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Subject[PATCH 1/7] x86/intel_rdt: Intel Cache Allocation detection
Date
This patch adds support for Cache Allocation Technology feature found in
future Intel Xeon processors. Cache allocation is a sub-feature of Intel
Resource Director Technology(RDT) which enables sharing of processor
resources. This patch includes CPUID enumeration routines for Cache
allocation and new values to track resources to the cpuinfo_x86
structure.

Cache allocation provides a way for the Software (OS/VMM) to restrict
cache allocation to a defined 'subset' of cache which may be overlapping
with other 'subsets'. This feature is used when allocating a line in
cache ie when pulling new data into the cache. The programming of the
h/w is done via programming MSRs.

More information about Cache allocation be found in the Intel (R) x86
Architecture Software Developer Manual,Volume 3, section 17.15.

Signed-off-by: Vikas Shivappa <vikas.shivappa@linux.intel.com>
---
arch/x86/include/asm/cpufeature.h | 6 +++++-
arch/x86/include/asm/processor.h | 3 +++
arch/x86/kernel/cpu/Makefile | 1 +
arch/x86/kernel/cpu/common.c | 15 +++++++++++++
arch/x86/kernel/cpu/intel_rdt.c | 44 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
init/Kconfig | 11 ++++++++++
6 files changed, 79 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
create mode 100644 arch/x86/kernel/cpu/intel_rdt.c

diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/cpufeature.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/cpufeature.h
index 3d6606f..ae5ae9d 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/cpufeature.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/cpufeature.h
@@ -12,7 +12,7 @@
#include <asm/disabled-features.h>
#endif

-#define NCAPINTS 13 /* N 32-bit words worth of info */
+#define NCAPINTS 14 /* N 32-bit words worth of info */
#define NBUGINTS 1 /* N 32-bit bug flags */

/*
@@ -229,6 +229,7 @@
#define X86_FEATURE_RTM ( 9*32+11) /* Restricted Transactional Memory */
#define X86_FEATURE_CQM ( 9*32+12) /* Cache QoS Monitoring */
#define X86_FEATURE_MPX ( 9*32+14) /* Memory Protection Extension */
+#define X86_FEATURE_RDT ( 9*32+15) /* Resource Allocation */
#define X86_FEATURE_AVX512F ( 9*32+16) /* AVX-512 Foundation */
#define X86_FEATURE_RDSEED ( 9*32+18) /* The RDSEED instruction */
#define X86_FEATURE_ADX ( 9*32+19) /* The ADCX and ADOX instructions */
@@ -252,6 +253,9 @@
/* Intel-defined CPU QoS Sub-leaf, CPUID level 0x0000000F:1 (edx), word 12 */
#define X86_FEATURE_CQM_OCCUP_LLC (12*32+ 0) /* LLC occupancy monitoring if 1 */

+/* Intel-defined CPU features, CPUID level 0x00000010:0 (ebx), word 13 */
+#define X86_FEATURE_CAT_L3 (13*32 + 1) /* Cache Allocation L3 */
+
/*
* BUG word(s)
*/
diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/processor.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/processor.h
index 23ba676..e84de35 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/processor.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/processor.h
@@ -114,6 +114,9 @@ struct cpuinfo_x86 {
int x86_cache_occ_scale; /* scale to bytes */
int x86_power;
unsigned long loops_per_jiffy;
+ /* Resource Allocation values */
+ u16 x86_rdt_max_cbm_len;
+ u16 x86_rdt_max_closid;
/* cpuid returned max cores value: */
u16 x86_max_cores;
u16 apicid;
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/Makefile b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/Makefile
index 9bff687..4ff7a1f 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/Makefile
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/Makefile
@@ -48,6 +48,7 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_PERF_EVENTS_INTEL_UNCORE) += perf_event_intel_uncore.o \
perf_event_intel_uncore_nhmex.o
endif

+obj-$(CONFIG_CGROUP_RDT) += intel_rdt.o

obj-$(CONFIG_X86_MCE) += mcheck/
obj-$(CONFIG_MTRR) += mtrr/
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/common.c b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/common.c
index a62cf04..4133d3c 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/common.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/common.c
@@ -670,6 +670,21 @@ void get_cpu_cap(struct cpuinfo_x86 *c)
}
}

+ /* Additional Intel-defined flags: level 0x00000010 */
+ if (c->cpuid_level >= 0x00000010) {
+ u32 eax, ebx, ecx, edx;
+
+ cpuid_count(0x00000010, 0, &eax, &ebx, &ecx, &edx);
+ c->x86_capability[13] = ebx;
+
+ if (cpu_has(c, X86_FEATURE_CAT_L3)) {
+
+ cpuid_count(0x00000010, 1, &eax, &ebx, &ecx, &edx);
+ c->x86_rdt_max_closid = edx + 1;
+ c->x86_rdt_max_cbm_len = eax + 1;
+ }
+ }
+
/* AMD-defined flags: level 0x80000001 */
xlvl = cpuid_eax(0x80000000);
c->extended_cpuid_level = xlvl;
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/intel_rdt.c b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/intel_rdt.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..f393d3e
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/intel_rdt.c
@@ -0,0 +1,44 @@
+/*
+ * Resource Director Technology(RDT)
+ * - Cache Allocation code.
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2014 Intel Corporation
+ *
+ * 2014-09-10 Written by
+ * Vikas Shivappa <vikas.shivappa@intel.com>
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
+ * under the terms and conditions of the GNU General Public License,
+ * version 2, as published by the Free Software Foundation.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope it will be useful, but WITHOUT
+ * ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or
+ * FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU General Public License for
+ * more details.
+ *
+ * More information about RDT be found in the Intel (R) x86 Architecture
+ * Software Developer Manual, volume 3, section 17.15.
+ */
+
+#define pr_fmt(fmt) KBUILD_MODNAME ": " fmt
+
+#include <linux/slab.h>
+#include <linux/err.h>
+
+static int __init intel_rdt_late_init(void)
+{
+ struct cpuinfo_x86 *c = &boot_cpu_data;
+ int maxid, max_cbm_len;
+
+ if (!cpu_has(c, X86_FEATURE_CAT_L3))
+ return -ENODEV;
+
+ maxid = c->x86_rdt_max_closid;
+ max_cbm_len = c->x86_rdt_max_cbm_len;
+
+ pr_info("Max bitmask length:%u,Max ClosIds: %u\n", max_cbm_len, maxid);
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+late_initcall(intel_rdt_late_init);
diff --git a/init/Kconfig b/init/Kconfig
index dc24dec..d97ff5e 100644
--- a/init/Kconfig
+++ b/init/Kconfig
@@ -983,6 +983,17 @@ config CPUSETS

Say N if unsure.

+config CGROUP_RDT
+ bool "Resource Director Technology cgroup subsystem"
+ depends on X86_64 && CPU_SUP_INTEL
+ help
+ This option provides a cgroup to allocate Platform shared
+ resources. Among the shared resources, current implementation
+ focuses on L3 Cache. Using the interface user can specify the
+ amount of L3 cache space into which an application can fill.
+
+ Say N if unsure.
+
config PROC_PID_CPUSET
bool "Include legacy /proc/<pid>/cpuset file"
depends on CPUSETS
--
1.9.1


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