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Subject[PATCH 03/19] x86, mpx: Use new get_xsave_field_ptr()
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From: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com>

The MPX registers (bndcsr/bndcfgu/bndstatus) are not directly
accessible via normal instructions. They essentially act as
if they were floating point registers and are saved/restored
along with those registers.

There are two main paths in the MPX code where we care about
the contents of these registers:
1. #BR (bounds) faults
2. the prctl() code where we are setting MPX up

Both of those paths _might_ be called without the FPU having
been used. That means that 'tsk->thread.fpu.state' might
never be allocated.

Also, fpu_save_init() is not preempt-safe. It was a bug to
call it without disabling preemption. The new
get_xsave_addr() calls unlazy_fpu() instead and properly
disables preemption.

Signed-off-by: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com>
Reviewed-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: Oleg Nesterov <oleg@redhat.com>
Cc: bp@alien8.de
Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Cc: Suresh Siddha <sbsiddha@gmail.com>
Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@amacapital.net>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com>
Cc: "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com>
Cc: Fenghua Yu <fenghua.yu@intel.com>
Cc: the arch/x86 maintainers <x86@kernel.org>
Cc: linux-kernel <linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org>

---

Changes from v21:
* rename get_xsave_field() to get_xsave_field_ptr()
---

b/arch/x86/include/asm/mpx.h | 8 ++++----
b/arch/x86/kernel/traps.c | 15 +++++++--------
b/arch/x86/mm/mpx.c | 24 ++++++++++++------------
3 files changed, 23 insertions(+), 24 deletions(-)

diff -puN arch/x86/include/asm/mpx.h~use-new-tsk_get_xsave_addr arch/x86/include/asm/mpx.h
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/mpx.h~use-new-tsk_get_xsave_addr 2015-05-27 09:32:15.346481924 -0700
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/mpx.h 2015-05-27 09:32:15.353482240 -0700
@@ -60,8 +60,8 @@

#ifdef CONFIG_X86_INTEL_MPX
siginfo_t *mpx_generate_siginfo(struct pt_regs *regs,
- struct xregs_state *xsave_buf);
-int mpx_handle_bd_fault(struct xregs_state *xsave_buf);
+ struct task_struct *tsk);
+int mpx_handle_bd_fault(struct task_struct *tsk);
static inline int kernel_managing_mpx_tables(struct mm_struct *mm)
{
return (mm->bd_addr != MPX_INVALID_BOUNDS_DIR);
@@ -78,11 +78,11 @@ void mpx_notify_unmap(struct mm_struct *
unsigned long start, unsigned long end);
#else
static inline siginfo_t *mpx_generate_siginfo(struct pt_regs *regs,
- struct xregs_state *xsave_buf)
+ struct task_struct *tsk)
{
return NULL;
}
-static inline int mpx_handle_bd_fault(struct xregs_state *xsave_buf)
+static inline int mpx_handle_bd_fault(struct task_struct *tsk)
{
return -EINVAL;
}
diff -puN arch/x86/kernel/traps.c~use-new-tsk_get_xsave_addr arch/x86/kernel/traps.c
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/traps.c~use-new-tsk_get_xsave_addr 2015-05-27 09:32:15.348482015 -0700
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/traps.c 2015-05-27 09:32:15.353482240 -0700
@@ -59,6 +59,7 @@
#include <asm/fixmap.h>
#include <asm/mach_traps.h>
#include <asm/alternative.h>
+#include <asm/fpu/xstate.h>
#include <asm/mpx.h>

#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
@@ -371,7 +372,6 @@ dotraplinkage void do_double_fault(struc
dotraplinkage void do_bounds(struct pt_regs *regs, long error_code)
{
struct task_struct *tsk = current;
- struct xregs_state *xsave_buf;
enum ctx_state prev_state;
struct bndcsr *bndcsr;
siginfo_t *info;
@@ -392,12 +392,11 @@ dotraplinkage void do_bounds(struct pt_r

/*
* We need to look at BNDSTATUS to resolve this exception.
- * It is not directly accessible, though, so we need to
- * do an xsave and then pull it out of the xsave buffer.
+ * A NULL here might mean that it is in its 'init state',
+ * which is all zeros which indicates MPX was not
+ * responsible for the exception.
*/
- copy_fpregs_to_fpstate(&tsk->thread.fpu);
- xsave_buf = &(tsk->thread.fpu.state.xsave);
- bndcsr = get_xsave_addr(xsave_buf, XSTATE_BNDCSR);
+ bndcsr = get_xsave_field_ptr(XSTATE_BNDCSR);
if (!bndcsr)
goto exit_trap;

@@ -408,11 +407,11 @@ dotraplinkage void do_bounds(struct pt_r
*/
switch (bndcsr->bndstatus & MPX_BNDSTA_ERROR_CODE) {
case 2: /* Bound directory has invalid entry. */
- if (mpx_handle_bd_fault(xsave_buf))
+ if (mpx_handle_bd_fault(tsk))
goto exit_trap;
break; /* Success, it was handled */
case 1: /* Bound violation. */
- info = mpx_generate_siginfo(regs, xsave_buf);
+ info = mpx_generate_siginfo(regs, tsk);
if (IS_ERR(info)) {
/*
* We failed to decode the MPX instruction. Act as if
diff -puN arch/x86/mm/mpx.c~use-new-tsk_get_xsave_addr arch/x86/mm/mpx.c
--- a/arch/x86/mm/mpx.c~use-new-tsk_get_xsave_addr 2015-05-27 09:32:15.349482059 -0700
+++ b/arch/x86/mm/mpx.c 2015-05-27 09:32:15.354482285 -0700
@@ -272,7 +272,7 @@ bad_opcode:
* The caller is expected to kfree() the returned siginfo_t.
*/
siginfo_t *mpx_generate_siginfo(struct pt_regs *regs,
- struct xregs_state *xsave_buf)
+ struct task_struct *tsk)
{
struct bndreg *bndregs, *bndreg;
siginfo_t *info = NULL;
@@ -294,8 +294,8 @@ siginfo_t *mpx_generate_siginfo(struct p
err = -EINVAL;
goto err_out;
}
- /* get the bndregs _area_ of the xsave structure */
- bndregs = get_xsave_addr(xsave_buf, XSTATE_BNDREGS);
+ /* get bndregs field from current task's xsave area */
+ bndregs = get_xsave_field_ptr(XSTATE_BNDREGS);
if (!bndregs) {
err = -EINVAL;
goto err_out;
@@ -357,8 +357,7 @@ static __user void *task_get_bounds_dir(
* The bounds directory pointer is stored in a register
* only accessible if we first do an xsave.
*/
- copy_fpregs_to_fpstate(&tsk->thread.fpu);
- bndcsr = get_xsave_addr(&tsk->thread.fpu.state.xsave, XSTATE_BNDCSR);
+ bndcsr = get_xsave_field_ptr(XSTATE_BNDCSR);
if (!bndcsr)
return MPX_INVALID_BOUNDS_DIR;

@@ -389,9 +388,10 @@ int mpx_enable_management(struct task_st
* directory into XSAVE/XRSTOR Save Area and enable MPX through
* XRSTOR instruction.
*
- * copy_xregs_to_kernel() is expected to be very expensive. Storing the bounds
- * directory here means that we do not have to do xsave in the unmap
- * path; we can just use mm->bd_addr instead.
+ * The copy_xregs_to_kernel() beneath get_xsave_field_ptr() is
+ * expected to be relatively expensive. Storing the bounds
+ * directory here means that we do not have to do xsave in the
+ * unmap path; we can just use mm->bd_addr instead.
*/
bd_base = task_get_bounds_dir(tsk);
down_write(&mm->mmap_sem);
@@ -497,12 +497,12 @@ out_unmap:
* bound table is 16KB. With 64-bit mode, the size of BD is 2GB,
* and the size of each bound table is 4MB.
*/
-static int do_mpx_bt_fault(struct xregs_state *xsave_buf)
+static int do_mpx_bt_fault(struct task_struct *tsk)
{
unsigned long bd_entry, bd_base;
struct bndcsr *bndcsr;

- bndcsr = get_xsave_addr(xsave_buf, XSTATE_BNDCSR);
+ bndcsr = get_xsave_field_ptr(XSTATE_BNDCSR);
if (!bndcsr)
return -EINVAL;
/*
@@ -525,7 +525,7 @@ static int do_mpx_bt_fault(struct xregs_
return allocate_bt((long __user *)bd_entry);
}

-int mpx_handle_bd_fault(struct xregs_state *xsave_buf)
+int mpx_handle_bd_fault(struct task_struct *tsk)
{
/*
* Userspace never asked us to manage the bounds tables,
@@ -534,7 +534,7 @@ int mpx_handle_bd_fault(struct xregs_sta
if (!kernel_managing_mpx_tables(current->mm))
return -EINVAL;

- if (do_mpx_bt_fault(xsave_buf)) {
+ if (do_mpx_bt_fault(tsk)) {
force_sig(SIGSEGV, current);
/*
* The force_sig() is essentially "handling" this
_

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