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SubjectRe: [PATCH v3 03/10] mtd: nand: add NAND driver for Broadcom STB NAND controller
On Wed, May 06, 2015 at 09:17:36PM +0200, Arnd Bergmann wrote:
> On Wednesday 06 May 2015 10:59:47 Brian Norris wrote:
> > +
> > +static inline u32 nand_readreg(struct brcmnand_controller *ctrl, u32 offs)
> > +{
> > + return __raw_readl(ctrl->nand_base + offs);
> > +}
> > +
> > +static inline void nand_writereg(struct brcmnand_controller *ctrl, u32 offs,
> > + u32 val)
> > +{
> > + __raw_writel(val, ctrl->nand_base + offs);
> > +}
> > +
> >
>
> You had mentioned previously that there might be an endianess issue in this
> driver.

Might. I have a patch already, but I failed to boot a BE kernel, so I
kept it out for now. If you don't mind, I'd prefer patching something
like this once it's testable on ARM BE. This *is*, however, extensively
tested on MIPS (LE and BE) and ARM (LE).

> I think this won't work on big-endian architectures other than MIPS,
> so it would be good to either list in the DT the endianess of the device
> and use appropriate accessors here, or hardcode it based on the architecture
> (using ioread32_be in big-endian mips, but readl elsewhere).

I suspect we wouldn't need a DT property but could just special-case
MIPS BE, as you note.

> Using __raw_writel has another problem regarding the DMA capability of this
> driver, as it will not flush any write buffers or synchronize caches before
> sending data off to the device, so you risk data corruption.

We use mb() before kicking off DMA or other commands.

> Also, the
> compiler can choose to split up the 32-bit word access into byte accesses,
> which on most hardware does not do what you want.

Huh? Wouldn't that break just about every driver in existence? And how
is writel() any different than __raw_writel() in that regard? From
include/asm-generic/io.h:

static inline void writel(u32 value, volatile void __iomem *addr)
{
__raw_writel(__cpu_to_le32(value), addr);
}

And BTW, splitting isn't possible on ARM. From
arch/arm/include/asm/io.h:

static inline void __raw_writel(u32 val, volatile void __iomem *addr)
{
asm volatile("str %1, %0"
: "+Qo" (*(volatile u32 __force *)addr)
: "r" (val));
}

Brian


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