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Subject[PATCH v3 2/3] perf probe: Add --range option to show variable location range
Date
It is not easy for users to get the accurate byte offset or the line
number where a local variable can be probed. With '--range' option,
local variables in scope of the probe point are showed with byte offset
range, and can be added according to this range information.

For example, there are some variables in function
generic_perform_write():

<generic_perform_write@mm/filemap.c:0>
0 ssize_t generic_perform_write(struct file *file,
1 struct iov_iter *i, loff_t pos)
2 {
3 struct address_space *mapping = file->f_mapping;
4 const struct address_space_operations *a_ops = mapping->a_ops;
...
42 status = a_ops->write_begin(file, mapping, pos, bytes, flags,
&page, &fsdata);
44 if (unlikely(status < 0))

But we got failed when we try to probe the variable 'a_ops' at line 42
or 44.

$ perf probe --add 'generic_perform_write:42 a_ops'
Failed to find the location of a_ops at this address.
Perhaps, it has been optimized out.

This is because source code do not match assembly, so a variable may not
be available in the sourcecode line where it presents. After this patch,
we can lookup the accurate byte offset range of a variable, 'INV'
indicates that this variable is not valid at the given point, but
available in scope:

$ perf probe --vars 'generic_perform_write:42' --range
Available variables at generic_perform_write:42
@<generic_perform_write+141>
[INV] ssize_t written @<generic_perform_write+[324-331]>
[INV] struct address_space_operations* a_ops @<generic_perform_write+[55-61,170-176,223-246]>
[VAL] (unknown_type) fsdata @<generic_perform_write+[70-307,346-411]>
[VAL] loff_t pos @<generic_perform_write+[0-286,286-336,346-411]>
[VAL] long int status @<generic_perform_write+[83-342,346-411]>
[VAL] long unsigned int bytes @<generic_perform_write+[122-311,320-338,346-403,403-411]>
[VAL] struct address_space* mapping @<generic_perform_write+[35-344,346-411]>
[VAL] struct iov_iter* i @<generic_perform_write+[0-340,346-411]>
[VAL] struct page* page @<generic_perform_write+[70-307,346-411]>

Then it is more clearly for us to do the probe with this variable:

$ perf probe --add 'generic_perform_write+170 a_ops'
Added new event:
probe:generic_perform_write (on generic_perform_write+170 with a_ops)

Signed-off-by: He Kuang <hekuang@huawei.com>
---
tools/perf/builtin-probe.c | 2 +
tools/perf/util/dwarf-aux.c | 121 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
tools/perf/util/dwarf-aux.h | 2 +
tools/perf/util/probe-event.h | 1 +
tools/perf/util/probe-finder.c | 57 ++++++++++++++-----
5 files changed, 170 insertions(+), 13 deletions(-)

diff --git a/tools/perf/builtin-probe.c b/tools/perf/builtin-probe.c
index 7fa2c7a..1272559 100644
--- a/tools/perf/builtin-probe.c
+++ b/tools/perf/builtin-probe.c
@@ -372,6 +372,8 @@ __cmd_probe(int argc, const char **argv, const char *prefix __maybe_unused)
"Show accessible variables on PROBEDEF", opt_show_vars),
OPT_BOOLEAN('\0', "externs", &probe_conf.show_ext_vars,
"Show external variables too (with --vars only)"),
+ OPT_BOOLEAN('\0', "range", &probe_conf.show_location_range,
+ "Show variables location range in scope (with --vars only)"),
OPT_STRING('k', "vmlinux", &symbol_conf.vmlinux_name,
"file", "vmlinux pathname"),
OPT_STRING('s', "source", &symbol_conf.source_prefix,
diff --git a/tools/perf/util/dwarf-aux.c b/tools/perf/util/dwarf-aux.c
index 737c9db..afa0971 100644
--- a/tools/perf/util/dwarf-aux.c
+++ b/tools/perf/util/dwarf-aux.c
@@ -913,3 +913,124 @@ int die_get_varname(Dwarf_Die *vr_die, struct strbuf *buf)
return 0;
}

+/**
+ * die_get_var_innermost_scope - Get innermost scope range of given variable DIE
+ * @sp_die: a subprogram DIE
+ * @vr_die: a variable DIE
+ * @buf: a strbuf for variable byte offset range
+ *
+ * Get the innermost scope range of @vr_die and stores it in @buf as
+ * "@<function_name+[NN-NN,NN-NN]>".
+ */
+static int die_get_var_innermost_scope(Dwarf_Die *sp_die, Dwarf_Die *vr_die,
+ struct strbuf *buf)
+{
+ Dwarf_Die *scopes;
+ int count;
+ size_t offset = 0;
+ Dwarf_Addr base;
+ Dwarf_Addr start, end;
+ Dwarf_Addr entry;
+ int ret;
+ bool first = true;
+ const char *name;
+
+ ret = dwarf_entrypc(sp_die, &entry);
+ if (ret)
+ return ret;
+
+ name = dwarf_diename(sp_die);
+ if (!name)
+ return -ENOENT;
+
+ count = dwarf_getscopes_die(vr_die, &scopes);
+
+ /* (*SCOPES)[1] is the DIE for the scope containing that scope */
+ if (count <= 1) {
+ ret = -EINVAL;
+ goto out;
+ }
+
+ while ((offset = dwarf_ranges(&scopes[1], offset, &base,
+ &start, &end)) > 0) {
+ start -= entry;
+ end -= entry;
+
+ if (first) {
+ strbuf_addf(buf, "@<%s+[%lu-%lu",
+ name, start, end);
+ first = false;
+ } else {
+ strbuf_addf(buf, ",%lu-%lu",
+ start, end);
+ }
+ }
+
+ if (!first)
+ strbuf_addf(buf, "]>");
+
+out:
+ free(scopes);
+ return ret;
+}
+
+/**
+ * die_get_var_range - Get byte offset range of given variable DIE
+ * @sp_die: a subprogram DIE
+ * @vr_die: a variable DIE
+ * @buf: a strbuf for type and variable name and byte offset range
+ *
+ * Get the byte offset range of @vr_die and stores it in @buf as
+ * "@<function_name+[NN-NN,NN-NN]>".
+ */
+int die_get_var_range(Dwarf_Die *sp_die, Dwarf_Die *vr_die, struct strbuf *buf)
+{
+ int ret = 0;
+ Dwarf_Addr base;
+ Dwarf_Addr start, end;
+ Dwarf_Addr entry;
+ Dwarf_Op *op;
+ size_t nops;
+ size_t offset = 0;
+ Dwarf_Attribute attr;
+ bool first = true;
+ const char *name;
+
+ ret = dwarf_entrypc(sp_die, &entry);
+ if (ret)
+ return ret;
+
+ name = dwarf_diename(sp_die);
+ if (!name)
+ return -ENOENT;
+
+ if (dwarf_attr(vr_die, DW_AT_location, &attr) == NULL)
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ while ((offset = dwarf_getlocations(
+ &attr, offset, &base,
+ &start, &end, &op, &nops)) > 0) {
+ if (start == 0) {
+ /* Single Location Descriptions */
+ ret = die_get_var_innermost_scope(sp_die, vr_die, buf);
+ return ret;
+ }
+
+ /* Location Lists */
+ start -= entry;
+ end -= entry;
+ if (first) {
+ strbuf_addf(buf, "@<%s+[%lu-%lu",
+ name, start, end);
+ first = false;
+ } else {
+ strbuf_addf(buf, ",%lu-%lu",
+ start, end);
+ }
+ }
+
+ if (!first)
+ strbuf_addf(buf, "]>");
+
+ return ret;
+}
diff --git a/tools/perf/util/dwarf-aux.h b/tools/perf/util/dwarf-aux.h
index 60676fd..c154c0b8 100644
--- a/tools/perf/util/dwarf-aux.h
+++ b/tools/perf/util/dwarf-aux.h
@@ -121,4 +121,6 @@ extern int die_get_typename(Dwarf_Die *vr_die, struct strbuf *buf);

/* Get the name and type of given variable DIE, stored as "type\tname" */
extern int die_get_varname(Dwarf_Die *vr_die, struct strbuf *buf);
+extern int die_get_var_range(Dwarf_Die *sp_die, Dwarf_Die *vr_die,
+ struct strbuf *buf);
#endif
diff --git a/tools/perf/util/probe-event.h b/tools/perf/util/probe-event.h
index 1e2faa3..537eb32 100644
--- a/tools/perf/util/probe-event.h
+++ b/tools/perf/util/probe-event.h
@@ -9,6 +9,7 @@
/* Probe related configurations */
struct probe_conf {
bool show_ext_vars;
+ bool show_location_range;
bool force_add;
bool no_inlines;
int max_probes;
diff --git a/tools/perf/util/probe-finder.c b/tools/perf/util/probe-finder.c
index dcca551..f032329 100644
--- a/tools/perf/util/probe-finder.c
+++ b/tools/perf/util/probe-finder.c
@@ -177,7 +177,7 @@ static int convert_variable_location(Dwarf_Die *vr_die, Dwarf_Addr addr,
Dwarf_Word offs = 0;
bool ref = false;
const char *regs;
- int ret;
+ int ret, ret2 = 0;

if (dwarf_attr(vr_die, DW_AT_external, &attr) != NULL)
goto static_var;
@@ -187,9 +187,19 @@ static int convert_variable_location(Dwarf_Die *vr_die, Dwarf_Addr addr,
return -EINVAL; /* Broken DIE ? */
if (dwarf_getlocation_addr(&attr, addr, &op, &nops, 1) <= 0) {
ret = dwarf_entrypc(sp_die, &tmp);
- if (ret || addr != tmp ||
- dwarf_tag(vr_die) != DW_TAG_formal_parameter ||
- dwarf_highpc(sp_die, &tmp))
+ if (ret)
+ return -ENOENT;
+
+ if (probe_conf.show_location_range &&
+ (dwarf_tag(vr_die) == DW_TAG_variable)) {
+ ret2 = -ERANGE;
+ } else if (addr != tmp ||
+ dwarf_tag(vr_die) != DW_TAG_formal_parameter) {
+ return -ENOENT;
+ }
+
+ ret = dwarf_highpc(sp_die, &tmp);
+ if (ret)
return -ENOENT;
/*
* This is fuzzed by fentry mcount. We try to find the
@@ -210,7 +220,7 @@ found:
if (op->atom == DW_OP_addr) {
static_var:
if (!tvar)
- return 0;
+ return ret2;
/* Static variables on memory (not stack), make @varname */
ret = strlen(dwarf_diename(vr_die));
tvar->value = zalloc(ret + 2);
@@ -220,7 +230,7 @@ static_var:
tvar->ref = alloc_trace_arg_ref((long)offs);
if (tvar->ref == NULL)
return -ENOMEM;
- return 0;
+ return ret2;
}

/* If this is based on frame buffer, set the offset */
@@ -250,14 +260,14 @@ static_var:
}

if (!tvar)
- return 0;
+ return ret2;

regs = get_arch_regstr(regn);
if (!regs) {
/* This should be a bug in DWARF or this tool */
pr_warning("Mapping for the register number %u "
"missing on this architecture.\n", regn);
- return -ERANGE;
+ return -ENOTSUP;
}

tvar->value = strdup(regs);
@@ -269,7 +279,7 @@ static_var:
if (tvar->ref == NULL)
return -ENOMEM;
}
- return 0;
+ return ret2;
}

#define BYTES_TO_BITS(nb) ((nb) * BITS_PER_LONG / sizeof(long))
@@ -1268,13 +1278,34 @@ static int collect_variables_cb(Dwarf_Die *die_mem, void *data)
ret = convert_variable_location(die_mem, af->pf.addr,
af->pf.fb_ops, &af->pf.sp_die,
NULL);
- if (ret == 0) {
+ if (ret == 0 || ret == -ERANGE) {
+ int ret2;
+ bool externs = !af->child;
struct strbuf buf;

strbuf_init(&buf, 64);
- ret = die_get_varname(die_mem, &buf);
- pr_debug2("Add new var: %s\n", buf.buf);
- if (ret == 0) {
+
+ if (probe_conf.show_location_range) {
+ if (!externs) {
+ if (ret)
+ strbuf_addf(&buf, "[INV]\t");
+ else
+ strbuf_addf(&buf, "[VAL]\t");
+ } else
+ strbuf_addf(&buf, "[EXT]\t");
+ }
+
+ ret2 = die_get_varname(die_mem, &buf);
+
+ if (!ret2 && probe_conf.show_location_range &&
+ !externs) {
+ strbuf_addf(&buf, "\t");
+ ret2 = die_get_var_range(&af->pf.sp_die,
+ die_mem, &buf);
+ }
+
+ pr_debug("Add new var: %s\n", buf.buf);
+ if (ret2 == 0) {
strlist__add(vl->vars,
strbuf_detach(&buf, NULL));
}
--
1.8.5.2


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