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SubjectRe: [PATCH v3 07/10] KVM: arm/arm64: vgic: Allow HW interrupts for non-shared devices
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Hi Christoffer,
On 09/02/2015 09:42 PM, Christoffer Dall wrote:
> On Mon, Aug 10, 2015 at 03:21:01PM +0200, Eric Auger wrote:
>> From: Marc Zyngier <marc.zyngier@arm.com>
>>
>> So far, the only use of the HW interrupt facility was the timer,
>> implying that the active state is context-switched for each vcpu,
>> as the device is is shared across all vcpus.
>>
>> This does not work for a device that has been assigned to a VM,
>> as the guest is entierely in control of that device (the HW is
>> not shared). In that case, it makes sense to bypass the whole
>> active state switching.
>>
>> Also the VGIC state machine is adapted to support those assigned
>> (non shared) HW IRQs:
>> - nly can be sampled when it is pending
>> - when queueing the IRQ (programming the LR), the pending state is
>> removed as for edge sensitive IRQs
>> - queued state is not modelled. Level state is not modelled
>> - its injection always is valid since steming from the HW.
>>
>> Signed-off-by: Marc Zyngier <marc.zyngier@arm.com>
>> Signed-off-by: Eric Auger <eric.auger@linaro.org>
>>
>> ---
>>
>> - a mix of
>> [PATCH v4 11/11] KVM: arm/arm64: vgic: Allow HW interrupts for
>> non-shared devices
>> [RFC v2 2/4] KVM: arm: vgic: fix state machine for forwarded IRQ
>> ---
>> include/kvm/arm_vgic.h | 6 +++--
>> virt/kvm/arm/arch_timer.c | 3 ++-
>> virt/kvm/arm/vgic.c | 58 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++------------
>> 3 files changed, 49 insertions(+), 18 deletions(-)
>>
>> diff --git a/include/kvm/arm_vgic.h b/include/kvm/arm_vgic.h
>> index d901f1a..7ef9ce0 100644
>> --- a/include/kvm/arm_vgic.h
>> +++ b/include/kvm/arm_vgic.h
>> @@ -163,7 +163,8 @@ struct irq_phys_map {
>> u32 virt_irq;
>> u32 phys_irq;
>> u32 irq;
>> - bool active;
>> + bool shared;
>> + bool active; /* Only valid if shared */
>> };
>>
>> struct irq_phys_map_entry {
>> @@ -356,7 +357,8 @@ void vgic_v3_dispatch_sgi(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, u64 reg);
>> int kvm_vgic_vcpu_pending_irq(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu);
>> int kvm_vgic_vcpu_active_irq(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu);
>> struct irq_phys_map *kvm_vgic_map_phys_irq(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu,
>> - int virt_irq, int irq);
>> + int virt_irq, int irq,
>> + bool shared);
>> int kvm_vgic_unmap_phys_irq(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, struct irq_phys_map *map);
>> bool kvm_vgic_get_phys_irq_active(struct irq_phys_map *map);
>> void kvm_vgic_set_phys_irq_active(struct irq_phys_map *map, bool active);
>> diff --git a/virt/kvm/arm/arch_timer.c b/virt/kvm/arm/arch_timer.c
>> index 76e38d2..db21d8f 100644
>> --- a/virt/kvm/arm/arch_timer.c
>> +++ b/virt/kvm/arm/arch_timer.c
>> @@ -203,7 +203,8 @@ int kvm_timer_vcpu_reset(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu,
>> * Tell the VGIC that the virtual interrupt is tied to a
>> * physical interrupt. We do that once per VCPU.
>> */
>> - map = kvm_vgic_map_phys_irq(vcpu, irq->irq, host_vtimer_irq);
>> + map = kvm_vgic_map_phys_irq(vcpu, irq->irq,
>> + host_vtimer_irq, true);
>> if (WARN_ON(IS_ERR(map)))
>> return PTR_ERR(map);
>>
>> diff --git a/virt/kvm/arm/vgic.c b/virt/kvm/arm/vgic.c
>> index 9eb489a..fbd5ba5 100644
>> --- a/virt/kvm/arm/vgic.c
>> +++ b/virt/kvm/arm/vgic.c
>> @@ -400,7 +400,11 @@ void vgic_cpu_irq_clear(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, int irq)
>>
>> static bool vgic_can_sample_irq(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, int irq)
>> {
>> - return !vgic_irq_is_queued(vcpu, irq);
>> + struct irq_phys_map *map = vgic_irq_map_search(vcpu, irq);
>> + bool shared_hw = map && !map->shared;
>
> why is shared true when map->shared is false?
>
>> +
>> + return !vgic_irq_is_queued(vcpu, irq) ||
>> + (shared_hw && vgic_dist_irq_is_pending(vcpu, irq));
>
> so for forwarded, non-shared, level-triggered IRQs, we always sample the
> line if it's pending? Why?
I tried to integrate into the updated state machine for non shared
mapped IRQ but I fail.

1) The first problem encountered is how to reset the level of the IRQ
(since its completion is not trapped). I added this reset in
process_queued_irq. I think this was the most natural place since at
sink time we get aware the IRQ is deactivated at physical distributor
level. However I observe failures in vgic_validate_injection. I think
there is due to a race between update_irq_pending and sync. As soon as
the guest EOI's the virtual IRQ (and also the pIRQ), a new physical IRQ
hits and gets injected by irqfd. This injection can happen before the
sync. So I would be tempted to keep my current strategy of ignoring the
validate_injection in case of non-shared mapped IRQ and not model the
level state. The vIRQ directly comes from the HW so it must be valid
(guest deactivated the previous occurence).

2) can_sample.
once the above problem fixed, next issue is the can_sample failure.
Queued state also is reset in process_queued_irq and can_sample fails.
Same punishment. So currently the only manner I found to make this work
and sample the IRQ only once is to use the pending state which I reset
when I queue the IRQ.

So currently I don't think non-shared mapped IRQ fit the updated state
machine.

Any Thoughts?

Eric
>
>> }
>>
>> /**
>> @@ -1150,19 +1154,26 @@ static void vgic_queue_irq_to_lr(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, int irq,
>> * active in the physical world. Otherwise the
>> * physical interrupt will fire and the guest will
>> * exit before processing the virtual interrupt.
>> + *
>> + * This is of course only valid for a shared
>> + * interrupt. A non shared interrupt should already be
>> + * active.
>> */
>> if (map) {
>> - int ret;
>> -
>> - BUG_ON(!map->active);
>> vlr.hwirq = map->phys_irq;
>> vlr.state |= LR_HW;
>> vlr.state &= ~LR_EOI_INT;
>>
>> - ret = irq_set_irqchip_state(map->irq,
>> - IRQCHIP_STATE_ACTIVE,
>> - true);
>> - WARN_ON(ret);
>> + if (map->shared) {
>> + int ret;
>> +
>> + BUG_ON(!map->active);
>> + ret = irq_set_irqchip_state(
>> + map->irq,
>> + IRQCHIP_STATE_ACTIVE,
>> + true);
>> + WARN_ON(ret);
>> + }
>
> this stuff all needs to be rebased onto my latest timer/active state
> rework series.
>
>>
>> /*
>> * Make sure we're not going to sample this
>> @@ -1229,10 +1240,13 @@ bool vgic_queue_irq(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, u8 sgi_source_id, int irq)
>>
>> static bool vgic_queue_hwirq(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, int irq)
>> {
>> + struct irq_phys_map *map = vgic_irq_map_search(vcpu, irq);
>> + bool shared_hw = map && !map->shared;
>
> same question as above?
>
>> +
>> if (!vgic_can_sample_irq(vcpu, irq))
>> return true; /* level interrupt, already queued */
>>
>> - if (vgic_queue_irq(vcpu, 0, irq)) {
>> + if (vgic_queue_irq(vcpu, 0, irq) || shared_hw) {
>> if (vgic_irq_is_edge(vcpu, irq)) {
>> vgic_dist_irq_clear_pending(vcpu, irq);
>> vgic_cpu_irq_clear(vcpu, irq);
>> @@ -1411,7 +1425,12 @@ static int vgic_sync_hwirq(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, struct vgic_lr vlr)
>> return 0;
>>
>> map = vgic_irq_map_search(vcpu, vlr.irq);
>> - BUG_ON(!map || !map->active);
>> + BUG_ON(!map);
>> +
>> + if (!map->shared)
>> + return 0;
>> +
>> + BUG_ON(map->shared && !map->active);
>>
>> ret = irq_get_irqchip_state(map->irq,
>> IRQCHIP_STATE_ACTIVE,
>> @@ -1563,6 +1582,7 @@ static int vgic_update_irq_pending(struct kvm *kvm, int cpuid,
>> int edge_triggered, level_triggered;
>> int enabled;
>> bool ret = true, can_inject = true;
>> + bool shared_hw = map && !map->shared;
>
> same
>
>>
>> if (irq_num >= min(kvm->arch.vgic.nr_irqs, 1020))
>> return -EINVAL;
>> @@ -1573,7 +1593,8 @@ static int vgic_update_irq_pending(struct kvm *kvm, int cpuid,
>> edge_triggered = vgic_irq_is_edge(vcpu, irq_num);
>> level_triggered = !edge_triggered;
>>
>> - if (!vgic_validate_injection(vcpu, irq_num, level)) {
>> + if (!vgic_validate_injection(vcpu, irq_num, level) &&
>> + !shared_hw) {
>> ret = false;
>> goto out;
>> }
>> @@ -1742,16 +1763,21 @@ static struct list_head *vgic_get_irq_phys_map_list(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu,
>> * @vcpu: The VCPU pointer
>> * @virt_irq: The virtual irq number
>> * @irq: The Linux IRQ number
>> + * @shared: Indicates if the interrupt has to be context-switched or
>> + * if it is private to a VM
>> *
>> * Establish a mapping between a guest visible irq (@virt_irq) and a
>> * Linux irq (@irq). On injection, @virt_irq will be associated with
>> * the physical interrupt represented by @irq. This mapping can be
>> * established multiple times as long as the parameters are the same.
>> + * If @shared is true, the active state of the interrupt will be
>> + * context-switched.
>> *
>> * Returns a valid pointer on success, and an error pointer otherwise
>> */
>> struct irq_phys_map *kvm_vgic_map_phys_irq(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu,
>> - int virt_irq, int irq)
>> + int virt_irq, int irq,
>> + bool shared)
>> {
>> struct vgic_dist *dist = &vcpu->kvm->arch.vgic;
>> struct list_head *root = vgic_get_irq_phys_map_list(vcpu, virt_irq);
>> @@ -1785,7 +1811,8 @@ struct irq_phys_map *kvm_vgic_map_phys_irq(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu,
>> if (map) {
>> /* Make sure this mapping matches */
>> if (map->phys_irq != phys_irq ||
>> - map->irq != irq)
>> + map->irq != irq ||
>> + map->shared != shared)
>> map = ERR_PTR(-EINVAL);
>>
>> /* Found an existing, valid mapping */
>> @@ -1796,6 +1823,7 @@ struct irq_phys_map *kvm_vgic_map_phys_irq(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu,
>> map->virt_irq = virt_irq;
>> map->phys_irq = phys_irq;
>> map->irq = irq;
>> + map->shared = shared;
>>
>> list_add_tail_rcu(&entry->entry, root);
>>
>> @@ -1846,7 +1874,7 @@ static void vgic_free_phys_irq_map_rcu(struct rcu_head *rcu)
>> */
>> bool kvm_vgic_get_phys_irq_active(struct irq_phys_map *map)
>> {
>> - BUG_ON(!map);
>> + BUG_ON(!map || !map->shared);
>> return map->active;
>> }
>>
>> @@ -1858,7 +1886,7 @@ bool kvm_vgic_get_phys_irq_active(struct irq_phys_map *map)
>> */
>> void kvm_vgic_set_phys_irq_active(struct irq_phys_map *map, bool active)
>> {
>> - BUG_ON(!map);
>> + BUG_ON(!map || !map->shared);
>> map->active = active;
>> }
>>
>> --
>> 1.9.1
>>



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