lkml.org 
[lkml]   [2015]   [Jun]   [2]   [last100]   RSS Feed
Views: [wrap][no wrap]   [headers]  [forward] 
 
Messages in this thread
Patch in this message
/
Date
From
Subject[tip:x86/urgent] x86/asm/irq: Stop relying on magic JMP behavior for early_idt_handlers
Commit-ID:  425be5679fd292a3c36cb1fe423086708a99f11a
Gitweb: http://git.kernel.org/tip/425be5679fd292a3c36cb1fe423086708a99f11a
Author: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org>
AuthorDate: Fri, 22 May 2015 16:15:47 -0700
Committer: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
CommitDate: Tue, 2 Jun 2015 09:39:40 +0200

x86/asm/irq: Stop relying on magic JMP behavior for early_idt_handlers

The early_idt_handlers asm code generates an array of entry
points spaced nine bytes apart. It's not really clear from that
code or from the places that reference it what's going on, and
the code only works in the first place because GAS never
generates two-byte JMP instructions when jumping to global
labels.

Clean up the code to generate the correct array stride (member size)
explicitly. This should be considerably more robust against
screw-ups, as GAS will warn if a .fill directive has a negative
count. Using '. =' to advance would have been even more robust
(it would generate an actual error if it tried to move
backwards), but it would pad with nulls, confusing anyone who
tries to disassemble the code. The new scheme should be much
clearer to future readers.

While we're at it, improve the comments and rename the array and
common code.

Binutils may start relaxing jumps to non-weak labels. If so,
this change will fix our build, and we may need to backport this
change.

Before, on x86_64:

0000000000000000 <early_idt_handlers>:
0: 6a 00 pushq $0x0
2: 6a 00 pushq $0x0
4: e9 00 00 00 00 jmpq 9 <early_idt_handlers+0x9>
5: R_X86_64_PC32 early_idt_handler-0x4
...
48: 66 90 xchg %ax,%ax
4a: 6a 08 pushq $0x8
4c: e9 00 00 00 00 jmpq 51 <early_idt_handlers+0x51>
4d: R_X86_64_PC32 early_idt_handler-0x4
...
117: 6a 00 pushq $0x0
119: 6a 1f pushq $0x1f
11b: e9 00 00 00 00 jmpq 120 <early_idt_handler>
11c: R_X86_64_PC32 early_idt_handler-0x4

After:

0000000000000000 <early_idt_handler_array>:
0: 6a 00 pushq $0x0
2: 6a 00 pushq $0x0
4: e9 14 01 00 00 jmpq 11d <early_idt_handler_common>
...
48: 6a 08 pushq $0x8
4a: e9 d1 00 00 00 jmpq 120 <early_idt_handler_common>
4f: cc int3
50: cc int3
...
117: 6a 00 pushq $0x0
119: 6a 1f pushq $0x1f
11b: eb 03 jmp 120 <early_idt_handler_common>
11d: cc int3
11e: cc int3
11f: cc int3

Signed-off-by: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org>
Acked-by: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Binutils <binutils@sourceware.org>
Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de>
Cc: H.J. Lu <hjl.tools@gmail.com>
Cc: Jan Beulich <JBeulich@suse.com>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org>
Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/ac027962af343b0c599cbfcf50b945ad2ef3d7a8.1432336324.git.luto@kernel.org
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
---
arch/x86/include/asm/segment.h | 14 ++++++++++++--
arch/x86/kernel/head64.c | 2 +-
arch/x86/kernel/head_32.S | 33 ++++++++++++++++++---------------
arch/x86/kernel/head_64.S | 20 +++++++++++---------
4 files changed, 42 insertions(+), 27 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/segment.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/segment.h
index 5a9856e..7d5a192 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/segment.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/segment.h
@@ -231,11 +231,21 @@
#define TLS_SIZE (GDT_ENTRY_TLS_ENTRIES* 8)

#ifdef __KERNEL__
+
+/*
+ * early_idt_handler_array is an array of entry points referenced in the
+ * early IDT. For simplicity, it's a real array with one entry point
+ * every nine bytes. That leaves room for an optional 'push $0' if the
+ * vector has no error code (two bytes), a 'push $vector_number' (two
+ * bytes), and a jump to the common entry code (up to five bytes).
+ */
+#define EARLY_IDT_HANDLER_SIZE 9
+
#ifndef __ASSEMBLY__

-extern const char early_idt_handlers[NUM_EXCEPTION_VECTORS][2+2+5];
+extern const char early_idt_handler_array[NUM_EXCEPTION_VECTORS][EARLY_IDT_HANDLER_SIZE];
#ifdef CONFIG_TRACING
-# define trace_early_idt_handlers early_idt_handlers
+# define trace_early_idt_handler_array early_idt_handler_array
#endif

/*
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/head64.c b/arch/x86/kernel/head64.c
index 2b55ee6..5a46681 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/head64.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/head64.c
@@ -167,7 +167,7 @@ asmlinkage __visible void __init x86_64_start_kernel(char * real_mode_data)
clear_bss();

for (i = 0; i < NUM_EXCEPTION_VECTORS; i++)
- set_intr_gate(i, early_idt_handlers[i]);
+ set_intr_gate(i, early_idt_handler_array[i]);
load_idt((const struct desc_ptr *)&idt_descr);

copy_bootdata(__va(real_mode_data));
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/head_32.S b/arch/x86/kernel/head_32.S
index d031bad..53eeb22 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/head_32.S
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/head_32.S
@@ -478,21 +478,22 @@ is486:
__INIT
setup_once:
/*
- * Set up a idt with 256 entries pointing to ignore_int,
- * interrupt gates. It doesn't actually load idt - that needs
- * to be done on each CPU. Interrupts are enabled elsewhere,
- * when we can be relatively sure everything is ok.
+ * Set up a idt with 256 interrupt gates that push zero if there
+ * is no error code and then jump to early_idt_handler_common.
+ * It doesn't actually load the idt - that needs to be done on
+ * each CPU. Interrupts are enabled elsewhere, when we can be
+ * relatively sure everything is ok.
*/

movl $idt_table,%edi
- movl $early_idt_handlers,%eax
+ movl $early_idt_handler_array,%eax
movl $NUM_EXCEPTION_VECTORS,%ecx
1:
movl %eax,(%edi)
movl %eax,4(%edi)
/* interrupt gate, dpl=0, present */
movl $(0x8E000000 + __KERNEL_CS),2(%edi)
- addl $9,%eax
+ addl $EARLY_IDT_HANDLER_SIZE,%eax
addl $8,%edi
loop 1b

@@ -524,26 +525,28 @@ setup_once:
andl $0,setup_once_ref /* Once is enough, thanks */
ret

-ENTRY(early_idt_handlers)
+ENTRY(early_idt_handler_array)
# 36(%esp) %eflags
# 32(%esp) %cs
# 28(%esp) %eip
# 24(%rsp) error code
i = 0
.rept NUM_EXCEPTION_VECTORS
- .if (EXCEPTION_ERRCODE_MASK >> i) & 1
- ASM_NOP2
- .else
+ .ifeq (EXCEPTION_ERRCODE_MASK >> i) & 1
pushl $0 # Dummy error code, to make stack frame uniform
.endif
pushl $i # 20(%esp) Vector number
- jmp early_idt_handler
+ jmp early_idt_handler_common
i = i + 1
+ .fill early_idt_handler_array + i*EARLY_IDT_HANDLER_SIZE - ., 1, 0xcc
.endr
-ENDPROC(early_idt_handlers)
+ENDPROC(early_idt_handler_array)

- /* This is global to keep gas from relaxing the jumps */
-ENTRY(early_idt_handler)
+early_idt_handler_common:
+ /*
+ * The stack is the hardware frame, an error code or zero, and the
+ * vector number.
+ */
cld

cmpl $2,(%esp) # X86_TRAP_NMI
@@ -603,7 +606,7 @@ ex_entry:
is_nmi:
addl $8,%esp /* drop vector number and error code */
iret
-ENDPROC(early_idt_handler)
+ENDPROC(early_idt_handler_common)

/* This is the default interrupt "handler" :-) */
ALIGN
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/head_64.S b/arch/x86/kernel/head_64.S
index ae6588b..df7e780 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/head_64.S
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/head_64.S
@@ -321,26 +321,28 @@ bad_address:
jmp bad_address

__INIT
- .globl early_idt_handlers
-early_idt_handlers:
+ENTRY(early_idt_handler_array)
# 104(%rsp) %rflags
# 96(%rsp) %cs
# 88(%rsp) %rip
# 80(%rsp) error code
i = 0
.rept NUM_EXCEPTION_VECTORS
- .if (EXCEPTION_ERRCODE_MASK >> i) & 1
- ASM_NOP2
- .else
+ .ifeq (EXCEPTION_ERRCODE_MASK >> i) & 1
pushq $0 # Dummy error code, to make stack frame uniform
.endif
pushq $i # 72(%rsp) Vector number
- jmp early_idt_handler
+ jmp early_idt_handler_common
i = i + 1
+ .fill early_idt_handler_array + i*EARLY_IDT_HANDLER_SIZE - ., 1, 0xcc
.endr
+ENDPROC(early_idt_handler_array)

-/* This is global to keep gas from relaxing the jumps */
-ENTRY(early_idt_handler)
+early_idt_handler_common:
+ /*
+ * The stack is the hardware frame, an error code or zero, and the
+ * vector number.
+ */
cld

cmpl $2,(%rsp) # X86_TRAP_NMI
@@ -412,7 +414,7 @@ ENTRY(early_idt_handler)
is_nmi:
addq $16,%rsp # drop vector number and error code
INTERRUPT_RETURN
-ENDPROC(early_idt_handler)
+ENDPROC(early_idt_handler_common)

__INITDATA


\
 
 \ /
  Last update: 2015-06-02 10:41    [W:0.165 / U:1.480 seconds]
©2003-2020 Jasper Spaans|hosted at Digital Ocean and TransIP|Read the blog|Advertise on this site