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SubjectRe: [PATCH 02/10] printk: Try harder to get logbuf_lock on NMI
On Thu 2015-05-28 13:09:44, Andrew Morton wrote:
> On Thu, 28 May 2015 15:50:54 +0200 Petr Mladek <pmladek@suse.cz> wrote:
>
> > > > +{
> > > > + u64 start_time, current_time;
> > > > + int this_cpu = smp_processor_id();
> > > > +
> > > > + /* no way if we are already locked on this CPU */
> > > > + if (logbuf_cpu == this_cpu)
> > > > + return 0;
> > > > +
> > > > + /* try hard to get the lock but do not wait forever */
> > > > + start_time = cpu_clock(this_cpu);
> > > > + current_time = start_time;
> > > > + while (current_time - start_time < TRY_LOCKBUF_LOCK_MAX_DELAY_NS) {
> > > > + if (raw_spin_trylock(&logbuf_lock))
> > > > + return 1;
> > > > + cpu_relax();
> > > > + current_time = cpu_clock(this_cpu);
> > > > + }
> > >
> > > (Looks at the read_seqcount_retry() in
> > > kernel/time/sched_clock.c:sched_clock())
> > >
> > > Running cpu_clock() in NMI context seems a generally bad idea.
> >
> > I am sorry but this is too cryptic for me :-)
> > read_seqcount_retry() looks safe to me under NMI.
>
> hmpf. If you guys say so...
>
> Note that it's not just a matter of "safe to call from NMI context".
> The above loop also assume that cpu_clock() is *being updated* within
> the context of single NMI. Is that true/safe now and in the future?
> Probably. I didn't check all architectures but ARM looks OK at present.
>
> We should at least update Documentation/timers/timekeeping.txt: "a sane
> value" becomes "the correct value", no alternatives.
>
> > > There are many sites in kernel/printk/printk.c which take logbuf_lock,
> > > but this patch only sets logbuf_cpu in one of those cases:
> > > vprintk_emit(). I suggest adding helper functions to take/release
> > > logbuf_lock. And rename logbuf_lock to something else to ensure that
> > > nobody accidentally takes the lock directly.
> >
> > IMHO, vprintk_emit() is special. It is the only location where the
> > lock is taken in NMI context. The other functions are used to dump
> > @logbuf and are called in normal context.
> >
> > try_logbuf_lock_in_nmi() could fail and we need to handle the error
> > path. We do not need to do this in the other locations.
> >
> > Note that we do not want to get the console in NMI because
> > there are even more locks that might cause a deadlock.
>
> Consider the case where a CPU has taken logbuf_lock within
> devkmsg_read() and then receives an NMI, from which it calls
> try_logbuf_lock_in_nmi():

I am not sure that I understand. My point is that we do not call
devkmsg_read() from NMI context, so we do not need to use
try_logbuf_lock_in_nmi() there. IMHO, the same is true for
all other locations except for vprintk_emit().


> > +/* We must be careful in NMI when we managed to preempt a running printk */
> > +static int try_logbuf_lock_in_nmi(void)
> > +{
> > + u64 start_time, current_time;
> > + int this_cpu = smp_processor_id();
> > +
> > + /* no way if we are already locked on this CPU */
> > + if (logbuf_cpu == this_cpu)
> > + return 0;

Or do you have this check in mind? It will detect the deadlock
immediately but @logbuf_cpu is set only in vprintk_emit(). We
will spin when NMI comes inside the other functions,
e.g. devkmsg_read().


> > + /* try hard to get the lock but do not wait forever */
> > + start_time = cpu_clock(this_cpu);
> > + current_time = start_time;
> > + while (current_time - start_time < TRY_LOCKBUF_LOCK_MAX_DELAY_NS) {
> > + if (raw_spin_trylock(&logbuf_lock))
> > + return 1;
> > + cpu_relax();
> > + current_time = cpu_clock(this_cpu);
> > + }
> > +
> > + return 0;
> > +}
>
> That CPU is now going to spin around for 100us and then time out.

Yes, there was a deadlock without the patch. So, limited spinning is
still a win.

Or would you like to detect the deadlock immediately in all cases?
I mean to add the proposed wrapper around take/release lock calls
and set/test some cpu-specific variable there?

It sounds interesting. Well, the detection will not be 100% correct
because there is a small race window between taking @logbuf_lock
and setting @lockbuf_cpu. I wonder if it is worth doing. But I will
do it if you want.

Best Regards,
Petr


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