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Subject[PATCH V6 05/17] perf tools: Add Intel PT instruction decoder
Date
Add support for decoding instructions for Intel Processor Trace.  The
kernel x86 instruction decoder is used for this.

This essentially provides intel_pt_get_insn() which takes a binary
buffer, uses the kernel's x86 instruction decoder to get details
of the instruction and then categorizes it for consumption by
an Intel PT decoder.

Signed-off-by: Adrian Hunter <adrian.hunter@intel.com>
---
tools/build/Makefile.build | 2 +
tools/perf/.gitignore | 2 +
tools/perf/Makefile.perf | 12 +-
tools/perf/util/intel-pt-decoder/Build | 15 +-
.../util/intel-pt-decoder/intel-pt-insn-decoder.c | 246 +++++++++++++++++++++
.../util/intel-pt-decoder/intel-pt-insn-decoder.h | 65 ++++++
6 files changed, 339 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)
create mode 100644 tools/perf/util/intel-pt-decoder/intel-pt-insn-decoder.c
create mode 100644 tools/perf/util/intel-pt-decoder/intel-pt-insn-decoder.h

diff --git a/tools/build/Makefile.build b/tools/build/Makefile.build
index 10df572..7ad74e4 100644
--- a/tools/build/Makefile.build
+++ b/tools/build/Makefile.build
@@ -57,6 +57,8 @@ quiet_cmd_cc_i_c = CPP $@
quiet_cmd_cc_s_c = AS $@
cmd_cc_s_c = $(CC) $(c_flags) -S -o $@ $<

+quiet_cmd_gen = GEN $@
+
# Link agregate command
# If there's nothing to link, create empty $@ object.
quiet_cmd_ld_multi = LD $@
diff --git a/tools/perf/.gitignore b/tools/perf/.gitignore
index 812f904..c88d5c5 100644
--- a/tools/perf/.gitignore
+++ b/tools/perf/.gitignore
@@ -28,3 +28,5 @@ config.mak.autogen
*-flex.*
*.pyc
*.pyo
+util/intel-pt-decoder/inat-tables.c
+util/intel-pt-decoder/inat.c
diff --git a/tools/perf/Makefile.perf b/tools/perf/Makefile.perf
index 5816a3b..3ae3a8e 100644
--- a/tools/perf/Makefile.perf
+++ b/tools/perf/Makefile.perf
@@ -76,6 +76,12 @@ include config/utilities.mak
#
# Define NO_AUXTRACE if you do not want AUX area tracing support

+# As per kernel Makefile, avoid funny character set dependencies
+unexport LC_ALL
+LC_COLLATE=C
+LC_NUMERIC=C
+export LC_COLLATE LC_NUMERIC
+
ifeq ($(srctree),)
srctree := $(patsubst %/,%,$(dir $(shell pwd)))
srctree := $(patsubst %/,%,$(dir $(srctree)))
@@ -122,6 +128,7 @@ INSTALL = install
FLEX = flex
BISON = bison
STRIP = strip
+AWK = awk

LIB_DIR = $(srctree)/tools/lib/api/
TRACE_EVENT_DIR = $(srctree)/tools/lib/traceevent/
@@ -272,7 +279,7 @@ strip: $(PROGRAMS) $(OUTPUT)perf

PERF_IN := $(OUTPUT)perf-in.o

-export srctree OUTPUT RM CC LD AR CFLAGS V BISON FLEX
+export srctree OUTPUT RM CC LD AR CFLAGS V BISON FLEX AWK
build := -f $(srctree)/tools/build/Makefile.build dir=. obj

$(PERF_IN): $(OUTPUT)PERF-VERSION-FILE $(OUTPUT)common-cmds.h FORCE
@@ -536,7 +543,8 @@ clean: $(LIBTRACEEVENT)-clean $(LIBAPI)-clean config-clean
$(Q)find . -name '*.o' -delete -o -name '\.*.cmd' -delete -o -name '\.*.d' -delete
$(Q)$(RM) .config-detected
$(call QUIET_CLEAN, core-progs) $(RM) $(ALL_PROGRAMS) perf perf-read-vdso32 perf-read-vdsox32
- $(call QUIET_CLEAN, core-gen) $(RM) *.spec *.pyc *.pyo */*.pyc */*.pyo $(OUTPUT)common-cmds.h TAGS tags cscope* $(OUTPUT)PERF-VERSION-FILE $(OUTPUT)FEATURE-DUMP $(OUTPUT)util/*-bison* $(OUTPUT)util/*-flex*
+ $(call QUIET_CLEAN, core-gen) $(RM) *.spec *.pyc *.pyo */*.pyc */*.pyo $(OUTPUT)common-cmds.h TAGS tags cscope* $(OUTPUT)PERF-VERSION-FILE $(OUTPUT)FEATURE-DUMP $(OUTPUT)util/*-bison* $(OUTPUT)util/*-flex* \
+ $(OUTPUT)util/intel-pt-decoder/inat.c $(OUTPUT)util/intel-pt-decoder/inat-tables.c
$(QUIET_SUBDIR0)Documentation $(QUIET_SUBDIR1) clean
$(python-clean)

diff --git a/tools/perf/util/intel-pt-decoder/Build b/tools/perf/util/intel-pt-decoder/Build
index 9d67381..f5f7f87 100644
--- a/tools/perf/util/intel-pt-decoder/Build
+++ b/tools/perf/util/intel-pt-decoder/Build
@@ -1 +1,14 @@
-libperf-$(CONFIG_AUXTRACE) += intel-pt-pkt-decoder.o
+libperf-$(CONFIG_AUXTRACE) += intel-pt-pkt-decoder.o intel-pt-insn-decoder.o
+
+inat_tables_script = ../../arch/x86/tools/gen-insn-attr-x86.awk
+inat_tables_maps = ../../arch/x86/lib/x86-opcode-map.txt
+
+$(OUTPUT)util/intel-pt-decoder/inat-tables.c: $(inat_tables_script) $(inat_tables_maps)
+ @$(call echo-cmd,gen)$(AWK) -f $(inat_tables_script) $(inat_tables_maps) > $@ || rm -f $@
+
+$(OUTPUT)util/intel-pt-decoder/inat.c:
+ @$(call echo-cmd,gen)cp ../../arch/x86/lib/inat.c $(OUTPUT)util/intel-pt-decoder/inat.c
+
+$(OUTPUT)util/intel-pt-decoder/intel-pt-insn-decoder.o: $(OUTPUT)util/intel-pt-decoder/inat.c $(OUTPUT)util/intel-pt-decoder/inat-tables.c
+
+CFLAGS_intel-pt-insn-decoder.o += -I../../arch/x86/include -I$(OUTPUT)util/intel-pt-decoder -I../../arch/x86/lib -Wno-override-init
diff --git a/tools/perf/util/intel-pt-decoder/intel-pt-insn-decoder.c b/tools/perf/util/intel-pt-decoder/intel-pt-insn-decoder.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..2fa82c5
--- /dev/null
+++ b/tools/perf/util/intel-pt-decoder/intel-pt-insn-decoder.c
@@ -0,0 +1,246 @@
+/*
+ * intel_pt_insn_decoder.c: Intel Processor Trace support
+ * Copyright (c) 2013-2014, Intel Corporation.
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
+ * under the terms and conditions of the GNU General Public License,
+ * version 2, as published by the Free Software Foundation.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope it will be useful, but WITHOUT
+ * ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or
+ * FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU General Public License for
+ * more details.
+ *
+ */
+
+#include <stdio.h>
+#include <string.h>
+#include <endian.h>
+#include <byteswap.h>
+
+#include "event.h"
+
+#include <asm/insn.h>
+
+#include "inat.c"
+#include <insn.c>
+
+#include "intel-pt-insn-decoder.h"
+
+/* Based on branch_type() from perf_event_intel_lbr.c */
+static void intel_pt_insn_decoder(struct insn *insn,
+ struct intel_pt_insn *intel_pt_insn)
+{
+ enum intel_pt_insn_op op = INTEL_PT_OP_OTHER;
+ enum intel_pt_insn_branch branch = INTEL_PT_BR_NO_BRANCH;
+ int ext;
+
+ if (insn_is_avx(insn)) {
+ intel_pt_insn->op = INTEL_PT_OP_OTHER;
+ intel_pt_insn->branch = INTEL_PT_BR_NO_BRANCH;
+ intel_pt_insn->length = insn->length;
+ return;
+ }
+
+ switch (insn->opcode.bytes[0]) {
+ case 0xf:
+ switch (insn->opcode.bytes[1]) {
+ case 0x05: /* syscall */
+ case 0x34: /* sysenter */
+ op = INTEL_PT_OP_SYSCALL;
+ branch = INTEL_PT_BR_INDIRECT;
+ break;
+ case 0x07: /* sysret */
+ case 0x35: /* sysexit */
+ op = INTEL_PT_OP_SYSRET;
+ branch = INTEL_PT_BR_INDIRECT;
+ break;
+ case 0x80 ... 0x8f: /* jcc */
+ op = INTEL_PT_OP_JCC;
+ branch = INTEL_PT_BR_CONDITIONAL;
+ break;
+ default:
+ break;
+ }
+ break;
+ case 0x70 ... 0x7f: /* jcc */
+ op = INTEL_PT_OP_JCC;
+ branch = INTEL_PT_BR_CONDITIONAL;
+ break;
+ case 0xc2: /* near ret */
+ case 0xc3: /* near ret */
+ case 0xca: /* far ret */
+ case 0xcb: /* far ret */
+ op = INTEL_PT_OP_RET;
+ branch = INTEL_PT_BR_INDIRECT;
+ break;
+ case 0xcf: /* iret */
+ op = INTEL_PT_OP_IRET;
+ branch = INTEL_PT_BR_INDIRECT;
+ break;
+ case 0xcc ... 0xce: /* int */
+ op = INTEL_PT_OP_INT;
+ branch = INTEL_PT_BR_INDIRECT;
+ break;
+ case 0xe8: /* call near rel */
+ op = INTEL_PT_OP_CALL;
+ branch = INTEL_PT_BR_UNCONDITIONAL;
+ break;
+ case 0x9a: /* call far absolute */
+ op = INTEL_PT_OP_CALL;
+ branch = INTEL_PT_BR_INDIRECT;
+ break;
+ case 0xe0 ... 0xe2: /* loop */
+ op = INTEL_PT_OP_LOOP;
+ branch = INTEL_PT_BR_CONDITIONAL;
+ break;
+ case 0xe3: /* jcc */
+ op = INTEL_PT_OP_JCC;
+ branch = INTEL_PT_BR_CONDITIONAL;
+ break;
+ case 0xe9: /* jmp */
+ case 0xeb: /* jmp */
+ op = INTEL_PT_OP_JMP;
+ branch = INTEL_PT_BR_UNCONDITIONAL;
+ break;
+ case 0xea: /* far jmp */
+ op = INTEL_PT_OP_JMP;
+ branch = INTEL_PT_BR_INDIRECT;
+ break;
+ case 0xff: /* call near absolute, call far absolute ind */
+ ext = (insn->modrm.bytes[0] >> 3) & 0x7;
+ switch (ext) {
+ case 2: /* near ind call */
+ case 3: /* far ind call */
+ op = INTEL_PT_OP_CALL;
+ branch = INTEL_PT_BR_INDIRECT;
+ break;
+ case 4:
+ case 5:
+ op = INTEL_PT_OP_JMP;
+ branch = INTEL_PT_BR_INDIRECT;
+ break;
+ default:
+ break;
+ }
+ break;
+ default:
+ break;
+ }
+
+ intel_pt_insn->op = op;
+ intel_pt_insn->branch = branch;
+ intel_pt_insn->length = insn->length;
+
+ if (branch == INTEL_PT_BR_CONDITIONAL ||
+ branch == INTEL_PT_BR_UNCONDITIONAL) {
+#if __BYTE_ORDER == __BIG_ENDIAN
+ switch (insn->immediate.nbytes) {
+ case 1:
+ intel_pt_insn->rel = insn->immediate.value;
+ break;
+ case 2:
+ intel_pt_insn->rel =
+ bswap_16((short)insn->immediate.value);
+ break;
+ case 4:
+ intel_pt_insn->rel = bswap_32(insn->immediate.value);
+ break;
+ }
+#else
+ intel_pt_insn->rel = insn->immediate.value;
+#endif
+ }
+}
+
+int intel_pt_get_insn(const unsigned char *buf, size_t len, int x86_64,
+ struct intel_pt_insn *intel_pt_insn)
+{
+ struct insn insn;
+
+ insn_init(&insn, buf, len, x86_64);
+ insn_get_length(&insn);
+ if (!insn_complete(&insn) || insn.length > len)
+ return -1;
+ intel_pt_insn_decoder(&insn, intel_pt_insn);
+ if (insn.length < INTEL_PT_INSN_DBG_BUF_SZ)
+ memcpy(intel_pt_insn->buf, buf, insn.length);
+ else
+ memcpy(intel_pt_insn->buf, buf, INTEL_PT_INSN_DBG_BUF_SZ);
+ return 0;
+}
+
+const char *branch_name[] = {
+ [INTEL_PT_OP_OTHER] = "Other",
+ [INTEL_PT_OP_CALL] = "Call",
+ [INTEL_PT_OP_RET] = "Ret",
+ [INTEL_PT_OP_JCC] = "Jcc",
+ [INTEL_PT_OP_JMP] = "Jmp",
+ [INTEL_PT_OP_LOOP] = "Loop",
+ [INTEL_PT_OP_IRET] = "IRet",
+ [INTEL_PT_OP_INT] = "Int",
+ [INTEL_PT_OP_SYSCALL] = "Syscall",
+ [INTEL_PT_OP_SYSRET] = "Sysret",
+};
+
+const char *intel_pt_insn_name(enum intel_pt_insn_op op)
+{
+ return branch_name[op];
+}
+
+int intel_pt_insn_desc(const struct intel_pt_insn *intel_pt_insn, char *buf,
+ size_t buf_len)
+{
+ switch (intel_pt_insn->branch) {
+ case INTEL_PT_BR_CONDITIONAL:
+ case INTEL_PT_BR_UNCONDITIONAL:
+ return snprintf(buf, buf_len, "%s %s%d",
+ intel_pt_insn_name(intel_pt_insn->op),
+ intel_pt_insn->rel > 0 ? "+" : "",
+ intel_pt_insn->rel);
+ case INTEL_PT_BR_NO_BRANCH:
+ case INTEL_PT_BR_INDIRECT:
+ return snprintf(buf, buf_len, "%s",
+ intel_pt_insn_name(intel_pt_insn->op));
+ default:
+ break;
+ }
+ return 0;
+}
+
+size_t intel_pt_insn_max_size(void)
+{
+ return MAX_INSN_SIZE;
+}
+
+int intel_pt_insn_type(enum intel_pt_insn_op op)
+{
+ switch (op) {
+ case INTEL_PT_OP_OTHER:
+ return 0;
+ case INTEL_PT_OP_CALL:
+ return PERF_IP_FLAG_BRANCH | PERF_IP_FLAG_CALL;
+ case INTEL_PT_OP_RET:
+ return PERF_IP_FLAG_BRANCH | PERF_IP_FLAG_RETURN;
+ case INTEL_PT_OP_JCC:
+ return PERF_IP_FLAG_BRANCH | PERF_IP_FLAG_CONDITIONAL;
+ case INTEL_PT_OP_JMP:
+ return PERF_IP_FLAG_BRANCH;
+ case INTEL_PT_OP_LOOP:
+ return PERF_IP_FLAG_BRANCH | PERF_IP_FLAG_CONDITIONAL;
+ case INTEL_PT_OP_IRET:
+ return PERF_IP_FLAG_BRANCH | PERF_IP_FLAG_RETURN |
+ PERF_IP_FLAG_INTERRUPT;
+ case INTEL_PT_OP_INT:
+ return PERF_IP_FLAG_BRANCH | PERF_IP_FLAG_CALL |
+ PERF_IP_FLAG_INTERRUPT;
+ case INTEL_PT_OP_SYSCALL:
+ return PERF_IP_FLAG_BRANCH | PERF_IP_FLAG_CALL |
+ PERF_IP_FLAG_SYSCALLRET;
+ case INTEL_PT_OP_SYSRET:
+ return PERF_IP_FLAG_BRANCH | PERF_IP_FLAG_RETURN |
+ PERF_IP_FLAG_SYSCALLRET;
+ default:
+ return 0;
+ }
+}
diff --git a/tools/perf/util/intel-pt-decoder/intel-pt-insn-decoder.h b/tools/perf/util/intel-pt-decoder/intel-pt-insn-decoder.h
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..b0adbf3
--- /dev/null
+++ b/tools/perf/util/intel-pt-decoder/intel-pt-insn-decoder.h
@@ -0,0 +1,65 @@
+/*
+ * intel_pt_insn_decoder.h: Intel Processor Trace support
+ * Copyright (c) 2013-2014, Intel Corporation.
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
+ * under the terms and conditions of the GNU General Public License,
+ * version 2, as published by the Free Software Foundation.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope it will be useful, but WITHOUT
+ * ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or
+ * FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU General Public License for
+ * more details.
+ *
+ */
+
+#ifndef INCLUDE__INTEL_PT_INSN_DECODER_H__
+#define INCLUDE__INTEL_PT_INSN_DECODER_H__
+
+#include <stddef.h>
+#include <stdint.h>
+
+#define INTEL_PT_INSN_DESC_MAX 32
+#define INTEL_PT_INSN_DBG_BUF_SZ 16
+
+enum intel_pt_insn_op {
+ INTEL_PT_OP_OTHER,
+ INTEL_PT_OP_CALL,
+ INTEL_PT_OP_RET,
+ INTEL_PT_OP_JCC,
+ INTEL_PT_OP_JMP,
+ INTEL_PT_OP_LOOP,
+ INTEL_PT_OP_IRET,
+ INTEL_PT_OP_INT,
+ INTEL_PT_OP_SYSCALL,
+ INTEL_PT_OP_SYSRET,
+};
+
+enum intel_pt_insn_branch {
+ INTEL_PT_BR_NO_BRANCH,
+ INTEL_PT_BR_INDIRECT,
+ INTEL_PT_BR_CONDITIONAL,
+ INTEL_PT_BR_UNCONDITIONAL,
+};
+
+struct intel_pt_insn {
+ enum intel_pt_insn_op op;
+ enum intel_pt_insn_branch branch;
+ int length;
+ int32_t rel;
+ unsigned char buf[INTEL_PT_INSN_DBG_BUF_SZ];
+};
+
+int intel_pt_get_insn(const unsigned char *buf, size_t len, int x86_64,
+ struct intel_pt_insn *intel_pt_insn);
+
+const char *intel_pt_insn_name(enum intel_pt_insn_op op);
+
+int intel_pt_insn_desc(const struct intel_pt_insn *intel_pt_insn, char *buf,
+ size_t buf_len);
+
+size_t intel_pt_insn_max_size(void);
+
+int intel_pt_insn_type(enum intel_pt_insn_op op);
+
+#endif
--
1.9.1


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