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Subject[PATCH] time.c::timespec_trunc: fix nanosecond file time rounding
From: Karsten Blees <blees@dcon.de>
Date: Tue, 9 Jun 2015 10:50:28 +0200

The rounding optimization in timespec_trunc() is based on the incorrect
assumptions that current_kernel_time() is rounded to jiffies resolution,
and that jiffies resolution is a multiple of all potential file time
granularities.

Thus, sub-second portions of in-core file times are not rounded to on-disk
granularity. I.e. file times may change when the inode is re-read from disk
or when the file system is remounted.

File systems with on-disk resolutions of exactly 1 ns or 1 s are not
affected by this.

Steps to reproduce with e.g. UDF:

$ dd if=/dev/zero of=udfdisk count=10000 && mkudffs udfdisk
$ mkdir udf && mount udfdisk udf
$ touch udf/test && stat -c %y udf/test
2015-06-09 10:22:56.130006767 +0200
$ umount udf && mount udfdisk udf
$ stat -c %y udf/test
2015-06-09 10:22:56.130006000 +0200

Remounting rounds the mtime to 1µs.

Fix the rounding in timespec_trunc() and update the documentation.

Note: This does _not_ fix the issue for FAT's 2 second mtime resolution,
as struct super_block.s_time_gran isn't prepared to handle different
ctime / mtime / atime resolutions nor resolutions > 1 second.

Signed-off-by: Karsten Blees <blees@dcon.de>
---

This issue came up in a recent discussion on the git ML about enabling
nanosecond file times on Windows, see

http://thread.gmane.org/gmane.comp.version-control.msysgit/21290/focus=21315


kernel/time/time.c | 17 ++++-------------
1 file changed, 4 insertions(+), 13 deletions(-)

diff --git a/kernel/time/time.c b/kernel/time/time.c
index 972e3bb..362ee06 100644
--- a/kernel/time/time.c
+++ b/kernel/time/time.c
@@ -287,23 +287,14 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL(jiffies_to_usecs);
* @t: Timespec
* @gran: Granularity in ns.
*
- * Truncate a timespec to a granularity. gran must be smaller than a second.
- * Always rounds down.
- *
- * This function should be only used for timestamps returned by
- * current_kernel_time() or CURRENT_TIME, not with do_gettimeofday() because
- * it doesn't handle the better resolution of the latter.
+ * Truncate a timespec to a granularity. gran must not be greater than a
+ * second (10^9 ns). Always rounds down.
*/
struct timespec timespec_trunc(struct timespec t, unsigned gran)
{
- /*
- * Division is pretty slow so avoid it for common cases.
- * Currently current_kernel_time() never returns better than
- * jiffies resolution. Exploit that.
- */
- if (gran <= jiffies_to_usecs(1) * 1000) {
+ if (gran <= 1) {
/* nothing */
- } else if (gran == 1000000000) {
+ } else if (gran >= 1000000000) {
t.tv_nsec = 0;
} else {
t.tv_nsec -= t.tv_nsec % gran;
--
2.0.0.791.g124e248


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