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SubjectRe: [PATCH] driver core: Ensure proper suspend/resume ordering
On Fri, 11 Sep 2015, Thierry Reding wrote:

> On Fri, Sep 11, 2015 at 12:08:02AM +0200, Rafael J. Wysocki wrote:
> > On Thursday, September 10, 2015 12:19:03 PM Thierry Reding wrote:
> > > From: Thierry Reding <>
> > >
> > > Deferred probe can lead to strange situations where a device that is a
> > > dependency for others will be moved to the end of the dpm_list. At the
> > > same time the dependers may not be moved because at the time they will
> > > be probed the dependee may already have been successfully reprobed and
> > > they will not have to defer the probe themselves.
> >
> > So there's a bug in the implementation of deferred probing IMO.
> Well, yeah. The root problem here is that we don't have dependency
> information and deferred probing is supposed to fix that. It does so
> fairly well, but it breaks in this particular case.
> > > One example where this happens is the Jetson TK1 board (Tegra124). The
> > > gpio-keys driver exposes the power key of the board as an input device
> > > that can also be used as a wakeup source. Commit 17cdddf0fb68 ("ARM:
> > > tegra: Add gpio-ranges property") results in the gpio-tegra driver
> > > deferring probe because one of its dependencies, the pinctrl-tegra
> > > driver, has not successfully completed probing. Currently the deferred
> > > probe code will move the corresponding gpio-tegra device to the end of
> > > the dpm_list, but by the time the gpio-keys device, depending on the
> > > gpio-tegra device, is probed, gpio-tegra has already been reprobed, so
> > > the gpio-keys device is not moved to the end of dpm_list itself. As a
> > > result, the suspend ordering becomes pinctrl-tegra -> gpio-keys ->
> > > gpio-tegra. That's problematic because the gpio-keys driver requests
> > > the power key to be a wakeup source. However, the programming of the
> > > wakeup interrupt registers happens in the gpio-tegra driver's suspend
> > > callback, which is now called before that of the gpio-keys driver. The
> > > result is that the wrong values are programmed and leaves the system
> > > unable to be resumed using the power key.
> > >
> > > To fix this situation, always move devices to the end of the dpm_list
> > > before probing them. Technically this should only be done for devices
> > > that have been successfully probed, but that won't work for recursive
> > > probing of devices (think an I2C master that instantiates children in
> > > its ->probe()). Effectively the dpm_list will end up ordered the same
> > > way that devices were probed, hence taking care of dependencies.

I'm not worried about the overhead involved in moving a device to the
end of the list every time it is probed. That ought to be relatively

There are a few things to watch out for. Since the dpm_list gets
modified during system sleep transitions, we would have to make sure
that nothing gets probed during those times. In principle, that's what
the "prepare" stage is meant for, but there's still a race. As long as
no other kernel thread (such as the deferred probing mechanism) tries
to probe a device once everything has been frozen, we should be okay.
But if not, there will be trouble -- after the ->prepare callback runs,
the device is no longer on the dpm_list and so we don't want this patch
to put it back on that list.

There's also an issue about other types of dependencies. For instance,
it's conceivable that device B might be discovered and depend on device
A, even before A has been bound to a driver. (B might be discovered by
A's subsystem rather than A's driver.) In that case, moving A to the
end of the list would cause B to come before A even though B depends on
A. Of course, deferred probing already has this problem.

An easy way to check for this sort of thing would be to verify that a
device about to be probed doesn't have any children. This wouldn't
catch all the potential dependencies, but it would be a reasonable
start. Do we currently check that after a device has been unbound, it
doesn't have any remaining children? We should do that too.

Alan Stern

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