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SubjectRe: [PATCH v11 0/10] iommu/vt-d: Fix intel vt-d faults in kdump kernel
Hi Joerg,

Testing from HP: passed.
Testing from He Baoquan(Redhat): passed

The problem that dmar fault came again when running v10 with latest
kernel is fixed.
And I think there is no need to update the code to a new version now.

So please tell me if there are still any code need to be changed.

Thanks
Zhenhua

On 05/13/2015 09:54 AM, Li, ZhenHua wrote:
> One thing must be pointed out:
> There is a known issue that hpsa driver cannot work well in kdump
> kernel. And this patchset is not intended to fix this problem.
>
> So this patchset cannot work with HP smart array devices which need hpsa
> driver.
>
> On 05/11/2015 05:52 PM, Li, Zhen-Hua wrote:
>> This patchset is an update of Bill Sumner's patchset, implements a fix
>> for:
>> If a kernel boots with intel_iommu=on on a system that supports intel
>> vt-d,
>> when a panic happens, the kdump kernel will boot with these faults:
>>
>> dmar: DRHD: handling fault status reg 102
>> dmar: DMAR:[DMA Read] Request device [01:00.0] fault addr fff80000
>> DMAR:[fault reason 01] Present bit in root entry is clear
>>
>> dmar: DRHD: handling fault status reg 2
>> dmar: INTR-REMAP: Request device [[61:00.0] fault index 42
>> INTR-REMAP:[fault reason 34] Present field in the IRTE entry is
>> clear
>>
>> On some system, the interrupt remapping fault will also happen even if
>> the
>> intel_iommu is not set to on, because the interrupt remapping will be
>> enabled
>> when x2apic is needed by the system.
>>
>> The cause of the DMA fault is described in Bill's original version,
>> and the
>> INTR-Remap fault is caused by a similar reason. In short, the
>> initialization
>> of vt-d drivers causes the in-flight DMA and interrupt requests get wrong
>> response.
>>
>> To fix this problem, we modifies the behaviors of the intel vt-d in the
>> crashdump kernel:
>>
>> For DMA Remapping:
>> 1. To accept the vt-d hardware in an active state,
>> 2. Do not disable and re-enable the translation, keep it enabled.
>> 3. Use the old root entry table, do not rewrite the RTA register.
>> 4. Malloc and use new context entry table, copy data from the old ones
>> that
>> used by the old kernel.
>> 5. Keep using the old page tables before driver is loaded.
>> 6. After device driver is loaded, when it issues the first dma_map
>> command,
>> free the dmar_domain structure for this device, and generate a new
>> one, so
>> that the device can be assigned a new and empty page table.
>> 7. When a new context entry table is generated, we also save its
>> address to
>> the old root entry table.
>>
>> For Interrupt Remapping:
>> 1. To accept the vt-d hardware in an active state,
>> 2. Do not disable and re-enable the interrupt remapping, keep it enabled.
>> 3. Use the old interrupt remapping table, do not rewrite the IRTA
>> register.
>> 4. When ioapic entry is setup, the interrupt remapping table is
>> changed, and
>> the updated data will be stored to the old interrupt remapping table.
>>
>> Advantages of this approach:
>> 1. All manipulation of the IO-device is done by the Linux device-driver
>> for that device.
>> 2. This approach behaves in a manner very similar to operation without an
>> active iommu.
>> 3. Any activity between the IO-device and its RMRR areas is handled by
>> the
>> device-driver in the same manner as during a non-kdump boot.
>> 4. If an IO-device has no driver in the kdump kernel, it is simply
>> left alone.
>> This supports the practice of creating a special kdump kernel without
>> drivers for any devices that are not required for taking a crashdump.
>> 5. Minimal code-changes among the existing mainline intel vt-d code.
>>
>> Summary of changes in this patch set:
>> 1. Added some useful function for root entry table in code intel-iommu.c
>> 2. Added new members to struct root_entry and struct irte;
>> 3. Functions to load old root entry table to iommu->root_entry from
>> the memory
>> of old kernel.
>> 4. Functions to malloc new context entry table and copy the data from
>> the old
>> ones to the malloced new ones.
>> 5. Functions to enable support for DMA remapping in kdump kernel.
>> 6. Functions to load old irte data from the old kernel to the kdump
>> kernel.
>> 7. Some code changes that support other behaviours that have been listed.
>> 8. In the new functions, use physical address as "unsigned long" type,
>> not
>> pointers.
>>
>> Original version by Bill Sumner:
>> https://lkml.org/lkml/2014/1/10/518
>> https://lkml.org/lkml/2014/4/15/716
>> https://lkml.org/lkml/2014/4/24/836
>>
>> Zhenhua's updates:
>> https://lkml.org/lkml/2014/10/21/134
>> https://lkml.org/lkml/2014/12/15/121
>> https://lkml.org/lkml/2014/12/22/53
>> https://lkml.org/lkml/2015/1/6/1166
>> https://lkml.org/lkml/2015/1/12/35
>> https://lkml.org/lkml/2015/3/19/33
>> https://lkml.org/lkml/2015/4/10/135
>>
>> Changelog[v11]:
>> 1. Fix some conflicts with the latest upstream kernel.
>> Add flush in iommu_context_addr
>>
>> Changelog[v10]:
>> 1. Do not use CONFIG_CRASH_DUMP and is_kdump_kernel().
>> Use one flag which stores the te and ir status in last kernel:
>> iommu->pre_enabled_trans
>> iommu->pre_enabled_ir
>>
>> Changelog[v9]:
>> 1. Add new function iommu_attach_domain_with_id.
>> 2. Do not copy old page tables, keep using the old ones.
>> 3. Remove functions:
>> intel_iommu_did_to_domain_values_entry
>> intel_iommu_get_dids_from_old_kernel
>> device_to_domain_id
>> copy_page_addr
>> copy_page_table
>> copy_context_entry
>> copy_context_entry_table
>> 4. Add new function device_to_existing_context_entry.
>>
>> Changelog[v8]:
>> 1. Add a missing __iommu_flush_cache in function copy_page_table.
>>
>> Changelog[v7]:
>> 1. Use __iommu_flush_cache to flush the data to hardware.
>>
>> Changelog[v6]:
>> 1. Use "unsigned long" as type of physical address.
>> 2. Use new function unmap_device_dma to unmap the old dma.
>> 3. Some small incorrect bits order for aw shift.
>>
>> Changelog[v5]:
>> 1. Do not disable and re-enable traslation and interrupt remapping.
>> 2. Use old root entry table.
>> 3. Use old interrupt remapping table.
>> 4. New functions to copy data from old kernel, and save to old
>> kernel mem.
>> 5. New functions to save updated root entry table and irte table.
>> 6. Use intel_unmap to unmap the old dma;
>> 7. Allocate new pages while driver is being loaded.
>>
>> Changelog[v4]:
>> 1. Cut off the patches that move some defines and functions to
>> new files.
>> 2. Reduce the numbers of patches to five, make it more easier to
>> read.
>> 3. Changed the name of functions, make them consistent with
>> current context
>> get/set functions.
>> 4. Add change to function __iommu_attach_domain.
>>
>> Changelog[v3]:
>> 1. Commented-out "#define DEBUG 1" to eliminate debug messages.
>> 2. Updated the comments about changes in each version.
>> 3. Fixed: one-line added to Copy-Translations patch to initialize
>> the iovad
>> struct as recommended by Baoquan He [bhe@redhat.com]
>> init_iova_domain(&domain->iovad, DMA_32BIT_PFN);
>>
>> Changelog[v2]:
>> The following series implements a fix for:
>> A kdump problem about DMA that has been discussed for a long
>> time. That is,
>> when a kernel panics and boots into the kdump kernel, DMA started
>> by the
>> panicked kernel is not stopped before the kdump kernel is booted
>> and the
>> kdump kernel disables the IOMMU while this DMA continues. This
>> causes the
>> IOMMU to stop translating the DMA addresses as IOVAs and begin to
>> treat
>> them as physical memory addresses -- which causes the DMA to either:
>> (1) generate DMAR errors or
>> (2) generate PCI SERR errors or
>> (3) transfer data to or from incorrect areas of memory. Often
>> this
>> causes the dump to fail.
>>
>> Changelog[v1]:
>> The original version.
>>
>> Changed in this version:
>> 1. Do not disable and re-enable traslation and interrupt remapping.
>> 2. Use old root entry table.
>> 3. Use old interrupt remapping table.
>> 4. Use "unsigned long" as physical address.
>> 5. Use intel_unmap to unmap the old dma;
>>
>> Baoquan He <bhe@redhat.com> helps testing this patchset.
>> Takao Indoh <indou.takao@jp.fujitsu.com> gives valuable suggestions.
>>
>> Li, Zhen-Hua (10):
>> iommu/vt-d: New function to attach domain with id
>> iommu/vt-d: Items required for kdump
>> iommu/vt-d: Function to get existing context entry
>> iommu/vt-d: functions to copy data from old mem
>> iommu/vt-d: Add functions to load and save old re
>> iommu/vt-d: datatypes and functions used for kdump
>> iommu/vt-d: enable kdump support in iommu module
>> iommu/vt-d: assign new page table for dma_map
>> iommu/vt-d: Copy functions for irte
>> iommu/vt-d: Use old irte in kdump kernel
>>
>> drivers/iommu/intel-iommu.c | 536
>> ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++--
>> drivers/iommu/intel_irq_remapping.c | 96 ++++++-
>> include/linux/intel-iommu.h | 16 ++
>> 3 files changed, 623 insertions(+), 25 deletions(-)
>>
>



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