lkml.org 
[lkml]   [2015]   [Sep]   [25]   [last100]   RSS Feed
Views: [wrap][no wrap]   [headers]  [forward] 
 
Messages in this thread
/
Date
From
SubjectRe: [PATCH v3 8/9] zram: use crypto API for compression
On Mon, Sep 21, 2015 at 12:45:12PM +0900, Minchan Kim wrote:
> Hi Joonsoo,
>
> On Fri, Sep 18, 2015 at 02:19:23PM +0900, Joonsoo Kim wrote:
> > Until now, zram uses compression algorithm through direct call
> > to core algorithm function, but, it has drawback that we need to add
> > compression algorithm manually to zram if needed. Without this work,
> > we cannot utilize various compression algorithms in the system.
> > Moreover, to add new compression algorithm, we need to know how to use it
> > and this is somewhat time-consuming.
> >
> > When I tested new algorithms such as zlib, these problems make me hard
> > to test them. To prevent these problem in the future, I think that
> > using crypto API for compression is better approach and this patch
> > implements it.
> >
> > The reason we need to support vairous compression algorithms is that
> > zram's performance is highly depend on workload and compression algorithm
> > and architecture. Every compression algorithm has it's own strong point.
> > For example, zlib is the best for compression ratio, but, it's
> > (de)compression speed is rather slow. Against my expectation, in my kernel
> > build test with zram swap, in low-memory condition on x86, zlib shows best
> > performance than others. In this case, I guess that compression ratio is
> > the most important factor. Unlike this situation, on ARM, maybe fast
> > (de)compression speed is the most important because it's computation speed
> > is slower than x86.
> >
> > We can't expect what algorithm is the best fit for one's system, because
> > it needs too complex calculation. We need to test it in case by case and
> > easy to use new compression algorithm by this patch will help
> > that situation.
> >
> > There is one problem that crypto API requires tfm object to (de)compress
> > something and zram abstract it on zstrm which is very limited resource.
> > If number of zstrm is set to low and is contended, zram's performace could
> > be down-graded due to this change. But, following patch support to use
> > crypto decompress_noctx API and would restore the performance as is.
> >
> > Signed-off-by: Joonsoo Kim <iamjoonsoo.kim@lge.com>
> > ---
> > drivers/block/zram/Kconfig | 8 +++----
> > drivers/block/zram/Makefile | 4 +---
> > drivers/block/zram/zcomp.c | 54 +++++++++++++++++++++++-------------------
> > drivers/block/zram/zcomp.h | 30 ++++++-----------------
> > drivers/block/zram/zcomp_lz4.c | 47 ------------------------------------
> > drivers/block/zram/zcomp_lz4.h | 17 -------------
> > drivers/block/zram/zcomp_lzo.c | 47 ------------------------------------
> > drivers/block/zram/zcomp_lzo.h | 17 -------------
> > drivers/block/zram/zram_drv.c | 6 ++---
> > 9 files changed, 44 insertions(+), 186 deletions(-)
> > delete mode 100644 drivers/block/zram/zcomp_lz4.c
> > delete mode 100644 drivers/block/zram/zcomp_lz4.h
> > delete mode 100644 drivers/block/zram/zcomp_lzo.c
> > delete mode 100644 drivers/block/zram/zcomp_lzo.h
> >
> > diff --git a/drivers/block/zram/Kconfig b/drivers/block/zram/Kconfig
> > index 386ba3d..7619bed 100644
> > --- a/drivers/block/zram/Kconfig
> > +++ b/drivers/block/zram/Kconfig
> > @@ -1,8 +1,7 @@
> > config ZRAM
> > tristate "Compressed RAM block device support"
> > depends on BLOCK && SYSFS && ZSMALLOC
> > - select LZO_COMPRESS
> > - select LZO_DECOMPRESS
> > + select CRYPTO_LZO
> > default n
> > help
> > Creates virtual block devices called /dev/zramX (X = 0, 1, ...).
> > @@ -18,9 +17,8 @@ config ZRAM
> > config ZRAM_LZ4_COMPRESS
> > bool "Enable LZ4 algorithm support"
> > depends on ZRAM
> > - select LZ4_COMPRESS
> > - select LZ4_DECOMPRESS
> > + select CRYPTO_LZ4
>
> It is out of my expectation.
>
> When I heard crypto support for zRAM first, I imagined zram user can
> use any crypto compressor algorithm easily if system has the algorithm.
> IOW, I expect zRAM shouldn't bind CONFIG_CRYPTO_ALGONAME statically
> except the default one(ie, CONFIG_CRYPTO_LZO) like zswap and It seems
> you did in eariler version.
>
> You seem to have a trouble to adapt crypto to current comp_algorithm
> because crypto doesn't export any API to enumerate algorithm name
> while zram should export supporting algorithm name via comp_algorithm
> and I heard crypto maintainer doesn't want to export it. Instead,
> user can use /proc/crypto to know what kinds of compressor system
> can support.
>
> Hmm,
> At the first glance, I was about to say "let's sort it out with
> futher patches" but I changed my mind. ;-).
>
> We should sort it out before you are adding zlib support(ie, please
> include zlib support patch with number data in this patchset). Otherwise,
> we should add new hard-wired stuff for zlib like lzo, lz4 to
> comp_algorithm and will depreate soon.
>
> My idea is ABI change of comp_algorithm. Namely, let's deprecate it
> and guide to use /proc/crypto to show available compressor.
> Someday, we removes backends string array finally.

Okay! That's also what I want so I will follow your comment.

Thanks.
>
> Welcome to any ideas.
>
> > default n
> > help
> > This option enables LZ4 compression algorithm support. Compression
> > - algorithm can be changed using `comp_algorithm' device attribute.
> > \ No newline at end of file
> > + algorithm can be changed using `comp_algorithm' device attribute.
> > diff --git a/drivers/block/zram/Makefile b/drivers/block/zram/Makefile
> > index be0763f..9e2b79e 100644
> > --- a/drivers/block/zram/Makefile
> > +++ b/drivers/block/zram/Makefile
> > @@ -1,5 +1,3 @@
> > -zram-y := zcomp_lzo.o zcomp.o zram_drv.o
> > -
> > -zram-$(CONFIG_ZRAM_LZ4_COMPRESS) += zcomp_lz4.o
> > +zram-y := zcomp.o zram_drv.o
> >
> > obj-$(CONFIG_ZRAM) += zram.o
> > diff --git a/drivers/block/zram/zcomp.c b/drivers/block/zram/zcomp.c
> > index 3456d5a..c2ed7c8 100644
> > --- a/drivers/block/zram/zcomp.c
> > +++ b/drivers/block/zram/zcomp.c
> > @@ -15,10 +15,6 @@
> > #include <linux/sched.h>
> >
> > #include "zcomp.h"
> > -#include "zcomp_lzo.h"
> > -#ifdef CONFIG_ZRAM_LZ4_COMPRESS
> > -#include "zcomp_lz4.h"
> > -#endif
> >
> > /*
> > * single zcomp_strm backend
> > @@ -43,19 +39,20 @@ struct zcomp_strm_multi {
> > wait_queue_head_t strm_wait;
> > };
> >
> > -static struct zcomp_backend *backends[] = {
> > - &zcomp_lzo,
> > +static const char * const backends[] = {
> > + "lzo",
> > #ifdef CONFIG_ZRAM_LZ4_COMPRESS
> > - &zcomp_lz4,
> > + "lz4",
> > #endif
> > NULL
> > };
> >
> > -static struct zcomp_backend *find_backend(const char *compress)
> > +static const char *find_backend(const char *compress)
> > {
> > int i = 0;
> > while (backends[i]) {
> > - if (sysfs_streq(compress, backends[i]->name))
> > + if (sysfs_streq(compress, backends[i]) &&
> > + crypto_has_comp(compress, 0, 0))
> > break;
> > i++;
> > }
> > @@ -64,8 +61,8 @@ static struct zcomp_backend *find_backend(const char *compress)
> >
> > static void zcomp_strm_free(struct zcomp *comp, struct zcomp_strm *zstrm)
> > {
> > - if (zstrm->private)
> > - comp->backend->destroy(zstrm->private);
> > + if (zstrm->tfm)
> > + crypto_free_comp(zstrm->tfm);
> > free_pages((unsigned long)zstrm->buffer, 1);
> > kfree(zstrm);
> > }
> > @@ -80,13 +77,18 @@ static struct zcomp_strm *zcomp_strm_alloc(struct zcomp *comp)
> > if (!zstrm)
> > return NULL;
> >
> > - zstrm->private = comp->backend->create();
> > + zstrm->tfm = crypto_alloc_comp(comp->backend, 0, 0);
> > + if (IS_ERR(zstrm->tfm)) {
> > + kfree(zstrm);
> > + return NULL;
> > + }
> > +
> > /*
> > * allocate 2 pages. 1 for compressed data, plus 1 extra for the
> > * case when compressed size is larger than the original one
> > */
> > zstrm->buffer = (void *)__get_free_pages(GFP_KERNEL | __GFP_ZERO, 1);
> > - if (!zstrm->private || !zstrm->buffer) {
> > + if (!zstrm->buffer) {
> > zcomp_strm_free(comp, zstrm);
> > zstrm = NULL;
> > }
> > @@ -274,12 +276,12 @@ ssize_t zcomp_available_show(const char *comp, char *buf)
> > int i = 0;
> >
> > while (backends[i]) {
> > - if (!strcmp(comp, backends[i]->name))
> > + if (!strcmp(comp, backends[i]))
> > sz += scnprintf(buf + sz, PAGE_SIZE - sz - 2,
> > - "[%s] ", backends[i]->name);
> > + "[%s] ", backends[i]);
> > else
> > sz += scnprintf(buf + sz, PAGE_SIZE - sz - 2,
> > - "%s ", backends[i]->name);
> > + "%s ", backends[i]);
> > i++;
> > }
> > sz += scnprintf(buf + sz, PAGE_SIZE - sz, "\n");
> > @@ -317,10 +319,10 @@ void zcomp_compress_end(struct zcomp *comp, struct zcomp_strm *zstrm)
> > zcomp_strm_release(comp, zstrm);
> > }
> >
> > -/* May return NULL, may sleep */
> > +/* Never return NULL, may sleep */
> > struct zcomp_strm *zcomp_decompress_begin(struct zcomp *comp)
> > {
> > - return NULL;
> > + return zcomp_strm_find(comp);
> > }
> >
> > void zcomp_decompress_end(struct zcomp *comp, struct zcomp_strm *zstrm)
> > @@ -330,17 +332,21 @@ void zcomp_decompress_end(struct zcomp *comp, struct zcomp_strm *zstrm)
> > }
> >
> > int zcomp_compress(struct zcomp *comp, struct zcomp_strm *zstrm,
> > - const unsigned char *src, size_t *dst_len)
> > + const unsigned char *src, unsigned int *dst_len)
> > {
> > - return comp->backend->compress(src, zstrm->buffer, dst_len,
> > - zstrm->private);
> > + *dst_len = PAGE_SIZE << 1;
> > +
> > + return crypto_comp_compress(zstrm->tfm, src, PAGE_SIZE,
> > + zstrm->buffer, dst_len);
> > }
> >
> > int zcomp_decompress(struct zcomp *comp, struct zcomp_strm *zstrm,
> > const unsigned char *src,
> > - size_t src_len, unsigned char *dst)
> > + unsigned int src_len, unsigned char *dst)
> > {
> > - return comp->backend->decompress(src, src_len, dst);
> > + unsigned int size = PAGE_SIZE;
> > +
> > + return crypto_comp_decompress(zstrm->tfm, src, src_len, dst, &size);
> > }
> >
> > void zcomp_destroy(struct zcomp *comp)
> > @@ -359,7 +365,7 @@ void zcomp_destroy(struct zcomp *comp)
> > struct zcomp *zcomp_create(const char *compress, int max_strm)
> > {
> > struct zcomp *comp;
> > - struct zcomp_backend *backend;
> > + const char *backend;
> >
> > backend = find_backend(compress);
> > if (!backend)
> > diff --git a/drivers/block/zram/zcomp.h b/drivers/block/zram/zcomp.h
> > index 4c09c01..4f9df8e 100644
> > --- a/drivers/block/zram/zcomp.h
> > +++ b/drivers/block/zram/zcomp.h
> > @@ -11,38 +11,22 @@
> > #define _ZCOMP_H_
> >
> > #include <linux/mutex.h>
> > +#include <linux/crypto.h>
> >
> > struct zcomp_strm {
> > + struct crypto_comp *tfm;
> > +
> > /* compression/decompression buffer */
> > void *buffer;
> > - /*
> > - * The private data of the compression stream, only compression
> > - * stream backend can touch this (e.g. compression algorithm
> > - * working memory)
> > - */
> > - void *private;
> > +
> > /* used in multi stream backend, protected by backend strm_lock */
> > struct list_head list;
> > };
> >
> > -/* static compression backend */
> > -struct zcomp_backend {
> > - int (*compress)(const unsigned char *src, unsigned char *dst,
> > - size_t *dst_len, void *private);
> > -
> > - int (*decompress)(const unsigned char *src, size_t src_len,
> > - unsigned char *dst);
> > -
> > - void *(*create)(void);
> > - void (*destroy)(void *private);
> > -
> > - const char *name;
> > -};
> > -
> > /* dynamic per-device compression frontend */
> > struct zcomp {
> > void *stream;
> > - struct zcomp_backend *backend;
> > + const char *backend;
> >
> > struct zcomp_strm *(*strm_find)(struct zcomp *comp);
> > void (*strm_release)(struct zcomp *comp, struct zcomp_strm *zstrm);
> > @@ -61,14 +45,14 @@ struct zcomp_strm *zcomp_compress_begin(struct zcomp *comp);
> > void zcomp_compress_end(struct zcomp *comp, struct zcomp_strm *zstrm);
> >
> > int zcomp_compress(struct zcomp *comp, struct zcomp_strm *zstrm,
> > - const unsigned char *src, size_t *dst_len);
> > + const unsigned char *src, unsigned int *dst_len);
> >
> > struct zcomp_strm *zcomp_decompress_begin(struct zcomp *comp);
> > void zcomp_decompress_end(struct zcomp *comp, struct zcomp_strm *zstrm);
> >
> > int zcomp_decompress(struct zcomp *comp, struct zcomp_strm *zstrm,
> > const unsigned char *src,
> > - size_t src_len, unsigned char *dst);
> > + unsigned int src_len, unsigned char *dst);
> >
> > bool zcomp_set_max_streams(struct zcomp *comp, int num_strm);
> > #endif /* _ZCOMP_H_ */
> > diff --git a/drivers/block/zram/zcomp_lz4.c b/drivers/block/zram/zcomp_lz4.c
> > deleted file mode 100644
> > index f2afb7e..0000000
> > --- a/drivers/block/zram/zcomp_lz4.c
> > +++ /dev/null
> > @@ -1,47 +0,0 @@
> > -/*
> > - * Copyright (C) 2014 Sergey Senozhatsky.
> > - *
> > - * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
> > - * modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License
> > - * as published by the Free Software Foundation; either version
> > - * 2 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
> > - */
> > -
> > -#include <linux/kernel.h>
> > -#include <linux/slab.h>
> > -#include <linux/lz4.h>
> > -
> > -#include "zcomp_lz4.h"
> > -
> > -static void *zcomp_lz4_create(void)
> > -{
> > - return kzalloc(LZ4_MEM_COMPRESS, GFP_KERNEL);
> > -}
> > -
> > -static void zcomp_lz4_destroy(void *private)
> > -{
> > - kfree(private);
> > -}
> > -
> > -static int zcomp_lz4_compress(const unsigned char *src, unsigned char *dst,
> > - size_t *dst_len, void *private)
> > -{
> > - /* return : Success if return 0 */
> > - return lz4_compress(src, PAGE_SIZE, dst, dst_len, private);
> > -}
> > -
> > -static int zcomp_lz4_decompress(const unsigned char *src, size_t src_len,
> > - unsigned char *dst)
> > -{
> > - size_t dst_len = PAGE_SIZE;
> > - /* return : Success if return 0 */
> > - return lz4_decompress_unknownoutputsize(src, src_len, dst, &dst_len);
> > -}
> > -
> > -struct zcomp_backend zcomp_lz4 = {
> > - .compress = zcomp_lz4_compress,
> > - .decompress = zcomp_lz4_decompress,
> > - .create = zcomp_lz4_create,
> > - .destroy = zcomp_lz4_destroy,
> > - .name = "lz4",
> > -};
> > diff --git a/drivers/block/zram/zcomp_lz4.h b/drivers/block/zram/zcomp_lz4.h
> > deleted file mode 100644
> > index 60613fb..0000000
> > --- a/drivers/block/zram/zcomp_lz4.h
> > +++ /dev/null
> > @@ -1,17 +0,0 @@
> > -/*
> > - * Copyright (C) 2014 Sergey Senozhatsky.
> > - *
> > - * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
> > - * modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License
> > - * as published by the Free Software Foundation; either version
> > - * 2 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
> > - */
> > -
> > -#ifndef _ZCOMP_LZ4_H_
> > -#define _ZCOMP_LZ4_H_
> > -
> > -#include "zcomp.h"
> > -
> > -extern struct zcomp_backend zcomp_lz4;
> > -
> > -#endif /* _ZCOMP_LZ4_H_ */
> > diff --git a/drivers/block/zram/zcomp_lzo.c b/drivers/block/zram/zcomp_lzo.c
> > deleted file mode 100644
> > index da1bc47..0000000
> > --- a/drivers/block/zram/zcomp_lzo.c
> > +++ /dev/null
> > @@ -1,47 +0,0 @@
> > -/*
> > - * Copyright (C) 2014 Sergey Senozhatsky.
> > - *
> > - * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
> > - * modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License
> > - * as published by the Free Software Foundation; either version
> > - * 2 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
> > - */
> > -
> > -#include <linux/kernel.h>
> > -#include <linux/slab.h>
> > -#include <linux/lzo.h>
> > -
> > -#include "zcomp_lzo.h"
> > -
> > -static void *lzo_create(void)
> > -{
> > - return kzalloc(LZO1X_MEM_COMPRESS, GFP_KERNEL);
> > -}
> > -
> > -static void lzo_destroy(void *private)
> > -{
> > - kfree(private);
> > -}
> > -
> > -static int lzo_compress(const unsigned char *src, unsigned char *dst,
> > - size_t *dst_len, void *private)
> > -{
> > - int ret = lzo1x_1_compress(src, PAGE_SIZE, dst, dst_len, private);
> > - return ret == LZO_E_OK ? 0 : ret;
> > -}
> > -
> > -static int lzo_decompress(const unsigned char *src, size_t src_len,
> > - unsigned char *dst)
> > -{
> > - size_t dst_len = PAGE_SIZE;
> > - int ret = lzo1x_decompress_safe(src, src_len, dst, &dst_len);
> > - return ret == LZO_E_OK ? 0 : ret;
> > -}
> > -
> > -struct zcomp_backend zcomp_lzo = {
> > - .compress = lzo_compress,
> > - .decompress = lzo_decompress,
> > - .create = lzo_create,
> > - .destroy = lzo_destroy,
> > - .name = "lzo",
> > -};
> > diff --git a/drivers/block/zram/zcomp_lzo.h b/drivers/block/zram/zcomp_lzo.h
> > deleted file mode 100644
> > index 128c580..0000000
> > --- a/drivers/block/zram/zcomp_lzo.h
> > +++ /dev/null
> > @@ -1,17 +0,0 @@
> > -/*
> > - * Copyright (C) 2014 Sergey Senozhatsky.
> > - *
> > - * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
> > - * modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License
> > - * as published by the Free Software Foundation; either version
> > - * 2 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
> > - */
> > -
> > -#ifndef _ZCOMP_LZO_H_
> > -#define _ZCOMP_LZO_H_
> > -
> > -#include "zcomp.h"
> > -
> > -extern struct zcomp_backend zcomp_lzo;
> > -
> > -#endif /* _ZCOMP_LZO_H_ */
> > diff --git a/drivers/block/zram/zram_drv.c b/drivers/block/zram/zram_drv.c
> > index 55e09db1..834f452 100644
> > --- a/drivers/block/zram/zram_drv.c
> > +++ b/drivers/block/zram/zram_drv.c
> > @@ -567,7 +567,7 @@ static int zram_decompress_page(struct zram *zram, struct zcomp_strm *zstrm,
> > unsigned char *cmem;
> > struct zram_meta *meta = zram->meta;
> > unsigned long handle;
> > - size_t size;
> > + unsigned int size;
> >
> > bit_spin_lock(ZRAM_ACCESS, &meta->table[index].value);
> > handle = meta->table[index].handle;
> > @@ -656,7 +656,7 @@ static int zram_bvec_write(struct zram *zram, struct bio_vec *bvec, u32 index,
> > int offset)
> > {
> > int ret = 0;
> > - size_t clen;
> > + unsigned int clen;
> > unsigned long handle;
> > struct page *page;
> > unsigned char *user_mem, *cmem, *src, *uncmem = NULL;
> > @@ -731,7 +731,7 @@ static int zram_bvec_write(struct zram *zram, struct bio_vec *bvec, u32 index,
> >
> > handle = zs_malloc(meta->mem_pool, clen);
> > if (!handle) {
> > - pr_err("Error allocating memory for compressed page: %u, size=%zu\n",
> > + pr_err("Error allocating memory for compressed page: %u, size=%u\n",
> > index, clen);
> > ret = -ENOMEM;
> > goto out;
> > --
> > 1.9.1
> >
> --
> To unsubscribe from this list: send the line "unsubscribe linux-kernel" in
> the body of a message to majordomo@vger.kernel.org
> More majordomo info at http://vger.kernel.org/majordomo-info.html
> Please read the FAQ at http://www.tux.org/lkml/


\
 
 \ /
  Last update: 2015-09-25 08:01    [W:0.094 / U:2.068 seconds]
©2003-2018 Jasper Spaans|hosted at Digital Ocean and TransIP|Read the blog|Advertise on this site