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SubjectRe: Oops on Power8 (was Re: [PATCH v2 1/7] workqueue: make workqueue available early during boot)
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On 17/10/16 23:24, Michael Ellerman wrote:
> Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> writes:
>
>> Hello, Michael.
>>
>> On Tue, Oct 11, 2016 at 10:22:13PM +1100, Michael Ellerman wrote:
>>> The oops happens because we're in enqueue_task_fair() and p->se->cfs_rq
>>> is NULL.
>>>
>>> The cfs_rq is NULL because we did set_task_rq(p, 2048), where 2048 is
>>> NR_CPUS. That causes us to index past the end of the tg->cfs_rq array in
>>> set_task_rq() and happen to get NULL.
>>>
>>> We never should have done set_task_rq(p, 2048), because 2048 is >=
>>> nr_cpu_ids, which means it's not a valid CPU number, and set_task_rq()
>>> doesn't cope with that.
>>
>> Hmm... it doesn't reproduce it here and can't see how the commit would
>> affect this given that it doesn't really change when the kworker
>> kthreads are being created.
>
> It changes when the pool attributes are created, which is the source of
> the bug.
>
> The original crash happens because we have a task with an empty cpus_allowed
> mask. That mask originally comes from pool->attrs->cpumask.
>
> The attrs for the pool are created early via workqueue_init_early() in
> apply_wqattrs_prepare():
>
> start_here_common
> -> start_kernel
> -> workqueue_init_early
> -> __alloc_workqueue_key
> -> apply_workqueue_attrs
> -> apply_workqueue_attrs_locked
> -> apply_wqattrs_prepare
>
> In there we do:
>
> copy_workqueue_attrs(new_attrs, attrs);
> cpumask_and(new_attrs->cpumask, new_attrs->cpumask, wq_unbound_cpumask);
> if (unlikely(cpumask_empty(new_attrs->cpumask)))
> cpumask_copy(new_attrs->cpumask, wq_unbound_cpumask);
> ...
> copy_workqueue_attrs(tmp_attrs, new_attrs);
> ...
> for_each_node(node) {
> if (wq_calc_node_cpumask(new_attrs, node, -1, tmp_attrs->cpumask)) {
> + BUG_ON(cpumask_empty(tmp_attrs->cpumask));
> ctx->pwq_tbl[node] = alloc_unbound_pwq(wq, tmp_attrs);
>
>
> The bad case (where we hit the BUG_ON I added above) is where we are
> creating a wq for node 1.
>
> In wq_calc_node_cpumask() we do:
>
> cpumask_and(cpumask, attrs->cpumask, wq_numa_possible_cpumask[node]);
> return !cpumask_equal(cpumask, attrs->cpumask);
>
> Which with the arguments inserted is:
>
> cpumask_and(tmp_attrs->cpumask, new_attrs->cpumask, wq_numa_possible_cpumask[1]);
> return !cpumask_equal(tmp_attrs->cpumask, new_attrs->cpumask);
>
> And that results in tmp_attrs->cpumask being empty, because
> wq_numa_possible_cpumask[1] is an empty cpumask.
>
> The reason wq_numa_possible_cpumask[1] is an empty mask is because in
> wq_numa_init() we did:
>
> for_each_possible_cpu(cpu) {
> node = cpu_to_node(cpu);
> if (WARN_ON(node == NUMA_NO_NODE)) {
> pr_warn("workqueue: NUMA node mapping not available for cpu%d, disabling NUMA support\n", cpu);
> /* happens iff arch is bonkers, let's just proceed */
> return;
> }
> cpumask_set_cpu(cpu, tbl[node]);
> }
>
> And cpu_to_node() returned node 0 for every CPU in the system, despite there
> being multiple nodes.
>
> That happened because we haven't yet called set_cpu_numa_node() for the non-boot
> cpus, because that happens in smp_prepare_cpus(), and
> workqueue_init_early() is called much earlier than that.
>
> This doesn't trigger on x86 because it does set_cpu_numa_node() in
> setup_per_cpu_areas(), which is called prior to workqueue_init_early().
>
> We can (should) probably do the same on powerpc, I'll look at that
> tomorrow. But other arches may have a similar problem, and at the very
> least we need to document that workqueue_init_early() relies on
> cpu_to_node() working.

Don't we do the setup cpu->node mapings in initmem_init()?
Ideally we have setup_arch->intmem_init->numa_setup_cpu

Will look at it tomorrow
Balbir Singh




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