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Subject[PATCH 3.12 4/5] x86/build: Build compressed x86 kernels as PIE
Date
From: "H.J. Lu" <hjl.tools@gmail.com>

3.12-stable review patch. If anyone has any objections, please let me know.

===============

commit 6d92bc9d483aa1751755a66fee8fb39dffb088c0 upstream.

The 32-bit x86 assembler in binutils 2.26 will generate R_386_GOT32X
relocation to get the symbol address in PIC. When the compressed x86
kernel isn't built as PIC, the linker optimizes R_386_GOT32X relocations
to their fixed symbol addresses. However, when the compressed x86
kernel is loaded at a different address, it leads to the following
load failure:

Failed to allocate space for phdrs

during the decompression stage.

If the compressed x86 kernel is relocatable at run-time, it should be
compiled with -fPIE, instead of -fPIC, if possible and should be built as
Position Independent Executable (PIE) so that linker won't optimize
R_386_GOT32X relocation to its fixed symbol address.

Older linkers generate R_386_32 relocations against locally defined
symbols, _bss, _ebss, _got and _egot, in PIE. It isn't wrong, just less
optimal than R_386_RELATIVE. But the x86 kernel fails to properly handle
R_386_32 relocations when relocating the kernel. To generate
R_386_RELATIVE relocations, we mark _bss, _ebss, _got and _egot as
hidden in both 32-bit and 64-bit x86 kernels.

To build a 64-bit compressed x86 kernel as PIE, we need to disable the
relocation overflow check to avoid relocation overflow errors. We do
this with a new linker command-line option, -z noreloc-overflow, which
got added recently:

commit 4c10bbaa0912742322f10d9d5bb630ba4e15dfa7
Author: H.J. Lu <hjl.tools@gmail.com>
Date: Tue Mar 15 11:07:06 2016 -0700

Add -z noreloc-overflow option to x86-64 ld

Add -z noreloc-overflow command-line option to the x86-64 ELF linker to
disable relocation overflow check. This can be used to avoid relocation
overflow check if there will be no dynamic relocation overflow at
run-time.

The 64-bit compressed x86 kernel is built as PIE only if the linker supports
-z noreloc-overflow. So far 64-bit relocatable compressed x86 kernel
boots fine even when it is built as a normal executable.

Signed-off-by: H.J. Lu <hjl.tools@gmail.com>
Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@amacapital.net>
Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de>
Cc: Brian Gerst <brgerst@gmail.com>
Cc: Denys Vlasenko <dvlasenk@redhat.com>
Cc: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org
[ Edited the changelog and comments. ]
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
Cc: Paul Bolle <pebolle@tiscali.nl>
Signed-off-by: Jiri Slaby <jslaby@suse.cz>
---
arch/x86/boot/compressed/Makefile | 14 +++++++++++++-
arch/x86/boot/compressed/head_32.S | 28 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
arch/x86/boot/compressed/head_64.S | 8 ++++++++
3 files changed, 49 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)

diff --git a/arch/x86/boot/compressed/Makefile b/arch/x86/boot/compressed/Makefile
index c8a6792e7842..3980c0571d4a 100644
--- a/arch/x86/boot/compressed/Makefile
+++ b/arch/x86/boot/compressed/Makefile
@@ -8,7 +8,7 @@ targets := vmlinux vmlinux.bin vmlinux.bin.gz vmlinux.bin.bz2 vmlinux.bin.lzma \
vmlinux.bin.xz vmlinux.bin.lzo vmlinux.bin.lz4

KBUILD_CFLAGS := -m$(BITS) -D__KERNEL__ $(LINUX_INCLUDE) -O2
-KBUILD_CFLAGS += -fno-strict-aliasing -fPIC
+KBUILD_CFLAGS += -fno-strict-aliasing $(call cc-option, -fPIE, -fPIC)
KBUILD_CFLAGS += -DDISABLE_BRANCH_PROFILING
cflags-$(CONFIG_X86_32) := -march=i386
cflags-$(CONFIG_X86_64) := -mcmodel=small
@@ -21,6 +21,18 @@ KBUILD_AFLAGS := $(KBUILD_CFLAGS) -D__ASSEMBLY__
GCOV_PROFILE := n

LDFLAGS := -m elf_$(UTS_MACHINE)
+ifeq ($(CONFIG_RELOCATABLE),y)
+# If kernel is relocatable, build compressed kernel as PIE.
+ifeq ($(CONFIG_X86_32),y)
+LDFLAGS += $(call ld-option, -pie) $(call ld-option, --no-dynamic-linker)
+else
+# To build 64-bit compressed kernel as PIE, we disable relocation
+# overflow check to avoid relocation overflow error with a new linker
+# command-line option, -z noreloc-overflow.
+LDFLAGS += $(shell $(LD) --help 2>&1 | grep -q "\-z noreloc-overflow" \
+ && echo "-z noreloc-overflow -pie --no-dynamic-linker")
+endif
+endif
LDFLAGS_vmlinux := -T

hostprogs-y := mkpiggy
diff --git a/arch/x86/boot/compressed/head_32.S b/arch/x86/boot/compressed/head_32.S
index 36ddc61182af..8e9fde129524 100644
--- a/arch/x86/boot/compressed/head_32.S
+++ b/arch/x86/boot/compressed/head_32.S
@@ -30,6 +30,34 @@
#include <asm/boot.h>
#include <asm/asm-offsets.h>

+/*
+ * The 32-bit x86 assembler in binutils 2.26 will generate R_386_GOT32X
+ * relocation to get the symbol address in PIC. When the compressed x86
+ * kernel isn't built as PIC, the linker optimizes R_386_GOT32X
+ * relocations to their fixed symbol addresses. However, when the
+ * compressed x86 kernel is loaded at a different address, it leads
+ * to the following load failure:
+ *
+ * Failed to allocate space for phdrs
+ *
+ * during the decompression stage.
+ *
+ * If the compressed x86 kernel is relocatable at run-time, it should be
+ * compiled with -fPIE, instead of -fPIC, if possible and should be built as
+ * Position Independent Executable (PIE) so that linker won't optimize
+ * R_386_GOT32X relocation to its fixed symbol address. Older
+ * linkers generate R_386_32 relocations against locally defined symbols,
+ * _bss, _ebss, _got and _egot, in PIE. It isn't wrong, just less
+ * optimal than R_386_RELATIVE. But the x86 kernel fails to properly handle
+ * R_386_32 relocations when relocating the kernel. To generate
+ * R_386_RELATIVE relocations, we mark _bss, _ebss, _got and _egot as
+ * hidden:
+ */
+ .hidden _bss
+ .hidden _ebss
+ .hidden _got
+ .hidden _egot
+
__HEAD
ENTRY(startup_32)
#ifdef CONFIG_EFI_STUB
diff --git a/arch/x86/boot/compressed/head_64.S b/arch/x86/boot/compressed/head_64.S
index a55840367359..ce2925e55148 100644
--- a/arch/x86/boot/compressed/head_64.S
+++ b/arch/x86/boot/compressed/head_64.S
@@ -32,6 +32,14 @@
#include <asm/processor-flags.h>
#include <asm/asm-offsets.h>

+/*
+ * Locally defined symbols should be marked hidden:
+ */
+ .hidden _bss
+ .hidden _ebss
+ .hidden _got
+ .hidden _egot
+
__HEAD
.code32
ENTRY(startup_32)
--
2.10.1
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