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Subject[tip:sched/core] ipc/mqueue: Implement lockless pipelined wakeups
Commit-ID:  fa6004ad4528153b699a4d5ce5ea6b33acce74cc
Gitweb: http://git.kernel.org/tip/fa6004ad4528153b699a4d5ce5ea6b33acce74cc
Author: Davidlohr Bueso <dave@stgolabs.net>
AuthorDate: Mon, 4 May 2015 07:02:46 -0700
Committer: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
CommitDate: Fri, 8 May 2015 12:23:07 +0200

ipc/mqueue: Implement lockless pipelined wakeups

This patch moves the wakeup_process() invocation so it is not done under
the info->lock by making use of a lockless wake_q. With this change, the
waiter is woken up once it is STATE_READY and it does not need to loop
on SMP if it is still in STATE_PENDING. In the timeout case we still need
to grab the info->lock to verify the state.

This change should also avoid the introduction of preempt_disable() in -rt
which avoids a busy-loop which pools for the STATE_PENDING -> STATE_READY
change if the waiter has a higher priority compared to the waker.

Additionally, this patch micro-optimizes wq_sleep by using the cheaper
cousin of set_current_state(TASK_INTERRUPTABLE) as we will block no
matter what, thus get rid of the implied barrier.

Signed-off-by: Davidlohr Bueso <dbueso@suse.de>
Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra (Intel) <peterz@infradead.org>
Acked-by: George Spelvin <linux@horizon.com>
Acked-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de>
Cc: Chris Mason <clm@fb.com>
Cc: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Manfred Spraul <manfred@colorfullife.com>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Sebastian Andrzej Siewior <bigeasy@linutronix.de>
Cc: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org>
Cc: dave@stgolabs.net
Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1430748166.1940.17.camel@stgolabs.net
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
---
ipc/mqueue.c | 54 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++---------------------
1 file changed, 33 insertions(+), 21 deletions(-)

diff --git a/ipc/mqueue.c b/ipc/mqueue.c
index 3aaea7f..a24ba9f 100644
--- a/ipc/mqueue.c
+++ b/ipc/mqueue.c
@@ -47,8 +47,7 @@
#define RECV 1

#define STATE_NONE 0
-#define STATE_PENDING 1
-#define STATE_READY 2
+#define STATE_READY 1

struct posix_msg_tree_node {
struct rb_node rb_node;
@@ -571,15 +570,12 @@ static int wq_sleep(struct mqueue_inode_info *info, int sr,
wq_add(info, sr, ewp);

for (;;) {
- set_current_state(TASK_INTERRUPTIBLE);
+ __set_current_state(TASK_INTERRUPTIBLE);

spin_unlock(&info->lock);
time = schedule_hrtimeout_range_clock(timeout, 0,
HRTIMER_MODE_ABS, CLOCK_REALTIME);

- while (ewp->state == STATE_PENDING)
- cpu_relax();
-
if (ewp->state == STATE_READY) {
retval = 0;
goto out;
@@ -907,11 +903,15 @@ out_name:
* list of waiting receivers. A sender checks that list before adding the new
* message into the message array. If there is a waiting receiver, then it
* bypasses the message array and directly hands the message over to the
- * receiver.
- * The receiver accepts the message and returns without grabbing the queue
- * spinlock. Therefore an intermediate STATE_PENDING state and memory barriers
- * are necessary. The same algorithm is used for sysv semaphores, see
- * ipc/sem.c for more details.
+ * receiver. The receiver accepts the message and returns without grabbing the
+ * queue spinlock:
+ *
+ * - Set pointer to message.
+ * - Queue the receiver task for later wakeup (without the info->lock).
+ * - Update its state to STATE_READY. Now the receiver can continue.
+ * - Wake up the process after the lock is dropped. Should the process wake up
+ * before this wakeup (due to a timeout or a signal) it will either see
+ * STATE_READY and continue or acquire the lock to check the state again.
*
* The same algorithm is used for senders.
*/
@@ -919,21 +919,29 @@ out_name:
/* pipelined_send() - send a message directly to the task waiting in
* sys_mq_timedreceive() (without inserting message into a queue).
*/
-static inline void pipelined_send(struct mqueue_inode_info *info,
+static inline void pipelined_send(struct wake_q_head *wake_q,
+ struct mqueue_inode_info *info,
struct msg_msg *message,
struct ext_wait_queue *receiver)
{
receiver->msg = message;
list_del(&receiver->list);
- receiver->state = STATE_PENDING;
- wake_up_process(receiver->task);
- smp_wmb();
+ wake_q_add(wake_q, receiver->task);
+ /*
+ * Rely on the implicit cmpxchg barrier from wake_q_add such
+ * that we can ensure that updating receiver->state is the last
+ * write operation: As once set, the receiver can continue,
+ * and if we don't have the reference count from the wake_q,
+ * yet, at that point we can later have a use-after-free
+ * condition and bogus wakeup.
+ */
receiver->state = STATE_READY;
}

/* pipelined_receive() - if there is task waiting in sys_mq_timedsend()
* gets its message and put to the queue (we have one free place for sure). */
-static inline void pipelined_receive(struct mqueue_inode_info *info)
+static inline void pipelined_receive(struct wake_q_head *wake_q,
+ struct mqueue_inode_info *info)
{
struct ext_wait_queue *sender = wq_get_first_waiter(info, SEND);

@@ -944,10 +952,9 @@ static inline void pipelined_receive(struct mqueue_inode_info *info)
}
if (msg_insert(sender->msg, info))
return;
+
list_del(&sender->list);
- sender->state = STATE_PENDING;
- wake_up_process(sender->task);
- smp_wmb();
+ wake_q_add(wake_q, sender->task);
sender->state = STATE_READY;
}

@@ -965,6 +972,7 @@ SYSCALL_DEFINE5(mq_timedsend, mqd_t, mqdes, const char __user *, u_msg_ptr,
struct timespec ts;
struct posix_msg_tree_node *new_leaf = NULL;
int ret = 0;
+ WAKE_Q(wake_q);

if (u_abs_timeout) {
int res = prepare_timeout(u_abs_timeout, &expires, &ts);
@@ -1049,7 +1057,7 @@ SYSCALL_DEFINE5(mq_timedsend, mqd_t, mqdes, const char __user *, u_msg_ptr,
} else {
receiver = wq_get_first_waiter(info, RECV);
if (receiver) {
- pipelined_send(info, msg_ptr, receiver);
+ pipelined_send(&wake_q, info, msg_ptr, receiver);
} else {
/* adds message to the queue */
ret = msg_insert(msg_ptr, info);
@@ -1062,6 +1070,7 @@ SYSCALL_DEFINE5(mq_timedsend, mqd_t, mqdes, const char __user *, u_msg_ptr,
}
out_unlock:
spin_unlock(&info->lock);
+ wake_up_q(&wake_q);
out_free:
if (ret)
free_msg(msg_ptr);
@@ -1149,14 +1158,17 @@ SYSCALL_DEFINE5(mq_timedreceive, mqd_t, mqdes, char __user *, u_msg_ptr,
msg_ptr = wait.msg;
}
} else {
+ WAKE_Q(wake_q);
+
msg_ptr = msg_get(info);

inode->i_atime = inode->i_mtime = inode->i_ctime =
CURRENT_TIME;

/* There is now free space in queue. */
- pipelined_receive(info);
+ pipelined_receive(&wake_q, info);
spin_unlock(&info->lock);
+ wake_up_q(&wake_q);
ret = 0;
}
if (ret == 0) {

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