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Subject[PATCH 20/36] HMM: mm add helper to update page table when migrating memory back.
Date
From: Jérôme Glisse <jglisse@redhat.com>

To migrate memory back we first need to lock HMM special CPU page
table entry so we know no one else might try to migrate those entry
back. Helper also allocate new page where data will be copied back
from the device. Then we can proceed with the device DMA operation.

Once DMA is done we can update again the CPU page table to point to
the new page that holds the content copied back from device memory.

Note that we do not need to invalidate the range are we are only
modifying non present CPU page table entry.

Signed-off-by: Jérôme Glisse <jglisse@redhat.com>
---
include/linux/mm.h | 12 +++
mm/memory.c | 236 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
2 files changed, 248 insertions(+)

diff --git a/include/linux/mm.h b/include/linux/mm.h
index 8923532..f512b8a 100644
--- a/include/linux/mm.h
+++ b/include/linux/mm.h
@@ -2205,6 +2205,18 @@ static inline void hmm_mm_init(struct mm_struct *mm)
{
mm->hmm = NULL;
}
+
+int mm_hmm_migrate_back(struct mm_struct *mm,
+ struct vm_area_struct *vma,
+ pte_t *new_pte,
+ unsigned long start,
+ unsigned long end);
+void mm_hmm_migrate_back_cleanup(struct mm_struct *mm,
+ struct vm_area_struct *vma,
+ pte_t *new_pte,
+ dma_addr_t *hmm_pte,
+ unsigned long start,
+ unsigned long end);
#else /* !CONFIG_HMM */
static inline void hmm_mm_init(struct mm_struct *mm)
{
diff --git a/mm/memory.c b/mm/memory.c
index b6840fb..4674d40 100644
--- a/mm/memory.c
+++ b/mm/memory.c
@@ -3461,6 +3461,242 @@ int handle_mm_fault(struct mm_struct *mm, struct vm_area_struct *vma,
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(handle_mm_fault);

+
+#ifdef CONFIG_HMM
+/* mm_hmm_migrate_back() - lock HMM CPU page table entry and allocate new page.
+ *
+ * @mm: The mm struct.
+ * @vma: The vm area struct the range is in.
+ * @new_pte: Array of new CPU page table entry value.
+ * @start: Start address of the range (inclusive).
+ * @end: End address of the range (exclusive).
+ *
+ * This function will lock HMM page table entry and allocate new page for entry
+ * it successfully locked.
+ */
+int mm_hmm_migrate_back(struct mm_struct *mm,
+ struct vm_area_struct *vma,
+ pte_t *new_pte,
+ unsigned long start,
+ unsigned long end)
+{
+ pte_t hmm_entry = swp_entry_to_pte(make_hmm_entry_locked());
+ unsigned long addr, i;
+ int ret = 0;
+
+ VM_BUG_ON(vma->vm_ops || (vma->vm_flags & (VM_PFNMAP|VM_MIXEDMAP)));
+
+ if (unlikely(anon_vma_prepare(vma)))
+ return -ENOMEM;
+
+ start &= PAGE_MASK;
+ end = PAGE_ALIGN(end);
+ memset(new_pte, 0, sizeof(pte_t) * ((end - start) >> PAGE_SHIFT));
+
+ for (addr = start; addr < end;) {
+ unsigned long cstart, next;
+ spinlock_t *ptl;
+ pgd_t *pgdp;
+ pud_t *pudp;
+ pmd_t *pmdp;
+ pte_t *ptep;
+
+ pgdp = pgd_offset(mm, addr);
+ pudp = pud_offset(pgdp, addr);
+ /*
+ * Some other thread might already have migrated back the entry
+ * and freed the page table. Unlikely thought.
+ */
+ if (unlikely(!pudp)) {
+ addr = min((addr + PUD_SIZE) & PUD_MASK, end);
+ continue;
+ }
+ pmdp = pmd_offset(pudp, addr);
+ if (unlikely(!pmdp || pmd_bad(*pmdp) || pmd_none(*pmdp) ||
+ pmd_trans_huge(*pmdp))) {
+ addr = min((addr + PMD_SIZE) & PMD_MASK, end);
+ continue;
+ }
+ ptep = pte_offset_map_lock(mm, pmdp, addr, &ptl);
+ for (cstart = addr, i = (addr - start) >> PAGE_SHIFT,
+ next = min((addr + PMD_SIZE) & PMD_MASK, end);
+ addr < next; addr += PAGE_SIZE, ptep++, i++) {
+ swp_entry_t entry;
+
+ entry = pte_to_swp_entry(*ptep);
+ if (pte_none(*ptep) || pte_present(*ptep) ||
+ !is_hmm_entry(entry) ||
+ is_hmm_entry_locked(entry))
+ continue;
+
+ set_pte_at(mm, addr, ptep, hmm_entry);
+ new_pte[i] = pte_mkspecial(pfn_pte(my_zero_pfn(addr),
+ vma->vm_page_prot));
+ }
+ pte_unmap_unlock(ptep - 1, ptl);
+
+ for (addr = cstart, i = (addr - start) >> PAGE_SHIFT;
+ addr < next; addr += PAGE_SIZE, i++) {
+ struct mem_cgroup *memcg;
+ struct page *page;
+
+ if (!pte_present(new_pte[i]))
+ continue;
+
+ page = alloc_zeroed_user_highpage_movable(vma, addr);
+ if (!page) {
+ ret = -ENOMEM;
+ break;
+ }
+ __SetPageUptodate(page);
+ if (mem_cgroup_try_charge(page, mm, GFP_KERNEL,
+ &memcg)) {
+ page_cache_release(page);
+ ret = -ENOMEM;
+ break;
+ }
+ /*
+ * FIXME Need to see if that can happens and how. I
+ * would rather not have a array of memcg.
+ */
+ BUG_ON(memcg != get_mem_cgroup_from_mm(mm));
+ new_pte[i] = mk_pte(page, vma->vm_page_prot);
+ if (vma->vm_flags & VM_WRITE)
+ new_pte[i] = pte_mkwrite(pte_mkdirty(new_pte[i]));
+ }
+
+ if (!ret)
+ continue;
+
+ hmm_entry = swp_entry_to_pte(make_hmm_entry());
+ ptep = pte_offset_map_lock(mm, pmdp, addr, &ptl);
+ for (addr = cstart, i = (addr - start) >> PAGE_SHIFT;
+ addr < next; addr += PAGE_SIZE, ptep++, i++) {
+ unsigned long pfn = pte_pfn(new_pte[i]);
+
+ if (!pte_present(new_pte[i]) || !is_zero_pfn(pfn))
+ continue;
+
+ set_pte_at(mm, addr, ptep, hmm_entry);
+ pte_clear(mm, addr, &new_pte[i]);
+ }
+ pte_unmap_unlock(ptep - 1, ptl);
+ break;
+ }
+ return ret;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(mm_hmm_migrate_back);
+
+/* mm_hmm_migrate_back_cleanup() - set CPU page table entry to new page.
+ *
+ * @mm: The mm struct.
+ * @vma: The vm area struct the range is in.
+ * @new_pte: Array of new CPU page table entry value.
+ * @hmm_pte: Array of HMM table entry indicating if migration was successfull.
+ * @start: Start address of the range (inclusive).
+ * @end: End address of the range (exclusive).
+ *
+ * This is call after mm_hmm_migrate_back() and after effective migration. It
+ * will set CPU page table entry to new value pointing to newly allocated page
+ * where the data was effectively copied back from device memory.
+ *
+ * Any failure will trigger a bug on.
+ *
+ * TODO: For copy failure we might simply set a new value for the HMM special
+ * entry indicating poisonous entry.
+ */
+void mm_hmm_migrate_back_cleanup(struct mm_struct *mm,
+ struct vm_area_struct *vma,
+ pte_t *new_pte,
+ dma_addr_t *hmm_pte,
+ unsigned long start,
+ unsigned long end)
+{
+ pte_t hmm_poison = swp_entry_to_pte(make_hmm_entry_poisonous());
+ struct mem_cgroup *memcg;
+ unsigned long addr, i;
+
+ memcg = get_mem_cgroup_from_mm(mm);
+ for (addr = start; addr < end;) {
+ unsigned long cstart, next, free_pages;
+ spinlock_t *ptl;
+ pgd_t *pgdp;
+ pud_t *pudp;
+ pmd_t *pmdp;
+ pte_t *ptep;
+
+ /*
+ * We know for certain that we did set special swap entry for
+ * the range and HMM entry are mark as locked so it means that
+ * no one beside us can modify them which apply that all level
+ * of the CPU page table are valid.
+ */
+ pgdp = pgd_offset(mm, addr);
+ pudp = pud_offset(pgdp, addr);
+ VM_BUG_ON(!pudp);
+ pmdp = pmd_offset(pudp, addr);
+ VM_BUG_ON(!pmdp || pmd_bad(*pmdp) || pmd_none(*pmdp) ||
+ pmd_trans_huge(*pmdp));
+
+ ptep = pte_offset_map_lock(mm, pmdp, addr, &ptl);
+ for (next = min((addr + PMD_SIZE) & PMD_MASK, end),
+ cstart = addr, i = (addr - start) >> PAGE_SHIFT,
+ free_pages = 0; addr < next; addr += PAGE_SIZE,
+ ptep++, i++) {
+ swp_entry_t entry;
+ struct page *page;
+
+ if (!pte_present(new_pte[i]))
+ continue;
+
+ entry = pte_to_swp_entry(*ptep);
+
+ /*
+ * Sanity catch all the things that could go wrong but
+ * should not, no plan B here.
+ */
+ VM_BUG_ON(pte_none(*ptep));
+ VM_BUG_ON(pte_present(*ptep));
+ VM_BUG_ON(!is_hmm_entry_locked(entry));
+
+ if (!hmm_pte_test_valid_dma(&hmm_pte[i]) &&
+ !hmm_pte_test_valid_pfn(&hmm_pte[i])) {
+ set_pte_at(mm, addr, ptep, hmm_poison);
+ free_pages++;
+ continue;
+ }
+
+ page = pte_page(new_pte[i]);
+ inc_mm_counter_fast(mm, MM_ANONPAGES);
+ page_add_new_anon_rmap(page, vma, addr);
+ mem_cgroup_commit_charge(page, memcg, false);
+ lru_cache_add_active_or_unevictable(page, vma);
+ set_pte_at(mm, addr, ptep, new_pte[i]);
+ update_mmu_cache(vma, addr, ptep);
+ pte_clear(mm, addr, &new_pte[i]);
+ }
+ pte_unmap_unlock(ptep - 1, ptl);
+
+ if (!free_pages)
+ continue;
+
+ for (addr = cstart, i = (addr - start) >> PAGE_SHIFT;
+ addr < next; addr += PAGE_SIZE, i++) {
+ struct page *page;
+
+ if (!pte_present(new_pte[i]))
+ continue;
+
+ page = pte_page(new_pte[i]);
+ mem_cgroup_cancel_charge(page, memcg);
+ page_cache_release(page);
+ }
+ }
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(mm_hmm_migrate_back_cleanup);
+#endif
+
+
#ifndef __PAGETABLE_PUD_FOLDED
/*
* Allocate page upper directory.
--
1.9.3


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