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SubjectRe: [Xen-devel] [PATCH 4/8] xen/pvh: Bootstrap PVH guest
On Fri, Oct 14, 2016 at 02:05:14PM -0400, Boris Ostrovsky wrote:
> Start PVH guest at XEN_ELFNOTE_PHYS32_ENTRY address. Setup hypercall
> page, initialize boot_params, enable early page tables.
>
> Since this stub is executed before kernel entry point we cannot use
> variables in .bss which is cleared by kernel. We explicitly place
> variables that are initialized here into .data.
>
> Signed-off-by: Boris Ostrovsky <boris.ostrovsky@oracle.com>
> Signed-off-by: Matt Fleming <matt@codeblueprint.co.uk>
> ---
> arch/x86/xen/Kconfig | 2 +-
> arch/x86/xen/Makefile | 1 +
> arch/x86/xen/enlighten.c | 87 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++-
> arch/x86/xen/xen-pvh.S | 143 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> include/xen/xen.h | 5 ++
> 5 files changed, 236 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)
> create mode 100644 arch/x86/xen/xen-pvh.S
>
> diff --git a/arch/x86/xen/Kconfig b/arch/x86/xen/Kconfig
> index c7b15f3..76b6dbd 100644
> --- a/arch/x86/xen/Kconfig
> +++ b/arch/x86/xen/Kconfig
> @@ -53,5 +53,5 @@ config XEN_DEBUG_FS
>
> config XEN_PVH
> bool "Support for running as a PVH guest"
> - depends on X86_64 && XEN && XEN_PVHVM
> + depends on XEN && XEN_PVHVM && ACPI
> def_bool n
> diff --git a/arch/x86/xen/Makefile b/arch/x86/xen/Makefile
> index e47e527..cb0164a 100644
> --- a/arch/x86/xen/Makefile
> +++ b/arch/x86/xen/Makefile
> @@ -23,3 +23,4 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_XEN_DEBUG_FS) += debugfs.o
> obj-$(CONFIG_XEN_DOM0) += vga.o
> obj-$(CONFIG_SWIOTLB_XEN) += pci-swiotlb-xen.o
> obj-$(CONFIG_XEN_EFI) += efi.o
> +obj-$(CONFIG_XEN_PVH) += xen-pvh.o
> diff --git a/arch/x86/xen/enlighten.c b/arch/x86/xen/enlighten.c
> index dc4ed0c..d38d568 100644
> --- a/arch/x86/xen/enlighten.c
> +++ b/arch/x86/xen/enlighten.c
> @@ -45,6 +45,7 @@
> #include <xen/interface/memory.h>
> #include <xen/interface/nmi.h>
> #include <xen/interface/xen-mca.h>
> +#include <xen/interface/hvm/start_info.h>
> #include <xen/features.h>
> #include <xen/page.h>
> #include <xen/hvm.h>
> @@ -121,7 +122,8 @@
> DEFINE_PER_CPU(uint32_t, xen_vcpu_id);
> EXPORT_PER_CPU_SYMBOL(xen_vcpu_id);
>
> -enum xen_domain_type xen_domain_type = XEN_NATIVE;
> +enum xen_domain_type xen_domain_type
> + __attribute__((section(".data"))) = XEN_NATIVE;
> EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(xen_domain_type);
>
> unsigned long *machine_to_phys_mapping = (void *)MACH2PHYS_VIRT_START;
> @@ -176,6 +178,17 @@ struct tls_descs {
> */
> static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct tls_descs, shadow_tls_desc);
>
> +#ifdef CONFIG_XEN_PVH
> +/*
> + * PVH variables. These need to live in data segment since they are
> + * initialized before startup_{32|64}, which clear .bss, are invoked.
> + */
> +int xen_pvh __attribute__((section(".data"))) = 0;

unsigned int?
> +struct hvm_start_info pvh_start_info __attribute__((section(".data")));
> +uint pvh_start_info_sz = sizeof(pvh_start_info);

unsigned int please. Typedefs in Linux are frowned upon.

> +struct boot_params pvh_bootparams __attribute__((section(".data")));
> +#endif
> +
> static void clamp_max_cpus(void)
> {
> #ifdef CONFIG_SMP
> @@ -1669,6 +1682,78 @@ asmlinkage __visible void __init xen_start_kernel(void)
> #endif
> }
>
> +#ifdef CONFIG_XEN_PVH
> +static void __init init_pvh_bootparams(void)
> +{
> + struct xen_memory_map memmap;
> + int i;

unsigned int?
> +
> + memset(&pvh_bootparams, 0, sizeof(pvh_bootparams));
> +
> + memmap.nr_entries = ARRAY_SIZE(pvh_bootparams.e820_map);
> + set_xen_guest_handle(memmap.buffer, pvh_bootparams.e820_map);
> + if (HYPERVISOR_memory_op(XENMEM_memory_map, &memmap)) {
> + xen_raw_console_write("XENMEM_memory_map failed\n");

Should we print the error value at least?
> + BUG();
> + }
> +
> + pvh_bootparams.e820_map[memmap.nr_entries].addr =
> + ISA_START_ADDRESS;

What if nr_entries is 128? Should we double-check for that?

> + pvh_bootparams.e820_map[memmap.nr_entries].size =
> + ISA_END_ADDRESS - ISA_START_ADDRESS;
> + pvh_bootparams.e820_map[memmap.nr_entries++].type =
> + E820_RESERVED;
> +
> + sanitize_e820_map(pvh_bootparams.e820_map,
> + ARRAY_SIZE(pvh_bootparams.e820_map),
> + &memmap.nr_entries);
> +
> + pvh_bootparams.e820_entries = memmap.nr_entries;
> + for (i = 0; i < pvh_bootparams.e820_entries; i++)
> + e820_add_region(pvh_bootparams.e820_map[i].addr,
> + pvh_bootparams.e820_map[i].size,
> + pvh_bootparams.e820_map[i].type);
> +
> + pvh_bootparams.hdr.cmd_line_ptr =
> + pvh_start_info.cmdline_paddr;
> +
> + /* The first module is always ramdisk */

Could you add an period at end please?
> + if (pvh_start_info.nr_modules) {
> + struct hvm_modlist_entry *modaddr =
> + __va(pvh_start_info.modlist_paddr);
> + pvh_bootparams.hdr.ramdisk_image = modaddr->paddr;
> + pvh_bootparams.hdr.ramdisk_size = modaddr->size;
> + }
> +
> + /*
> + * See Documentation/x86/boot.txt.
> + *
> + * Version 2.12 supports Xen entry point but we will use default x86/PC
> + * environment (i.e. hardware_subarch 0).
> + */
> + pvh_bootparams.hdr.version = 0x212;
> + pvh_bootparams.hdr.type_of_loader = (9 << 4) | 0; /* Xen loader */
> +}
> +
> +/*
> + * This routine (and those that it might call) should not use
> + * anything that lives in .bss since that segment will be cleared later

And maybe one here too?
> + */
> +void __init xen_prepare_pvh(void)
> +{
> + u32 eax, ecx, edx, msr;

msr = 0 ?
> + u64 pfn;
> +
> + xen_pvh = 1;
> +
> + cpuid(xen_cpuid_base() + 2, &eax, &msr, &ecx, &edx);

cpuid_ebx ? And that way you don't have have ecx and edx?
> + pfn = __pa(hypercall_page);
> + wrmsr_safe(msr, (u32)pfn, (u32)(pfn >> 32));
> +
> + init_pvh_bootparams();
> +}
> +#endif
> +
> void __ref xen_hvm_init_shared_info(void)
> {
> int cpu;
> diff --git a/arch/x86/xen/xen-pvh.S b/arch/x86/xen/xen-pvh.S
> new file mode 100644
> index 0000000..58c477b
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/arch/x86/xen/xen-pvh.S
> @@ -0,0 +1,143 @@
> +/*
> + * Copyright C 2016, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
> + *
> + * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
> + * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
> + * the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
> + * (at your option) any later version.
> + *
> + * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
> + * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
> + * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
> + * GNU General Public License for more details.
> + *
> + * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along
> + * with this program. If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
> + */
> +
> + .code32
> + .text
> +#define _pa(x) ((x) - __START_KERNEL_map)
> +
> +#include <linux/elfnote.h>
> +#include <linux/init.h>
> +#include <linux/linkage.h>
> +#include <asm/segment.h>
> +#include <asm/asm.h>
> +#include <asm/boot.h>
> +#include <asm/processor-flags.h>
> +#include <asm/msr.h>
> +#include <xen/interface/elfnote.h>
> +
> + __HEAD
> + .code32
> +
> +/* Entry point for PVH guests */
> +ENTRY(pvh_start_xen)

You are missing the ENDPROC macro at the end.

> + cli
> + cld
> +
> + mov $_pa(gdt), %eax
> + lgdt (%eax)
> +
> + movl $(__BOOT_DS),%eax
> + movl %eax,%ds
> + movl %eax,%es
> + movl %eax,%ss
> +
> + /* Stash hvm_start_info */
> + mov $_pa(pvh_start_info), %edi
> + mov %ebx, %esi

Should we derference the first byte or such to check for the magic
string? Actually I am not even seeing the check in the C code?

> + mov $_pa(pvh_start_info_sz), %ecx
> + mov (%ecx), %ecx
> + rep
> + movsb
> +
> + movl $_pa(early_stack_end), %eax
> + movl %eax, %esp
> +
> + /* Enable PAE mode */

Periods are nice! Truly!

> + movl %cr4, %eax
> + orl $X86_CR4_PAE, %eax
> + movl %eax, %cr4
> +
> +#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
> + /* Enable Long mode */

:-) I think you know what I am going to say here.

> + movl $MSR_EFER, %ecx
> + rdmsr
> + btsl $_EFER_LME, %eax
> + wrmsr
> +
> + /* Enable pre-constructed page tables */

And here.

> + mov $_pa(init_level4_pgt), %eax
> + movl %eax, %cr3
> + movl $(X86_CR0_PG | X86_CR0_PE), %eax
> + movl %eax, %cr0
> +
> + /* Jump to 64-bit mode. */
> + pushl $__KERNEL_CS
> + leal _pa(1f), %eax
> + pushl %eax
> + lret
> +
> + /* 64-bit entry point */

And right here.
> + .code64
> +1:
> + call xen_prepare_pvh
> +
> + /* startup_64 expects boot_params in %rsi */

..
> + mov $_pa(pvh_bootparams), %rsi
> + movq $_pa(startup_64), %rax
> + jmp *%rax
> +
> +#else /* CONFIG_X86_64 */
> +
> + call setup_pgtable_32
> +
> + mov $_pa(initial_page_table), %eax
> + movl %eax, %cr3
> +
> + movl %cr0, %eax
> + orl $(X86_CR0_PG | X86_CR0_PE), %eax
> + movl %eax, %cr0
> +
> + ljmp $__BOOT_CS,$1f
> +1:
> + call xen_prepare_pvh
> + mov $_pa(pvh_bootparams), %esi
> +
> + /* startup_32 doesn't expect paging and PAE to be on */

Should 'startup_32' be documented with this?


> + ljmp $__BOOT_CS,$_pa(2f)
> +2:
> + movl %cr0, %eax
> + andl $~X86_CR0_PG, %eax
> + movl %eax, %cr0
> + movl %cr4, %eax
> + andl $~X86_CR4_PAE, %eax
> + movl %eax, %cr4
> +
> + ljmp $0x10, $_pa(startup_32)
> +#endif
> +
> + .data
> +gdt:
> + .word gdt_end - gdt
> + .long _pa(gdt)
> + .word 0
> + .quad 0x0000000000000000 /* NULL descriptor */
> +#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
> + .quad 0x00af9a000000ffff /* __KERNEL_CS */
> +#else
> + .quad 0x00cf9a000000ffff /* __KERNEL_CS */
> +#endif
> + .quad 0x00cf92000000ffff /* __KERNEL_DS */
> +gdt_end:
> +
> + .bss
> + .balign 4
> +early_stack:
> + .fill 16, 1, 0
> +early_stack_end:
> +
> + ELFNOTE(Xen, XEN_ELFNOTE_PHYS32_ENTRY,
> + _ASM_PTR (pvh_start_xen - __START_KERNEL_map))
> diff --git a/include/xen/xen.h b/include/xen/xen.h
> index d0f9684..ed3f841 100644
> --- a/include/xen/xen.h
> +++ b/include/xen/xen.h
> @@ -29,6 +29,11 @@ enum xen_domain_type {
> #define xen_initial_domain() (0)
> #endif /* CONFIG_XEN_DOM0 */
>
> +#ifdef CONFIG_XEN_PVH
> +extern int xen_pvh;
> +#define xen_pvh_domain() (xen_hvm_domain() && xen_pvh)
> +#else
> #define xen_pvh_domain() (0)
> +#endif
>
> #endif /* _XEN_XEN_H */
> --
> 1.8.3.1
>
>
> _______________________________________________
> Xen-devel mailing list
> Xen-devel@lists.xen.org
> https://lists.xen.org/xen-devel

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