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SubjectRe: [PATCH 2/4] iio: dpot-dac: DAC driver based on a digital potentiometer
From
Date
On 2016-10-20 13:29, Peter Meerwald-Stadler wrote:
>> It is assumed the that the dpot is used as a voltage divider between the
>> current dpot wiper setting and the maximum resistance of the dpot. The
>> divided voltage is provided by a vref regulator.
>>
>> .------.
>> .-----------. | |
>> | Vref |--' .---.
>> | regulator |--. | |
>> '-----------' | | d |
>> | | p |
>> | | o | wiper
>> | | t |<---------+
>> | | |
>> | '---' dac output voltage
>> | |
>> '------+------------+
>
> nice ASCII art :)

Thanks!

> comments below, just nitpicking
>
>> Signed-off-by: Peter Rosin <peda@axentia.se>
>> ---
>> MAINTAINERS | 1 +
>> drivers/iio/dac/Kconfig | 10 +++
>> drivers/iio/dac/Makefile | 1 +
>> drivers/iio/dac/dpot-dac.c | 219 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
>> 4 files changed, 231 insertions(+)
>> create mode 100644 drivers/iio/dac/dpot-dac.c
>>
>> diff --git a/MAINTAINERS b/MAINTAINERS
>> index c68b72088945..8c8aae24b96b 100644
>> --- a/MAINTAINERS
>> +++ b/MAINTAINERS
>> @@ -6116,6 +6116,7 @@ M: Peter Rosin <peda@axentia.se>
>> L: linux-iio@vger.kernel.org
>> S: Maintained
>> F: Documentation/devicetree/bindings/iio/dac/dpot-dac.txt
>> +F: drivers/iio/dac/dpot-dac.c
>>
>> IIO SUBSYSTEM AND DRIVERS
>> M: Jonathan Cameron <jic23@kernel.org>
>> diff --git a/drivers/iio/dac/Kconfig b/drivers/iio/dac/Kconfig
>> index 120b24478469..934d4138fcdb 100644
>> --- a/drivers/iio/dac/Kconfig
>> +++ b/drivers/iio/dac/Kconfig
>> @@ -200,6 +200,16 @@ config AD8801
>> To compile this driver as a module choose M here: the module will be called
>> ad8801.
>>
>> +config DPOT_DAC
>> + tristate "DAC emulation using a DPOT"
>> + depends on OF
>> + help
>> + Say yes here to build support for DAC emulation using a digital
>> + potentiometer.
>> +
>> + To compile this driver as a module, choose M here: the module will be
>> + called iio-dpot-dac.
>
> I guess the name will be dpot-dac?
>
>> +
>> config LPC18XX_DAC
>> tristate "NXP LPC18xx DAC driver"
>> depends on ARCH_LPC18XX || COMPILE_TEST
>> diff --git a/drivers/iio/dac/Makefile b/drivers/iio/dac/Makefile
>> index 27642bbf75f2..f01bf4a99867 100644
>> --- a/drivers/iio/dac/Makefile
>> +++ b/drivers/iio/dac/Makefile
>> @@ -22,6 +22,7 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_AD5686) += ad5686.o
>> obj-$(CONFIG_AD7303) += ad7303.o
>> obj-$(CONFIG_AD8801) += ad8801.o
>> obj-$(CONFIG_CIO_DAC) += cio-dac.o
>> +obj-$(CONFIG_DPOT_DAC) += dpot-dac.o
>> obj-$(CONFIG_LPC18XX_DAC) += lpc18xx_dac.o
>> obj-$(CONFIG_M62332) += m62332.o
>> obj-$(CONFIG_MAX517) += max517.o
>> diff --git a/drivers/iio/dac/dpot-dac.c b/drivers/iio/dac/dpot-dac.c
>> new file mode 100644
>> index 000000000000..94fbb4b27287
>> --- /dev/null
>> +++ b/drivers/iio/dac/dpot-dac.c
>> @@ -0,0 +1,219 @@
>> +/*
>> + * IIO DAC emulation driver using a digital potentiometer
>> + *
>> + * Copyright (C) 2016 Axentia Technologies AB
>> + *
>> + * Author: Peter Rosin <peda@axentia.se>
>> + *
>> + * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
>> + * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as
>> + * published by the Free Software Foundation.
>> + */
>> +
>> +/*
>> + * It is assumed the that the dpot is used as a voltage divider between the
>
> delete first 'the'

Right. Lining this and a few other things up for v2. I'm hoping
for more feedback on other stuff though, so I'll hold that off for
a bit.

>> + * current dpot wiper setting and the maximum resistance of the dpot. The
>> + * divided voltage is provided by a vref regulator.
>> + *
>> + * .------.
>> + * .-----------. | |
>> + * | Vref |--' .---.
>
> vref maybe lowercase

Right, I'm changing Vref to vref all over the map.

>> + * | regulator |--. | |
>> + * '-----------' | | d |
>> + * | | p |
>> + * | | o | wiper
>> + * | | t |<---------+
>> + * | | |
>> + * | '---' dac output voltage
>> + * | |
>> + * '------+------------+
>> + */
>> +
>> +#include <linux/err.h>
>> +#include <linux/iio/consumer.h>
>> +#include <linux/iio/iio.h>
>> +#include <linux/module.h>
>> +#include <linux/of.h>
>> +#include <linux/platform_device.h>
>> +#include <linux/regulator/consumer.h>
>> +
>> +struct dpot_dac {
>> + struct regulator *vref;
>> + struct iio_channel *dpot;
>
> const

const? devm_iio_channel_get doesn't return a const iio_channel. What
am I missing?

>> + u32 max_ohms;
>> +};
>> +
>> +static const struct iio_chan_spec dpot_dac_iio_channel = {
>> + .type = IIO_VOLTAGE,
>> + .info_mask_separate = BIT(IIO_CHAN_INFO_RAW)
>> + | BIT(IIO_CHAN_INFO_SCALE),
>> + .output = 1,
>> +};
>> +
>> +static int dpot_dac_read_raw(struct iio_dev *indio_dev,
>> + struct iio_chan_spec const *chan,
>> + int *val, int *val2, long mask)
>> +{
>> + struct dpot_dac *dac = iio_priv(indio_dev);
>> + int ret;
>> + unsigned long long tmp;
>
> s64 (which is used to cast below)

I assume that what you really want is to get rid of the cast, and
that you aren't really bothered if tmp is ull or s32, right? Given
that assumption, I'm just dropping the cast instead. The LL specifier
on the constant should promote *val anyway.

>> +
>> + switch (mask) {
>> + case IIO_CHAN_INFO_RAW:
>> + return iio_read_channel_raw(dac->dpot, val);
>> +
>> + case IIO_CHAN_INFO_SCALE:
>> + ret = iio_read_channel_scale(dac->dpot, val, val2);
>> + switch (ret) {
>> + case IIO_VAL_FRACTIONAL_LOG2:
>> + tmp = (s64)*val * 1000000000LL;
>> + do_div(tmp, dac->max_ohms);
>> + tmp *= regulator_get_voltage(dac->vref) / 1000;
>> + do_div(tmp, 1000000000LL);
>> + *val = tmp;
>> + return ret;
>> + case IIO_VAL_INT:
>> + *val2 = 1;
>
> I think this needs a comment to clarify what's going on...

How about this:

/*
* Convert integer scale to fractional scale by
* setting the denominator (*val2) to 1 (one) and
* fall through to the handler for fractional scale.
*/

>> + ret = IIO_VAL_FRACTIONAL;
>> + break;
>> + }
>> + *val *= regulator_get_voltage(dac->vref) / 1000;
>> + *val2 *= dac->max_ohms;
>> +
>> + return ret;
>> + }
>> +
>> + return -EINVAL;
>> +}
>> +
>> +static int dpot_dac_write_raw(struct iio_dev *indio_dev,
>> + struct iio_chan_spec const *chan,
>> + int val, int val2, long mask)
>> +{
>> + struct dpot_dac *dac = iio_priv(indio_dev);
>> +
>> + switch (mask) {
>> + case IIO_CHAN_INFO_RAW:
>> + return iio_write_channel_raw(dac->dpot, val);
>> + }
>> +
>> + return -EINVAL;
>> +}
>> +
>> +static const struct iio_info dpot_dac_info = {
>> + .read_raw = dpot_dac_read_raw,
>> + .write_raw = dpot_dac_write_raw,
>> + .driver_module = THIS_MODULE,
>> +};
>> +
>> +static int dpot_dac_probe(struct platform_device *pdev)
>> +{
>> + struct device *dev = &pdev->dev;
>> + struct iio_dev *indio_dev;
>> + struct dpot_dac *dac;
>> + enum iio_chan_type type;
>> + int ret;
>> +
>> + indio_dev = devm_iio_device_alloc(dev, sizeof(*dac));
>> + if (!indio_dev)
>> + return -ENOMEM;
>> +
>> + platform_set_drvdata(pdev, indio_dev);
>> + dac = iio_priv(indio_dev);
>> +
>> + indio_dev->name = dev_name(dev);
>> + indio_dev->dev.parent = dev;
>> + indio_dev->info = &dpot_dac_info;
>> + indio_dev->modes = INDIO_DIRECT_MODE;
>> + indio_dev->channels = &dpot_dac_iio_channel;
>> + indio_dev->num_channels = 1;
>
> maybe ARRAY_SIZE(dpot_dac_iio_channel) to future-proof it

Except dpot_dac_iio_channel isn't an array. Does ARRAY_SIZE
work on non-arrays?

Cheers,
Peter

>> +
>> + dac->vref = devm_regulator_get(dev, "vref");
>> + if (IS_ERR(dac->vref)) {
>> + if (PTR_ERR(dac->dpot) != -EPROBE_DEFER)
>> + dev_err(&pdev->dev, "failed to get vref regulator\n");
>> + return PTR_ERR(dac->vref);
>> + }
>> +
>> + dac->dpot = devm_iio_channel_get(dev, "dpot");
>> + if (IS_ERR(dac->dpot)) {
>> + if (PTR_ERR(dac->dpot) != -EPROBE_DEFER)
>> + dev_err(dev, "failed to get dpot input channel\n");
>> + return PTR_ERR(dac->dpot);
>> + }
>> +
>> + switch (iio_read_channel_scale(dac->dpot, &ret, NULL)) {
>> + case IIO_VAL_INT:
>> + case IIO_VAL_FRACTIONAL:
>> + case IIO_VAL_FRACTIONAL_LOG2:
>> + break;
>> + default:
>> + dev_err(dev, "dpot has a scale that is too weird\n");
>
> :-)
>
>> + return -EINVAL;
>> + }
>> +
>> + ret = iio_get_channel_type(dac->dpot, &type);
>> + if (ret < 0)
>> + return ret;
>> +
>> + if (type != IIO_RESISTANCE) {
>> + dev_err(dev, "dpot is of the wrong type\n");
>> + return -EINVAL;
>> + }
>> +
>> + ret = of_property_read_u32(dev->of_node, "dpot-dac,max-ohms",
>> + &dac->max_ohms);
>> + if (ret) {
>> + dev_err(dev, "the dpot-dac,max-ohms property is missing\n");
>> + return ret;
>> + }
>> +
>> + ret = regulator_enable(dac->vref);
>> + if (ret) {
>> + dev_err(dev, "failed to enable the vref regulator\n");
>> + return ret;
>> + }
>> +
>> + ret = iio_device_register(indio_dev);
>> + if (ret) {
>> + dev_err(dev, "failed to register iio device\n");
>> + goto disable_reg;
>> + }
>> +
>> + return 0;
>> +
>> +disable_reg:
>> + regulator_disable(dac->vref);
>> + return ret;
>> +}
>> +
>> +static int dpot_dac_remove(struct platform_device *pdev)
>> +{
>> + struct iio_dev *indio_dev = platform_get_drvdata(pdev);
>> + struct dpot_dac *dac = iio_priv(indio_dev);
>> +
>> + iio_device_unregister(indio_dev);
>> + regulator_disable(dac->vref);
>> +
>> + return 0;
>> +}
>> +
>> +static const struct of_device_id dpot_dac_match[] = {
>> + { .compatible = "dpot-dac" },
>> + { /* sentinel */ }
>> +};
>> +MODULE_DEVICE_TABLE(of, dpot_dac_match);
>> +
>> +static struct platform_driver dpot_dac_driver = {
>> + .probe = dpot_dac_probe,
>> + .remove = dpot_dac_remove,
>> + .driver = {
>> + .name = "iio-dpot-dac",
>> + .of_match_table = dpot_dac_match,
>> + },
>> +};
>> +module_platform_driver(dpot_dac_driver);
>> +
>> +MODULE_DESCRIPTION("DAC emulation driver using a digital potentiometer");
>> +MODULE_AUTHOR("Peter Rosin <peda@axentia.se>");
>> +MODULE_LICENSE("GPL v2");
>>
>

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