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SubjectRe: [PATCH v10 12/12] drivers/block/pmem: Map NVDIMM with ioremap_wt()
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On Fri, May 29, 2015 at 8:03 AM, Toshi Kani <toshi.kani@hp.com> wrote:
> On Fri, 2015-05-29 at 07:43 -0700, Dan Williams wrote:
>> On Fri, May 29, 2015 at 2:11 AM, Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de> wrote:
>> > On Wed, May 27, 2015 at 09:19:04AM -0600, Toshi Kani wrote:
>> >> The pmem driver maps NVDIMM with ioremap_nocache() as we cannot
>> >> write back the contents of the CPU caches in case of a crash.
>> >>
>> >> This patch changes to use ioremap_wt(), which provides uncached
>> >> writes but cached reads, for improving read performance.
>> >>
>> >> Signed-off-by: Toshi Kani <toshi.kani@hp.com>
>> >> ---
>> >> drivers/block/pmem.c | 4 ++--
>> >> 1 file changed, 2 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)
>> >>
>> >> diff --git a/drivers/block/pmem.c b/drivers/block/pmem.c
>> >> index eabf4a8..095dfaa 100644
>> >> --- a/drivers/block/pmem.c
>> >> +++ b/drivers/block/pmem.c
>> >> @@ -139,11 +139,11 @@ static struct pmem_device *pmem_alloc(struct device *dev, struct resource *res)
>> >> }
>> >>
>> >> /*
>> >> - * Map the memory as non-cachable, as we can't write back the contents
>> >> + * Map the memory as write-through, as we can't write back the contents
>> >> * of the CPU caches in case of a crash.
>> >> */
>> >> err = -ENOMEM;
>> >> - pmem->virt_addr = ioremap_nocache(pmem->phys_addr, pmem->size);
>> >> + pmem->virt_addr = ioremap_wt(pmem->phys_addr, pmem->size);
>> >> if (!pmem->virt_addr)
>> >> goto out_release_region;
>> >
>> > Dan, Ross, what about this one?
>> >
>> > ACK to pick it up as a temporary solution?
>>
>> I see that is_new_memtype_allowed() is updated to disallow some
>> combinations, but the manual seems to imply any mixing of memory types
>> is unsupported. Which worries me even in the current code where we
>> have uncached mappings in the driver, and potentially cached DAX
>> mappings handed out to userspace.
>
> is_new_memtype_allowed() is not to allow some combinations of mixing of
> memory types. When it is allowed, the requested type of ioremap_xxx()
> is changed to match with the existing map type, so that mixing of memory
> types does not happen.

Yes, but now if the caller was expecting one memory type and gets
another one that is something I think the driver would want to know.
At a minimum I don't think we want to get emails about pmem driver
performance problems when someone's platform is silently degrading WB
to UC for example.

> DAX uses vm_insert_mixed(), which does not even check the existing map
> type to the physical address.

Right, I think that's a problem...

>> A general quibble separate from this patch is that we don't have a way
>> of knowing if ioremap() will reject or change our requested memory
>> type. Shouldn't the driver be explicitly requesting a known valid
>> type in advance?
>
> I agree we need a solution here.
>
>> Lastly we now have the PMEM API patches from Ross out for review where
>> he is assuming cached mappings with non-temporal writes:
>> https://lists.01.org/pipermail/linux-nvdimm/2015-May/000929.html.
>> This gives us WC semantics on writes which I believe has the nice
>> property of reducing the number of write transactions to memory.
>> Also, the numbers in the paper seem to be assuming DAX operation, but
>> this ioremap_wt() is in the driver and typically behind a file system.
>> Are the numbers relevant to that usage mode?
>
> I have not looked into the Ross's changes yet, but they do not seem to
> replace the use of ioremap_nocache(). If his changes can use WB type
> reliably, yes, we do not need a temporary solution of using ioremap_wt()
> in this driver.

Hmm, yes you're right, it seems those patches did not change the
implementation to use ioremap_cache()... which happens to not be
implemented on all architectures. I'll take a look.


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