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Subject[PATCH 1/6] nohz_full: add support for "dataplane" mode
Date
The existing nohz_full mode makes tradeoffs to minimize userspace
interruptions while still attempting to avoid overheads in the
kernel entry/exit path, to provide 100% kernel semantics, etc.

However, some applications require a stronger commitment from the
kernel to avoid interruptions, in particular userspace device
driver style applications, such as high-speed networking code.

This change introduces a framework to allow applications to elect
to have the stronger semantics as needed, specifying
prctl(PR_SET_DATAPLANE, PR_DATAPLANE_ENABLE) to do so.
Subsequent commits will add additional flags and additional
semantics.

The dataplane state is indicated by setting a new task struct
field, dataplane_flags, to the value passed by prctl(). When the
_ENABLE bit is set for a task, and it is returning to userspace
on a nohz_full core, it calls the new tick_nohz_dataplane_enter()
routine to take additional actions to help the task avoid being
interrupted in the future.

For this first patch, the only action taken is to call
lru_add_drain() to prevent being interrupted by a subsequent
lru_add_drain_all() call on another core.

Signed-off-by: Chris Metcalf <cmetcalf@ezchip.com>
---
include/linux/sched.h | 3 +++
include/linux/tick.h | 10 ++++++++++
include/uapi/linux/prctl.h | 5 +++++
kernel/context_tracking.c | 3 +++
kernel/sys.c | 8 ++++++++
kernel/time/tick-sched.c | 13 +++++++++++++
6 files changed, 42 insertions(+)

diff --git a/include/linux/sched.h b/include/linux/sched.h
index 8222ae40ecb0..3680aa07c9ea 100644
--- a/include/linux/sched.h
+++ b/include/linux/sched.h
@@ -1732,6 +1732,9 @@ struct task_struct {
#ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_ATOMIC_SLEEP
unsigned long task_state_change;
#endif
+#ifdef CONFIG_NO_HZ_FULL
+ unsigned int dataplane_flags;
+#endif
};

/* Future-safe accessor for struct task_struct's cpus_allowed. */
diff --git a/include/linux/tick.h b/include/linux/tick.h
index f8492da57ad3..d191cda9b71a 100644
--- a/include/linux/tick.h
+++ b/include/linux/tick.h
@@ -10,6 +10,7 @@
#include <linux/context_tracking_state.h>
#include <linux/cpumask.h>
#include <linux/sched.h>
+#include <linux/prctl.h>

#ifdef CONFIG_GENERIC_CLOCKEVENTS
extern void __init tick_init(void);
@@ -134,11 +135,18 @@ static inline bool tick_nohz_full_cpu(int cpu)
return cpumask_test_cpu(cpu, tick_nohz_full_mask);
}

+static inline bool tick_nohz_is_dataplane(void)
+{
+ return tick_nohz_full_cpu(smp_processor_id()) &&
+ (current->dataplane_flags & PR_DATAPLANE_ENABLE);
+}
+
extern void __tick_nohz_full_check(void);
extern void tick_nohz_full_kick(void);
extern void tick_nohz_full_kick_cpu(int cpu);
extern void tick_nohz_full_kick_all(void);
extern void __tick_nohz_task_switch(struct task_struct *tsk);
+extern void tick_nohz_dataplane_enter(void);
#else
static inline bool tick_nohz_full_enabled(void) { return false; }
static inline bool tick_nohz_full_cpu(int cpu) { return false; }
@@ -147,6 +155,8 @@ static inline void tick_nohz_full_kick_cpu(int cpu) { }
static inline void tick_nohz_full_kick(void) { }
static inline void tick_nohz_full_kick_all(void) { }
static inline void __tick_nohz_task_switch(struct task_struct *tsk) { }
+static inline bool tick_nohz_is_dataplane(void) { return false; }
+static inline void tick_nohz_dataplane_enter(void) { }
#endif

static inline bool is_housekeeping_cpu(int cpu)
diff --git a/include/uapi/linux/prctl.h b/include/uapi/linux/prctl.h
index 31891d9535e2..1aa8fa8a8b05 100644
--- a/include/uapi/linux/prctl.h
+++ b/include/uapi/linux/prctl.h
@@ -190,4 +190,9 @@ struct prctl_mm_map {
# define PR_FP_MODE_FR (1 << 0) /* 64b FP registers */
# define PR_FP_MODE_FRE (1 << 1) /* 32b compatibility */

+/* Enable/disable or query dataplane mode for NO_HZ_FULL kernels. */
+#define PR_SET_DATAPLANE 47
+#define PR_GET_DATAPLANE 48
+# define PR_DATAPLANE_ENABLE (1 << 0)
+
#endif /* _LINUX_PRCTL_H */
diff --git a/kernel/context_tracking.c b/kernel/context_tracking.c
index 72d59a1a6eb6..dd6bdd6197b6 100644
--- a/kernel/context_tracking.c
+++ b/kernel/context_tracking.c
@@ -20,6 +20,7 @@
#include <linux/hardirq.h>
#include <linux/export.h>
#include <linux/kprobes.h>
+#include <linux/tick.h>

#define CREATE_TRACE_POINTS
#include <trace/events/context_tracking.h>
@@ -85,6 +86,8 @@ void context_tracking_enter(enum ctx_state state)
* on the tick.
*/
if (state == CONTEXT_USER) {
+ if (tick_nohz_is_dataplane())
+ tick_nohz_dataplane_enter();
trace_user_enter(0);
vtime_user_enter(current);
}
diff --git a/kernel/sys.c b/kernel/sys.c
index a4e372b798a5..930b750aefde 100644
--- a/kernel/sys.c
+++ b/kernel/sys.c
@@ -2243,6 +2243,14 @@ SYSCALL_DEFINE5(prctl, int, option, unsigned long, arg2, unsigned long, arg3,
case PR_GET_FP_MODE:
error = GET_FP_MODE(me);
break;
+#ifdef CONFIG_NO_HZ_FULL
+ case PR_SET_DATAPLANE:
+ me->dataplane_flags = arg2;
+ break;
+ case PR_GET_DATAPLANE:
+ error = me->dataplane_flags;
+ break;
+#endif
default:
error = -EINVAL;
break;
diff --git a/kernel/time/tick-sched.c b/kernel/time/tick-sched.c
index 914259128145..31c674719647 100644
--- a/kernel/time/tick-sched.c
+++ b/kernel/time/tick-sched.c
@@ -24,6 +24,7 @@
#include <linux/posix-timers.h>
#include <linux/perf_event.h>
#include <linux/context_tracking.h>
+#include <linux/swap.h>

#include <asm/irq_regs.h>

@@ -389,6 +390,18 @@ void __init tick_nohz_init(void)
pr_info("NO_HZ: Full dynticks CPUs: %*pbl.\n",
cpumask_pr_args(tick_nohz_full_mask));
}
+
+/*
+ * When returning to userspace on a nohz_full core after doing
+ * prctl(PR_DATAPLANE_SET,1), we come here and try more aggressively
+ * to prevent this core from being interrupted later.
+ */
+void tick_nohz_dataplane_enter(void)
+{
+ /* Drain the pagevecs to avoid unnecessary IPI flushes later. */
+ lru_add_drain();
+}
+
#endif

/*
--
2.1.2


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