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SubjectRe: [RFC][PATCH 07/10] zsmalloc: introduce auto-compact support
On (06/04/15 13:57), Minchan Kim wrote:
> On Sat, May 30, 2015 at 12:05:25AM +0900, Sergey Senozhatsky wrote:
> > perform class compaction in zs_free(), if zs_free() has created
> > a ZS_ALMOST_EMPTY page. this is the most trivial `policy'.
>
> Finally, I got realized your intention.
>
> Actually, I had a plan to add /sys/block/zram0/compact_threshold_ratio
> which means to compact automatically when compr_data_size/mem_used_total
> is below than the threshold but I didn't try because it could be done
> by usertool.
>
> Another reason I didn't try the approach is that it could scan all of
> zs_objects repeatedly withtout any freeing zspage in some corner cases,
> which could be big overhead we should prevent so we might add some
> heuristic. as an example, we could delay a few compaction trial when
> we found a few previous trials as all fails.

this is why I use zs_can_compact() -- to evict from zs_compact() as soon
as possible. so useless scans are minimized (well, at least expected). I'm
also thinking of a threshold-based solution -- do class auto-compaction
only if we can free X pages, for example.

the problem of compaction is that there is no compaction until you trigger
it.

and fragmented classes are not necessarily a win. if writes don't happen
to a fragmented class-X (and we basically can't tell if they will, nor we
can estimate; it's up to I/O and data patterns, compression algorithm, etc.)
then class-X stays fragmented w/o any use.


> It's simple design of mm/compaction.c to prevent pointless overhead
> but historically it made pains several times and required more
> complicated logics but it's still painful.
>
> Other thing I found recently is that it's not always win zsmalloc
> for zram is not fragmented. The fragmented space could be used
> for storing upcoming compressed objects although it is wasted space
> at the moment but if we don't have any hole(ie, fragment space)
> via frequent compaction, zsmalloc should allocate a new zspage
> which could be allocated on movable pageblock by fallback of
> nonmovable pageblock request on highly memory pressure system
> so it accelerates fragment problem of the system memory.

yes, but compaction almost always leave classes fragmented. I think
it's a corner case, when the number of unused allocated objects was
exactly the same as the number of objects that we migrated and the
number of migrated objects was exactly N*maxobj_per_zspage, so we
left the class w/o any unused objects (OBJ_ALLOCATED == OBJ_USED).
classes have 'holes' after compaction.


> So, I want to pass the policy to userspace.
> If we found it's really trobule on userspace, then, we need more
> thinking.

well, it can be under config "aggressive compaction" or "automatic
compaction" option.

-ss

> Thanks.
>
> >
> > probably it would make zs_can_compact() to return an estimated number
> > of pages that potentially will be free and trigger auto-compaction
> > only when it's above some limit (e.g. at least 4 zs pages); or put it
> > under config option.
> >
> > this also tweaks __zs_compact() -- we can't do reschedule
> > anymore, waiting for new pages in the current class. so we
> > compact as much as we can and return immediately if compaction
> > is not possible anymore.
> >
> > auto-compaction is not a replacement of manual compaction.
> >
> > compiled linux kernel with auto-compaction:
> >
> > cat /sys/block/zram0/mm_stat
> > 2339885056 1601034235 1624076288 0 1624076288 19961 1106
> >
> > performing additional manual compaction:
> >
> > echo 1 > /sys/block/zram0/compact
> > cat /sys/block/zram0/mm_stat
> > 2339885056 1601034235 1624051712 0 1624076288 19961 1114
> >
> > manual compaction was able to migrate additional 8 objects. so
> > auto-compaction is 'good enough'.
> >
> > TEST
> >
> > this test copies a 1.3G linux kernel tar to mounted zram disk,
> > and extracts it.
> >
> > w/auto-compaction:
> >
> > cat /sys/block/zram0/mm_stat
> > 1171456 26006 86016 0 86016 32781 0
> >
> > time tar xf linux-3.10.tar.gz -C linux
> >
> > real 0m16.970s
> > user 0m15.247s
> > sys 0m8.477s
> >
> > du -sh linux
> > 2.0G linux
> >
> > cat /sys/block/zram0/mm_stat
> > 3547353088 2993384270 3011088384 0 3011088384 24310 108
> >
> > =====================================================================
> >
> > w/o auto compaction:
> >
> > cat /sys/block/zram0/mm_stat
> > 1171456 26000 81920 0 81920 32781 0
> >
> > time tar xf linux-3.10.tar.gz -C linux
> >
> > real 0m16.983s
> > user 0m15.267s
> > sys 0m8.417s
> >
> > du -sh linux
> > 2.0G linux
> >
> > cat /sys/block/zram0/mm_stat
> > 3548917760 2993566924 3011317760 0 3011317760 23928 0
> >
> > =====================================================================
> >
> > iozone shows that auto-compacted code runs faster in several
> > tests, which is hardly trustworthy. anyway.
> >
> > iozone -t 3 -R -r 16K -s 60M -I +Z
> >
> > test base auto-compact (compacted 66123 objs)
> > Initial write 1603682.25 1645112.38
> > Rewrite 2502243.31 2256570.31
> > Read 7040860.00 7130575.00
> > Re-read 7036490.75 7066744.25
> > Reverse Read 6617115.25 6155395.50
> > Stride read 6705085.50 6350030.38
> > Random read 6668497.75 6350129.38
> > Mixed workload 5494030.38 5091669.62
> > Random write 2526834.44 2500977.81
> > Pwrite 1656874.00 1663796.94
> > Pread 3322818.91 3359683.44
> > Fwrite 4090124.25 4099773.88
> > Fread 10358916.25 10324409.75
> >
> > Signed-off-by: Sergey Senozhatsky <sergey.senozhatsky@gmail.com>
> > ---
> > mm/zsmalloc.c | 25 +++++++++++++------------
> > 1 file changed, 13 insertions(+), 12 deletions(-)
> >
> > diff --git a/mm/zsmalloc.c b/mm/zsmalloc.c
> > index c2a640a..70bf481 100644
> > --- a/mm/zsmalloc.c
> > +++ b/mm/zsmalloc.c
> > @@ -1515,34 +1515,28 @@ static void __zs_compact(struct zs_pool *pool, struct size_class *class)
> >
> > while ((dst_page = isolate_target_page(class))) {
> > cc.d_page = dst_page;
> > - /*
> > - * If there is no more space in dst_page, resched
> > - * and see if anyone had allocated another zspage.
> > - */
> > +
> > if (!migrate_zspage(pool, class, &cc))
> > - break;
> > + goto out;
> >
> > putback_zspage(pool, class, dst_page);
> > }
> >
> > - /* Stop if we couldn't find slot */
> > - if (dst_page == NULL)
> > + if (!dst_page)
> > break;
> > -
> > putback_zspage(pool, class, dst_page);
> > putback_zspage(pool, class, src_page);
> > - spin_unlock(&class->lock);
> > - cond_resched();
> > - spin_lock(&class->lock);
> > }
> >
> > +out:
> > + if (dst_page)
> > + putback_zspage(pool, class, dst_page);
> > if (src_page)
> > putback_zspage(pool, class, src_page);
> >
> > spin_unlock(&class->lock);
> > }
> >
> > -
> > unsigned long zs_get_total_pages(struct zs_pool *pool)
> > {
> > return atomic_long_read(&pool->pages_allocated);
> > @@ -1741,6 +1735,13 @@ void zs_free(struct zs_pool *pool, unsigned long handle)
> > unpin_tag(handle);
> >
> > free_handle(pool, handle);
> > +
> > + /*
> > + * actual fullness might have changed, __zs_compact() checks
> > + * if compaction makes sense
> > + */
> > + if (fullness == ZS_ALMOST_EMPTY)
> > + __zs_compact(pool, class);
> > }
> > EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(zs_free);
> >
> > --
> > 2.4.2.337.gfae46aa
> >
>
> --
> Kind regards,
> Minchan Kim
>


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