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Subject[PATCH v3 5/6] Watchdog: introduce ARM SBSA watchdog driver
Date
From: Fu Wei <fu.wei@linaro.org>

This driver bases on linux kernel watchdog framework, and
use "pretimeout" in the framework. It supports getting timeout and
pretimeout from parameter and FDT at the driver init stage.
In first timeout, the interrupt routine run panic to save
system context.

Acked-by: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de>
Tested-by: Suravee Suthikulpanit <Suravee.Suthikulpanit@amd.com>
Signed-off-by: Fu Wei <fu.wei@linaro.org>
---
drivers/watchdog/Kconfig | 11 +
drivers/watchdog/Makefile | 1 +
drivers/watchdog/sbsa_gwdt.c | 474 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
3 files changed, 486 insertions(+)
create mode 100644 drivers/watchdog/sbsa_gwdt.c

diff --git a/drivers/watchdog/Kconfig b/drivers/watchdog/Kconfig
index e5e7c55..554f18a 100644
--- a/drivers/watchdog/Kconfig
+++ b/drivers/watchdog/Kconfig
@@ -152,6 +152,17 @@ config ARM_SP805_WATCHDOG
ARM Primecell SP805 Watchdog timer. This will reboot your system when
the timeout is reached.

+config ARM_SBSA_WATCHDOG
+ tristate "ARM SBSA Generic Watchdog"
+ depends on ARM64
+ depends on ARM_ARCH_TIMER
+ select WATCHDOG_CORE
+ help
+ ARM SBSA Generic Watchdog. This watchdog has two Watchdog timeouts.
+ The first timeout will trigger a panic; the second timeout will
+ trigger a system reset.
+ More details: ARM DEN0029B - Server Base System Architecture (SBSA)
+
config AT91RM9200_WATCHDOG
tristate "AT91RM9200 watchdog"
depends on SOC_AT91RM9200 && MFD_SYSCON
diff --git a/drivers/watchdog/Makefile b/drivers/watchdog/Makefile
index 5c19294..471f1b7c 100644
--- a/drivers/watchdog/Makefile
+++ b/drivers/watchdog/Makefile
@@ -30,6 +30,7 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_USBPCWATCHDOG) += pcwd_usb.o

# ARM Architecture
obj-$(CONFIG_ARM_SP805_WATCHDOG) += sp805_wdt.o
+obj-$(CONFIG_ARM_SBSA_WATCHDOG) += sbsa_gwdt.o
obj-$(CONFIG_AT91RM9200_WATCHDOG) += at91rm9200_wdt.o
obj-$(CONFIG_AT91SAM9X_WATCHDOG) += at91sam9_wdt.o
obj-$(CONFIG_CADENCE_WATCHDOG) += cadence_wdt.o
diff --git a/drivers/watchdog/sbsa_gwdt.c b/drivers/watchdog/sbsa_gwdt.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..0d1aff1
--- /dev/null
+++ b/drivers/watchdog/sbsa_gwdt.c
@@ -0,0 +1,474 @@
+/*
+ * SBSA(Server Base System Architecture) Generic Watchdog driver
+ *
+ * Copyright (c) 2015, Linaro Ltd.
+ * Author: Fu Wei <fu.wei@linaro.org>
+ * Suravee Suthikulpanit <Suravee.Suthikulpanit@amd.com>
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License 2 as published
+ * by the Free Software Foundation.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
+ * GNU General Public License for more details.
+ *
+ * Note: This SBSA Generic watchdog driver is compatible with
+ * the pretimeout concept of Linux kernel.
+ * The timeout and pretimeout are set by the different REGs.
+ * The first watch period is set by writing WCV directly,
+ * that can support more than 10s timeout at the maximum
+ * system counter frequency.
+ * The second watch period is set by WOR(32bit) which will be loaded
+ * automatically by hardware, when WS0 is triggered.
+ * This gives a maximum watch period of around 10s at the maximum
+ * system counter frequency.
+ * The System Counter shall run at maximum of 400MHz.
+ * More details: ARM DEN0029B - Server Base System Architecture (SBSA)
+ *
+ * Kernel/API: P---------| pretimeout
+ * |-------------------------------T timeout
+ * SBSA GWDT: P--WOR---WS1 pretimeout
+ * |-------WCV----------WS0~~~~~~~~T timeout
+ */
+
+#include <linux/io.h>
+#include <linux/interrupt.h>
+#include <linux/module.h>
+#include <linux/moduleparam.h>
+#include <linux/of.h>
+#include <linux/of_device.h>
+#include <linux/platform_device.h>
+#include <linux/uaccess.h>
+#include <linux/watchdog.h>
+#include <asm/arch_timer.h>
+
+/* SBSA Generic Watchdog register definitions */
+/* refresh frame */
+#define SBSA_GWDT_WRR 0x000
+
+/* control frame */
+#define SBSA_GWDT_WCS 0x000
+#define SBSA_GWDT_WOR 0x008
+#define SBSA_GWDT_WCV_LO 0x010
+#define SBSA_GWDT_WCV_HI 0x014
+
+/* refresh/control frame */
+#define SBSA_GWDT_W_IIDR 0xfcc
+#define SBSA_GWDT_IDR 0xfd0
+
+/* Watchdog Control and Status Register */
+#define SBSA_GWDT_WCS_EN BIT(0)
+#define SBSA_GWDT_WCS_WS0 BIT(1)
+#define SBSA_GWDT_WCS_WS1 BIT(2)
+
+/**
+ * struct sbsa_gwdt - Internal representation of the SBSA GWDT
+ * @wdd: kernel watchdog_device structure
+ * @clk: store the System Counter clock frequency, in Hz.
+ * @refresh_base: Virtual address of the watchdog refresh frame
+ * @control_base: Virtual address of the watchdog control frame
+ */
+struct sbsa_gwdt {
+ struct watchdog_device wdd;
+ u32 clk;
+ void __iomem *refresh_base;
+ void __iomem *control_base;
+};
+
+#define to_sbsa_gwdt(e) container_of(e, struct sbsa_gwdt, wdd)
+
+#define DEFAULT_TIMEOUT 10 /* seconds, the 1st + 2nd watch periods*/
+#define DEFAULT_PRETIMEOUT 5 /* seconds, the 2nd watch period*/
+
+static unsigned int timeout_param;
+module_param(timeout_param, uint, 0);
+MODULE_PARM_DESC(timeout_param,
+ "Watchdog timeout in seconds. (>=0, default="
+ __MODULE_STRING(DEFAULT_TIMEOUT) ")");
+
+static unsigned int max_timeout_param = UINT_MAX;
+module_param(max_timeout_param, uint, 0);
+MODULE_PARM_DESC(max_timeout_param,
+ "Watchdog max timeout in seconds. (>=0, default="
+ __MODULE_STRING(UINT_MAX) ")");
+
+static unsigned int pretimeout_param;
+module_param(pretimeout_param, uint, 0);
+MODULE_PARM_DESC(pretimeout_param,
+ "Watchdog pretimeout in seconds. (>=0, default="
+ __MODULE_STRING(DEFAULT_PRETIMEOUT) ")");
+
+static unsigned int max_pretimeout_param = U32_MAX;
+module_param(max_pretimeout_param, uint, 0);
+MODULE_PARM_DESC(max_pretimeout_param,
+ "Watchdog max pretimeout in seconds. (>=0, default="
+ __MODULE_STRING(U32_MAX) ")");
+
+static bool nowayout = WATCHDOG_NOWAYOUT;
+module_param(nowayout, bool, S_IRUGO);
+MODULE_PARM_DESC(nowayout,
+ "Watchdog cannot be stopped once started (default="
+ __MODULE_STRING(WATCHDOG_NOWAYOUT) ")");
+
+/*
+ * help functions for accessing 32bit registers of SBSA Generic Watchdog
+ */
+static void sbsa_gwdt_cf_write(unsigned int reg, u32 val,
+ struct watchdog_device *wdd)
+{
+ struct sbsa_gwdt *gwdt = to_sbsa_gwdt(wdd);
+
+ writel_relaxed(val, gwdt->control_base + reg);
+}
+
+static void sbsa_gwdt_rf_write(unsigned int reg, u32 val,
+ struct watchdog_device *wdd)
+{
+ struct sbsa_gwdt *gwdt = to_sbsa_gwdt(wdd);
+
+ writel_relaxed(val, gwdt->refresh_base + reg);
+}
+
+static u32 sbsa_gwdt_cf_read(unsigned int reg, struct watchdog_device *wdd)
+{
+ struct sbsa_gwdt *gwdt = to_sbsa_gwdt(wdd);
+
+ return readl_relaxed(gwdt->control_base + reg);
+}
+
+/*
+ * help functions for accessing 64bit WCV register
+ */
+static u64 sbsa_gwdt_get_wcv(struct watchdog_device *wdd)
+{
+ u32 wcv_lo, wcv_hi;
+
+ do {
+ wcv_hi = sbsa_gwdt_cf_read(SBSA_GWDT_WCV_HI, wdd);
+ wcv_lo = sbsa_gwdt_cf_read(SBSA_GWDT_WCV_LO, wdd);
+ } while (wcv_hi != sbsa_gwdt_cf_read(SBSA_GWDT_WCV_HI, wdd));
+
+ return (((u64)wcv_hi << 32) | wcv_lo);
+}
+
+static void sbsa_gwdt_set_wcv(struct watchdog_device *wdd, u64 value)
+{
+ u32 wcv_lo, wcv_hi;
+
+ wcv_lo = value & U32_MAX;
+ wcv_hi = (value >> 32) & U32_MAX;
+
+ sbsa_gwdt_cf_write(SBSA_GWDT_WCV_HI, wcv_hi, wdd);
+ sbsa_gwdt_cf_write(SBSA_GWDT_WCV_LO, wcv_lo, wdd);
+}
+
+static void reload_timeout_to_wcv(struct watchdog_device *wdd)
+{
+ struct sbsa_gwdt *gwdt = to_sbsa_gwdt(wdd);
+ u64 wcv;
+
+ wcv = arch_counter_get_cntvct() +
+ (u64)(wdd->timeout - wdd->pretimeout) * gwdt->clk;
+
+ sbsa_gwdt_set_wcv(wdd, wcv);
+}
+
+/*
+ * Use the following function to update the timeout limits
+ * after updating pretimeout
+ */
+static void sbsa_gwdt_update_limits(struct watchdog_device *wdd)
+{
+ struct sbsa_gwdt *gwdt = to_sbsa_gwdt(wdd);
+ u64 first_period_max = U64_MAX;
+
+ do_div(first_period_max, gwdt->clk);
+
+ wdd->min_timeout = wdd->pretimeout + 1;
+ wdd->max_timeout = min((uint)(wdd->pretimeout + first_period_max),
+ wdd->max_timeout);
+}
+
+static int sbsa_gwdt_set_timeout(struct watchdog_device *wdd,
+ unsigned int timeout)
+{
+ wdd->timeout = timeout;
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int sbsa_gwdt_set_pretimeout(struct watchdog_device *wdd,
+ unsigned int pretimeout)
+{
+ struct sbsa_gwdt *gwdt = to_sbsa_gwdt(wdd);
+ u32 wor;
+
+ wdd->pretimeout = pretimeout;
+ sbsa_gwdt_update_limits(wdd);
+
+ if (!pretimeout)
+ /* gives sbsa_gwdt_start a chance to setup timeout */
+ wor = gwdt->clk;
+ else
+ wor = pretimeout * gwdt->clk;
+
+ /* refresh the WOR, that will cause an explicit watchdog refresh */
+ sbsa_gwdt_cf_write(SBSA_GWDT_WOR, wor, wdd);
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static unsigned int sbsa_gwdt_get_timeleft(struct watchdog_device *wdd)
+{
+ struct sbsa_gwdt *gwdt = to_sbsa_gwdt(wdd);
+ u64 timeleft = sbsa_gwdt_get_wcv(wdd) - arch_counter_get_cntvct();
+
+ do_div(timeleft, gwdt->clk);
+
+ return timeleft;
+}
+
+static int sbsa_gwdt_start(struct watchdog_device *wdd)
+{
+ /* Force refresh */
+ sbsa_gwdt_rf_write(SBSA_GWDT_WRR, 0xc0ffee, wdd);
+ /* writing WCS will cause an explicit watchdog refresh */
+ sbsa_gwdt_cf_write(SBSA_GWDT_WCS, SBSA_GWDT_WCS_EN, wdd);
+
+ reload_timeout_to_wcv(wdd);
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int sbsa_gwdt_stop(struct watchdog_device *wdd)
+{
+ /* Force refresh */
+ sbsa_gwdt_rf_write(SBSA_GWDT_WRR, 0xc0ffee, wdd);
+ /* writing WCS will cause an explicit watchdog refresh */
+ sbsa_gwdt_cf_write(SBSA_GWDT_WCS, 0, wdd);
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int sbsa_gwdt_keepalive(struct watchdog_device *wdd)
+{
+ /*
+ * Writing WRR for an explicit watchdog refresh
+ * You can write anyting(like 0xc0ffee)
+ */
+ sbsa_gwdt_rf_write(SBSA_GWDT_WRR, 0xc0ffee, wdd);
+
+ reload_timeout_to_wcv(wdd);
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static irqreturn_t sbsa_gwdt_interrupt(int irq, void *dev_id)
+{
+ struct sbsa_gwdt *gwdt = (struct sbsa_gwdt *)dev_id;
+ struct watchdog_device *wdd = &gwdt->wdd;
+ u32 status;
+
+ status = sbsa_gwdt_cf_read(SBSA_GWDT_WCS, wdd);
+
+ if (status & SBSA_GWDT_WCS_WS0)
+ panic("SBSA Watchdog pre-timeout");
+
+ return IRQ_HANDLED;
+}
+
+static struct watchdog_info sbsa_gwdt_info = {
+ .identity = "SBSA Generic Watchdog",
+ .options = WDIOF_SETTIMEOUT |
+ WDIOF_KEEPALIVEPING |
+ WDIOF_MAGICCLOSE |
+ WDIOF_PRETIMEOUT |
+ WDIOF_CARDRESET,
+};
+
+static struct watchdog_ops sbsa_gwdt_ops = {
+ .owner = THIS_MODULE,
+ .start = sbsa_gwdt_start,
+ .stop = sbsa_gwdt_stop,
+ .ping = sbsa_gwdt_keepalive,
+ .set_timeout = sbsa_gwdt_set_timeout,
+ .set_pretimeout = sbsa_gwdt_set_pretimeout,
+ .get_timeleft = sbsa_gwdt_get_timeleft,
+};
+
+static int sbsa_gwdt_probe(struct platform_device *pdev)
+{
+ struct device *dev = &pdev->dev;
+ struct sbsa_gwdt *gwdt;
+ struct watchdog_device *wdd;
+ struct resource *res;
+ void *rf_base, *cf_base;
+ int irq;
+ u32 clk, status;
+ int ret = 0;
+ u64 first_period_max = U64_MAX;
+
+ /*
+ * Get the frequency of system counter from
+ * the cp15 interface of ARM Generic timer
+ */
+ clk = arch_timer_get_cntfrq();
+ if (!clk) {
+ dev_err(dev, "System Counter frequency not available\n");
+ return -EINVAL;
+ }
+
+ gwdt = devm_kzalloc(dev, sizeof(*gwdt), GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!gwdt)
+ return -ENOMEM;
+
+ res = platform_get_resource_byname(pdev, IORESOURCE_MEM, "refresh");
+ rf_base = devm_ioremap_resource(dev, res);
+ if (IS_ERR(rf_base))
+ return PTR_ERR(rf_base);
+
+ res = platform_get_resource_byname(pdev, IORESOURCE_MEM, "control");
+ cf_base = devm_ioremap_resource(dev, res);
+ if (IS_ERR(cf_base))
+ return PTR_ERR(cf_base);
+
+ irq = platform_get_irq_byname(pdev, "ws0");
+ if (irq < 0) {
+ dev_err(dev, "unable to get ws0 interrupt.\n");
+ return irq;
+ }
+
+ gwdt->refresh_base = rf_base;
+ gwdt->control_base = cf_base;
+ gwdt->clk = clk;
+
+ platform_set_drvdata(pdev, gwdt);
+
+ wdd = &gwdt->wdd;
+ wdd->parent = dev;
+ wdd->info = &sbsa_gwdt_info;
+ wdd->ops = &sbsa_gwdt_ops;
+ watchdog_set_drvdata(wdd, gwdt);
+ watchdog_set_nowayout(wdd, nowayout);
+
+ status = sbsa_gwdt_cf_read(SBSA_GWDT_WCS, wdd);
+ if (status & SBSA_GWDT_WCS_WS1) {
+ dev_warn(dev, "System reset by WDT(WCS: %x, WCV: %llx)\n",
+ status, sbsa_gwdt_get_wcv(wdd));
+ wdd->bootstatus |= WDIOF_CARDRESET;
+ }
+ /* Check if watchdog is already enabled */
+ if (status & SBSA_GWDT_WCS_EN) {
+ dev_warn(dev, "already enabled! WCS:0x%x\n", status);
+ sbsa_gwdt_keepalive(wdd);
+ }
+
+ wdd->min_pretimeout = 0;
+ wdd->max_pretimeout = min(U32_MAX / clk, max_pretimeout_param);
+ wdd->min_timeout = 1;
+ do_div(first_period_max, clk);
+ wdd->max_timeout = min((uint)(wdd->pretimeout + first_period_max),
+ max_timeout_param);
+
+ wdd->pretimeout = DEFAULT_PRETIMEOUT;
+ wdd->timeout = DEFAULT_TIMEOUT;
+ watchdog_init_timeouts(wdd, pretimeout_param, timeout_param, dev);
+ /* update pretimeout to WOR */
+ sbsa_gwdt_cf_write(SBSA_GWDT_WOR, wdd->pretimeout * clk, wdd);
+
+ ret = devm_request_irq(dev, irq, sbsa_gwdt_interrupt, IRQF_TIMER,
+ pdev->name, gwdt);
+ if (ret) {
+ dev_err(dev, "unable to request IRQ %d\n", irq);
+ return ret;
+ }
+
+ ret = watchdog_register_device(wdd);
+ if (ret)
+ return ret;
+
+ dev_info(dev, "Initialized with %ds timeout, %ds pretimeout @ %uHz\n",
+ wdd->timeout, wdd->pretimeout, gwdt->clk);
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static void sbsa_gwdt_shutdown(struct platform_device *pdev)
+{
+ struct sbsa_gwdt *gwdt = platform_get_drvdata(pdev);
+
+ sbsa_gwdt_stop(&gwdt->wdd);
+}
+
+static int sbsa_gwdt_remove(struct platform_device *pdev)
+{
+ struct sbsa_gwdt *gwdt = platform_get_drvdata(pdev);
+ int ret = 0;
+
+ if (!nowayout)
+ ret = sbsa_gwdt_stop(&gwdt->wdd);
+
+ watchdog_unregister_device(&gwdt->wdd);
+
+ return ret;
+}
+
+/* Disable watchdog if it is active during suspend */
+static int __maybe_unused sbsa_gwdt_suspend(struct device *dev)
+{
+ struct sbsa_gwdt *gwdt = dev_get_drvdata(dev);
+
+ if (watchdog_active(&gwdt->wdd))
+ sbsa_gwdt_stop(&gwdt->wdd);
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+/* Enable watchdog and configure it if necessary */
+static int __maybe_unused sbsa_gwdt_resume(struct device *dev)
+{
+ struct sbsa_gwdt *gwdt = dev_get_drvdata(dev);
+
+ if (watchdog_active(&gwdt->wdd))
+ sbsa_gwdt_start(&gwdt->wdd);
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static const struct dev_pm_ops sbsa_gwdt_pm_ops = {
+ SET_SYSTEM_SLEEP_PM_OPS(sbsa_gwdt_suspend, sbsa_gwdt_resume)
+};
+
+static const struct of_device_id sbsa_gwdt_of_match[] = {
+ { .compatible = "arm,sbsa-gwdt", },
+ {},
+};
+MODULE_DEVICE_TABLE(of, sbsa_gwdt_of_match);
+
+static const struct platform_device_id sbsa_gwdt_pdev_match[] = {
+ { .name = "sbsa-gwdt", },
+ {},
+};
+MODULE_DEVICE_TABLE(platform, sbsa_gwdt_pdev_match);
+
+static struct platform_driver sbsa_gwdt_driver = {
+ .driver = {
+ .name = "sbsa-gwdt",
+ .pm = &sbsa_gwdt_pm_ops,
+ .of_match_table = sbsa_gwdt_of_match,
+ },
+ .probe = sbsa_gwdt_probe,
+ .remove = sbsa_gwdt_remove,
+ .shutdown = sbsa_gwdt_shutdown,
+ .id_table = sbsa_gwdt_pdev_match,
+};
+
+module_platform_driver(sbsa_gwdt_driver);
+
+MODULE_DESCRIPTION("SBSA Generic Watchdog Driver");
+MODULE_VERSION("v1.0");
+MODULE_AUTHOR("Fu Wei <fu.wei@linaro.org>");
+MODULE_AUTHOR("Suravee Suthikulpanit <Suravee.Suthikulpanit@amd.com>");
+MODULE_LICENSE("GPL v2");
--
1.9.1


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