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SubjectRe: [PATCH v3 05/12] KVM: arm: introduce kvm_arm_init/setup/clear_debug
On Wed, May 06, 2015 at 05:23:20PM +0100, Alex Bennée wrote:
> This is a precursor for later patches which will need to do more to
> setup debug state before entering the hyp.S switch code. The existing
> functionality for setting mdcr_el2 has been moved out of hyp.S and now
> uses the value kept in vcpu->arch.mdcr_el2.
>
> As the assembler used to previously mask and preserve MDCR_EL2.HPMN I've
> had to add a mechanism to save the value of mdcr_el2 as a per-cpu
> variable during the initialisation code. The kernel never sets this
> number so we are assuming the bootcode has set up the correct value
> here.
>
> This also moves the conditional setting of the TDA bit from the hyp code
> into the C code which is currently used for the lazy debug register
> context switch code.
>
> Signed-off-by: Alex Bennée <alex.bennee@linaro.org>
>
> ---
> v3
> - rename fns from arch->arm
> - preserve MDCR_EL2.HPMN setting
> - re-word some of the comments
> - fix some minor grammar nits
> - merge setting of mdcr_el2
> - introduce trap_debug flag
> - move setup/clear within the irq lock section
>
> create mode 100644 arch/arm64/kvm/debug.c
>
> diff --git a/arch/arm/include/asm/kvm_host.h b/arch/arm/include/asm/kvm_host.h
> index d71607c..746c0c69 100644
> --- a/arch/arm/include/asm/kvm_host.h
> +++ b/arch/arm/include/asm/kvm_host.h
> @@ -236,4 +236,8 @@ static inline void kvm_arch_sync_events(struct kvm *kvm) {}
> static inline void kvm_arch_vcpu_uninit(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu) {}
> static inline void kvm_arch_sched_in(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, int cpu) {}
>
> +static inline void kvm_arm_init_debug(void) {}
> +static inline void kvm_arm_setup_debug(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu) {}
> +static inline void kvm_arm_clear_debug(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu) {}
> +
> #endif /* __ARM_KVM_HOST_H__ */
> diff --git a/arch/arm/kvm/arm.c b/arch/arm/kvm/arm.c
> index 52a1d4d38..4a274e1 100644
> --- a/arch/arm/kvm/arm.c
> +++ b/arch/arm/kvm/arm.c
> @@ -570,6 +570,8 @@ int kvm_arch_vcpu_ioctl_run(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, struct kvm_run *run)
> continue;
> }
>
> + kvm_arm_setup_debug(vcpu);
> +
> /**************************************************************
> * Enter the guest
> */
> @@ -582,7 +584,10 @@ int kvm_arch_vcpu_ioctl_run(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, struct kvm_run *run)
> vcpu->mode = OUTSIDE_GUEST_MODE;
> kvm_guest_exit();
> trace_kvm_exit(kvm_vcpu_trap_get_class(vcpu), *vcpu_pc(vcpu));
> - /*
> +
> + kvm_arm_clear_debug(vcpu);
> +
> + /*
> * We may have taken a host interrupt in HYP mode (ie
> * while executing the guest). This interrupt is still
> * pending, as we haven't serviced it yet!
> @@ -930,6 +935,8 @@ static void cpu_init_hyp_mode(void *dummy)
> vector_ptr = (unsigned long)__kvm_hyp_vector;
>
> __cpu_init_hyp_mode(boot_pgd_ptr, pgd_ptr, hyp_stack_ptr, vector_ptr);
> +
> + kvm_arm_init_debug();
> }
>
> static int hyp_init_cpu_notify(struct notifier_block *self,
> diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_asm.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_asm.h
> index 4f7310f..d6b507e 100644
> --- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_asm.h
> +++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_asm.h
> @@ -137,6 +137,8 @@ extern char __restore_vgic_v2_state[];
> extern char __save_vgic_v3_state[];
> extern char __restore_vgic_v3_state[];
>
> +extern u32 __kvm_get_mdcr_el2(void);
> +
> #endif
>
> #endif /* __ARM_KVM_ASM_H__ */
> diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_host.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_host.h
> index f0f58c9..7cb99b5 100644
> --- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_host.h
> +++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_host.h
> @@ -103,6 +103,7 @@ struct kvm_vcpu_arch {
>
> /* HYP configuration */
> u64 hcr_el2;
> + u32 mdcr_el2;
>
> /* Exception Information */
> struct kvm_vcpu_fault_info fault;
> @@ -250,4 +251,8 @@ static inline void kvm_arch_sync_events(struct kvm *kvm) {}
> static inline void kvm_arch_vcpu_uninit(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu) {}
> static inline void kvm_arch_sched_in(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, int cpu) {}
>
> +void kvm_arm_init_debug(void);
> +void kvm_arm_setup_debug(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu);
> +void kvm_arm_clear_debug(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu);
> +
> #endif /* __ARM64_KVM_HOST_H__ */
> diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/asm-offsets.c b/arch/arm64/kernel/asm-offsets.c
> index da675cc..dfb25a2 100644
> --- a/arch/arm64/kernel/asm-offsets.c
> +++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/asm-offsets.c
> @@ -117,6 +117,7 @@ int main(void)
> DEFINE(VCPU_HPFAR_EL2, offsetof(struct kvm_vcpu, arch.fault.hpfar_el2));
> DEFINE(VCPU_DEBUG_FLAGS, offsetof(struct kvm_vcpu, arch.debug_flags));
> DEFINE(VCPU_HCR_EL2, offsetof(struct kvm_vcpu, arch.hcr_el2));
> + DEFINE(VCPU_MDCR_EL2, offsetof(struct kvm_vcpu, arch.mdcr_el2));
> DEFINE(VCPU_IRQ_LINES, offsetof(struct kvm_vcpu, arch.irq_lines));
> DEFINE(VCPU_HOST_CONTEXT, offsetof(struct kvm_vcpu, arch.host_cpu_context));
> DEFINE(VCPU_TIMER_CNTV_CTL, offsetof(struct kvm_vcpu, arch.timer_cpu.cntv_ctl));
> diff --git a/arch/arm64/kvm/Makefile b/arch/arm64/kvm/Makefile
> index d5904f8..90e3f39 100644
> --- a/arch/arm64/kvm/Makefile
> +++ b/arch/arm64/kvm/Makefile
> @@ -17,7 +17,7 @@ kvm-$(CONFIG_KVM_ARM_HOST) += $(ARM)/psci.o $(ARM)/perf.o
>
> kvm-$(CONFIG_KVM_ARM_HOST) += emulate.o inject_fault.o regmap.o
> kvm-$(CONFIG_KVM_ARM_HOST) += hyp.o hyp-init.o handle_exit.o
> -kvm-$(CONFIG_KVM_ARM_HOST) += guest.o reset.o sys_regs.o sys_regs_generic_v8.o
> +kvm-$(CONFIG_KVM_ARM_HOST) += guest.o debug.o reset.o sys_regs.o sys_regs_generic_v8.o
>
> kvm-$(CONFIG_KVM_ARM_HOST) += $(KVM)/arm/vgic.o
> kvm-$(CONFIG_KVM_ARM_HOST) += $(KVM)/arm/vgic-v2.o
> diff --git a/arch/arm64/kvm/debug.c b/arch/arm64/kvm/debug.c
> new file mode 100644
> index 0000000..b1f8731
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/arch/arm64/kvm/debug.c
> @@ -0,0 +1,83 @@
> +/*
> + * Debug and Guest Debug support
> + *
> + * Copyright (C) 2015 - Linaro Ltd
> + * Author: Alex Bennée <alex.bennee@linaro.org>
> + *
> + * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
> + * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as
> + * published by the Free Software Foundation.
> + *
> + * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
> + * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
> + * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
> + * GNU General Public License for more details.
> + *
> + * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
> + * along with this program. If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
> + */
> +
> +#include <linux/kvm_host.h>
> +
> +#include <asm/kvm_arm.h>
> +
> +static DEFINE_PER_CPU(u32, mdcr_el2);
> +
> +/**
> + * kvm_arm_init_debug - grab what we need for debug
> + *
> + * Currently the sole task of this function is to retrieve the initial
> + * value of mdcr_el2 so we can preserve MDCR_EL2.HPMN which has
> + * presumably been set-up by some knowledgeable bootcode.
> + *
> + * It is called once per-cpu during CPU hyp initialisation.
> + */
> +
> +void kvm_arm_init_debug(void)
> +{
> + __this_cpu_write(mdcr_el2, kvm_call_hyp(__kvm_get_mdcr_el2));
> +}
> +
> +
> +/**
> + * kvm_arm_setup_debug - set up debug related stuff
> + *
> + * @vcpu: the vcpu pointer
> + *
> + * This is called before each entry into the hypervisor to setup any
> + * debug related registers. Currently this just ensures we will trap
> + * access to:
> + * - Performance monitors (MDCR_EL2_TPM/MDCR_EL2_TPMCR)
> + * - Debug ROM Address (MDCR_EL2_TDRA)
> + * - Power down debug registers (MDCR_EL2_TDOSA)

TDOSA traps more than the DBGPRCR_EL1 register, so "OS-related
registers" is probably what you want here.

> + *
> + * Additionally, KVM only traps guest accesses to the debug registers if
> + * the guest is not actively using them (see the KVM_ARM64_DEBUG_DIRTY
> + * flag on vcpu->arch.debug_flags). Since the guest must not interfere
> + * with the hardware state when debugging the guest, we must ensure that
> + * trapping is enabled whenever we are debugging the guest using the
> + * debug registers.
> + */
> +
> +void kvm_arm_setup_debug(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
> +{
> + bool trap_debug = !(vcpu->arch.debug_flags & KVM_ARM64_DEBUG_DIRTY);
> +
> + vcpu->arch.mdcr_el2 = __this_cpu_read(mdcr_el2) & MDCR_EL2_HPMN_MASK;
> + vcpu->arch.mdcr_el2 |= (MDCR_EL2_TPM |
> + MDCR_EL2_TPMCR |
> + MDCR_EL2_TDRA |
> + MDCR_EL2_TDOSA);
> +
> + /* Trap on access to debug registers? */
> + if (trap_debug)
> + vcpu->arch.mdcr_el2 |= MDCR_EL2_TDA;
> + else
> + vcpu->arch.mdcr_el2 &= ~MDCR_EL2_TDA;

the else-clause shouldn't be necessary as you've just initialized the
register with the HPMN_MASK.

> +
> +}
> +
> +void kvm_arm_clear_debug(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
> +{
> + /* Nothing to do yet */
> +}
> diff --git a/arch/arm64/kvm/hyp.S b/arch/arm64/kvm/hyp.S
> index 5befd01..15159aa 100644
> --- a/arch/arm64/kvm/hyp.S
> +++ b/arch/arm64/kvm/hyp.S
> @@ -768,17 +768,8 @@
> mov x2, #(1 << 15) // Trap CP15 Cr=15
> msr hstr_el2, x2
>
> - mrs x2, mdcr_el2
> - and x2, x2, #MDCR_EL2_HPMN_MASK
> - orr x2, x2, #(MDCR_EL2_TPM | MDCR_EL2_TPMCR)
> - orr x2, x2, #(MDCR_EL2_TDRA | MDCR_EL2_TDOSA)
> -
> - // Check for KVM_ARM64_DEBUG_DIRTY, and set debug to trap
> - // if not dirty.
> - ldr x3, [x0, #VCPU_DEBUG_FLAGS]
> - tbnz x3, #KVM_ARM64_DEBUG_DIRTY_SHIFT, 1f
> - orr x2, x2, #MDCR_EL2_TDA
> -1:
> + // Monitor Debug Config - see kvm_arch_setup_debug()

kvm_arm_setup_debug() ?

> + ldr x2, [x0, #VCPU_MDCR_EL2]
> msr mdcr_el2, x2
> .endm
>
> @@ -1295,4 +1286,10 @@ ENTRY(__kvm_hyp_vector)
> ventry el1_error_invalid // Error 32-bit EL1
> ENDPROC(__kvm_hyp_vector)
>
> +
> +ENTRY(__kvm_get_mdcr_el2)
> + mrs x0, mdcr_el2
> + ret
> +ENDPROC(__kvm_get_mdcr_el2)
> +
> .popsection
> --
> 2.3.5
>

Thanks,
-Christoffer


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