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Subject[PATCH v3] manpage: update FALLOC_FL_INSERT_RANGE flag in fallocate
Date
Update FALLOC_FL_INSERT_RANGE flag in fallocate.

Signed-off-by: Namjae Jeon <namjae.jeon@samsung.com>
Signed-off-by: Ashish Sangwan <a.sangwan@samsung.com>
---
man2/fallocate.2 | 89 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++----
1 file changed, 84 insertions(+), 5 deletions(-)

diff --git a/man2/fallocate.2 b/man2/fallocate.2
index 0cc1a00..0d31027 100644
--- a/man2/fallocate.2
+++ b/man2/fallocate.2
@@ -228,6 +228,59 @@ ext4, for extent-based files (since Linux 3.15)
.IP *
SMB3 (since Linux 3.17)
.\" commit 30175628bf7f521e9ee31ac98fa6d6fe7441a556
+.SS Increasing file space
+flag (available since Linux 4.1)
+.\" commit dd46c787788d5bf5b974729d43e4c405814a4c7d
+Specifying the
+.BR FALLOC_FL_INSERT_RANGE
+flag in
+.I mode
+will increase the file space by inserting a hole within the file size without
+overwriting any existing data.
+The hole will start at
+.I offset
+and continue for
+.I len
+bytes.
+For inserting hole inside file, the contents of the file starting at
+.I offset
+will be shifted towards right by
+.I len
+bytes.
+Inserting a hole inside the file will increase the file size by
+.I len
+bytes.
+
+This mode has the same limitation as
+.BR FALLOC_FL_COLLAPSE_RANGE
+regarding the
+granularity of the operation.
+If the granularity requirements are not met,
+.BR fallocate ()
+will fail with the error
+.BR EINVAL.
+If the
+.I offset
+is greater than or equal to the end of file, an error is
+returned.
+For such type of operations, i.e. inserting a hole at the end of file,
+.BR ftruncate(2)
+should be used.
+In case
+.IR offset + len
+exceeds the maximum file size, errno will be set to
+.B EFBIG.
+
+No other flags may be specified in
+.IR mode
+in conjunction with
+.BR FALLOC_FL_INSERT_RANGE .
+
+As of Linux 4.1,
+.B FALLOC_FL_INSERT_RANGE
+is supported by
+XFS.
+.\" commit a904b1ca5751faf5ece8600e18cd3b674afcca1b
.SH RETURN VALUE
On success,
.BR fallocate ()
@@ -245,6 +298,12 @@ is not a valid file descriptor, or is not opened for writing.
.IR offset + len
exceeds the maximum file size.
.TP
+.B EFBIG
+.I mode
+is
+.BR FALLOC_FL_INSERT_RANGE ,
+the current file size+len exceeds the maximum file size.
+.TP
.B EINTR
A signal was caught during execution.
.TP
@@ -273,7 +332,17 @@ reaches or passes the end of the file.
.B EINVAL
.I mode
is
-.BR FALLOC_FL_COLLAPSE_RANGE ,
+.BR FALLOC_FL_INSERT_RANGE
+and the range specified by
+.I offset
+reaches or passes the end of the file.
+.TP
+.B EINVAL
+.I mode
+is
+.BR FALLOC_FL_COLLAPSE_RANGE
+or
+.BR FALLOC_FL_INSERT_RANGE ,
but either
.I offset
or
@@ -282,18 +351,24 @@ is not a multiple of the filesystem block size.
.TP
.B EINVAL
.I mode
-contains both
+contains either of
.B FALLOC_FL_COLLAPSE_RANGE
+or
+.B FALLOC_FL_INSERT_RANGE
and other flags;
no other flags are permitted with
-.BR FALLOC_FL_COLLAPSE_RANGE .
+.BR FALLOC_FL_COLLAPSE_RANGE
+or
+.BR FALLOC_FL_INSERT_RANGE .
.TP
.B EINVAL
.I mode
is
.BR FALLOC_FL_COLLAPSE_RANGE
or
-.BR FALLOC_FL_ZERO_RANGE ,
+.BR FALLOC_FL_ZERO_RANGE
+or
+.BR FALLOC_FL_INSERT_RANGE ,
but the file referred to by
.I fd
is not a regular file.
@@ -345,6 +420,8 @@ specifies
.BR FALLOC_FL_PUNCH_HOLE
or
.BR FALLOC_FL_COLLAPSE_RANGE
+or
+.BR FALLOC_FL_INSERT_RANGE
and
the file referred to by
.I fd
@@ -363,7 +440,9 @@ refers to a pipe or FIFO.
.B ETXTBSY
.I mode
specifies
-.BR FALLOC_FL_COLLAPSE_RANGE ,
+.BR FALLOC_FL_COLLAPSE_RANGE
+or
+.BR FALLOC_FL_INSERT_RANGE ,
but the file referred to by
.IR fd
is currently being executed.
--
1.8.5.5


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