buffer_alloc_dma_start(indio_dev);
+ if (ret) {
+ dev_err(&indio_dev->dev, "alloc failed\n");
+ return ret;
+ }
+
ret = stm32_adc_set_trig(indio_dev, trig);
if (ret) {
dev_err(&indio_dev->dev, "Can't set trigger\n");
goto err_buffer_free;
}

- stm32_adc_conv_irq_enable(adc);
+ if (!adc->dma_chan)
+ stm32_adc_conv_irq_enable(adc);

ret = stm32_adc_start_conv(adc);
if (ret) {
@@ -589,25 +743,25 @@ static int stm32_adc_set_trigger_state(struct iio_trigger *trig,
return ret;
}

- stm32_adc_conv_irq_disable(adc);
+ if (!adc->dma_chan)
+ stm32_adc_conv_irq_disable(adc);

ret = stm32_adc_set_trig(indio_dev, NULL);
if (ret)
dev_warn(&indio_dev->dev, "Can't clear trigger\n");

- kfree(adc->buffer);
- adc->buffer = NULL;
+ stm32_adc_dma_stop_buffer_free(indio_dev);
}

return 0;

err_irq_trig_disable:
- stm32_adc_conv_irq_disable(adc);
+ if (!adc->dma_chan)
+ stm32_adc_conv_irq_disable(adc);
stm32_adc_set_trig(indio_dev, NULL);

err_buffer_free:
- kfree(adc->buffer);
- adc->buffer = NULL;
+ stm32_adc_dma_stop_buffer_free(indio_dev);

return ret;
}
@@ -624,17 +778,30 @@ static irqreturn_t stm32_adc_trigger_handler(int irq, void *p)
struct iio_dev *indio_dev = pf->indio_dev;
struct stm32_adc *adc = iio_priv(indio_dev);

- dev_dbg(&indio_dev->dev, "%s bufi=%d\n", __func__, adc->bufi);
-
- /* reset buffer index */
- adc->bufi = 0;
- iio_push_to_buffers_with_timestamp(indio_dev, adc->buffer,
- pf->timestamp);
+ if (!adc->dma_chan) {
+ adc->bufi = 0;
+ iio_push_to_buffers_with_timestamp(indio_dev, adc->buffer,
+ pf->timestamp);
+ } else {
+ int residue = stm32_adc_residue(adc);
+
+ while (residue >= indio_dev->scan_bytes) {
+ adc->buffer = (u16 *)&adc->rx_buf[adc->bufi];
+ iio_push_to_buffers_with_timestamp(indio_dev,
+ adc->buffer,
+ pf->timestamp);
+ residue -= indio_dev->scan_bytes;
+ adc->bufi += indio_dev->scan_bytes;
+ if (adc->bufi >= adc->rx_buf_sz)
+ adc->bufi = 0;
+ }
+ }

iio_trigger_notify_done(indio_dev->trig);

/* re-enable eoc irq */
- stm32_adc_conv_irq_enable(adc);
+ if (!adc->dma_chan)
+ stm32_adc_conv_irq_enable(adc);

return IRQ_HANDLED;
}
@@ -827,6 +994,10 @@ static int stm32_adc_register(struct stm32_adc_common *common,
if (ret)
goto err_clk_disable;

+ adc->dma_chan = dma_request_slave_channel(&indio_dev->dev, "rx");
+ if (adc->dma_chan)
+ init_irq_work(&adc->work, stm32_adc_dma_irq_work);
+
ret = iio_triggered_buffer_setup(indio_dev,
&iio_pollfunc_store_time,
&stm32_adc_trigger_handler,
@@ -850,6 +1021,8 @@ static int stm32_adc_register(struct stm32_adc_common *common,
iio_triggered_buffer_cleanup(indio_dev);

err_trig_unregister:
+ if (adc->dma_chan)
+ dma_release_channel(adc->dma_chan);
stm32_adc_trig_unregister(indio_dev);

err_clk_disable:
@@ -870,6 +1043,8 @@ static void stm32_adc_unregister(struct stm32_adc *adc)
iio_device_unregister(indio_dev);
iio_triggered_buffer_cleanup(indio_dev);
stm32_adc_trig_unregister(indio_dev);
+ if (adc->dma_chan)
+ dma_release_channel(adc->dma_chan);
if (adc->clk) {
clk_disable_unprepare(adc->clk);
clk_put(adc->clk);
@@ -900,6 +1075,7 @@ int stm32_adc_probe(struct platform_device *pdev)
common->base = devm_ioremap_resource(&pdev->dev, res);
if (IS_ERR(common->base))
return PTR_ERR(common->base);
+ common->phys_base = res->start;

common->data = match->data;
common->dev = &pdev->dev;
diff --git a/drivers/iio/adc/stm32/stm32-adc.h b/drivers/iio/adc/stm32/stm32-adc.h
index 0be603c..01a0dda 100644
--- a/drivers/iio/adc/stm32/stm32-adc.h
+++ b/drivers/iio/adc/stm32/stm32-adc.h
@@ -22,6 +22,9 @@
#ifndef __STM32_ADC_H
#define __STM32_ADC_H

+#include <linux/dmaengine.h>
+#include <linux/irq_work.h>
+
/*
* STM32 - ADC global register map
* ________________________________________________________
@@ -276,6 +279,11 @@ struct stm32_adc_ops {
* @num_conv: expected number of scan conversions
* @injected: use injected channels on this adc
* @lock: spinlock
+ * @work: irq work used to call trigger poll routine
+ * @dma_chan: dma channel
+ * @rx_buf: dma rx buffer cpu address
+ * @rx_dma_buf: dma rx buffer bus address
+ * @rx_buf_sz: dma rx buffer size
* @clk: optional adc clock, for this adc instance
* @calib: optional calibration data
* @en: emulates enabled state on some stm32 adc
@@ -293,6 +301,11 @@ struct stm32_adc {
int num_conv;
bool injected;
spinlock_t lock; /* interrupt lock */
+ struct irq_work work;
+ struct dma_chan *dma_chan;
+ u8 *rx_buf;
+ dma_addr_t rx_dma_buf;
+ int rx_buf_sz;
struct clk *clk;
void *calib;
bool en;
@@ -302,6 +315,7 @@ struct stm32_adc {
* struct stm32_adc_common - private data of ADC driver, common to all
* ADC instances (ADC block)
* @dev: device for this controller
+ * @phys_base: control registers base physical addr
* @base: control registers base cpu addr
* @irq: Common irq line for all adc instances
* @data: STM32 dependent data from compatible
@@ -313,6 +327,7 @@ struct stm32_adc {
*/
struct stm32_adc_common {
struct device *dev;
+ phys_addr_t phys_base;
void __iomem *base;
int irq;
const struct stm32_adc_ops *data;
diff --git a/drivers/iio/adc/stm32/stm32f4-adc.c b/drivers/iio/adc/stm32/stm32f4-adc.c
index 147fe9c..4d7a2a8 100644
--- a/drivers/iio/adc/stm32/stm32f4-adc.c
+++ b/drivers/iio/adc/stm32/stm32f4-adc.c
@@ -437,16 +437,30 @@ static bool stm32f4_adc_injected_started(struct stm32_adc *adc)
* @adc: stm32 adc instance
*
* Start single conversions for regular or injected channels.
+ * Also take care of normal or DMA mode. DMA is used in circular mode for
+ * regular conversions, in IIO buffer modes. Rely on rx_buf as raw
+ * read doesn't use dma, but direct DR read.
*/
static int stm32f4_adc_start_conv(struct stm32_adc *adc)
{
- u32 trig_msk, start_msk;
+ u32 val, trig_msk, start_msk;
+ unsigned long flags;

dev_dbg(adc->common->dev, "%s %s\n", __func__,
adc->injected ? "injected" : "regular");

stm32_adc_set_bits(adc, STM32F4_ADCX_CR1, STM32F4_SCAN);

+ if (!adc->injected) {
+ spin_lock_irqsave(&adc->lock, flags);
+ val = stm32_adc_readl(adc, STM32F4_ADCX_CR2);
+ val &= ~(STM32F4_DMA | STM32F4_DDS);
+ if (adc->rx_buf)
+ val |= STM32F4_DMA | STM32F4_DDS;
+ stm32_adc_writel(adc, STM32F4_ADCX_CR2, val);
+ spin_unlock_irqrestore(&adc->lock, flags);
+ }
+
if (!stm32f4_adc_is_started(adc)) {
stm32_adc_set_bits(adc, STM32F4_ADCX_CR2,
STM32F4_EOCS | STM32F4_ADON);
@@ -494,6 +508,10 @@ static int stm32f4_adc_stop_conv(struct stm32_adc *adc)
stm32_adc_clr_bits(adc, STM32F4_ADCX_CR2, STM32F4_ADON);
}

+ if (!adc->injected)
+ stm32_adc_clr_bits(adc, STM32F4_ADCX_CR2,
+ STM32F4_DMA | STM32F4_DDS);
+
return 0;
}

--
1.9.1
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