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SubjectRe: [PATCH v3 07/12] KVM: arm64: guest debug, add support for single-step
On Wed, May 06, 2015 at 05:23:22PM +0100, Alex Bennée wrote:
> This adds support for single-stepping the guest. To do this we need to
> manipulate the guests PSTATE.SS and MDSCR_EL1.SS bits which we do in the
> kvm_arm_setup/clear_debug() so we don't affect the apparent state of the
> guest. Additionally while the host is debugging the guest we suppress
> the ability of the guest to single-step itself.
>
> Signed-off-by: Alex Bennée <alex.bennee@linaro.org>
>
> ---
> v2
> - Move pstate/mdscr manipulation into C
> - don't export guest_debug to assembly
> - add accessor for saved_debug regs
> - tweak save/restore of mdscr_el1
> v3
> - don't save PC in debug information struct
> - rename debug_saved_regs->guest_debug_state
> - save whole value, only use bits in restore
> - add save/restore_guest-debug_regs helper functions
> - simplify commit message for clarity
> - rm vcpu_debug_saved_reg access fn
>
> diff --git a/arch/arm/kvm/arm.c b/arch/arm/kvm/arm.c
> index 064c105..9b3ed6d 100644
> --- a/arch/arm/kvm/arm.c
> +++ b/arch/arm/kvm/arm.c
> @@ -302,7 +302,9 @@ void kvm_arch_vcpu_put(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
> kvm_arm_set_running_vcpu(NULL);
> }
>
> -#define KVM_GUESTDBG_VALID_MASK (KVM_GUESTDBG_ENABLE | KVM_GUESTDBG_USE_SW_BP)
> +#define KVM_GUESTDBG_VALID_MASK (KVM_GUESTDBG_ENABLE | \
> + KVM_GUESTDBG_USE_SW_BP | \
> + KVM_GUESTDBG_SINGLESTEP)
>
> /**
> * kvm_arch_vcpu_ioctl_set_guest_debug - set up guest debugging
> diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_host.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_host.h
> index 7cb99b5..b60fa7a 100644
> --- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_host.h
> +++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_host.h
> @@ -123,6 +123,12 @@ struct kvm_vcpu_arch {
> * here.
> */
>
> + /* Guest registers we preserve during guest debugging */
> + struct {
> + u32 pstate;

This could do a with a comment: /* preserve SPSR_DEBUG_MASK bits */

> + u32 mdscr_el1;
> + } guest_debug_state;
> +
> /* Don't run the guest */
> bool pause;
>
> diff --git a/arch/arm64/kvm/debug.c b/arch/arm64/kvm/debug.c
> index 5bee676..19346e8 100644
> --- a/arch/arm64/kvm/debug.c
> +++ b/arch/arm64/kvm/debug.c
> @@ -19,11 +19,42 @@
>
> #include <linux/kvm_host.h>
>
> +#include <asm/debug-monitors.h>
> +#include <asm/kvm_asm.h>
> #include <asm/kvm_arm.h>
> +#include <asm/kvm_emulate.h>
> +
> +/* These are the bits of MDSCR_EL1 we may manipulate */
> +#define MDSCR_EL1_DEBUG_MASK (DBG_MDSCR_SS | \
> + DBG_MDSCR_KDE | \
> + DBG_MDSCR_MDE)
> +
> +#define SPSR_DEBUG_MASK DBG_SPSR_SS
>
> static DEFINE_PER_CPU(u32, mdcr_el2);
>
> /**
> + * save/restore_guest_debug_regs
> + *
> + * For some debug operations we need to tweak some guest registers. As
> + * a result we need to save the state of those registers before we
> + * make those modifications.
> + */
> +static void save_guest_debug_regs(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
> +{
> + vcpu->arch.guest_debug_state.pstate = *vcpu_cpsr(vcpu);
> + vcpu->arch.guest_debug_state.mdscr_el1 = vcpu_sys_reg(vcpu, MDSCR_EL1);
> +}
> +
> +static void restore_guest_debug_regs(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
> +{
> + *vcpu_cpsr(vcpu) |=
> + (vcpu->arch.guest_debug_state.pstate & SPSR_DEBUG_MASK);
> + vcpu_sys_reg(vcpu, MDSCR_EL1) |=
> + (vcpu->arch.guest_debug_state.mdscr_el1 & MDSCR_EL1_DEBUG_MASK);

This doesn't look right. Don't you need to also clear the values if
they were set by us for single-stepping the guest? At least for the
MDSCR_EL1.SS bit.

What if we're single-stepping through guest code that modifies the SS bits
of these register for the guest state? Is that possible and do we capture
this somehow?

> +}
> +
> +/**
> * kvm_arm_init_debug - grab what we need for debug
> *
> * Currently the sole task of this function is to retrieve the initial
> @@ -38,7 +69,6 @@ void kvm_arm_init_debug(void)
> __this_cpu_write(mdcr_el2, kvm_call_hyp(__kvm_get_mdcr_el2));
> }
>
> -
> /**
> * kvm_arm_setup_debug - set up debug related stuff
> *
> @@ -75,15 +105,37 @@ void kvm_arm_setup_debug(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
> else
> vcpu->arch.mdcr_el2 &= ~MDCR_EL2_TDA;
>
> - /* Trap breakpoints? */
> - if (vcpu->guest_debug & KVM_GUESTDBG_USE_SW_BP)
> + /* Is Guest debugging in effect? */
> + if (vcpu->guest_debug) {

you could have just checked the field like this in the original patch,
but ok.

> vcpu->arch.mdcr_el2 |= MDCR_EL2_TDE;
> - else
> - vcpu->arch.mdcr_el2 &= ~MDCR_EL2_TDE;


>
> + /* Save guest debug state */
> + save_guest_debug_regs(vcpu);
> +
> + /*
> + * Single Step (ARM ARM D2.12.3 The software step state
> + * machine)
> + *
> + * If we are doing Single Step we need to manipulate
> + * MDSCR_EL1.SS and PSTATE.SS. If not we need to
> + * suppress the guests ability to trigger single step itself.
> + */
> + if (vcpu->guest_debug & KVM_GUESTDBG_SINGLESTEP) {
> + *vcpu_cpsr(vcpu) |= DBG_SPSR_SS;
> + vcpu_sys_reg(vcpu, MDSCR_EL1) |= DBG_MDSCR_SS;
> + } else {
> + *vcpu_cpsr(vcpu) &= ~DBG_SPSR_SS;

why must we clear PSTATE.SS when we have MDSCR_EL1.SS == 0 ?

> + vcpu_sys_reg(vcpu, MDSCR_EL1) &= ~DBG_MDSCR_SS;
> + }
> +
> + } else {
> + /* Debug operations can go straight to the guest */
> + vcpu->arch.mdcr_el2 &= ~MDCR_EL2_TDE;

still don't think you need this.

> + }
> }
>
> void kvm_arm_clear_debug(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
> {
> - /* Nothing to do yet */
> + if (vcpu->guest_debug)
> + restore_guest_debug_regs(vcpu);
> }
> diff --git a/arch/arm64/kvm/handle_exit.c b/arch/arm64/kvm/handle_exit.c
> index 27f38a9..e9de13e 100644
> --- a/arch/arm64/kvm/handle_exit.c
> +++ b/arch/arm64/kvm/handle_exit.c
> @@ -103,6 +103,7 @@ static int kvm_handle_guest_debug(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, struct kvm_run *run)
> run->debug.arch.hsr = hsr;
>
> switch (hsr >> ESR_ELx_EC_SHIFT) {
> + case ESR_ELx_EC_SOFTSTP_LOW:
> case ESR_ELx_EC_BKPT32:
> case ESR_ELx_EC_BRK64:
> break;
> @@ -130,6 +131,7 @@ static exit_handle_fn arm_exit_handlers[] = {
> [ESR_ELx_EC_SYS64] = kvm_handle_sys_reg,
> [ESR_ELx_EC_IABT_LOW] = kvm_handle_guest_abort,
> [ESR_ELx_EC_DABT_LOW] = kvm_handle_guest_abort,
> + [ESR_ELx_EC_SOFTSTP_LOW]= kvm_handle_guest_debug,
> [ESR_ELx_EC_BKPT32] = kvm_handle_guest_debug,
> [ESR_ELx_EC_BRK64] = kvm_handle_guest_debug,
> };
> --
> 2.3.5
>

Thanks,
-Christoffer


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