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SubjectRe: [PATCH v2] arm64: Store breakpoint single step state into pstate


On 2016/1/13 1:06, Will Deacon wrote:
> On Tue, Jan 05, 2016 at 01:06:15PM +0800, Wangnan (F) wrote:
>> On 2016/1/5 0:55, Will Deacon wrote:
>>> The problem seems to be that we take the debug exception before the
>>> breakpointed instruction has been executed and call perf_bp_event at
>>> that moment, so when we single-step the faulting instruction we actually
>>> step into the SIGIO handler and end up getting stuck.
>>>
>>> Your fix doesn't really address this afaict, in that you don't (can't?)
>>> handle:
>>>
>>> * A longjmp out of a signal handler
>>> * A watchpoint and a breakpoint that fire on the same instruction
>>> * User-controlled single-step from a signal handler that enables a
>>> breakpoint explicitly
>>> * Nested signals
>> Please have a look at [1], which I improve test__bp_signal() to
>> check bullet 2 and 4 you mentioned above. Seems my fix is correct.
>>
>> [1] http://lkml.kernel.org/g/1451969880-14877-1-git-send-email-wangnan0@huawei.com
> I'm still really uneasy about this change. Pairing up the signal delivery
> with the sigreturn to keep track of the debug state is extremely fragile
> and I'm not keen on adding this logic there. I also think we need to
> track the address that the breakpoint is originally taken on so that we
> can only perform the extra sigreturn work if we're returning to the same
> instruction. Furthermore, I wouldn't want to do this for signals other
> than those generated directly by a breakpoint.
>
> An alternative would be to postpone the signal delivery until after the
> stepping has been taken care of, but that's a change in ABI and I worry
> we'll break somebody relying on the current behaviour.
>
> What exactly does x86 do? I couldn't figure it out from the code.

Actually x86 does similar thing as what this patch does.

RF bit in x86_64's eflags prohibit debug exception raises. It is set by
x86_64's debug handler to avoid recursion. x86_64 need setting this bit
in breakpoint handler because it needs to jump back to original
instruction and single-step on it, similar to ARM64.

The RF bit in eflags records a state that the process shouldn't generate
debug exception. It is part of the state of a process, and should be saved
and cleared if transfers to signal handler.

This patch does the same thing: create two bits in pstate to indicate
the states that 'a process should not raises watchpoint/breakpoint
exceptions',
maintains them in kernel, cleans them for signal handler and save them
in signal
frame.

Thank you.


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