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SubjectRE: First kernel patch (optimization)
Date
From: Austin S Hemmelgarn
> Sent: 16 September 2015 12:46
> On 2015-09-15 20:09, Steve Calfee wrote:
> > On Tue, Sep 15, 2015 at 12:53 PM, Eric Curtin <ericcurtin17@gmail.com> wrote:
> >> Signed-off-by: Eric Curtin <ericcurtin17@gmail.com>
> >>
> >> diff --git a/tools/usb/usbip/src/usbip_detach.c b/tools/usb/usbip/src/usbip_detach.c
> >> index 05c6d15..9db9d21 100644
> >> --- a/tools/usb/usbip/src/usbip_detach.c
> >> +++ b/tools/usb/usbip/src/usbip_detach.c
> >> @@ -47,7 +47,9 @@ static int detach_port(char *port)
> >> uint8_t portnum;
> >> char path[PATH_MAX+1];
> >>
> >> -
> >> + unsigned int port_len = strlen(port);
> >> +
> >> + for (unsigned int i = 0; i < port_len; i++)
> >> if (!isdigit(port[i])) {
> >> err("invalid port %s", port);
> >> return -1;
> >>
> >> --
> >
> > Hi Eric,
> >
> > This is fine, but what kind of wimpy compiler optimizer will not move
> > the constant initializer out of the loop? I bet if you compare binary
> > sizes/code it will be exactly the same, and you added some characters
> > of code. Reorganizing code for readability is fine, but for compiler
> > (in)efficiency seems like a bad idea.
> While I agree with your argument, I would like to point out that it is a
> well established fact that GCC's optimizers are kind of brain-dead at
> times and need their hands held.
>
> I'd be willing to bet that the code will be marginally larger (because
> of adding another variable), but might run slightly faster too (because
> in my experience, GCC doesn't always catch things like this), and should
> compile a little faster (because the optimizers don't have to do as much
> work).

The compiler probably can't optimise the strlen().
If isdigit() is a real function (the locale specific one probably is)
then the compile cannot assume that port[n] isn't changed by the call
to isdigit.

A simpler change would be:
for (unsigned int i = 0; port[i] != 0; i++)

Much better would be to use strtoul() instead of atoi().

David

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